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COMPLEJIDAD Y ECONOMÍA

COMPLEJIDAD Y ECONOMÍA | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
La aplicación de principios de los Sistemas Complejos Adaptativos tales como la interacción, la interdependencia, la retroalimentación, la sensibilidad a las condiciones iniciales, la emergencia, y la adaptación continua, al estudio de la Economía supone la utilización de un enfoque diferente al basado en la teoría económica tradicional.
En esta entrada de COEVOLUCION.NET presentamos lo que se entiende por Economía de Complejidad según Wikipedia; y las traducciones de dos artículos importantes sobre este tema: Complexity and the Economy (La complejidad y la Economía) de W. Brian Arthur; y What Should Policymakers Know About Economic Complexity? (¿Qué deberían saber los encargados de formular políticas sobre la complejidad económica?), de Steven N. Durlauf.
Igualmente presentamos enlaces a Videos y documentos relacionados con el tema que esperamos sean de su interés.

Iván Tercero Talavera

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Complejidad en Blogs
Blogs y sistemas complejos
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Team examines city life on the urban continuum

Today's modern cities still follow some of the same basic rules that shaped ancient civilizations.
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Guided Self-Organisation

Typically, self-organisation (SO) is defined as the evolution of a system into an organised form in the absence of external pressures. SO within a system brings about several attractive properties, in particular, robustness, adaptability and scalability. In the face of perturbations caused by adverse external factors or internal component failures, a robust self-organising system continues to function. Moreover, an adaptive system may re-configure when required, degrading in performance “gracefully” rather than catastrophically. In certain circumstances, a system may need to be extended with new components and/or new connections among existing modules — without SO such scaling must be preoptimised in advance, overloading the traditional design process.
In general, SO is a not a force that can be applied very naturally during a design process. In fact, one may argue that the notions of design and SO are contradictory: the former approach often assumes a methodical step-by-step planning process with predictable outcomes, while the latter involves non-deterministic spontaneous dynamics with emergent features. Thus, the main challenge faced by designers of self-organising systems is how to achieve and control the desired dynamics. Erring on the one side may result in over-engineering the system, completely eliminating emergent patterns and suppressing an increase in internal organisation with outside influence. Strongly favouring the other side may leave too much non-determinism in the system’s behaviour, making its verification and validation almost impossible. The balance between design and SO is the main theme of guided self-organisation (GSO). In short, GSO combines both task-independent objectives (e.g., information-theoretic and graph-theoretic utility functions) with task-dependent constraints.

 

http://guided-self.org


Via Complexity Digest
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Liz Rykert's curator insight, March 3, 5:17 PM

Love the paradox in this. Worth digging into. 

Eli Levine's curator insight, March 3, 9:24 PM

Indeed, you must obey the laws of society and those of economics, environmental science and psychology in order to govern a world.

 

The simple rules are already in place.  The question is how do we conform to those rules so that we realize the most optimal social function for everybody?

 

This is where lawyering and traditional politiking takes a back seat, and the technical world of governing begins.

Think about it.

Colbert Sesanker's curator insight, March 25, 4:07 PM

the first in the theme of complex system control, a current fantasy 

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¡Emergencia, emergencia!

¡Emergencia, emergencia! | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Las propiedades emergentes—aquellas que se presentan en un sistema pero no en sus componentes—han sido motivo de debate por siglos. ¿Qué es la emergencia?
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Complex Systems Science as a New Transdisciplinary Science, by Paul Bourgine

Complex Systems Science as a New Transdisciplinary Science, by Paul Bourgine | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

The new science of complex systems will be at the heart of the future of the Worldwide Knowledge Society. It is providing radical new ways of understanding the physical, biological, ecological, and techno-social universe. Complex Systems are open, value-laden, multi-level, multi-component, reconfigurable systems of systems, situated in turbulent, unstable, and changing environments. They evolve, adapt and transform through internal and external dynamic interactions. They are the source of very difficult scientific challenges for observing, understanding, reconstructing and predicting their multi-scale dynamics. The challenges posed by the multi-scale modelling of both natural and artificial adaptive complex systems can only be met with radically new collective strategies for research and teaching (...)


