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International Conference "Interactions in Complex Systems" (ICS) | AMISC

International Conference "Interactions in Complex Systems" (ICS) | AMISC | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Complejidady Economía's insight:

International Conference “Interactions in Complex Systems”
17-19 June 2013
University of Orléans, France

Submission deadline April 22

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GUIDED SELF-ORGANIZATION: Making the Invisible Hand Work

If we’re to have any hope of managing complex systems and keeping them from collapse or crisis, we need a new approach. Whether or not the quote is apocryphal, what Einstein allegedly says holds true here: "We cannot solve our problems with the same kind of thinking that created them." What other options do we have? The answer is perhaps surprising: we have to step back from centralized top-down control, which often ends in failed brute-force attempts to impose a certain behavior. However, as I will now explain, we can find new ways of letting the system work for us.

This means that we should implement principles such as distributed bottom-up control and guided self-organization. What are these principles about and how do they work? Self-organization means that the interactions between the components of the system spontaneously lead to a collective, organized and orderly mode of behavior. That does not, however, guarantee that the state of the system is one we might find desirable, and that's why self-organization may need some "guidance."

 

http://futurict.blogspot.ch/2014/10/guided-self-organizationmaking.html

 

See Also: QUALIFIED MONEY: A better financial system for the future.

http://futurict.blogspot.co.at/2014/10/qualified-money-better-financial-system.html ;


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Complexity Explorer » CCC Blog

Complexity Explorer » CCC Blog | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

The Santa Fe Institute (SFI) has launched a web-based educational platform, Complexity Explorer. SFI is a private research institute well known for its cross-disciplinary approach to complex systems such as ant colonies, biological cells, economies, and social systems.   The stated mission of the institute is to “discover, comprehend, and communicate the common fundamental principles in complex physical, computational, biological, and social systems that underlie many of the most profound problems facing science and society today.”

As part of the institute’s outreach mission, SFI’s Complexity Explorer offers free open online courses (“MOOCs”) as well as searchable repositories of education-related resources. Past SFI MOOCs have attracted over 20,000 enrollees from nearly 100 countries.

This Fall SFI is offering three free MOOCS for people at different levels of expertise to learn about complex systems


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There’s a new way to quantify structure and complexity | Science News

There’s a new way to quantify structure and complexity | Science News | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
A new way to measure structure and complexity can help explain how information sharing among the parts of a system is related to its behaviors on different scales.
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The Complexity Of Learning – 2 | The Upside Learning Blog

The Complexity Of Learning – 2 | The Upside Learning Blog | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Some other aspects of the complexity theory I found interesting: Even if the agents comprising the population of the system are complicated and

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Keith Hamon's curator insight, May 30, 12:16 PM

The science of complexity offers a different type of lens to view learning.

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The city as network

The city as network | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

In The new science of cities (Amazon US| Amazon UK), Michael Batty argues that a more productive approach is to think of cities in terms of flows, connections and relationships – in other words, as a network. Places like Times Square or the Champs Elysée are not big, famous or busy because of their inherent qualities, but rather because they sit at the intersections of movements of people, wealth, information, or power.


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Adaptive Assessment Facilitates Differentiated Learning

Adaptive Assessment Facilitates Differentiated Learning | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

As we move to a model where learners have options in terms of how they learn, there is a new role for assessment in diagnosing how best to support an individual learner. This new role should not be confused with computerized adaptive testing, which has been used for years to give examinees different assessment items depending on their responses to previous items on the test in order to get more precise estimates of ability using fewer test items.

Adaptive assessment has a different goal. It is designed to identify the next kind of learning experience that will most benefit the particular learner. The School of One demonstration project used adaptive assessment to differentiate learning by combining information from inventories that students completed on how they like to learn with information on students’ actual learning gains after different types of experiences (working with a tutor, small-group instruction, learning online, learning through games). This information was used to generate individual “playlists” of customized learning activities for every student.


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Maureen Greenbaum's curator insight, September 3, 12:01 PM

this site has a vast list of HIGH QUALITY teaching resources!

