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ArtificiaI intelligence: Your future today

ArtificiaI intelligence: Your future today | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

Ray Kurzweil, an AI pioneer and futurist, famously predicted the “singularity” will be here by 2029. At this point computers reach human intelligence. And according to Kurzweil, the machines then start designing more advanced versions of themselves and life on Earth becomes as unknowable as the singularity beyond the event horizon of a black hole. He also believes uploading our minds into the hardware of machines is on the cards.

That future still sounds way-out. But the prediction of human-like intelligence by 2029 is starting to look downright conservative.


Via Dr. Susan Bainbridge
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Does evolutionary theory need a rethink?

Does evolutionary theory need a rethink? | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it
Researchers are divided over what processes should be considered fundamental.

Via Jorge Louçã
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Top Ten Internet Languages

Top Ten Internet Languages | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it
The top ten language groups of Internet users are currently English, Chinese Mandarin, Spanish, Arabic, Portuguese, Japanese, Russian, German, French, and Malay.

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Places & Spaces: Mapping Science

Places & Spaces: Mapping Science | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

Science maps serve as visual interfaces to immense amounts of data, depicting myriad objects in ways that allow us to effectively discern apparent outliers, clusters, and trends. The Places & Spaces: Mapping Science exhibit aims to introduce science mapping techniques to the general public and to experts across diverse disciplines for educational, scientific, and practical purposes. It is meant to inspire cross-disciplinary discussion on how to best track and communicate scholarly activity and scientific progress on a global scale.

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Complex Systems Digital Campus @ ECCS'14 Panel : Science, Policy and Applications

Complex Systems Digital Campus @ ECCS'14 Panel : Science, Policy and Applications | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

ECCS'14 ( www.eccs14.eu ), Lucca, 25th Sept, 17h, panel with Mike Batty (Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA) at University College London), and Paul Ormerod (Volterra Partners LLP, London)

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A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious

A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it
It's a question that's perplexed philosophers for centuries and scientists for decades: Where does consciousness come from? Neuroscientist Christof Koch, chief scientific officer at the Allen Institute for Brain Science, thinks he has an answer.
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What Twitter Changes Might Mean for Academics

What Twitter Changes Might Mean for Academics | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

If you’re a regular user of Twitter, as many of us at ProfHacker are, you’ve no doubt seen the many posts speculating on Twitter’s impeding demise. Twitter, along with every other social network, gets declared dead on a regular basis. However, earlier this year Adrienne LaFrance and Robinson Meyer wrote “A Eulogy for Twitter” in the Atlantic and observed:

“ Twitter’s earnings last quarter, after all, were an improvement on the period before, and it added 14 million new users for a total of 255 million. The thing is: Its users are less active than they once were. Twitter says these changes reflect a more streamlined experience, but we have a different theory: Twitter is entering its twilight.”

In light of these predictions, it’s not surprising that Twitter is contemplating some big changes to how it handles content and discourse. 


Via Jorge Louçã
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Is there a creativity deficit in science?

Is there a creativity deficit in science? | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

In March 1989, Tim Berners-Lee, a 33-year-old software engineer at Europe’s largest Physics Laboratory (CERN), was frustrated with how the Internet would only enable sharing of information between clients and a single server. Doing anything more required establishing a new connection. To get around this, Berners-Lee had a creative idea—use a hypertext system that would elegantly connect machines and servers across a ‘world wide Web.’

Like any researcher, Berners-Lee had to find support to work on his idea. He wrote up a 14-page proposal and sent it to his boss at CERN, Mike Sendall, who famously scribbled the following on the front-page: “Vague, but exciting….”

We are all very lucky that Berners-Lee was in a time and place that gave the young engineer some latitude to pursue his vague but creative idea, one that would ultimately change the world. If Berners-Lee submitted that idea to government funding agencies for support, who knows where the Internet would be today?


Via Jorge Louçã
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International Workshop on Contagion Dynamics in Socio-economic systems Paris, September 12th 201

International Workshop on Contagion Dynamics in Socio-economic systems Paris, September 12th 201 | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

 

 

This symposium brings together researchers specialized in the interaction between the dynamics of information dissemination in technological networks (often called “virtual” as the agents do not necessarily know each other personally) and the society in real world. Recent examples, like the Arab Spring or the Spanish riots of May 15th, show clearly how the activities of opinion groups formed in socio-technological networks like Tweeter of others, have direct socio economic consequences in the real world.

 

Confirmed Speakers:

* Alan Barrat, Centre de Physique Théorique, Marseille & ISI Foundation, Torino

* Stefano Battiston, Dept. Banking and Finance, University of Zurich, Switzerland

* Ciro Catuto, Data Science Lab, ISI Foundation, Turin, Italy

* Vittoria Colizza, Inserm & UPMC, Paris, France and ISI Foundation, Turin, Italy

* Bruno Gonçalves, Centre de Physique Théorique, Aix-Marseille Université, France

* Yamir Moreno, Institute for Biocomputation and Physics of Complex Systems, BIFI, Zaragoza University, Spain

* Agnieska Rusinowska, CNRS - Paris School of Economics, University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne


Organisers:


* Laura Hernández

Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modélisation  (LPTM),  CNRS-Université de Cergy-Pontoise, France.
email: Laura.Hernandez@u-cergy.fr

* Yamir Moreno

Institute for Biocomputation and Physics of Complex Systems, (BIFI), University of Zaragoza, Spain
email: Yamir.Moreno@gmail.com


Website : www.u-cergy.fr/contagion-dynamics-in-socio-economic-systems

Please note that the participation is free but, the number of places being limited, registration is mandatory.  Deadline for registration is extended until September 5th 2014.

