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New Computer Programming Language Imitates The Human Brain

New Computer Programming Language Imitates The Human Brain | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

As we pointed out earlier this week, we’re still far from being able to replicate the awesome power of the human brain.So rather than use traditional models of computing, IBM has decided to design an entirely new computer architecture — one that’s taking inspiration from nature.


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David Marchuk's curator insight, January 24, 5:23 AM

An advance in technology, however we aren't even close to simulating the human brain.

Computational Tinkering
The impact of computational thinking on our view of the world
Curated by Susan Einhorn
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If A Computer Can Diagnose Cancer, Will Doctors Become Obsolete? - FiveThirtyEight (blog)

If A Computer Can Diagnose Cancer, Will Doctors Become Obsolete? - FiveThirtyEight (blog) | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

Quickly advancing technologies like the C-Path raise all sorts of questions for economists about the future of the U.S. workforce. Labor economists have long expected computers to displace workers who perform routine tasks — for example, file clerks, cashiers and bank tellers — but these days, economists are in a debate with techno-optimists over whether technology will also displace higher-skilled, professional jobs, such as doctors, lawyers and (yes) writers.

 

But even if the tech enthusiasts’ wildest dreams come true, Autor said he believes computers won’t replace highly skilled workers, they’ll just enhance the job these workers do. The more likely scenario, as his paper lays out, is that other jobs will be created, and with them the need for different skills.

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Programming != Computer Science

For most students, computer science means lots of high-level coding, screens with black backgrounds and green text, and an esoteric subject. When students hear the term computer science, many think...
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Algorithmic Composition: Computational Thinking in Music

Algorithmic Composition: Computational Thinking in Music | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it
The composer still composes but also gets to take a programming-enabled journey of musical discovery.

 

Non-specialists may be disappointed that composition includes seemingly arbitrary, uninspired formal methods and calculation.c What we shall see here is that calculation has been part of the Western composition tradition for at least 1,000 years, This article outlines the history of algorithmic composition from the pre- and post-digital computer age, concentrating, but not exclusively, on how it developed out of the avant-garde Western classical tradition in the second half of the 20th century. 

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A Computer Has Finally Proven the Answer to a 400-Year-Old Math Problem - Gizmodo

A Computer Has Finally Proven the Answer to a 400-Year-Old Math Problem - Gizmodo | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

Thomas Hales of the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, developed a proof for the problem back in 1998. But at 300 pages, it took 12 reviewers four years to check for errors—and even then, they were only 99 percent certain it was correct. So, in 2003, Hales began to create the Flyspeck project: a computational tool that would check his proof.


It uses two pieces of formal verification software—delightfully called Isabelle and HOL Light—both of which rely on just a small, easily validated series of logical statements. With those, they can check any series of other logical statements, like a mathematical proof, if they have enough time.


That means that mathematicians can now concentrate on thinking creatively about their problems—and let computers do the grunt work of checking to make sure they're correct. 

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How Numbers Help Us Spot Metaphors and Irony - Epoch Times

In Stanford's Computation and Cognition Lab, the researchers developed computational models that use pragmatic reasoning to interpret metaphorical utterances. Their research for this particular project involved four online experiments with 340 subjects.


As Kao puts it, “There is still a long way to go before computers can understand Shakespeare, but it is a start.”

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Some Universities Crack Code in Drawing Women to Computer Science - New York Times

Some Universities Crack Code in Drawing Women to Computer Science - New York Times | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

One of the reasons so few women work in tech is that few choose to study computer science or engineering. At a few top college programs, though, that appears to be changing.

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Computer programming and coding in schools— a hype in education or an emerging trend? | European Schoolnet Observatory

There are a growing number of countries in Europe and internationally, which refocus their ICT curricula on developing students’ computer programming and coding skills and introduce this topic in national, regional or school curricula. …And this for very young learners starting already in the last year of kindergarten or in primary schools and in many cases as a requirement.

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You Can Already Code—You Just Don’t Know It Yet

You Can Already Code—You Just Don’t Know It Yet | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it
When someone tells you they code, it’s as if they’re calling you from inside the world’s most exclusive club.

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Future will be built by those who know how to code | Sitra

“The aim of basic education is to teach us general knowledge and programming has become part of that in the 21st century,” says Linda Liukas, co-writer of the new Koodi2016 (Code 2016, only in Finnish) report.

