Composing Digital Media
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New Study: Social Media, Personality Type, & Self Expression

New Study: Social Media, Personality Type, & Self Expression | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it

The word cloud featured represents those  "words most commonly used by women ... In a study published last week at PLOS ONE, scientists at the University of Pennsylvania examined the language used in 75,000 Facebook profiles. They found differences across ages, genders, and certain personality traits. This allowed the group, led by computer and information scientist H. Andrew Schwartz, to make predictions about the profile of each user.


The researchers found that they could predict a user’s gender with 92 percent accuracy. They could also guess a user’s age within three years more than half of the time.

To date, this is the largest study of its kind. Its magnitude allowed the researchers to use an “open-vocabulary approach”—that is, they let the data drive which words or phrases were considered most important. Most studies rely on a closed-vocabulary approach, using previously established lists of related words. That technique forces researchers to look at trait markers they already know, rather than discover new ones.

“Automatically clustering words into coherent topics allows one to potentially discover categories that might not have been anticipated,” the authors wrote. “[Open vocabulary approaches] consider all words encountered and thus are able to adapt well to the evolving language in social media or other genres.”

The group was particularly interested in using this approach to determine users’ characteristics. Each participant filled out a questionnaire, scoring themselves on the “Big Five” personality traits: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness. The researchers then looked at the profile updates for language that aligned with the participants’ test scores, clumping common words and phrases into word clouds. (Some of this data is publicly available at The World Well-Being Project.)

Some of the language was consistent with previous psychological findings. For example, extroverts were far more likely than introverts to use the word “party,” and neurotic people were more likely to use the word “depressed.”

But other discoveries were more novel. Introverts were more likely to talk about Japanese media like “anime” and “manga,” and people who were less neurotic mentioned social events like “vacation,” “church,” and “sports” more often. Users who scored as less open were more likely to use shorthands like “2day” or “ur.”

The researchers hope to use their findings to provide more insight into what behavior sets different types of people apart.

“When I ask myself,” co-author Martin Seligman said in a press release, “ ‘What’s it like to be an extrovert?’ ‘What’s it like to be a teenage girl?’ ‘What’s it like to be schizophrenic or neurotic?’ or ‘What’s it like to be 70 years old?’ these word clouds come much closer to the heart of the matter than do all the questionnaires in existence.”"

Ali Patterson's insight:

Word clouds prove frighteningly predictive of variables including age, gender, and intro/extroversion.

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The Digital Physical

The Digital Physical | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Considering the ephemeral nature of consuming and creating narratives in digital spaces.
Ali Patterson's insight:

A lovely essay on the digital-physical exchange (and losses therein).  He writes "[t]here’s a feeling of thinness that I believe many of us grapple with working digitally. It's a product of the ethereality inherent to computer work. The more the entirety of the creation process lives in bits, the less solid the things we’re creating feel in our minds."  


In footnote, the author suggests that a craftsman-like turn is the consequence of our increasingly digitized world, and that's as good of a justification for the mess of "real" paper and cursive writing all over my dining room table. More importantly, we can think about the way we want not only _things_ but also _frames_ back in a pervasive computing (Farman 9) world-without-end/edges/frames. 

 

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New Study: Social Media, Personality Type, & Self Expression

New Study: Social Media, Personality Type, & Self Expression | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it

The word cloud featured represents those  "words most commonly used by women ... In a study published last week at PLOS ONE, scientists at the University of Pennsylvania examined the language used in 75,000 Facebook profiles. They found differences across ages, genders, and certain personality traits. This allowed the group, led by computer and information scientist H. Andrew Schwartz, to make predictions about the profile of each user.


The researchers found that they could predict a user’s gender with 92 percent accuracy. They could also guess a user’s age within three years more than half of the time.

To date, this is the largest study of its kind. Its magnitude allowed the researchers to use an “open-vocabulary approach”—that is, they let the data drive which words or phrases were considered most important. Most studies rely on a closed-vocabulary approach, using previously established lists of related words. That technique forces researchers to look at trait markers they already know, rather than discover new ones.

“Automatically clustering words into coherent topics allows one to potentially discover categories that might not have been anticipated,” the authors wrote. “[Open vocabulary approaches] consider all words encountered and thus are able to adapt well to the evolving language in social media or other genres.”