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Murray Gell-Mann: The Simple and the Complex (excerpt) -- A Thinking Allowed DVD w/ Jeffrey Mishlove

NOTE: This is an excerpt from the two-part, 60-minute DVD. http://www.thinkingallowed.com/2mgellmann.html Nobel laureate Gell-Mann addresses the relationship...

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‘Big data’ could create ‘dystopian future’ for students

‘Big data’ could create ‘dystopian future’ for students | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

Using “big data” to help match people to courses could cut freedom of choice and ultimately put students off higher education.


Via Jorge Louçã, Complex Systems Digital Campus
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Meeting of UNESCO Chairs on higher education, ICT in education and teachers

Meeting of UNESCO Chairs on higher education, ICT in education and teachers | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it
UNESCO encourages international peace and universal respect for human rights by promoting collaboration among nations.

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Epidemics on social networks

Since its first formulations almost a century ago, mathematical models for disease spreading contributed to understand, evaluate and control the epidemic processes.They promoted a dramatic change in how epidemiologists thought of the propagation of infectious diseases.In the last decade, when the traditional epidemiological models seemed to be exhausted, new types of models were developed.These new models incorporated concepts from graph theory to describe and model the underlying social structure.Many of these works merely produced a more detailed extension of the previous results, but some others triggered a completely new paradigm in the mathematical study of epidemic processes. In this review, we will introduce the basic concepts of epidemiology, epidemic modeling and networks, to finally provide a brief description of the most relevant results in the field.

 

Epidemics on social networks
Marcelo N. Kuperman

http://arxiv.org/abs/1312.3838


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António F Fonseca's curator insight, January 9, 2014 5:10 AM

A good review about epidemic models in social networks, SIS, SIR, etc ...

Marco Valli's curator insight, January 9, 2014 9:08 AM

Basics of SIS/SIR models of spreading epidemics, and their relations to social networks.

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9 Maps to Change How You See the World

9 Maps to Change How You See the World | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

Maps give us a graphic understanding of the world around us – whether it be global geography or the tricky intersection just around the corner. They help us to grasp concepts of size and distance… but what about IQ scores and vegetation? Or flags? This creative and varied collection of world maps will open your mind.

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Subway Maps for Cities without Subways...

Subway Maps for Cities without Subways... | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

Metro Austin | Click to enlarge Ivan Specht is an 8th grader whose fascination with cities, public transit, and maps has led him to embark on a creative cartography project that belies his age...


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Eugene Stanley, Filippo Radicchi and Giovanna Miritello win the first CSS scientific awards

Eugene Stanley, Filippo Radicchi and Giovanna Miritello win the first CSS scientific awards | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it


Complex Systems Society unveiled the winners of the first CSS scientific awards. In a packed plenary session at ECCS’14  in Lucca, CSS honored Prof. Eugene Stanley with the CSS Senior Scientific Award and Prof. Filippo Radicchi and Dr. Giovanna Miritello with CSS Junior Scientific Awards.

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The Past, Present, and Future of Artificial Life | Computational Intelligence

Wendy Aguilar, Guillermo Santamaría Bonfil1, Tom Froese1 and Carlos GershensonUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico 

For millennia people have wondered what makes the living different from the non-living. Beginning in the mid-1980s, artificial life has studied living systems using a synthetic approach: build life in order to understand it better, be it by means of software, hardware, or wetware. This review provides a summary of the advances that led to the development of artificial life, its current research topics, and open problems and opportunities. We classify artificial life research into fourteen themes: origins of life, autonomy, self-organization, adaptation (including evolution, development, and learning), ecology, artificial societies, behavior, computational biology, artificial chemistries, information, living technology, art, and philosophy. Being interdisciplinary, artificial life seems to be losing its boundaries and merging with other fields.

 

 

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UNESCO UniTwin CS-DC Kickoff e-Meeting at ECCS’14: Science, Policy, and Applications

UNESCO UniTwin CS-DC Kickoff e-Meeting at ECCS’14: Science, Policy, and Applications | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

The UNESCO UniTwin Complex Systems Digital Campus organizes a kickoff e-meeting as a Satellite Meeting at the ECCS'14 (European Conference on Complex Systems http://www.eccs14.eu/ ) in Lucca, on the 25th of September, 2014. This satellite meeting brings together members of the CS-DC, from all over the world, to review progress and assess challenges related to the coordination and sharing of research and educational resources, among more than hundred universities and institutions worldwide. The sessions combine physical and remote presentations to include members attending ECCS in Lucca and those unable to do so.