“Not everyone will become a coder, but everyone has the right to understand how it works.

 

“We want to show people that teaching kids to code is not rocket science. It’s about teaching them computational thinking and problem-solving skills across disciplines,” Liukas explains.

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Liam Dann: Let's teach all our kids to code - New Zealand Herald

Liam Dann: Let's teach all our kids to code - New Zealand Herald | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it


Imagine teaching every child in this country how to program a computer - from age 5. When you think about it, it is odd that we don't.


Don't get me wrong. I know we have computers in the classroom. The kids all get a go and some of them get the bug.

 

But shouldn't we be teaching them to speak the language? If we're looking for ways to really transform our economy and create well-paid jobs then equipping the entire population with the basic skills to participate in the technological revolution doesn't seem like a bad idea.



What's needed of course is the will and the vision to implement this kind of educational policy.

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Introducing Computational Thinking Into Your School

Introducing Computational Thinking Into Your School | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

We are failing our students. The great majority of our high school students in Australia are leaving school without any significant awareness that the world of employment has changed, especially in the area of 21st Century Skills and STEMx[1] careers.

Computational Thinking[2] is now being recognized as that vital, to future employment and career success, that it is being called the 4th R

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Special Series: Teaching Data Journalism - PBS MediaShift

Special Series: Teaching Data Journalism - PBS MediaShift | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

In my own department, we cover numeracy and Excel in an introductory course but are just now developing a more intensive advanced look at computational thinking, analysis and visualization.

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Teaching Kids to Code Will Change The Way We Program

Teaching Kids to Code Will Change The Way We Program | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it
For my generation, programming is still a luxury – an impressive resume booster. For children growing up today, programming will be a necessity.
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Evolving the definition of Computational thinking

Evolving the definition of Computational thinking | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

It could be tempting to reduce computational thinking to just another subject to be taught in schools. However, if we take a more aspirational viewpoint (again the examples here are very interesting long version of Jeanette Wing’s presentation)  – then the interplay between humans and computers will change the behaviour of both.

A more sweeping definition of Computational Thinking would call for new skills, new ways of thinking and make a radical change to the economies who adopt these principles.


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Is Computer Programming Hard? Not if You Have These 7 Characteristics!

Is Computer Programming Hard? Not if You Have These 7 Characteristics! | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it
The truth is that not everyone can hack it as a computer programmer. It takes a unique set of characteristics to succeed in this field. We enlisted some programming pros to identify what it takes to hack it in this career.
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‘Computer literacy now complusory in Judiciary Employment’ – Kogi CJ gives out 60 laptops to JUSUN members

‘Computer literacy now complusory in Judiciary Employment’ – Kogi CJ gives out 60 laptops to JUSUN members | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

Chief Judge of Kogi, Justice Nasir Ajanah on Monday declared that computer literacy will henceforth form part of the pre-requisites for employment into the state Judiciary among other criteria.


Ajanah made the declaration during the formal presentation of 60 laptop computers to members of the Judicial Staff Union of Nigeria (JUSUN) under the first phase of the union’s computerization programme in Lokoja.


The Chief Judge said he was “very passionate” about computerization because it was the legal trend and the judiciary could not afford to be left behind in the development.

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Cornell Tech's Levitt says boost K-12 computational literacy | Cornell Chronicle

Cornell Chronicle: Daily news from Cornell University
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It’s true that many students today have access to laptops and tablets, “but we almost never give them the keys to the technology kingdom,” Levitt said.

 

“We don’t teach them how the software and hardware they’re using work, despite the fact that we know they are very curious,” Levitt said. “We don’t give them the tools to innovate, and we don’t create the problem-solving pathways that support so much other learning.”

 

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Why tech needs moms

Why tech needs moms | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it
To address the tech industry's "pipeline problem," a spate of investments have targeted programs that teach coding to kids, including Google's "Made With Code," a new $50 million initiative to inspire girls to become programmers.

 

Just one question: What about me? More specifically, what about the millions of moms like me who have the education and work experience but not the coding skills to join the tech industry?

 

 

In addition to having education and work experience, moms represent a $2.4 trillion market and are quick to adopt technology: 90 percent are online, 81 percent have smart phones, and we dominate social media.

