Around 1970, Stafford Beer developed the viable system model to diagnose the faults in any organizational system, programme, institution, nation, or enterprise. It uses cybernetics, which – according to its originator Norbert Wiener – is the study of control and communication in the animal and the machine, but there are many other interesting definitions. The central question could be formulated as: How can organizational efficacy be maintained? How can organizations sustain their own existence? Or: How do organizations create viability?