Complexity & Systems
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Complexity & Systems
Complex systems present problems both in mathematical modelling and philosophical foundations. The study of complex systems represents a new approach to science that investigates how relationships between parts give rise to the collective behaviors of a system and how the system interacts and forms relationships with its environment. The equations from which models of complex systems are developed generally derive from statistical physics, information theory and non-linear dynamics, and represent organized but unpredictable behaviors of natural systems that are considered fundamentally complex.  wikipedia (en)
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Scooped by Bernard Ryefield
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Redistricting and the Will of the People

We introduce a non-partisan probability distribution on congressional redistricting of North Carolina which emphasizes the equal partition of the population and the compactness of districts. When random districts are drawn and the results of the 2012 election were re-tabulated under the drawn districtings, we find that an average of 7.6 democratic representatives are elected. 95% of the randomly sampled redistrictings produced between 6 and 9 Democrats. Both of these facts are in stark contrast with the 4 Democrats elected in the 2012 elections with the same vote counts. This brings into serious question the idea that such elections represent the "will of the people." It underlines the ability of redistricting to undermine the democratic process, while on the face allowing democracy to proceed.

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Rescooped by Bernard Ryefield from Systems Theory
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Cybernetics and Information Theory in the United States, France and the Soviet Union

Mindell et al. (2003) «Cybernetics and Information Theory in the United States, France and the Soviet Union» http://t.co/WxxvghtyUz

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António F Fonseca's curator insight, March 1, 2014 7:58 AM

Very interesting document!