 

The programme is available at http://unitwin-cs.org/meeting_at_eccs14.html

 

 

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Music and math: The genius of Beethoven

How is it that Beethoven, who is celebrated as one of the most significant composers of all time, wrote many of his most beloved songs while going deaf? The answer lies in the math behind his music. Natalya St. Clair employs the "Moonlight Sonata" to illustrate the way Beethoven was able to convey emotion and creativity using the certainty of mathematics. 


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To Understand Religion, Think Football

To Understand Religion, Think Football | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

belief gave meaning and purpose to people struggling to survive. But what if everything we thought we knew about religion was wrong? What if belief in the supernatural is window dressing on what really matters—elaborate rituals that foster group cohesion, creating personal bonds that people are willing to die for.

Anthropologist Harvey Whitehouse thinks too much talk about religion is based on loose conjecture and simplistic explanations. Whitehouse directs the Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology at Oxford University. For years he’s been collaborating with scholars around the world to build a massive body of data that grounds the study of religion in science. Whitehouse draws on an array of disciplines—archeology, ethnography, history, evolutionary psychology, cognitive science—to construct a profile of religious practices.


Via Jorge Louçã
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CS-DC Newsletter #1 - September 201

CS-DC Newsletter #1 - September 201 | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

Contents


* Editorial by Paul Bourgine
* Call for new CS-DC e-Laboratories and e-Departments
* Meeting of the UNESCO UniTwin CS-DC at ECCS’14: Science, Policy, and Applications
* International workshop on Contagion Dynamics in Socio economic Systems
* Tools: CS DC web conferencing tool
* News from the CS-DC e-Laboratories
* e-Laboratory on Education
* e-Laboratory on Climate System / Human System Interaction
* e-Laboratory on Human-trace
* e-Laboratory on Situated Collective Intelligence

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School 42: No Classes, No Teachers, No Timetables

Could colleges in the future follow the example of one in Paris? In School 42 there is no timetable and no classes and it is open to anyone between the ages ...

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Complexity Rising: From Human Beings to Human Civilization, a Complexity Profile | Yaneer Bar-Yam

Complexity Rising: From Human Beings to Human Civilization, a Complexity Profile | Yaneer Bar-Yam | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

It is generally recognized that life is becoming more complex. This article analyzes the 
human social environment using the "complexity profile," a mathematical tool for 
characterizing the collective behavior of a system. The analysis is used to justify the 
qualitative observation that complexity of existence has increased and is increasing. The 
increase in complexity is directly related to sweeping changes in the structure and 
dynamics of human civilization—the increasing interdependence of the global economic 
and social system, and the instabilities of dictatorships, communism and corporate 
hierarchies. Our complex social environment is consistent with identifying global human 
civilization as an organism capable of complex behavior that protects its components 
(us) and which should be capable of responding effectively to complex environmental 
demands


Via Bernard Ryefield, NESS
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Lorien Pratt's curator insight, January 25, 2014 9:47 PM

This is so important!  We all feel that things are becoming more complex, now here's some evidence to show we're right. And as we suspected, it comes from increasing interdependence and "sweeping changes in the structure and dynamics of civilization".   Thought so!

Eli Levine's curator insight, February 5, 2014 4:34 PM

You see this in the devolution of religion from hierarchically based forms of morality.

 

Or on the decentralization of wealth from a handful of individuals to the general masses.

 

Or the collaborative work of government, rather than the command and control central systems that dominated the 20th century.

 

We're evolving.

 

And we've only begun this journey.

 

Think about it.

Anastasia Baranowski's curator insight, April 3, 2014 2:40 PM

Dear Sirs,

 

I think that people from different nationalities have to have marriages between different nationalities. The idea is multinational planet, where people live everywhere they want and they don't have any ideas of nationalizm or rasism. In this case all people can live in peace and harmony. No wars, only worldwide police. Economical development is possible only if people from different countries can come to each other and co-operate. The most important problem behind the human race is ecological! All people on the planet have to co-operate and communicate and help each other to save the planet and themselves and future generations!

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Persistence of social signatures in human communication

We combine cell phone data with survey responses to show that a person’s social signature, as we call the pattern of their interactions with different friends and family members, is remarkably robust. People focus a high proportion of their communication efforts on a small number of individuals, and this behavior persists even when there are changes in the identity of the individuals involved. Although social signatures vary between individuals, a given individual appears to retain a specific social signature over time. Our results are likely to reflect limitations in the ability of humans to maintain many emotionally close relationships, both because of limited time and because the emotional “capital” that individuals can allocate between family members and friends is finite.

 

Persistence of social signatures in human communication

Jari Saramäki, E. A. Leicht, Eduardo López, Sam G. B. Roberts, Felix Reed-Tsochas, and Robin I. M. Dunbar

PNAS

http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1308540110


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Brain scientists to work with schools on how to learn - BBC NEWS

Brain scientists to work with schools on how to learn - BBC NEWS | Complex Systems Digital Campus | Scoop.it

"A £6m fund has been launched to make better use of neuroscience in classrooms in England."


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Lori Wilk's curator insight, January 8, 2014 8:49 AM

That's awesome.