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Creativity, like evolution, is merely a series of thefts

Creativity, like evolution, is merely a series of thefts | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it
We can blame evolution for making us little more than the glorified karaoke singers we are. Or as Voltaire put it: "originality is nothing but judicious imitation"

Via Claudia Mihai, Complexity Digest
Costas Bouyioukos's insight:

Mark Pagel writes about our "ability" to innovate.

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Eli Levine's curator insight, March 15, 2014 1:02 PM

It's all one built upon the other.


What I've been proposing for government is not going to alter the base goals of the political leaders.  In fact, I think it's going to improve their chances of being elected until death, if they follow it correctly, and ultimately preserve our social institutions until the eventual end of the species and, if our descendents are still around, beyond that.

 

What I'm observing, as a political and social scientist, is that through benevolently motivated, effectively sensed and executed policy for the sake of the other in the society, that governments tend to be able to last longer, be more legitimate in the eyes of the public and, ultimately, get carried on, with its members, throughout the generations.

 

Some people simply do not and will not have what it takes to act as these effective, benevolent and empirically grounded leaders, regardless of party affiliation and label.  That is how, I think, our current institutions are failing, because we've populated these political systems with people who don't care, won't care and/or don't have the sense to act for the effective sake of the other for their own sakes.  It's in our legislative systems as well as our administrative systems.  It's killing themselves as much as it's killing our people.  And it's just a brain type who doesn't get the concept of working with others, rather than over or against them.

 

Think about it.

Arjen ten Have's curator insight, March 18, 2014 9:08 AM

Basic but nice essay on how objects of use, creativity and biological evolution are all hung up on the same principles: Hey this works better, what if I combine it with that?

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The Strange Inevitability of Evolution

The Strange Inevitability of Evolution | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it

Natural selection supplies an incredibly powerful way of pruning variation into effective solutions to the challenges of the environment. But it can’t explain where all that variation came from. As the biologist Hugo de Vries wrote in 1905, “natural selection may explain the survival of the fittest, but it cannot explain the arrival of the fittest.” Over the past several years, Wagner and a handful of others have been starting to understand the origins of evolutionary innovation. Thanks to their findings so far, we can now see not only how Darwinian evolution works but why it works: what makes it possible.

(...)

These ideas suggest that evolvability and openness to innovation are features not just of life but of information itself. That is a view long championed by Schuster’s sometime collaborator, Nobel laureate chemist Manfred Eigen, who insists that Darwinian evolution is not merely the organizing principle of biology but a “law of physics,” an inevitable result of how information is organized in complex systems. And if that’s right, it would seem that the appearance of life was not a fantastic fluke but almost a mathematical inevitability.

 


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Reaction-Diffusion Processes on Interconnected Scale-Free Networks

We study the two particle annihilation reaction A+B->Ø A+B→∅ on interconnected scale free networks. We show that the mixing of particles and the evolution of the process are influenced by the number of interconnecting links and by their functional properties, while surprisingly when the interconnecting links have the same function as the links within the networks, they are not affected by the interconnectivity strategies in use. Due to the better mixing, which suppresses the segregation effect, we show that the reaction rates are faster than what was observed in other topologies, in-line with previous studies performed on single scale free networks.


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Inheritance: How Our Genes Change Our Lives - and Our Lives Change Our Genes (by Sharon Moalem MD PhD)

Inheritance: How Our Genes Change Our Lives--and Our Lives Change Our Genes

~ Sharon Moalem MD PhD (author) More about this product
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Conventional wisdom dictates that our genetic destiny is fixed at conception. But Dr. Moalem's groundbreaking book shows us that the human genome is far more fluid. By bringing us to the bedside of his unique and complex patients, he masterfully demonstrates what rare genetic conditions can teach us all about our own health and well-being. Drawing on bleeding-edge science and sometimes heartbreaking stories of individuals he’s treated for rare genetic anomalies, Moalem explains how your DNA’s constant shape-shifting is “mediated and orchestrated by how you live, where you live, the stresses you face, and the things you consume.”


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chromosomesictp2014

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Costas Bouyioukos's curator insight, January 8, 2014 12:31 PM

Understanding how the genetic material is organized in space in eukaryotes and bacteria is one of the big challenges of current molecular biology.

 

It is now clear that the complexity of the cellular machinery is so profound that its full comprehension can be pursued only through the joint efforts of scientists coming from cross-related disciplines like molecular biology, systems biology, bioinformatics and physics.