The group was particularly interested in using this approach to determine users’ characteristics. Each participant filled out a questionnaire, scoring themselves on the “Big Five” personality traits: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness. The researchers then looked at the profile updates for language that aligned with the participants’ test scores, clumping common words and phrases into word clouds. (Some of this data is publicly available at The World Well-Being Project.)

Some of the language was consistent with previous psychological findings. For example, extroverts were far more likely than introverts to use the word “party,” and neurotic people were more likely to use the word “depressed.”

But other discoveries were more novel. Introverts were more likely to talk about Japanese media like “anime” and “manga,” and people who were less neurotic mentioned social events like “vacation,” “church,” and “sports” more often. Users who scored as less open were more likely to use shorthands like “2day” or “ur.”

The researchers hope to use their findings to provide more insight into what behavior sets different types of people apart.

“When I ask myself,” co-author Martin Seligman said in a press release, “ ‘What’s it like to be an extrovert?’ ‘What’s it like to be a teenage girl?’ ‘What’s it like to be schizophrenic or neurotic?’ or ‘What’s it like to be 70 years old?’ these word clouds come much closer to the heart of the matter than do all the questionnaires in existence.”"

Ali Patterson's insight:

Word clouds prove frighteningly predictive of variables including age, gender, and intro/extroversion.

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Google has made our memories lazy, say scientists

Google has made our memories lazy, say scientists | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Researchers said we now forget things we are confident we can find online, while we are more likely to remember things we think are unavailable online.
Ali Patterson's insight:

An interesting companion piece to Davida Charney's argument that just because we remember "like" the internet, we do not remember WELL because of it. 

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Photos Tell a Tale of Anguished Deliberations

Photos Tell a Tale of Anguished Deliberations | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
In the images of tense meetings in Washington, the faces and body language of the president’s men offer a guide to their conflicting opinions on Syria.
Ali Patterson's insight:

Photography capturing the Syria deliberations.  

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HTML, Excel, Audacity, Premiere Elements, Word, and much, much more. CSSD brings you the tech training you need — any time you want — through a new partnership with lynda.com. | Announcements

HTML, Excel, Audacity, Premiere Elements, Word, and much, much more. CSSD brings you the tech training you need — any time you want — through a new partnership with lynda.com. | Announcements | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
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Why No One Clicked on the Great Hypertext Story | Wired Magazine | Wired.com

Why No One Clicked on the Great Hypertext Story | Wired Magazine | Wired.com | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
There was a time, 20 years ago, when hypertext fiction had its great shining moment. And then it passed. In its place, we saw the rise of a whole different set of forms, from blogs to social networks and crowd-edited encyclopedias.
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The Photo Man

Mark Kologi has collected and sold millions of forgotten personal photos of complete strangers. Produced & Directed by Ben Kitnick Cinematography & Editing…
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Lessig vs. Valenti-Creativity, Commerce and Culture

Jack Valenti, former President of the Motion Picture Association of America, and Larry Lessig, Professor of Law at Stanford University, probe critical questi...
Ali Patterson's insight:

What happens when we develop an inbetween, between the "Eureka!" and the "OH WOW,"? Kaplan asks his discussants. 

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SoundCloud - Hear the world’s sounds

SoundCloud - Hear the world’s sounds | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Explore the largest community of artists, bands, podcasters and creators of music & audio
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Magazine Writing on the Web, for Film

Magazine Writing on the Web, for Film | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Two top magazine writers, both of whom have optioned their nonfiction articles for movies, are starting a platform to enable other writers to do so as well.
Ali Patterson's insight:

Non-fiction writers and journalism students: the "Joshes" are trying to make longform journalism financially viable by anticipating and serving ancillary markets.  

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Writing History in the Digital Age

Writing History in the Digital Age | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
a born-digital, open-review volume edited by Jack Dougherty and Kristen Nawrotzki
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Rescooped by Ali Patterson from News from the world - nouvelles du monde
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Eight examples of long-form digital content projects | Media news | Journalism.co.uk

Eight examples of long-form digital content projects | Media news | Journalism.co.uk | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Following our recent podcast on long-form journalism and digital platforms, we've compiled a list of eight digital projects centred around long-form narratives...

