Composing Digital Media
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Rescooped by Anna Knabe from 5 Star Social Media Marketing!

Is Instagram Becoming Man's Best Friend on Social Media?

Is Instagram Becoming Man's Best Friend on Social Media? | Composing Digital Media |

Why are men flocking to Instagram? Is there a gender divide on visual social media networks? Yes, and if you’re like me, you’ll find the Nitrogram infographic below interesting. New stats are showi...

Via Therese Matthys
Anna Knabe's insight:

This infographic showed stats on gender differences on Instagram based on country, follower ratio, and top brands. Southeast Asia and Russia have a lot of female Instagrammers while the Middle East and India produce mostly men users. Most of the top accounts with the most followers are belonging to men. Lastly, the top brands with the "manliest" audience are Energy drinks and Sports while the "girliest" brands are Cosmetics and Fashion.


I did my Visual Essay on the gender divide of Instagram but I never even thought about the brands on Instagram and the gender of their audiences. Instragram provides a good microcosm of gendered behavior because it not only captures the things that people choose to take pictures of, but what they choose to surround themselves with in their daily lives. This gender disparity in the overall usage of Instagram provides a more broad perspective than my Visual Essay. It shows the greater global trends that I could not have obtained from my own observations.

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Rescooped by Anna Knabe from Anthropology, communication & technology!

Toxic: on race, gender, and resilient labor on social media »

Toxic: on race, gender, and resilient labor on social media » | Composing Digital Media |

Concepts like “the male gaze” and “controlling images” are Gender Studies 101 material: they’re the basic terms in which many feminists understand the media’s oppression of white women (in the case of the male gaze) and black women (in the case of controlling images). The gaze and controlling images are how white supremacist patriarchy subject women to its control.

But I think contemporary social media and big-data political economies are using different devices to control women, especially black women. Social media and big data facilitate a specific form of sexist racism, one that controls women through racialized discourses of toxicity and unhealthy behavior patterns. Instead of turning women into objects and/or erasing their agency, social media and big data let non-white women do and say whatever they want, because their so-called “aggressive bullying” produces the damage against which white women demonstrate their resilience. A similar claim has been (in)famously leveled against “feminism,” especially “intersectional feminism”: it vampirically drains the lifeblood of the progressive, radical left.

Via Andrea Naranjo
Anna Knabe's insight:

In this compelling opinion piece, Robin James says that social media constructs an image of women as being toxic/vampiric. She blames this degradation on the same white supremest patriarchal forces which perpetuate "the male gaze" and "controlling images" in media. However, "social media and big-data use different devices to control women," she says. There is “an effort to gentrify digital spaces in the name of safety and dignified discourse is sweeping the Internet, hoping to cleanse “pollution” by erasing undesirable influence.” At the bottom of this food chain is women of color and white women are one step above. They are the cheap labor in the "economy of unworthiness" that is the Internet and men are free to exploit their efforts.


This article made me think about gender disparity on the Internet in a totally new way. Not only is it also affected by race but the entire system can be viewed as an economic system, with old school demographics like race, gender, etc. designating your treatment. The more privileged participants of social media (i.e. white males) feed on the human capital that the "low class" (i.e. black women) provide.

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Rescooped by Anna Knabe from I can explain it to you, but I can't understand it for you.!

How Women & Men Use Social Media Differently

How Women & Men Use Social Media Differently | Composing Digital Media |

Does the way you use social media depend on your gender? Women and Men use social media differently. There are some very interesting studies on this.

Via Riaz Khan
Anna Knabe's insight:

Studies prove that men and women use social media differently from security settings to what they share. Women are more likely to share pictures and posts on Facebook than men are, however, 8 out of 10 women get annoyed with their Facebook friends. They are also more likely to have stricter privacy settings and try harder to limit their personal information and protect their online reputations. Lastly, women outnumber men is use of Facebook and Twitter.


Although men use social media less, they apparently use it better for networking and building relationships. They also spend less time per visit because they are more likely to go on with a purpose. Men also are more likely to use Youtube.


These findings are intriguing from a psychological perspective. When I interviewed Will Upchurch, he shared his findings that women are more likely to be "stalkers" online (be clicking around and not posting). Could it be that women feel that they don't have as much of a voice? Could their inferior standing in society be preventing them from sharing on social media? I think the findings in this particular article would support this hypothesis.

Women use a password less often then men to protect their devices.
Read more at use a password less often then men to protect their devices.
Read more at use a password less often then men to protect their devices.
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Scooped by Anna Knabe!

