This paper presents a new air traffic complexity metric based on dynamical systems. Based on a set of radar observations (position and speed) a vector field interpolating these data is constructed. Once the field has been obtained, the Lyapunov spectrum of the associated dynamical system is computed on points evenly spaced on a spatial grid. The results of the computations are summarized on complexity maps, with high values indicating areas to avoid or to carefully monitor. A first approach based on linear dynamical system enable to compute an aggregate complexity metric. In order to produce complexity maps, two extensions of the previous approach have been developed (one in space and another in space and time). Finally, an approximation is proposed in order to localize the computation of the vector field by the mean of Local Linear Models.