Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education
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Quid Pro Quo: A Mechanism for Fair Collaboration in Networked Systems

Quid Pro Quo: A Mechanism for Fair Collaboration in Networked Systems | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it

Collaboration may be understood as the execution of coordinated tasks (in the most general sense) by groups of users, who cooperate for achieving a common goal. Collaboration is a fundamental assumption and requirement for the correct operation of many communication systems. The main challenge when creating collaborative systems in a decentralized manner is dealing with the fact that users may behave in selfish ways, trying to obtain the benefits of the tasks but without participating in their execution. In this context, Game Theory has been instrumental to model collaborative systems and the task allocation problem, and to design mechanisms for optimal allocation of tasks. In this paper, we revise the classical assumptions of these models and propose a new approach to this problem. First, we establish a system model based on heterogenous nodes (users, players), and propose a basic distributed mechanism so that, when a new task appears, it is assigned to the most suitable node. The classical technique for compensating a node that executes a task is the use of payments (which in most networks are hard or impossible to implement). Instead, we propose a distributed mechanism for the optimal allocation of tasks without payments. We prove this mechanism to be robust evenevent in the presence of independent selfish or rationally limited players. Additionally, our model is based on very weak assumptions, which makes the proposed mechanisms susceptible to be implemented in networked systems (e.g., the Internet).

 


Via Ashish Umre
Jim Price's insight:

Well...yes, this sounds really interesting and innovative... and something which might benefit the NHS...but what next...?

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Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education
A space for the connectivity of ideas, people and action relating to complexity and medical/health education, both in theory and more importantly, in practice.
Curated by Jim Price
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Oh My Gosh, It’s Covered in Rule 30s!—Stephen Wolfram Blog

Oh My Gosh, It’s Covered in Rule 30s!—Stephen Wolfram Blog | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
New British train station design identified as cellular automata rule 30. Generating rule-based patterns. And a website that lets you try it yourself.
Jim Price's insight:
Not quite sure how this relates to Medical Education but somehow I think it must! I still have a copy of Wolfram's 'A New Kind of Science' on my bookshelves. Not sure I ever really understood it, but I love the fact that Rule 30 is incorporated into a new Cambridge Station - many happy memories! 
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8 Paradoxical Habits Of Wildly Successful People

8 Paradoxical Habits Of Wildly Successful People | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Why are there so many different theories, complete with the science to back them up, about the traits that contribute to success? I think it's because most wildly successful people are complex -- so complex that many of their defining qualities are paradoxical.
Jim Price's insight:
I like this : people are complex. Does this have anything to influence how we select medical students or indeed appoint to higher postgraduate posts?
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Why String Theory Is Still Not Even Wrong

Why String Theory Is Still Not Even Wrong | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Physicist, mathematician and blogger Peter Woit whacks strings, multiverses, simulated universes and “fake physics”
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Karl Popper eat your heart out!
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Mapping complexity theory

Mapping complexity theory | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
If you are as much as a complexity theory geek as I am becoming, you might appreciate this map by Brian Castellani that links to the founders of the various branches of complexity science.  The map…
Jim Price's insight:
I've worked with Brian Castellani in the past - a great guy and a 'mad professor'! This is a useful starting point for those unfamiliar with where Complexity fits in the bigger scheme of things.
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Leadership Development Should Focus on Experiments

Leadership Development Should Focus on Experiments | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Put learning into practice.
Jim Price's insight:
Cultivating a 'safe-fail' culture is important in leadership, especially in medicine and medical education.
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Strategic Humor: Cartoons from the May 2016 Issue

Strategic Humor: Cartoons from the May 2016 Issue | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Test your management wit in the HBR Caption Contest.
Jim Price's insight:
Perhaps we should really study humour more strategically in medical education...?
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5 Misconceptions About Networking

5 Misconceptions About Networking | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Which are holding you back?
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Networking in complex systems is NOT a waste of time - and the 'weakest link' may ultimately be the most productive...
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Technology Changes, Good Management Doesn’t

Technology Changes, Good Management Doesn’t | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
People don’t follow Moore’s Law.
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I just cannot get my Master's students to do feedback/evaluation of the modules or course content on-line! They really do prefer paper forms at the end of the session...!!!
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The unexpected benefit of celebrating failure

The unexpected benefit of celebrating failure | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
"Great dreams aren't just visions," says Astro Teller, "They're visions coupled to strategies for making them real." The head of X (formerly Google X), Teller takes us inside the "moonshot factory," as it's called, where his team seeks to solve the...
Jim Price's insight:
Discovering, acknowledging and celebrating failure are all important aspects of making complex adaptive systems 'work' in practice. Ultimately it is about selecting the outcomes which work for the current environment, and suppressing those which don't. Governments (and medical researchers & educationalists) should publish more 'negative' findings from their research projects or pilot schemes - something which is still counter-intuitive for the majority.
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25 awesome apps for teachers, recommended by teachers - TED-Ed

25 awesome apps for teachers, recommended by teachers - TED-Ed | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
What are the best apps for teachers? We asked TED-Ed Innovative Educators and the TED-Ed community. Below, 25 awesome apps recommended for teachers, by teachers.