Facebook Now Offers 56 Gender Identity Options

Facebook Now Offers 56 Gender Identity Options | Composing Digital Media |

itiUntil recently, Facebook allowed you to identify either as a ‘male’ or ‘female.’ The social network has finally expanded the list to include more gender identities, allowing you to identify yourself far more accurately. Facebook had apparently been working with ‘Network of Support’ which is a gr...

Anna Knabe's insight:

To the delight of LBGT communities everywhere, Facebook has expanded its gender options with 54 new gender identity choices including 'asexual' and 'transexual'. This change reflects society's increasing inclusiveness of all sexualities and gender identities. This serves as a prime example of the way social trends are demonstrated in online communities, especially the democratic space of social media.


This news also highlights how important it is to people to not only attach to a gender identity, but to do so with the utmost specificity. Having an accurate gender label is as crucial to one's identity as having a name. This is because gender is such a strong indicator in our society of one's traits and characteristics.

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Rescooped by Anna Knabe from socialmediamanagers!

TED Talk: Social media and the end of gender [video] - Holy Kaw!

TED Talk: Social media and the end of gender [video]:

In this TED Talk presented at the December 2010 TEDW...

Via Brian Knopke
Anna Knabe's insight:

TED Talk speaker, Johanna Blakely, argues that social media is breaking down society’s restrictive labeling of gender. She says that social media allows us the freedom to escape “old school demographics” because we are given the chance to redefine ourselves online. Today, marketers build demographics based on taste preferences, rather than presuming preferences based on race, gender, etc. Blakely provides a compelling look at how social media is impacting societal conceptions of gender and not the other way around. This made me consider how social media may play a more active role in forming gender norms than I had previously thought.

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Rescooped by Anna Knabe from Pharma Biotech Industry Review (Krishan Maggon)!

PLOS ONE: Personality, Gender, and Age in the Language of Social Media: The Open-Vocabulary Approach

PLOS ONE: Personality, Gender, and Age in the Language of Social Media: The Open-Vocabulary Approach | Composing Digital Media |

We analyzed 700 million words, phrases, and topic instances collected from the Facebook messages of 75,000 volunteers, who also took standard personality tests, and found striking variations in language with personality, gender, and age. In our open-vocabulary technique, the data itself drives a comprehensive exploration of language that distinguishes people, finding connections that are not captured with traditional closed-vocabulary word-category analyses. Our analyses shed new light on psychosocial processes yielding results that are face valid (e.g., subjects living in high elevations talk about the mountains), tie in with other research (e.g., neurotic people disproportionately use the phrase ‘sick of’ and the word ‘depressed’), suggest new hypotheses (e.g., an active life implies emotional stability), and give detailed insights (males use the possessive ‘my’ when mentioning their ‘wife’ or ‘girlfriend’ more often than females use ‘my’ with ‘husband’ or 'boyfriend’). To date, this represents the largest study, by an order of magnitude, of language and personality.

Via Krishan Maggon
Anna Knabe's insight:

This observational study created word clouds about the frequency of word use in Facebook statuses by age, personality type, and gender. For gender, males were more likely to say "my girlfriend" or "my wife" while females simply said "boyfriend" or "husband". Males also swear more and use more object references while females use more emotion words and first person pronouns. Overall, age had the highest correlation, however, gender was a close second.


This study provided an interesting look at the amount and type of gender disparity on Facebook. Men are more possessive over their significant others according to these linguistic clues. Also, they are less emotive than females and use more aggressive language (i.e. swear words). Noting these specific differences brings us closer to understanding the gender roles in our society as a whole.

Krishan Maggon 's curator insight, December 19, 2013 6:29 AM

Very interesting large scale study of language and personality in 75000 adults and analysis of 700 million words.

Rescooped by Anna Knabe from Frontiers of Journalism!

Effects of gender and tie strength on Twitter interactions

We examine the connection between language, gender, and social relationships, as manifested through communication patterns in social media.

Via M. Edward (Ed) Borasky
Anna Knabe's insight:

This observational study looked at how men and women communicate differently on Facebook and Twitter to infer about gendered behavior in naturalistic settings. They looked at behaviors such as the form of interaction (male to male, female to male, etc.); linguistic style such as the use of intensifiers, emoticons, and first person singular pronouns; and what token words are used by either gender. Their conclusions showed that people are more likely to affiliate with people of their own gender, females use more intensifiers and emoticons (both positive and negative) than males, females also are more likely to use the word "love" while males tend to say "dude" a lot. Using this information to infer about gendered behavior in natural settings, people are usually friends with people of their own gender because gender is a large part of identity and is thus the basis of much similarity. Also, women use emoticons and intensifiers more often because they are attention grabbing and women often feel the need to compensate for their inferior social standing.


