Composing The Future
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Composing The Future
What is happening now will affect the future
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Life in Space: Genome Hunters Go After Martian DNA To Find Extraterrestrial Life (using Deep Sequencing Methods)

Life in Space: Genome Hunters Go After Martian DNA To Find Extraterrestrial Life (using Deep Sequencing Methods) | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
J. Craig Venter may have just started a race to discover alien life on the Red Planet.

 

Two high-profile entrepreneurs say they want to put a DNA sequencing machine on the surface of Mars in a bid to prove the existence of extraterrestrial life. In what could become a race for the first extraterrestrial genome, researcher J. Craig Venter said Tuesday that his Maryland academic institute and his company, Synthetic Genomics, would develop a machine capable of sequencing and beaming back DNA data from the planet.

 

Separately, Jonathan Rothberg, founder of Ion Torrent, a DNA sequencing company, is collaborating on an effort to equip his company's "Personal Genome Machine" for a similar task. "We want to make sure an Ion Torrent goes to Mars," Rothberg said.

 

Although neither team yet has a berth on Mars rocket, their plans reflect the belief that the simplest way to prove there is life on Mars is to send a DNA sequencing machine. "There will be DNA life forms there," Venter predicted, "you just need the right tools to look for them". Venter said researchers working with him have already begun tests at a Mars-like site in the Mojave Desert. Their goal, he said, is to demonstrate a machine capable of autonomously isolating microbes from soil, sequencing their DNA, and then transmitting the information to a remote computer, as would be required on an unmanned Mars mission.

 

Meanwhile, Rothberg's Personal Genome Machine is being adapted for Martian conditions as part of a NASA-funded project at Harvard and MIT called SET-G, or "the search for extraterrestrial genomes." Christopher Carr, an MIT research scientist involved in the effort, says his lab is working to shrink Ion Torrent's machine from 30 kilograms down to just three kilograms so that it can fit on a NASA rover. Other tests, already conducted, have determined how well the device can withstand the heavy radiation it would encounter on the way to Mars.

 

NASA, whose Curiosity rover landed on Mars in August, won't send another rover mission to the planet before at least 2018 (see "The Mars Rover Curiosity Marks a Technological Triumph"), and there's no guarantee a DNA sequencing device would go aboard. "The hard thing about getting to Mars is hitting the NASA specifications," says George Church, a Harvard University researcher and a senior member of the SET-G team. "Venter isn't ahead of anyone else."

 

"The reason to take a device all the way to Mars and not bring back the sample is because of contamination. No one would believe you," says Tessi Kanavarioti, a chemist who carried out early theoretical work on Martian biology and was involved in studying rocks brought back from the moon in the 1970s. Sequencing machines are so sensitive that if a single Earth germ landed on the sample returned from Mars, it might ruin the experiment.

 

Discovering and sequencing extraterrestrial life would be an immense scientific prize. Sequencing could reveal whether life evolved in similar ways on both Earth and Mars or, perhaps, moved between the planets. During a series of massive space collisions around four billion years ago, the two bodies exchanged about a billion tons of rocks and debris. So far, NASA researchers have searched Mars for traces of water—a prerequisite for life as we know it—as well as indirect signs that life might have existed there many eons ago. Since DNA molecules don't survive more than a million years, even on Earth, anyone sending a DNA sequencer to Mars has to believe that living microorganisms will be found there now. Sending a DNA sequencer to Mars would be a "high-risk, high-payoff" experiment. It might very well find nothing, but if DNA were discovered, that would provide nearly irrefutable proof of extraterrestrial life.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, Sakis Koukouvis
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Climate Change Kills 100 Million by 2030

Climate Change Kills 100 Million by 2030 | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

As we head towards an American election in which Climate Change is not strong in either side's agenda, Climate Scientists are predicting that up to 100 million people will be killed by the year 2030.

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Can we afford a middle class?| Article by NostrilDamus|@Compose_future

Can we afford a middle class?| Article by NostrilDamus|@Compose_future | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

Nowadays although there is a growing middle class, the growth is not in Europe or even those new colonies across the Atlantic. But the new middle classes in India, China, and Africa may find we cannot afford their increase in lifestyle.


The middle class boom in Europe and America was fueled by international growth and trade. The new middle classes in ASIA are expanding their own commercial networks, but I wonder if there will be enough of a market globally to sustain and fund that growth.

Whether or not they thrive, we see evidence of a declining middle class elsewhere, and I predict that will continue throughout the 21st century.