Via NESS
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june holley's curator insight, December 2, 2013 10:39 AM

The study of complex systems adds a lot of depth to understanding networks.

Complexity Institute's curator insight, December 6, 2013 3:56 AM

Are we ready to recognize a Science as a "Transdisciplinary Science?
Complex systems science is not a science in itself, but it may be considered as a 'Science of Sciences'.
I think this is the most challenging issue to face for a Worldwide Knowledge Society, as Paul Bourgine states.
What are your opinions about this?

Edgar Francisco Pelayo Valencia's curator insight, December 20, 2013 5:26 PM

Future is here!!!

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Social networks can help predict gun violence

Social networks can help predict gun violence | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Social networks can serve as a predictor of gun-related homicides.
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Non-Equilibrium Social Science

Non-Equilibrium Social Science | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
NESS European Coordination Action
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Economics | NECSI

Economics | NECSI | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Complejidady Economía's insight:

Complejidad y Economía , New England Complex System Institue

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Networked for complexity

Networked for complexity | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

In the 21st century, then, the industrial era has given way to the social era, and it is time to rethink both how we work and how we organise ourselves to do so. 


Via Kenneth Mikkelsen, Christophe Bredillet, Bernard Ryefield
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Kenneth Mikkelsen's curator insight, November 25, 2013 5:39 PM

Terrific blog post by Richard Martin. You should follow Richard on Scoop.it [url=/u/2565370 x-already-notified=1]Richard Martin[/url] and on Twitter here

Stephen Dale's curator insight, November 27, 2013 5:01 AM

I picked out this abstract which resonated with me..." a company is like ‘a social network of productive relationships in which stakeholders are deployed where they are of greatest use. It is designed as a flow of input that can come from anywhere in the network. The work is asynchronous in time and place, and people contribute whatever expertise they have, irrespective of rank or experience." 


Great post.

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The sharing economy and the future of movement in smart, human-scale cities

The sharing economy and the future of movement in smart, human-scale cities | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

One of the defining tensions throughout the development of cities has been between our desire for quality of life and our need to move ourselves and the things we depend on around. The former requires space, peace, and safety in which to work, exercise, relax and socialise; the latter requires transport systems which, since the use of horsedrawn transport in medieval cities, have taken up space, created noise and pollution – and are often dangerous. This tension will intensify rapidly in coming years. Not only are our cities growing larger and denser, but (...) our interactions within them are speeding up and intensifying...


Via NESS
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Mauboussin on the Santa Fe Institute and Complex Adaptive Systems

Mauboussin on the Santa Fe Institute and Complex Adaptive Systems | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Michael Mauboussin of Credit Suisse is one of the best strategists on Wall Street and a thought leader who consistently introduces some...
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The Fiftieth Anniversary of Chaos - Wired Science

The Fiftieth Anniversary of Chaos - Wired Science | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Complejidady Economía's insight:

Several decades ago, Edward Lorenz noticed something seemingly minor: his computational weather models yielded very different results if he changed the input variables only a tiny bit. Lorenz published a paper on this topic in 1963 and that led to the modern field of chaos.

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"Vaya a fiestas de gente que no conoce"

"Vaya a fiestas de gente que no conoce" | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Vaya a fiestas de gente que no ve nunca o ni siquiera conoce. ¿Hablo con desconocidos? Haga justo lo contrario de lo que le decían en el cole. Porque esos
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¿Qué es la complejidad?

¿Qué es la complejidad? | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
¿Qué tienen en común la biósfera, las ciudades, las células, los ecosistemas, Internet, la economía, el lenguaje, el cerebro y las sociedades?
Complejidady Economía's insight:

¿Qué tienen en común la biósfera, las ciudades, las células, los ecosistemas, Internet, la economía, el lenguaje, el cerebro y las sociedades?

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Auto-organización guiada

Auto-organización guiada | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Muchos animales se coordinan sin necesidad de un líder, basándose sólo en interacciones locales. Este fenómeno se conoce como auto-organización. Podemos aprovechar sus propiedades para construir sistemas más adaptativos y robustos.
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Urban Emergencies : Emergent Urbanism

Urban Emergencies : Emergent Urbanism | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

Urban Emergencies : Emergent Urbanism (UE:EU) is an independent research group exploring international and interdisciplinary perspectives on the implications of emergent risks on the built environment and its inhabitants.


