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Rescooped by Alejandro J. Alvarez S. from morphogenesis and emergence
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UnderstandingSociety: The social world as morphogenesis

UnderstandingSociety: The social world as morphogenesis | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it

She refers to her view as the "morphogenetic" approach. Here is how she explains this concept:
The 'morpho' element is an acknowledgement that society has no pre-set form or preferred state: the 'genetic' part is a recognition that it takes its shape from, and is formed by, agents, originating from the intended and unintended consequences of their activities.

 

So what is Archer's central notion, the idea of morphogenesis? It is the idea that processes of change occur for agents and social structures in interlocking and temporally complex ways. Agents are formed within a set of social structures -- norms, language communities, power relationships. The genesis of the agent occurs within the context of these structures. On a larger time scale, the structures themselves change as a result of the activities and choices of the historically situated individuals who make them up. She summarizes this ontology as a set of cycles with different time frames: structural conditioning => social interaction => structural elaboration (16). This notion leads Archer to a conception of the social and the actor that reflects a fundamentally historical understanding of social processes. Formation and transformation are the central metaphors (154).


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Emergence, self–organization and morphogenesis in biological structures

Emergence, self–organization and morphogenesis in biological structures | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it

Our approach deals essentially with pattern formation in biological systems far from equilibrium state, trying to underline a connection between the general principles of morphogenesis, the dynamics of the reaction–diffusion systems and the fractal analysis as a tool for modeling such processes.

 

The order inherent in the busy complexity within the cell may be largely self–organized and spontaneous rather than the consequence of natural selection alone.

 

Emergence is a fundamental property of complex systems and can be thought of as a new property or behavior, which appears due to non–linear interactions within the system; emergence may be considered the ‘product’ or by–product of the system. As our world becomes increasingly more interconnected, understanding how emergence arises and how to design for it and manage specific types of emergence is ever more important.

 

For example, self–organization, while linked with the appearance of hierarchical structures and system wide properties does not account for the emergence of true novelty or semantics and meaning.

 

The principles of construction in complex integrated systems of elements that allow the systems to adapt their behavior in a complex environment can be summarized in two themes: first, the emergence of profound spontaneous order; second, a bold hypothesis that the target of selection is a characteristic type of adaptive system poised between order and chaos.

 

The problem of cell differentiation is one of the two most basic issues in developmental biology.

 

Morphology is a marriage of underlying laws of form and the agency of selection.


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The Evolution of Urban Planning in 10 Diagrams

The Evolution of Urban Planning in 10 Diagrams | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it

Shaping a city - the simple visualizations of complex ideas that have changed how we live.

The exhibition’s title – Grand Reductions – suggests a simple illustration’s power to encapsulate complex ideas. And for that reason the medium has always been suited to the city, an intricate organism that has been re-imagined (with satellite towns! in rural grids! in megaregions!) by generations of architects, planners and idealists.

In the urban context, diagrams can be powerful precisely because they make weighty questions of land use and design digestible in a single sweep of the eye. But as well-known plans, such as Le Corbusier’s, illustrates, they can also seductively oversimplify the problems of cities. These 10 diagrams have been tremendously influential – not always for the good...

 

View all the diagrams as well as their descriptions at the article link...


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Jay C. Estes's curator insight, April 16, 2013 3:41 PM

Fascinating article.  I love planning history.

Rescooped by Alejandro J. Alvarez S. from morphogenesis and emergence
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BRAIN POWER: From Neurons to Networks

the mind of a child and the growing internet, an open-ended correlation

Directed by @tiffanyshlain Please share this film far and wide! Suggested ways below. Check out the #TEDBook that accompanies this film. Info at: http://www....


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Rescooped by Alejandro J. Alvarez S. from Resilience of systems
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Eric Berlow: Simplifying complexity: distinguishing complex from complicated | 3 min Video on TED.com

TED Talks Ecologist Eric Berlow doesn't feel overwhelmed when faced with complex systems. He knows that more information can lead to a better, simpler solution.

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Social Emergence: Societies As Complex Systems: R. Keith Sawyer: 9780521606370: Amazon.com: Books

Social Emergence: Societies As Complex Systems

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Social Emergence: Societies As Complex Systems [R. Keith Sawyer]

 

Sociologists have long believed that psychology alone can't explain what happens when people work together in complex modern societies. In contrast, most psychologists and economists believe that we can explain much about social life with an accurate theory of how individuals make choices and act on them. R. Keith Sawyer argues, however, that societies are complex dynamical systems, and that the best way to resolve these debates is by developing the concept of emergence, paying attention to multiple levels of analysis--individuals, interactions, and groups--with a dynamic focus on how social group phenomena emerge from communication processes among individual members.