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Europe and USA air gets cleaner, as parts of Asia worsen

Europe and USA air gets cleaner, as parts of Asia worsen | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
Satellite measurements show that nitrogen dioxide in the lower atmosphere over parts of Europe and the US has fallen over the past decade. More than 15 years of atmospheric observations have revealed trends in air quality.
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Curation: Our Evolving Global Brain...

Curation: Our Evolving Global Brain... | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

Found this link via gdecugis while exploring links connected to the announcement of the new dashboard for scoop.it (http://blog.scoop.it/en/2012/07/07/visualizing-the-interest-graph/).  

 

The article starts with a quote that has been shared on social channels, that I tweaked:

 

“Those who can, curate. Those who can’t, review. Those who can’t review, tweet. Those who can’t tweet retweet.”

 

It gets at the point that Robin Good makes over and over again - curation is not sharing!

 

The article is getting the notion that curation is becoming a networked activity.  Here's the paragraph that stood out for me;

 

“Content curation is the natural evolution of our globally-networked consciousness. This sounds like a bunch of hippie drivel, but we really are creating a global brain, of sorts, by encoding human knowledge and tracking human activity. Using the human nodes of this network to strengthen some of these connections while weakening others (by choosing either to pass along i.e. ‘curate’ information or not to pass it along) helps this global brain function better as a system, which in turn increases its power whenever any of us need to tap into it. ..... When we curate, for whatever reason and in whatever form, we are enhancing a connection in the global neural network we are inadvertently creating.”

 


 

 

 

 


Via Guillaume Decugis, Beth Kanter
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Guillaume Decugis's comment, July 9, 2012 2:19 PM
@Scott - The idea in the article is that curators pass ideas in a similar manner to neurons and synapses in the human brain, forming a global brain. An idea which isn't new but which could be taking shape with the Internet, social media and... curation.
JKingston's curator insight, October 6, 2013 5:44 PM

Big idea - collective consciousness

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56 Future Accomplishments that are Waiting for Someone to go First | World Future Society

56 Future Accomplishments that are Waiting for Someone to go First | World Future Society | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

The people who are crazy enough to believe they can change the world are the people who do change the world.  The World Future Society highlights 56 "firsts" that one of us may well achieve.

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Telecoms and Twitter are altering the dynamics of Human Migration

Telecoms and Twitter are altering the dynamics of Human Migration | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
Future Migrations Will Be Temporary and TweetedThe AtlanticAirfare (and long-disance calling) is cheap, so emigrants plan on coming back home.
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AIDS - no new infections from 2015! Red Rush to Zero

AIDS - no new infections from 2015!  Red Rush to Zero | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
(RED) MAKES IT EASY FOR PEOPLE TO HELP FIGHT AIDS EVERY DAY. WHEN YOU CHOOSE TO BUY (RED) A PORTION OF THE PROFITS GOES TO AIDS PROGRAMS.
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Micro robots mend hearts via micro surgery

Micro robots mend hearts via micro surgery | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

Tiny Robots Mend Broken Hearts By Susan Young - Surgical robots can deploy this tiny device to bind two pieces of heart muscle together and thus close up a hole without using open heart surgery and without having to stop the organ.

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Birth of climate change denial is proven: how to convince the public is less simple...

Birth of climate change denial is proven: how to convince the public is less simple... | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
Birth of denial: Truth, lies and climate change (5)Record-Searchlight (blog)The Global Climate Coalition, one of the first fake front groups formed to fight the settled science on climate change, was forced to release an internal document in 1995 ...
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NASA Seeks Early Stage Innovations For Space Technologies - can ComposeTheFuture Help?

NASA Seeks Early Stage Innovations For Space Technologies - can ComposeTheFuture Help? | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
NASA Seeks Early Stage Innovations For Space Technologies From U.S.
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The future of space mining, by Earth scientist Jeffrey Kargel

The future of space mining, by Earth scientist Jeffrey Kargel | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
ForbesForex Manna From Heaven: Space-Mining And The Peak-Metal CrunchForbesWith the successful docking of Space X's Dragon spacecraft at the International Space Station (ISS) as well as Planetary Resources, Inc.'s recent announcement that it would...
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Breathtaking SolarSonic Installation Inspired by Future of Space ...

Breathtaking SolarSonic Installation Inspired by Future of Space ... | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
The SolarSonic awning in Taiwan is a mindblowing installation made up of 14 discs hang suspended in a 100 meter long series by Ray King.
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Unified Internet of Knowledge - 256 bit Computing Changes Everything in 2022

Unified Internet of Knowledge - 256 bit Computing Changes Everything in 2022 | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

For the first time in human history, one logical 256 bit computer will be able to directly address every bit and byte of memory and every device on the Internet. In effect, it will gain direct access to all stored human knowledge.