Via Bernard Ryefield
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Exploring Chaos, Fractals and Bifurcation

Exploring Chaos, Fractals and Bifurcation | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
As you may have seen, I am currently really enjoying a course on Dynamic Systems and Chaos run by Santa Fe Institute (see Thoughts on Santa Fe’s new MOOC – Introduction to Dynamical Systems and Cha...

Via Bernard Ryefield
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Mikko Hakala's curator insight, February 10, 4:07 PM

Fascinating. "...we begin to really grasp the extraordinary complex and chaotic behaviour of what we thought may be an innocuous looking equation. As well as the fractal like patterns, we also notice structure within the chaos..."

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Introduction to Dynamical Systems and Chaos from Complexity Explorer

Introduction to Dynamical Systems and Chaos from Complexity Explorer | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
In this course you'll gain an introduction to the modern study of dynamical systems, the interdisciplinary field of applied mathematics that studies systems that change over time.
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Complex story

Complex story | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
  An introduction to complex systems theory     Complex systems theory: a short film       To reason about the world around us
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Teoria de Redes : Enredados

Teoria de Redes : Enredados | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
El mundo dibujado con redes.
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System of Systems

If you look at our planet from space, what you see is something like a neural network with the cities as its nodes, and that is as good an image of the planet as a complex system of systems as one could hope for.

With the emergence of the internet in the mid-90's, the world became one global commons. In the past, we could understand that there was some mysterious unity to the various dimensions of life but we couldn't understand its dynamics, we couldn't observe and measure their interactions. We basically operated like the drunk who looks under the streetlight for his keys because that's where he can see.

 

Video featuring, from IBM: Mike Wing, Irving Wladawsky-Berger and Julia Grace.


Via NESS
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Connecting Economists to Networks

Connecting Economists to Networks | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Consider an image: hubs and spokes sprawling across a map. At the Bank, we work in many fields that could be portrayed this way – finance, trade, transportation, infrastructure or urban and regional development.
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The Science of Cities: Is Urbanization Sustainable? | Top Five | Big Think

The Science of Cities: Is Urbanization Sustainable? | Top Five | Big Think | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
“Rapid urbanization is the fastest, most intense social phenomenon that ever happened to humankind, perhaps to biology on Earth.
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How complexity science can get aid working - SciDev.Net

How complexity science can get aid working - SciDev.Net | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
Development needs more complexity science, says Paul van Gardingen. Andrée Carter argues that science must adapt too.
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El Juego de la Vida ¿Qué tanta complejidad podemos obtener con reglas simples?

El Juego de la Vida    ¿Qué tanta complejidad podemos obtener con reglas simples? | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it
¿Qué tanta complejidad podemos obtener con reglas simples? De hecho, toda la que queramos...
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Sociology and Complexity Science blog: Tomas Saraceno Complexity Art and Networks

Sociology and Complexity Science blog: Tomas Saraceno Complexity Art and Networks | Complejidad en Blogs | Scoop.it

Via Jacques CLOS, Ankur Dnyanmote
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luiy's curator insight, March 28, 2013 8:44 PM

In 2010 my family and i were on tour (our term for vacationing) in Scandinavia, en route to Gothenburg, Sweden for the International Sociological Association Meetings.  During our stay in Copenhagen I came across the work of Tomás Saraceno--internationally recognized architect and artist.


Saraceno's work melted my mind.  He presented a possible future, grounded in a global complexity and ecology, exploring the usage of networks in three-dimensional form; along with other various organic-geometrical forms.

Recently, again, I saw his work, now in New York City at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where my brother Warren lives.  WOW!  I will definitely have to blog more on Saraceno's work and how it connects with the complexity art movement I have been blogging about.  But, for now, I just wanted to get a post published on this guy.

Here are a few links to some of his work:

http://www.coolhunting.com/culture/14-billion.php ;

http://minnesota.publicradio.org/display/web/2009/06/09/saraceno/