 

The Workshop aims at bringing scientists from these different disciplines in a real interdisciplinary context. The state-of-the-art of experimental, modeling and physical aspects in chromosome organization will be discussed, with particular emphasis on future important challenges.

 

Topics include:

- High-throughput and imaging methods for chromosome structure and dynamics;

- Gene regulatory networks in eukaryotes and bacteria: experiments and modeling;

- Large-scale physical modeling and simulation of chromosome structure;

- System biology of gene expression and regulation.

A poster session is previewed.

The best 4-5 posters will be selected for short (~15 minutes) oral presentations.

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Creativity, like evolution, is merely a series of thefts

Creativity, like evolution, is merely a series of thefts | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it
We can blame evolution for making us little more than the glorified karaoke singers we are. Or as Voltaire put it: "originality is nothing but judicious imitation"

Via Claudia Mihai, Complexity Digest
Costas Bouyioukos's insight:

Mark Pagel writes about our "ability" to innovate.

more...
Eli Levine's curator insight, March 15, 2014 1:02 PM

It's all one built upon the other.


What I've been proposing for government is not going to alter the base goals of the political leaders.  In fact, I think it's going to improve their chances of being elected until death, if they follow it correctly, and ultimately preserve our social institutions until the eventual end of the species and, if our descendents are still around, beyond that.

 

What I'm observing, as a political and social scientist, is that through benevolently motivated, effectively sensed and executed policy for the sake of the other in the society, that governments tend to be able to last longer, be more legitimate in the eyes of the public and, ultimately, get carried on, with its members, throughout the generations.

 

Some people simply do not and will not have what it takes to act as these effective, benevolent and empirically grounded leaders, regardless of party affiliation and label.  That is how, I think, our current institutions are failing, because we've populated these political systems with people who don't care, won't care and/or don't have the sense to act for the effective sake of the other for their own sakes.  It's in our legislative systems as well as our administrative systems.  It's killing themselves as much as it's killing our people.  And it's just a brain type who doesn't get the concept of working with others, rather than over or against them.

 

Think about it.

Arjen ten Have's curator insight, March 18, 2014 9:08 AM

Basic but nice essay on how objects of use, creativity and biological evolution are all hung up on the same principles: Hey this works better, what if I combine it with that?

Rescooped by Costas Bouyioukos from Libros y Papers sobre Complejidad - Sistemas Complejos
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[1310.5360] A Bottom-Up Model of Self-Organized Criticality on Networks


Via Complejidady Economía
Costas Bouyioukos's insight:

Potential groundbreaking findings!

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Biological Complexity and Integrative Levels of Organization | Learn Science at Scitable

Biological Complexity and Integrative Levels of Organization | Learn Science at Scitable | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it
If someone gave you a book filled with a stranger’s complete genetic code, could you predict everything about that stranger, from his or her appearance to his or her behavior? Of course, this would be an impossible task. The reason for this impossibility lies in a concept called integrative levels of organization, which describes the way units of matter are organized and integrated into levels of increasing complexity. At each level, new properties and rules emerge that cannot be predicted by full knowledge of a lower level. Such properties are called emergent properties. Because of emergent properties, knowledge of a lower level, such as a genome, cannot be used to predict everything about a higher level, such as an organism.
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Beyond Big Data: Identifying Important Information for Real World Challenges | NECSI

Beyond Big Data: Identifying Important Information for Real World Challenges | NECSI | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it
Costas Bouyioukos's insight:

“Understanding the problems we face in the world today requires more than just data, it requires insight into radical changes that will take place in the future,” Bar-Yam stated. “We have to understand transitions that might happen in the behavior of systems, not just how they were behaving yesterday.”

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Complex Systems Science as a New Transdisciplinary Science, by Paul Bourgine

Complex Systems Science as a New Transdisciplinary Science, by Paul Bourgine | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it

The new science of complex systems will be at the heart of the future of the Worldwide Knowledge Society. It is providing radical new ways of understanding the physical, biological, ecological, and techno-social universe. Complex Systems are open, value-laden, multi-level, multi-component, reconfigurable systems of systems, situated in turbulent, unstable, and changing environments. They evolve, adapt and transform through internal and external dynamic interactions. They are the source of very difficult scientific challenges for observing, understanding, reconstructing and predicting their multi-scale dynamics. The challenges posed by the multi-scale modelling of both natural and artificial adaptive complex systems can only be met with radically new collective strategies for research and teaching (...)


Via NESS, Complexity Institute, Marinella De Simone
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june holley's curator insight, December 2, 2013 10:39 AM

The study of complex systems adds a lot of depth to understanding networks.