 

While having a computer science degree may be preferable, the truth is many tech roles don't require one, and there are many talented and educated moms hungry to work in a high-growth industry offering career advancement and economic security. With the number of tech jobs expected to balloon by 1.4 million by 2020 - 70 percent of which will be unfilled, moms would alleviate the talent shortage in the near term while ensuring the integrity of the talent pipeline.

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Computer science adds new dimension to study of chemistry - The Stanford Daily

Tossing the plastic model aside, Stack projected the same three-dimensional model onto the screen with his laptop through a chemistry computer program.

 

Computational chemistry allows a computer to understand a specific aspect of science — such as the structure of a protein — and then learn how it functions. Applications of coupling computers and chemistry include creating solar cells and drugs and optimizing motor vehicles.

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The 75-Year Saga Behind a Game That Teaches Preschoolers to Code | Enterprise | WIRED

The 75-Year Saga Behind a Game That Teaches Preschoolers to Code | Enterprise | WIRED | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it
Next month, if you walk into any Target store across the country, browsing one of the main hubs of mass American consumerism, you’ll find a board game that teaches the fundamentals of computer programming to preschoolers. It’s called Robot Turtles. To play, you spread toy turtles across a grid—among various boxes, brick walls, and ice…

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What's changing in the computing curriculum | Education | Features | PC Pro

What's changing in the computing curriculum | Education | Features | PC Pro | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

Technology in schools will no longer be micromanaged by Whitehall,” Gove said back in 2012. “By withdrawing the [current ICT] programme of study, we’re giving teachers freedom over what and how to teach.”

 

The new programme was drawn up by members of the British Computer Society (BCS) and the Royal Academy of Engineering, with a fresh emphasis on computer science, and specifically on coding and computational thinking. It’s a move that could redress years of neglect and close an urgent IT skills gap, but are schools ready to handle the change?



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21st Century Literacy: New Initiative Makes the Case that Learning to Code is for Everyone | Berkman Center

"Many people view computer programming as a narrow, technical activity appropriate for only a small segment of the population. But, an interdisciplinary team of researchers from MIT’s Media Lab, the University of California’s Digital Media and Learning (DML) Research Hub, and Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet & Society is seeking to change that."


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Paul Herring's curator insight, July 14, 6:55 PM

Mitchel Resnick, : “Coding is the new literacy. To thrive in tomorrow’s society, young people must learn to design, create and express themselves with digital technologies.”

To ease the transition into coding, the MIT team is developing a series of interest-based “microworlds” — specialized coding environments designed to connect with young people’s interests. For example, those interested in dancing could use a microworld to program musical beats and the movement of dancing characters on the screen.  

- Sounds good!!

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Computer science education – Is there a crisis? | Impact Lab

Computer science education – Is there a crisis? | Impact Lab | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

to focus only on computer-science majors misses a larger point. As Ms. Raja argues in her essay, simply teaching kids how to code shouldn’t be the only goal. Just as important—or perhaps more so—is teaching kids how to think like a computer programmer—what is called “computational thinking.” She highlights some current efforts to teach computational thinking in elementary and secondary schools, particularly to girls and members of minority groups, who remain woefully underrepresented among computer-science degree-holders and professionalcomputer programmers.

And while teaching computational thinking may result in more computer-science degrees, the more important contribution it will make is giving more people across all fields the ability to solve problems like a computer scientist and to speak the language of computer programming.

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An Exploration in the Space of Mathematics Educations

An Exploration in the Space of Mathematics Educations | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it
Seymour Papert: An Exploration in the Space of Mathematics Educations, 1996—use computational thinking to forge ideas http://t.co/FRhmUdtSzl
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The Daily Papert

The Daily Papert | Computational Tinkering | Scoop.it

“Many children are held back in their learning because they have a model of learning in which you have either ‘got it’ or ‘got it wrong.’ But when you program a computer you almost never get it right the first time. Learning to be a master programmer is learning to become highly skilled at isolating and correcting bugs … The question to ask about the program is not whether it is right or wrong, but if it is fixable. If this way of looking at intellectual products were generalized to how the larger culture thinks about knowledge and its acquisition we might all be less intimidated by our fears of ‘being wrong.’”

Susan Einhorn's insight:

From 1980 - still waiting for this to be the norm in school. If you haven't done so, read Mindstorms. 

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