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Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos - Steven Strogatz, Cornell University - YouTube

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos - Steven Strogatz, Cornell University - YouTube | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

This course of 25 lectures, filmed at Cornell University in Spring 2014, is intended for newcomers to nonlinear dynamics and chaos. It closely follows Prof. Strogatz's book, "Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos: With Applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry, and Engineering." The mathematical treatment is friendly and informal, but still careful. Analytical methods, concrete examples, and geometric intuition are stressed. The theory is developed systematically, starting with first-order differential equations and their bifurcations, followed by phase plane analysis, limit cycles and their bifurcations, and culminating with the Lorenz equations, chaos, iterated maps, period doubling, renormalization, fractals, and strange attractors. A unique feature of the course is its emphasis on applications. These include airplane wing vibrations, biological rhythms, insect outbreaks, chemical oscillators, chaotic waterwheels, and even a technique for using chaos to send secret messages. In each case, the scientific background is explained at an elementary level and closely integrated with the mathematical theory. The theoretical work is enlivened by frequent use of computer graphics, simulations, and videotaped demonstrations of nonlinear phenomena. The essential prerequisite is single-variable calculus, including curve sketching, Taylor series, and separable differential equations. In a few places, multivariable calculus (partial derivatives, Jacobian matrix, divergence theorem) and linear algebra (eigenvalues and eigenvectors) are used. Fourier analysis is not assumed, and is developed where needed. Introductory physics is used throughout. Other scientific prerequisites would depend on the applications considered, but in all cases, a first course should be adequate preparation

 

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos - Steven Strogatz, Cornell University

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLbN57C5Zdl6j_qJA-pARJnKsmROzPnO9V


Via Complexity Digest, J. Mario Siqueiros-Garcia
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Jean-Michel Livowsky's curator insight, June 2, 3:22 AM

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos...

Jean-Michel Livowsky's curator insight, June 2, 3:23 AM

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos

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Team examines city life on the urban continuum

Today's modern cities still follow some of the same basic rules that shaped ancient civilizations.
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Guided Self-Organisation

Typically, self-organisation (SO) is defined as the evolution of a system into an organised form in the absence of external pressures. SO within a system brings about several attractive properties, in particular, robustness, adaptability and scalability. In the face of perturbations caused by adverse external factors or internal component failures, a robust self-organising system continues to function. Moreover, an adaptive system may re-configure when required, degrading in performance “gracefully” rather than catastrophically. In certain circumstances, a system may need to be extended with new components and/or new connections among existing modules — without SO such scaling must be preoptimised in advance, overloading the traditional design process.
In general, SO is a not a force that can be applied very naturally during a design process. In fact, one may argue that the notions of design and SO are contradictory: the former approach often assumes a methodical step-by-step planning process with predictable outcomes, while the latter involves non-deterministic spontaneous dynamics with emergent features. Thus, the main challenge faced by designers of self-organising systems is how to achieve and control the desired dynamics. Erring on the one side may result in over-engineering the system, completely eliminating emergent patterns and suppressing an increase in internal organisation with outside influence. Strongly favouring the other side may leave too much non-determinism in the system’s behaviour, making its verification and validation almost impossible. The balance between design and SO is the main theme of guided self-organisation (GSO). In short, GSO combines both task-independent objectives (e.g., information-theoretic and graph-theoretic utility functions) with task-dependent constraints.

 

http://guided-self.org


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Liz Rykert's curator insight, March 3, 5:17 PM

Love the paradox in this. Worth digging into. 

Eli Levine's curator insight, March 3, 9:24 PM

Indeed, you must obey the laws of society and those of economics, environmental science and psychology in order to govern a world.

 

The simple rules are already in place.  The question is how do we conform to those rules so that we realize the most optimal social function for everybody?

 

This is where lawyering and traditional politiking takes a back seat, and the technical world of governing begins.

Think about it.

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¡Emergencia, emergencia!

¡Emergencia, emergencia! | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Las propiedades emergentes—aquellas que se presentan en un sistema pero no en sus componentes—han sido motivo de debate por siglos. ¿Qué es la emergencia?
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Complex Systems Science as a New Transdisciplinary Science, by Paul Bourgine

Complex Systems Science as a New Transdisciplinary Science, by Paul Bourgine | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

The new science of complex systems will be at the heart of the future of the Worldwide Knowledge Society. It is providing radical new ways of understanding the physical, biological, ecological, and techno-social universe. Complex Systems are open, value-laden, multi-level, multi-component, reconfigurable systems of systems, situated in turbulent, unstable, and changing environments. They evolve, adapt and transform through internal and external dynamic interactions. They are the source of very difficult scientific challenges for observing, understanding, reconstructing and predicting their multi-scale dynamics. The challenges posed by the multi-scale modelling of both natural and artificial adaptive complex systems can only be met with radically new collective strategies for research and teaching (...)


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june holley's curator insight, December 2, 2013 10:39 AM

The study of complex systems adds a lot of depth to understanding networks.