Via John Evans
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Sarah Wheaton's curator insight, January 23, 8:33 AM
Share your insight
Mark Cottee's curator insight, January 23, 6:10 PM
Think I may have already captured this one - but just in case
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Admit when you fall short: The power of "I don't know"

Admit when you fall short: The power of "I don't know" | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
The most effective leaders know their own limitations and are not afraid to share that with the team that is inspired to follow them.
Jim Price's insight:

Uncertainty and leadership in clinical practrice - perhaps complexity is the key...?

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Complexity in Health Sciences to transform the system

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Ruben Armando Reynaga Valdez's curator insight, October 7, 2013 10:31 PM

Health sciences have been a field of classic determinism. Great advances indeed, but multitude of unknown scientific voids remain so far. Complexity research is opening a new horizon full of extraordinary revelations and surprises, advancing the comprehension of complex figures in terms of physiology, health care systems, illness interpretation and treatment, new cures and medical practice. Latin America seems to lead the impulse on this regard, although this fact is meaningless taking in account an enthusiastic global network is key to embark in a real transformation on this highly promisory field of knowledge, so obliged to be nurtured by multidisciplinary approaches, focusing on the possibilities of complex sciences, complex thinking and the creativity emanating from it. 

Multiversidad Mundo Real Edgar Morin in Mexico, is compromised on this research arena. 

www.multiversidadreal.edu.mx 

We would be greatly pleased to share and learn from diverse world latitudes of scientists inmersed on this issue. 

rubenreynaga@multiversidadreal.org 

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How Complexity Theory Illuminates History | 60 Second Reads | Big Think

How Complexity Theory Illuminates History | 60 Second Reads | Big Think | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Complex systems can fall apart really quickly if they tip over the edge of chaos.  (RT@bigthink: How Complexity Theory Illuminates History http://t.co/d0aJNnYr3v and everyday life!
Jim Price's insight:

Will complexity be seen as 'the big idea' in medical education in 20 years time?

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Advanced Complexity Theory

Advanced Complexity Theory | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
This graduate-level course focuses on current research topics in computational complexity theory. Topics include: Nondeterministic, alternating, probabilistic, and parallel computation models; Boolean circuits; Complexity classes and complete sets; The polynomial-time hierarchy; Interactive proof systems; Relativization; Definitions of randomness; Pseudo-randomness and derandomizations;Interactive proof systems and probabilistically checkable proofs.
Jim Price's insight:
Probably not the course for mainstream medical educators!
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Avoiding the trap of low-knowledge, high-confidence theories

Avoiding the trap of low-knowledge, high-confidence theories | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
There’s an underlying mechanism that causes us to be falsely confident in our command of knowledge and decision-making. We automatically construct narratives of comprehension, even when our command…
Jim Price's insight:
SO relevant in medical education, in particular.
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What Is Competency-Based Medical Education?

What Is Competency-Based Medical Education? | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
What Is Competency-Based Medical Education? Think flexible, lifelong learning, with knowledge and/or skills assessed throughout a continuum of learning.
Jim Price's insight:
This is fine in principle, but how it is implemented is crucial. The importance of how the competencies are assessed has been overlooked in postgraduate medical education in the UK in my opinion. Many tick box assessments with a dearth of meaningful feedback for the individual. We need a re-assessment of assessment!
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When Was the Last Time You Asked, “Why Are We Doing It This Way?”

When Was the Last Time You Asked, “Why Are We Doing It This Way?” | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Successful leaders stay curious.
Jim Price's insight:
Curiosity: probably important in most medical practice, and certainly important in medical education.
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Why some of us don't have one true calling

Why some of us don't have one true calling | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
What do you want to be when you grow up? Well, if you're not sure you want to do just one thing for the rest of your life, you're not alone.
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I'm still not sure what I want to be when I grow up...
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Latticework of Mental Models: Theory of Constraints - 4 pages | Safal Niveshak

Latticework of Mental Models: Theory of Constraints - 4 pages | Safal Niveshak | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
This holistic way of looking at problems is called systems thinking. And Theory of Constraints is an important mental model to assist you in developing systems thinking. It’s the science of looking at the properties of bottlenecks in a system and how they behave. Theory of constraints says that a system’s performance is constrained by its weakest link. Peter Bevelin, in his book Seeking Wisdom, writes –