Complexity Institute's curator insight, December 6, 2013 3:56 AM

Are we ready to recognize a Science as a "Transdisciplinary Science?
Complex systems science is not a science in itself, but it may be considered as a 'Science of Sciences'.
I think this is the most challenging issue to face for a Worldwide Knowledge Society, as Paul Bourgine states.
What are your opinions about this?

Edgar Francisco Pelayo Valencia's curator insight, December 20, 2013 5:26 PM

Future is here!!!

Rescooped by Costas Bouyioukos from Libros y Papers sobre Complejidad - Sistemas Complejos
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Complex networks are an emerging property of hierarchical preferential attachment

Real complex systems are not rigidly structured; no clear rules or blueprints exist for their construction. Yet, amidst their apparent randomness, complex structural properties appear to universally emerge. We propose that an important class of complex systems can be modelled as a construction of potentially infinitely many levels of organization all following the same universal growth principle known as preferential attachment. We give examples of such hierarchy in real systems, for instance in the pyramid of production entities of the movie industry. More importantly, we show how real complex networks can be interpreted as a projection of our model, from which their scale independence, their clustering or modularity, their hierarchy, their fractality and their navigability naturally emerge. Our results suggest that complex networks, viewed as growing systems, can be quite simple, and that the apparent complexity of their structure is largely a reflection of the hierarchical nature of our world.


Via Bernard Ryefield, Complejidady Economía
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Devourer of Encyclopedias: Stanislaw Lem's "Summa Technologiae" - lareviewofbooks

Devourer of Encyclopedias: Stanislaw Lem's "Summa Technologiae" - lareviewofbooks | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it
Devourer of Encyclopedias: Stanislaw Lem's "Summa Technologiae" lareviewofbooks If evolution was charted in a form of code, and a simple Turing machine could be shown to be equivalent to the most complex computational machines imaginable, then...
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At the Far Ends of a New Universal Law

At the Far Ends of a New Universal Law | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it

Systems of many interacting components — be they species, integers or subatomic particles — kept producing the same statistical curve, which had become known as the Tracy-Widom distribution. This puzzling curve seemed to be the complex cousin of the familiar bell curve, or Gaussian distribution, which represents the natural variation of independent random variables like the heights of students in a classroom or their test scores. Like the Gaussian, the Tracy-Widom distribution exhibits “universality,” a mysterious phenomenon in which diverse microscopic effects give rise to the same collective behavior. “The surprise is it’s as universal as it is,” said Tracy, a professor at the University of California, Davis.

 

http://www.quantamagazine.org/20141015-at-the-far-ends-of-a-new-universal-law/


Via Complexity Digest
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Gary Bamford's curator insight, October 29, 2014 4:16 AM

Possibly a lesson for the 'Big Data' analytics you intent to perform, when you have the time!

Damien Thouvenin's curator insight, October 29, 2014 10:15 AM

Un article intéressant : la courbe de fréquence d'apparition d'un état dans un réseau interconnectant de nombreux éléments (de nombreux systèmes complexes donc) ne suit pas la fameuse courbe de Gauss mais plutôt celle, asymétrique, de la distribution Tracy-Widom. Le modèle a été prouvé pour un certain nombre de cas mais on ne sait pas encore identifier les critères nécessaires et suffisants à son apparition mais cela semble corroborer les effets de seuil que l'on constate dans les réseaux massivement interconnectés.

 

António F Fonseca's curator insight, November 2, 2014 6:38 AM

A new powerful law. Curiosly very similar to the profile of the quantity of retweets on Twitter.

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Complexity and the Emergence of Physical Properties

Using the effective complexity measure, proposed by M. Gell-Mann and S. Lloyd, we give a quantitative definition of an emergent property. We use several previous results and properties of this particular information measure closely related to the random features of the entity and its regularities.

 

Complexity and the Emergence of Physical Properties
Miguel Angel Fuentes

Entropy 2014, 16(8), 4489-4496; http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/e16084489


Via Complexity Digest
Costas Bouyioukos's insight:

Interesting for those who look for emergent properties in biological systems!

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Complex Thinking for a Complex World – About Reductionism, Disjunction and Systemism, by Edgar Morin

This article is based on the keynote address presented to the European Meetings on Cybernetics and Systems Research (EMCSR) in 2012, on the occasion of Edgar Morin receiving the Bertalanffy Prize in Complexity Thinking, awarded by the Bertalanffy Centre for the Study of Systems Science (BCSSS).
The following theses will be elaborated on: (a) The whole is at the same time more and less than its parts; (b) We must abandon the term "object" for systems because all the objects are systems and parts of systems; (c) System and organization are the two faces of the same reality; (d) Eco-systems illustrate self-organization.