Via Marco Bertolini
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The social media manager is dead. Long live social media. - Fortune Management

The social media manager is dead. Long live social media. - Fortune Management | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Behind the marked decline in social media managers is a sea change in the way that social media itself is used within organizations.
Ali Patterson's insight:

Students headed to market, heed this: You may not find "social media manager" as a job title, but you will find your social media skills in demand across an organization's postings. 

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Rescooped by Ali Patterson from 'Cosmopolis' - 'Maps to the Stars'
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David Cronenberg, CFC Media Lab & TIFF team up for new immersive world: Body/Mind/Change

David Cronenberg, CFC Media Lab & TIFF team up for new immersive world: Body/Mind/Change | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it

Body/Mind/Change (BMC), a digital extension of TIFF's exhibition David Cronenberg: Evolution, immerses audiences in a "Cronenbergian" world inspired by the film Videodrome, re-imagined for the 21st century and brought to life across three platforms— online, mobile, and real-world. Co-produced by the Canadian Film Centre's Media Lab (CFC Media Lab) with creative direction by Lance Weiler, Body/Mind/Change features plot lines and game mechanics involving biotechnology start-ups, body enhancements, emotional learning systems, and presents the plausible science fiction found in Cronenberg's work as scientific fact. 


Via Justin Nalepa, Digital Cinema in Transition
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Justin Nalepa's curator insight, September 11, 2013 4:38 PM

Very interesting project inspired by Cronenberg's films in development, with Lance Weiler at the helm. Looking forward to seeing where this goes.

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Either the Best or the Worst Thing That Ever Happened to the Onion

Either the Best or the Worst Thing That Ever Happened to the Onion | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
There’s a famous episode of This American Life that takes listeners into a planning meeting at the Onion.
Ali Patterson's insight:

What happens when the funny paper goes digital (and engages in the 24 hr news cycle).

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Clay Shirky: How social media can make history | Video on TED.com

While news from Iran streams to the world, Clay Shirky shows how Facebook, Twitter and TXTs help citizens in repressive regimes to report on real news, bypassing censors (however briefly).
Ali Patterson's insight:

Worth setting aside some time for this TEDTalk, which can help us think about the "utopian" perspectives on digital media (openness, diversity of points of view etc).

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Public Libraries Add Multimedia Learning to Digital Mission

Public Libraries Add Multimedia Learning to Digital Mission | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Public libraries are moving deeper into digital learning, often in partnership with schools and other institutions, to help prepare students for the skills they'll need for college and careers.
Ali Patterson's insight:

For those with teaching interests:

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Submit to the Disposable Film Festival!

Submit to the Disposable Film Festival! | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Dear Vimeans, We love filmmaking at all levels, so whether you have the latest dark magic 4-d IMAX-compatible camera or just your rickety old mobile phone, it's…
Ali Patterson's insight:

Things to do with cameras-on-hand . . . 

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Getting your tweets via ticker tape

Getting your tweets via ticker tape | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Ticker-tape machine enthusiast builds a modern version of the 19th Century device which can print tweets.
Ali Patterson's insight:

A really wonderful read beside the Digiital <-> Physical essay. Vaughan, a web developer by trade, is "suprised" by the popularity of his machine -- but we shouldn't be.  It's a lovely design piece (especially for Steampunk fans), but it also may tap into our desire to give weight and matter to words . . . even the light, light weight of ticker tape.  

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Genre benders: where fiction and photography meet

Genre benders: where fiction and photography meet | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
A series of films offers a fascinating picture of an unsung chapter in literary history when prose and photography combined
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A Guide to the Web's Growing Set of Free Image Collections

A Guide to the Web's Growing Set of Free Image Collections | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Put Rembrandt on your report, Twitter profile or toilet paper
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INCIDENTAL COMICS: The Story Coaster

INCIDENTAL COMICS: The Story Coaster | Composing Digital Media | Scoop.it
Ali Patterson's insight:

For linear fictional narratives.  If these are the perils of the linear story coaster, what are the perils of the ride that is the digital narrative? 

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Historypin | Map

Historypin is a way for millions of people to come together to share glimpses of the past and build up the story of human history
Ali Patterson's insight:

Sheets of the past: Historypin allows us to think spatially and visually about the past, and to think about the persistence of the past in the presence.  Students can contribute to the growing database, and they can also embed their own places (and others' times) in digital history/memory compositions. 

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