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Global Civil Unrest: Contagion, Self-Organization, and Prediction - Econophysics Forum

Econophysics Forum is the central resource for interdisciplinary collaboration between physicists and the social sciences, providing up-to-date news and information on the latest events and research along with a huge archive of scientific papers...
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Does science need 'open evaluation' before 'open access ...

Does science need 'open evaluation' before 'open access ... | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
"Peer reviews should be made public information, like the scientific papers themselves. In a lot of ways, the network of scientific publications is similar to a neural network. Each paper or peer review could be seen as a neuron ...
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IUPUI mathematicians awarded fellowships - Phys.Org (press release)

IUPUI mathematicians awarded fellowships - Phys.Org (press release) | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
IUPUI mathematicians awarded fellowshipsPhys.Org (press release)Dr.
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Working in the Social World: Complex Adaptive Systems

Keynote presentation from Defrag 2012 (RT @rhappe: A big thank you to @defrag for a great #defragcon - here are my slides on managing complex adaptive systems - http://t.co/eJAgkeKT...)...
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Chaos, Dynamical Systems, Fractals

Chaos, Dynamical Systems, Fractals | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
If you have a video on Dynamical Systems you would like to share, send the link to mathematicsprof@gmail.com (RT @mathematicsprof: To watch video talks about chaos from leaders in the field; Mandelbrot, Strogatz, Hubbard, Yorke, Mumford, go here ->...
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Rescooped by Alejandro J. Alvarez S. from FuturICT In the News
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FuturICT Vision for the Social Sciences, ICT & Complexity Science

FuturICT Vision for the Social Sciences, ICT & Complexity Science | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
FutureICT have submitted their proposal to the FET Flagship Programme, an initiative that aims to facilitate breakthroughs in information technology.

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VACANCY: Assistant Professor Sociology, posted on behalf of Utrecht University

VACANCY: Assistant Professor Sociology, posted on behalf of Utrecht University | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it

Posted on behalf of Utrecht University 

 

"VACANCY: Assistant professor Sociology (1,0 fte)
Job description

The assistant professor will be working within the Department of Sociology. The department has strong research traditions in a wide range of topics in sociology including cooperation problems, social networks, stratification and inequality, households, and ethnic relations. The department is part of the Dutch research school Interuniversity Center for Social Science Theory and Methodology (ICS). See www.uu.nl/sbs/ics or www.ics-graduateschool.nl for more information."

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Rescooped by Alejandro J. Alvarez S. from morphogenesis and emergence
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Morphogenesis and the Mathematics of Emergence

Michael Weinstock

insightful review article on process and form in complex systems and architecture

 

Form and behaviour emerge from process. It is process that produces, elaborates and maintains the form or structure of biological organisms (and non biological things). The process consists of a complex series of exchanges between the organism and its environment.

 

There is an argument that it is not the form of the organism that is genetically encoded but rather the process of self-generation of the form within an environment.

 

It is necessary to think of geometry not only as the description of the fully developed form, but also as the set of boundary constraints that acts as a local organizing principle for self-organization during morphogenesis. 

 

The feedback loops from pattern to form and from form to pattern construct a model of morphogenesis as a dynamic process from which form emerges.

 

System theory is the study of organization, its structure and function.


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Rescooped by Alejandro J. Alvarez S. from morphogenesis and emergence
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Cognitive Architecture

Cognitive Architecture | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
"Cognitive architecture" questions of how evolving modalities - from bio-politics to noo-politics - can be mapped upon the city under contemporary conditions of urbanization and globalization.

Noo-politics, most broadly understood as a power exerted over the life of the mind, re-configures perception, memory and attention, and also implicates potential ways and means by which neurobiological architecture is undergoing reconfiguration. This volume, motivated by theories such as 'cognitive capitalism' and concepts such as 'neural plasticity', shows how architecture and urban processes and products commingle to form complex systems that produce novel forms of networks that empower the imagination and constitute the cultural landscape. This volume rethinks the relations between form and forms of communication, calling for a new logic of representation; it examines the manner in which information, with its non-hierarchical and distributed format is contributing both to the sculpting of brain and production of mind.


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Rescooped by Alejandro J. Alvarez S. from morphogenesis and emergence
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Manuel DeLanda, Deleuze and the Open-ended Becoming of the World (1998)

Manuel DeLanda, Deleuze and the Open-ended Becoming of the World (1998) | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it

With the final mathematization of classical physics in the nineteenth century, a certain picture of the world emerged dominant, one in which clockwork determinism reigned supreme and time played no creative role, so that the future was effectively closed, completely given in the past.