Complexity Institute's curator insight, December 6, 2013 3:56 AM

Are we ready to recognize a Science as a "Transdisciplinary Science?
Complex systems science is not a science in itself, but it may be considered as a 'Science of Sciences'.
I think this is the most challenging issue to face for a Worldwide Knowledge Society, as Paul Bourgine states.
What are your opinions about this?

Edgar Francisco Pelayo Valencia's curator insight, December 20, 2013 5:26 PM

Future is here!!!

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Social networks can help predict gun violence

Social networks can help predict gun violence | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Social networks can serve as a predictor of gun-related homicides.
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csss 2014 proceedings | Santa Fe Institute

csss 2014 proceedings | Santa Fe Institute | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

Proceedings from the 2014 Complex Systems Summer School are now posted, complete with a network map of the students’ collaborations. The students welcome comments and feedback.

Included in the proceedings are an exemplary set of more than two dozen papers -- more than half of which are being considered for publication. 

Some of the topics: Can simple models reproduce complex transportation networks? What are the non-linear effects of pesticides on food dynamics? What role do fractals and scaling play in finance models?


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Upcoming MOOCs from the Santa Fe Institute

Introduction to ComplexityNonlinear Dynamics:  Mathematical and Computational Approaches  Mathematics for Complex Systems

 

All begin on September 29th, enroll at

http://www.complexityexplorer.org


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Erdős-Bacon

Erdős-Bacon | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
This documentary is the handshake that links a famed actor and a legendary mathematician, creating history's lowest Erdős-Bacon number.

Via Jorge Louçã, NESS
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Chaos Versus Complexity | Synthesis

Chaos Versus Complexity | Synthesis | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

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Keith Hamon's curator insight, May 30, 12:27 PM

Explores differences between Chaos Theory and Complexity Theory.

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Ambiguous words probably make communicating easier

Ambiguous words probably make communicating easier | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

It’s a good thing some words have many meanings -- ambiguous words actually make communication easier and may be an inevitable consequence of a language’s evolution, according to a new SFI working paper by External Professor Ricard Sole and Pompeu Fabra University physicist Luis Seoane.

“Ambiguity is, against our intuitions, a major player in making human language so powerful,” says Sole.

Words with multiple meanings are a universal feature of language -- think “ticket,” which could get you into a movie or make you pay a fine, depending on context. The distribution of meanings per word is thought to follow a power law, an observation linguist George Zipf attributed to a “least effort” principle: speaking clearly takes effort, but so does understanding ambiguous speech. The compromise is that some words have multiple meanings, while most don’t.


Via NESS, Jorge Louçã
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Review by David Hales - Dynamics among Nations: The evolution of legitimacy and development in modern states

Review by David Hales - Dynamics among Nations: The evolution of legitimacy and development in modern states | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

A book by Hilton L. Root. The MIT Press. 2013, Hardcover, 332 pages. Reviewed by David Hales (University of Szeged, Hungary) 

 

After the fall of the Berlin Wall, in 1989, prominent Western Liberal intellectuals declared the “end of history”. The West had won. Liberal democracy, driven by open markets and global capital, was inevitable and the historic destiny of all nations. The only question was how long it would take them to get there. Hence international development became a process, for the West, of helping all nations along the road towards the final utopia. A utopia the Western powers had already attained.

(...)


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Auto-organización guiada

Auto-organización guiada | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Muchos animales se coordinan sin necesidad de un líder, basándose sólo en interacciones locales. Este fenómeno se conoce como auto-organización. Podemos aprovechar sus propiedades para construir sistemas más adaptativos y robustos.
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Urban Emergencies : Emergent Urbanism

Urban Emergencies : Emergent Urbanism | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

Urban Emergencies : Emergent Urbanism (UE:EU) is an independent research group exploring international and interdisciplinary perspectives on the implications of emergent risks on the built environment and its inhabitants.


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Exploring Chaos, Fractals and Bifurcation

Exploring Chaos, Fractals and Bifurcation | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
As you may have seen, I am currently really enjoying a course on Dynamic Systems and Chaos run by Santa Fe Institute (see Thoughts on Santa Fe’s new MOOC – Introduction to Dynamical Systems and Cha...

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Mikko Hakala's curator insight, February 10, 4:07 PM

Fascinating. "...we begin to really grasp the extraordinary complex and chaotic behaviour of what we thought may be an innocuous looking equation. As well as the fractal like patterns, we also notice structure within the chaos..."

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Introduction to Dynamical Systems and Chaos from Complexity Explorer

Introduction to Dynamical Systems and Chaos from Complexity Explorer | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
In this course you'll gain an introduction to the modern study of dynamical systems, the interdisciplinary field of applied mathematics that studies systems that change over time.
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