Via Philip Marris
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Talking of 'weakest links'... this is interesting...
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Inside the mind of a master procrastinator

Inside the mind of a master procrastinator | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Tim Urban knows that procrastination doesn't make sense, but he's never been able to shake his habit of waiting until the last minute to get things done.
Jim Price's insight:
We've all heard about 'just-in-time' management and one of my all-time heroes used to talk about the 'whooshing sound of [deadlines] as they go by' -  (Douglas Adams, The Salmon of Doubt 2002 Macmillan) - but is leaving complex tasks to the last minute worth it? Might there be some advantages...?  (...mea culpa, I'm afraid!).
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Quiz: What your favorite music says about you

Quiz: What your favorite music says about you | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Psychologists are finding that the music you like can reveal a lot about the way your mind works.
Jim Price's insight:
Music is about patterns, as is complexity. Pattern recognition is an important skill for doctors and other clinicians - so what does you music preference tell you about your ability to recognise patterns in education and medicine?
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7 Presentation Tips You Can Learn from World Leaders

Learn some simple rules of successful presentations. perhaps it’s not as easy as that, but certainly we can do better by following these 7 presentation tips.

Via Baiba Svenca
Jim Price's insight:
'Simple rules' for effective presentations - making the complex simple perhaps?! (PS - I've just published something which recommends 7 'simple rules' too ... perhaps '7' is the new '3'...?)
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Baiba Svenca's curator insight, April 11, 2016 10:06 AM

Great slide presentation which can be used with students not only as a presentation example but also to talk about great historical figures.

Thanks for the suggestion to SketchBubble.

Lee Hall's curator insight, November 2, 2016 9:43 AM
Short slide show of important rules for a great presentation. 
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The Complexity Leadership Theory (CLT)

The Complexity Leadership Theory (CLT) | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
The Complexity Leadership Theory (CLT) starts with the notion of Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS), which are a basic unit of analysis in complexity science. CAS are neural-like networks of interactin...
Jim Price's insight:

'Complex Leadership Theory' is something that I have been teaching for over 10 years at postgraduate level for medical, health and social care students at the University of Brighton, UK.

 

I am so pleased there is a growing literature base about complex leadership, because, intuitively, I have always known it to be the best context in which to teach this slippery subject. This has been evidenced by feedback from my students, much of which has indicated career-changing transformative experiences. 

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The Embarrassment of Complexity

The Embarrassment of Complexity | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it
Roger Martin recently diagnosed a kind of complexity that is manufactured by us and largely unaddressed: inter-domain complexity.
Jim Price's insight:

What a great phrase - perfect in so many ways. This 'inter-domain' complexity is an interesting concept and adds to the fragmentation/ wholism dynamic in systems thinking. Suffice it to say that I have often been made to feel that I 'should' be embarrassed, by espousing a 'complexity' worldview,  but in truth I have never been embarrassed by preferring this lens to life - it helps me more than any other I've come across - except perhaps Buddhism.

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Quid Pro Quo: A Mechanism for Fair Collaboration in Networked Systems

Quid Pro Quo: A Mechanism for Fair Collaboration in Networked Systems | Complexity in Medical & Clinical Education | Scoop.it

Collaboration may be understood as the execution of coordinated tasks (in the most general sense) by groups of users, who cooperate for achieving a common goal. Collaboration is a fundamental assumption and requirement for the correct operation of many communication systems. The main challenge when creating collaborative systems in a decentralized manner is dealing with the fact that users may behave in selfish ways, trying to obtain the benefits of the tasks but without participating in their execution. In this context, Game Theory has been instrumental to model collaborative systems and the task allocation problem, and to design mechanisms for optimal allocation of tasks. In this paper, we revise the classical assumptions of these models and propose a new approach to this problem. First, we establish a system model based on heterogenous nodes (users, players), and propose a basic distributed mechanism so that, when a new task appears, it is assigned to the most suitable node. The classical technique for compensating a node that executes a task is the use of payments (which in most networks are hard or impossible to implement). Instead, we propose a distributed mechanism for the optimal allocation of tasks without payments. We prove this mechanism to be robust evenevent in the presence of independent selfish or rationally limited players. Additionally, our model is based on very weak assumptions, which makes the proposed mechanisms susceptible to be implemented in networked systems (e.g., the Internet).

 


Via Ashish Umre
Jim Price's insight:

Well...yes, this sounds really interesting and innovative... and something which might benefit the NHS...but what next...?

more...
No comment yet.