 

as the history of statistical mechanics makes it clear, much scientific effort has been spent in our century to reconcile time asymmetry at the level of large aggregates with the still accepted time symmetry at the level of individual interactions.

 

Thus, it would become the task of philosophers and social scientists to attempt to reconceptualize the world in order to give time and history a creative role, with the vision of an open future that this implies.

 

The distinction between the possible and the real assumes a set of predefined forms (or essences) which acquire physical reality as material forms that resemble them. From the morphogenetic point of view, realizing a possibility does not add anything to a predefined form, except reality. The distinction between the virtual and the actual, on the other hand, does not involve resemblance of any kind (e.g. our example above, in which a topological point becomes a geometrical sphere) and far from constituting the essential identity of a form, intensive processes subvert identity, since now forms as different as spheres and cubes emerge from the same topological point. As Deleuze writes, "Actualization breaks with resemblance as a process no less than it does with identity as a principle. In this sense, actualization or differenciation is always a genuine creation." {4}


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Colleges Turn to Crowd-Sourcing Courses

Colleges Turn to Crowd-Sourcing Courses | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
Colleges are building global student bodies and trying to create models for massive open online courses, or MOOCs.
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Complex Human Dynamics: From Mind to Societies (Understanding Complex Systems): Andrzej Nowak, Katarzyna Winkowska-Nowak, David Brée: 9783642314353: Amazon.com: Books

Complex Human Dynamics: From Mind to Societies

 

This book, edited and authored by a closely collaborating network of social scientists and psychologists, recasts typical research topics in these fields into the language of nonlinear, dynamic and complex systems. The aim is to provide scientists with different backgrounds - physics, applied mathematics and computer sciences - with the opportunity to apply the tools of their trade to an altogether new range of possible applications. At the same time, this book will serve as a first reference for a new generation of social scientists and psychologists wishing to familiarize themselves with the new methodology and the "thinking in complexity".

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Early Prediction of Movie Box Office Success based on Wikipedia Activity Big Data - Econophysics Forum

Econophysics Forum is the central resource for interdisciplinary collaboration between physicists and the social sciences, providing up-to-date news and information on the latest events and research along with a huge archive of scientific papers...
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Your Brain Has More Connections Than Every Computer on Earth Combined

Your Brain Has More Connections Than Every Computer on Earth Combined | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
Just how complex is your noggin? Pretty damn complex, according to researchers at Stanford.
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▷▷▷ Sociophysics: A Physicist's Modeling of Psycho-Political ...

▷▷▷ Sociophysics: A Physicist's Modeling of Psycho-Political ... | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
Sociophysics: A Physicist's Modeling of Psycho-Political Phenomena. Sociophysics: A Physicist's Modeling of Psycho-Political Phenomena · Serge Galam (Auteur) Acheter neuf : EUR 157,56 8 neuf & d'occasion a partir de ...
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Econophysics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Econophysics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
I think econophysics http://t.co/MaManvBi may be the closest discipline to nemetics. Appreciate your thoughts.
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Network Cosmology : Scientific Reports : Nature Publishing Group

Network Cosmology : Scientific Reports : Nature Publishing Group | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
Prediction and control of the dynamics of complex networks is a central problem in network science.
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Rescooped by Alejandro J. Alvarez S. from FuturICT In the News
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FuturICT: The Tool That Promises To Predict The Future | Labcoat Life | Learn Science at Scitable

FuturICT: The Tool That Promises To Predict The Future | Labcoat Life | Learn Science at Scitable | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it
'If you dropped all the world's data into a black box, could it become a crystal ball that would let you see the future?even test what would happen if you chose A over B?

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Understanding mobility in a social petri dish : Scientific Reports : Nature Publishing Group

Understanding mobility in a social petri dish : Scientific Reports : Nature Publishing Group | Complex Networks Everywhere | Scoop.it

"Understanding mobility in a social petri dish

Michael Szell, Roberta Sinatra, Giovanni Petri, Stefan Thurner & Vito Latora

 

Despite the recent availability of large data sets on human movements, a full understanding of the rules governing motion within social systems is still missing, due to incomplete information on the socio-economic factors and to often limited spatio-temporal resolutions. Here we study an entire society of individuals, the players of an online-game, with complete information on their movements in a network-shaped universe and on their social and economic interactions. Such a “socio-economic laboratory” allows to unveil the intricate interplay of spatial constraints, social and economic factors, and patterns of mobility. We find that the motion of individuals is not only constrained by physical distances, but also strongly shaped by the presence of socio-economic areas. These regions can be recovered perfectly by community detection methods solely based on the measured human dynamics. Moreover, we uncover that long-term memory in the time-order of visited locations is the essential ingredient for modeling the trajectories."


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