 

Complex Thinking for a Complex World – About Reductionism, Disjunction and Systemism
Edgar Morin

Systema: connecting matter, life, culture and technology Vol 2, No 1 (2014)

http://www.systema-journal.org/article/view/257


Via Complexity Digest
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Eli Levine's curator insight, April 13, 2014 10:21 PM

There is a kind of meditation in Buddhist practice known as analytical meditation.  It's purpose is to inform us about an object, all of its properties and all of the associations, connections and contexts that it can have in the individual and collective sense. 

 

We're not going to be perfect coming up with all of the connections all of the time.  However, I think it's a good starting basis for the purposes of analyzing complex systems and all of the layered, interconnected parts.  We are one, and one is all.

 

The universe is us as well as around us.


And that's a scientific fact, it seems.

 

Think about it.

Luciano Lampi's curator insight, April 14, 2014 2:37 PM

objects versus systems?

luiy's curator insight, May 1, 2014 9:20 PM

In this light is interesting to consider the nature of life. Living systems represent a complex type of organization. The organization of a living system is more complex than the  organization of the molecules of which it is composed. However, this organization is  achieved using only molecules from the physical universe – living systems are not made from something like ‘living matter’, but from ordinary physical and chemical substances.


“Life” is a property created through complex self-organisation. Life is characterized by processes of self-reproduction and self-repair, processes that involve knowledge and  memory. The central feature of a living system is the self-organizational capacity to produce
and reproduce itself. However, as von Foerster noted, calling this self-organisation is paradoxical, because the organizational processes of life require a continuous input of energy. We need energy even when we sleep – energy to drive our heartbeat, our digestion, our breathing. We use energy in all moments of life. However, we also need to compensate for the dissipation of energy in line with the second law of thermodynamics, and this means we must take in energy from the environment. We do this by ingesting material  that contains energy, and to this we need knowledge of the environment, and in particular knowledge of the organization of the environment. So self-organisation requires an interplay between the knowledge of how to organize the self and the knowledge of how the environment is organized.

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Hypernetworks in the Science of Complex Systems (by Jeffrey Johnson)

Hypernetworks in the Science of Complex Systems (Series on Complexity Science)

~ Jeffrey Johnson (author) More about this product
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The modern world is complex beyond human understanding and control. The science of complex systems aims to find new ways of thinking about the many interconnected networks of interaction that defy traditional approaches. Thus far, research into networks has largely been restricted to pairwise relationships represented by links between two nodes. This volume marks a major extension of networks to multidimensional hypernetworks for modeling multi-element relationships, such as companies making up the stock market, the neighborhoods forming a city, people making up committees, divisions making up companies, computers making up the internet, men and machines making up armies, or robots working as teams.

This volume makes an important contribution to the science of complex systems by:
(i) extending network theory to include dynamic relationships between many elements;
(ii) providing a mathematical theory able to integrate multilevel dynamics in a coherent way; (iii)
providing a new methodological approach to analyze complex systems; and
(iv) illustrating the theory with practical examples in the design, management and control of complex systems taken from many areas of application.


Via Complexity Digest, Complejidady Economía
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june holley's curator insight, March 24, 2014 8:36 AM

A little pricey but breakthrough stuff here...

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Nasa-funded study: industrial civilisation headed for 'irreversible collapse'?

Nasa-funded study: industrial civilisation headed for 'irreversible collapse'? | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it
Nafeez Ahmed: Natural and social scientists develop new model of how 'perfect storm' of crises could unravel global system

Via Marinella De Simone
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Marinella De Simone's curator insight, March 16, 2014 5:18 PM

A new study sponsored by Nasa's Goddard Space Flight Center has highlighted the prospect that global industrial civilisation could collapse in coming decades due to unsustainable resource exploitation and increasingly unequal wealth distribution.

Andrew Glynn's curator insight, March 18, 2014 8:58 AM

Not really sure why a study was needed.  It's pretty obvious stuff.

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Complexity in biology. Exceeding the limits of reductionism and determinism using complexity theory

Complexity in biology. Exceeding the limits of reductionism and determinism using complexity theory | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it
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Networked for complexity

Networked for complexity | Complexity and Biology | Scoop.it
Ever since humans first daubed works of art on rock faces and in caves, there has been evidence of mankind’s attempts to understand the world in which it finds itself. For millennia this was achieved...

Via Christophe Bredillet
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