As the ability to code, or use programming languages to build sites and apps, becomes more in demand, technical skills are no longer just for IT professionals. Children as young as 7 can take online classes in Scratch programming, while 20-somethings are filling up coding boot camps that promise to make them marketable in the tech sector. Businesses such as American Express Co. send senior executives to programs about data and computational design not so they can build websites, but so they can better manage the employees who do.
“I equate coding to reading and writing and basic literacy,” says Adam Enbar, founder of New York’s Flatiron School, which offers 12-week, $12,000 programs to turn novices into developers. “Not everyone needs to be Shakespeare, just as not everyone needs to be an amazing developer,” he says. “But…we’re entering a world where every job if not already, will be technical.”