Machine to machine communication will be direct. The 128 bit addresses of IPv6, which allow 4.8×1028 individual addresses on the Internet, would be a very small subset of the 256 bit address space. Not only would individual devices be online as now, but it will be possible to map device memory and address that directly - in effect writing content directly to a TV screen, an MP3 player, your watch, and maybe even your brain.

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Cyborg tissue is half living cells, half electronics - tech - New Scientist

Cyborg tissue is half living cells, half electronics - tech - New Scientist | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
Lab-grown heart cells, neurons and blood vessels snaked through with nanowires are blurring the boundary between electronics and biology...

Via Sakis Koukouvis
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India Reaches Mars!| Article by FutureNews|@Compose_future

India Reaches Mars!| Article by FutureNews|@Compose_future | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

As promised by Prime Minister Singh in 2012, India sends a space mission to land on Mars 12 years later.

At the time, detractors said that the government should focus on issues like power and clean water and regional infrastructure. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh later developed his famous "dual development" strategy which encouraged more investment and autonomy in each of India's regions and also acted as a showcase to demonstrate India's increasing importance globally.

Although the average salary of the 1.5 billion Indians was still below the USA average, India became the 3rd largest economy in the same year as the landing. 

The Mars rover landing was preceded by 4 other missions, starting with the 2013 Mars orbital. The landing fueled the ongoing debate about "colonial space", with Europe, USA, China and India now claiming great areas across Mars, the Moon, and even Mercury.

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Confirmation that dementia starts decades before symptoms...

Confirmation that dementia starts decades before symptoms... | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

The biomarker roadmap for Alzheimer's has now been established


Via Marylene Delbourg-Delphis
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Inside the Mind of Futurist Ray Kurzweil: When Robots Rule the World (and Humans are Immortal) | Learning, Education, and Neuroscience

Inside the Mind of Futurist Ray Kurzweil: When Robots Rule the World (and Humans are Immortal) | Learning, Education, and Neuroscience | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

He is one of the world's most renowned futurists, and at South By Southwest, he outlined his vision for a future of artificial intelligence, where humans no longer die (#followmejp Inside the Mind of Futurist Ray Kurzweil: When Robots Rule the...


Via Patrick Tucker
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Supreme Court Decision Does Not Change The Need For Healthcare Innovation

Supreme Court Decision Does Not Change The Need For Healthcare Innovation | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
Supreme Court Decision Does Not Change The Need For Healthcare InnovationSacramento BeePRNewswire/ -- The Supreme Court ruling on the healthcare reform bill has little impact on the country's pressing need to pursue innovative ways to fix the Country's...
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Chinese astronauts celebrate space success - with an email

Chinese astronauts celebrate space success - with an email | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
msnbc.comAnother milestone for Chinese astronauts: Email in spacemsnbc.comScience editor Alan Boyle's blog: A double-burst of solar particles sparked auroral lights over the weekend, as expected — but in some parts of the world, the ...Reuters Science...
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China's global role predicted to blossom in 2030

China's global role predicted to blossom in 2030 | Composing The Future | Scoop.it

China - Global trends and China's future. In a polycentric world, Beijing will increasingly play a bigger role. How will the world look in 2030? Which trends will have the greatest impact over the next two decades?

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New UN Environment Study - Humanity speeding down "unsustainable path"

New UN Environment Study - Humanity speeding down "unsustainable path" | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
Zee NewsUN: Humanity speeding down "unsustainable path"CBS NewsThe UN's Environment Program says that climate change, the depletion of the ozone layer, plummeting fish stocks and the mass extinction of animals are among the most worrisome...
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UN report predicts increase in world's displaced - read more!

UN report predicts increase in world's displaced - read more! | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
UN report predicts increase in world's displacedBoston.comUNITED NATIONS—The number of people fleeing their homes and becoming refugees or displaced in their own countries will increase in the next 10 years as a result of a host of intertwined causes...
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Japan's plutonium glut + tsunami may result in a less nuclear future

Japan's plutonium glut + tsunami may result in a less nuclear future | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
Japan's plutonium glut: Plan to make more raises red flag as country ...Washington PostTOKYO — Last year's tsunami crisis left Japan's nuclear future in doubt and its reactors idled, rendering its huge stockpile of plutonium useless for now.
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Innovation Excellence | Is Modular Design the Key to Rapid Innovation?

Innovation Excellence | Is Modular Design the Key to Rapid Innovation? | Composing The Future | Scoop.it
In recent years, many firms have sped up their innovation processes. But can we protect the meaning and relevance of innovation while accelerating and increasing its impact? This is exactly the issue challenged by ...
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