Analyzing the linguistic style used in social media settings can provide a telling sample of how men and women act in the non-digital world. These observed gender disparities on Facebook and Twitter support my assertion that the Internet is not as liberating a space as many believe. It merely provides a platform to perpetuate our familiar patterns. However, this connection allows researches such as these to draw interesting conclusions about gender roles in society through the microcosm of social media.

Rick Frank's comment, September 5, 2013 4:58 AM
Nonsense. 78,000 tweets is micro-data. Sample selection bias can give you any answer you wish in such a study.
M. Edward (Ed) Borasky's comment, September 5, 2013 9:41 PM
Ouch! It gets worse: "We further filtered the dataset to only include dyads where we could obtain gender labels for both users. We used the Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) crowd sourcing platform to code the gender for all users in our initial dataset." and "For our analysis, we computed language use variables for both tweet and exchange samples, mostly by using the “Linguistic Inquiry and Word Countt” (LIWC) dictionary"
Rescooped by Anna Knabe from Jewish Life Today!

Social media survey looks at race, gender and age of users - PCWorld (blog)

Social media survey looks at race, gender and age of users - PCWorld (blog) | Composing Digital Media |

Digital Trends Social media survey looks at race, gender and age of users PCWorld (blog) The interesting data on the demographics of social media usage is the theme of a Pew Research Center survey conducted late last year and released Feb.

Via ruthschapira
Anna Knabe's insight:

PCWorld reports on statistics about race, gender, and age of people using social media. They say that social media users who are white tend to flock to Pinterest, Twitter is popular among blacks and people who live in cities, more people on Facebook are women than men and Instagram attracts adults under 30, a newly released survey finds. Some other interesting findings of theirs were that 67% of Internet users are on Facebook, far above other social media sites. Less surprisingly, women are five times more likely to use Pinterest than men.

These findings emphasize how many factors play a role in online behavior. While gender affects the sites we go on and how we use them, so does race, age, socioeconomic status, and the like. The psychology of online behavior is subject to a variety of factors and reporting on one feature can only show a part of the picture.

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Rescooped by Anna Knabe from Comedy Remedy!

No One Puts Baby in Parentheses

No One Puts Baby in Parentheses | Composing Digital Media |
This isn't about Bill Carter. This is about being noted as a parenthetical, reaffirming what I feel has been an underlying, yet consistent inconsistency with how I am handled as the only woman in a traditionally male field....

Via Mike Milazzo
Anna Knabe's insight:

Late-night talk show host Chelsea Handler criticizes a New York Times article, "The Bullish on Boyish", which  mentioned her in parentheses. The author wrote,  "(The only female host in late-night is Chelsea Handler, 38, on E!)." . Seems harmless enough at first, until she gives the reasoning for her criticism. She notes the definition of a parenthetical:  incidental, subordinate in significance, minor or casual. Handler says that she doesn't want to be lauded as merely successful "for a woman" as if this somehow makes her work less consequential.

This article got me thinking about how subtle gender slights can come about, especially on the Internet where you can pretty much get away with saying whatever you want. You can debase an entire gender through the most subtle word choice or grammar convention. I commend Chelsea Handler for bringing this issue to the spotlight and for sticking up for herself as both a woman and a successful TV personality.

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Rescooped by Anna Knabe from Fabulous Feminism!

DINH: Gender norms corroding - Yale Daily News

DINH: Gender norms corroding - Yale Daily News | Composing Digital Media |
DINH: Gender norms corrodingYale Daily NewsGender as a social construct is a well-known modern idea, and it's frequently discussed in WGSS classes. The argument for the nonexistence of biological gender is compelling.

Via bobbygw
Anna Knabe's insight:

In this article, Yale student, Catherine Dinh, argues that the recent increase in contraceptives and equal education has shifted female gender norms to include more masculine qualities and thus allowing them to “get ahead”. Her article made me rethink gender as a Venn diagram of acceptable “selves” in which the size of each circle (or the number of socially-acceptable qualities for each gender) is dictated by society. For my project, this makes me want to focus on what gender-inclusive and gender-exclusive qualities are identifiable in social media and if this represents a noticeable gender rank in society.

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