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New Louisville Open Data Policy Insists Open By Default is the Future - Sunlight Foundation Reporting Group (blog)

New Louisville Open Data Policy Insists Open By Default is the Future - Sunlight Foundation Reporting Group (blog) | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
Sunlight Foundation Reporting Group (blog) New Louisville Open Data Policy Insists Open By Default is the Future Sunlight Foundation Reporting Group (blog) On Tuesday, October 15, 2013, Louisville Mayor Greg Fischer announced the signing of an open...
ComplexInsight's insight:

Interesting to see cities beginning to adopt open data policies as default. Recent open data competitions in places like New York are helping create awareness of the possibilities of using openly available data, mobile etc for innovative apps and improved city planning and governance. Looking forward to see what Louisville's decision generates.

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Information technology: Slouching towards utopia

Information technology: Slouching towards utopia | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

Some 3.5 billion people — half of humanity — now live in cities. Cities magnify human endeavours: they account for much more than half of humanity's pollution, energy consumption, crime and disease spread, while also incubating the lion's share of innovations, technology, art and entertainment. A sustainable, equitable future on our crowded planet will require fundamental changes in how cities operate. In Smart Cities, Anthony Townsend examines how information technology is shaping the development of 'smart' cities.

 

Information technology: Slouching towards utopia
Melanie E. Moses
Nature 502, 299–300 (17 October 2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/502299a

 

Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia
Anthony M. Townsend W. W. Norton: 2013.
ISBN: 9780393082876

http://tinyurl.com/mzyxmjz


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The marriage of poverty and climate change – implications for disaster risk management | In Verba - Updates about the Royal Society's work on providing scientific advice to policymakers.

The marriage of poverty and climate change – implications for disaster risk management | In Verba - Updates about the Royal Society's work on providing scientific advice to policymakers. | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

The severity of climate-related disasters is often measured by the number of lives lost, the financial losses for the economy or the costs of recovery. But how do disasters affect the poor? A new report from the Overseas Development Institute explores the relationship between disasters and poverty. The report highlights the potential for natural hazards to spiral into human catastrophes if they entrench poverty that already exists, by pulling vulnerable people down into the poverty trap as their assets and livelihoods vanish.


Via Eugene Ch'ng
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Must read...

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Cancer costing Europe 'billions'

Cancer costing Europe 'billions' | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

Cancer costs countries in the European Union 126bn euro (£107bn) a year, according to the first EU-wide analysis of the economic impact of the disease.

ComplexInsight's insight:

Researchers from the University of Oxford and King's College London analysed data from each of the 27 nations in the EU in 2009. The showed the total cost was 126bn euro and of that 51bn (£43bn) euro was down to healthcare costs including doctors' time and drug costs. Lost productivity, because of work missed through sickness or dying young, cost 52bn (£44bn) euro while the cost to families of providing care was put at 23bn (£19.5bn) euro. While the figures will probably attract the headlnes and hopefulyl motivate new research and solution creation, for those impacted by cancer's on individual and family life  the costs are often seemingly immeasurable. 

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What's an Economist to Do Without Government Data? - Wall Street Journal (blog)

What's an Economist to Do Without Government Data? - Wall Street Journal (blog) | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
Wall Street Journal (blog)
What's an Economist to Do Without Government Data?
Wall Street Journal (blog)
What's the economist's equivalent of filling up a bathtub before a storm? Downloading data ahead of a shutdown.
ComplexInsight's insight:

An interesting side effect of the US government shutdown is to highlight the role of Government data feeds in a variety of settings. Interesting blog post and amusing comment from wall street journal.

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Bees Can't Find Flowers Thanks to Diesel Exhaust

Bees Can't Find Flowers Thanks to Diesel Exhaust | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
Diesel exhaust is pretty nasty stuff. Pass an overloaded 18-wheeler clouding up the highway, and that acrid plume of hydrocarbons will overpower even your best little tree air freshener.
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New findings show that diesel exhaust impedes bees. Article on Gizmodo.

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Ocean acidification due to carbon emissions is at highest for 300m years

Ocean acidification due to carbon emissions is at highest for 300m years | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
Overfishing and pollution are part of the problem, scientists say, warning that mass extinction of species may be inevitable
ComplexInsight's insight:

Increasing acidification has been predicted by climate modellers and oceanographers for many many years. Hopefully we have not also passed the tipping point that they also described...

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Robustness of skeletons and salient features in networks

Real world network datasets often contain a wealth of complex topological information. In the face of these data, researchers often employ methods to extract reduced networks containing the most important structures or pathways, sometimes known as `skeletons' or `backbones'. Numerous such methods have been developed. Yet data are often noisy or incomplete, with unknown numbers of missing or spurious links. Relatively little effort has gone into understanding how salient network extraction methods perform in the face of noisy or incomplete networks. We study this problem by comparing how the salient features extracted by two popular methods change when networks are perturbed, either by deleting nodes or links, or by randomly rewiring links. Our results indicate that simple, global statistics for skeletons can be accurately inferred even for noisy and incomplete network data, but it is crucial to have complete, reliable data to use the exact topologies of skeletons or backbones. These results also help us understand how skeletons respond to damage to the network itself, as in an attack scenario.

 

Robustness of skeletons and salient features in networks
Louis M. Shekhtman, James P. Bagrow, Dirk Brockmann

http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.3797


Via Complexity Digest, Eugene Ch'ng
ComplexInsight's insight:

 Very relevent to some current work  we are doing on data modeling and data mining -  Awesome scoop  - big thanks Eugene and Complexity Digest..

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Otto Scharmer's Blog

Otto Scharmer's Blog | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

1 The root cause of today’s global crises originates between our ears — in our outdated paradigms of economic thought

2 The blind spot of modern economic thought can be summarized with a single word: consciousness

3 The evolution of the economy and of modern economic thought mirrors the footprints of an evolving human consciousness

4 To paraphrase Einstein, the problem with today’s capitalism is that we are trying “to solve problems with the same consciousness that created them

5 ”Helping stakeholder systems shift their way of operating from ego-system to eco-system awareness is the central leadership challenge of our time

6 The shift from ego-system to eco-system awareness requires a journey that involves walking in the shoes of other stakeholders and attending to the three instruments of inner knowing: open mind, open heart, and open will

7 Addressing the current global crisis at its root calls for a 4.0 update of the economic operating system through reframing eight “acupuncture points” of the global economic system

8 Shifting the system to 4.0 requires a threefold revolution

9 We need new types of innovation infrastructures in order to build collective leadership capacities on a massive scale

10 The shift from an ego-system to an eco-system economy requires a global movement that needs to be supported by a new leadership school. That school should create collaborative platforms across sectors, systems, and generations and work through integrating science, art, and the practice of profound, awareness-based change


Via Anne Caspari
ComplexInsight's insight:

thought provoking and potentially a useful discussion framework. 

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Anne Caspari's curator insight, September 27, 2013 9:21 AM

well worth studying. 

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The next big ideas from 'Idea Man' Paul Allen: AI and cell biology - NBCNews.com

The next big ideas from 'Idea Man' Paul Allen: AI and cell biology - NBCNews.com | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
The next big ideas from 'Idea Man' Paul Allen: AI and cell biology NBCNews.com Software billionaire Paul Allen is already using his riches to further brain science, spaceflight, rock 'n' roll history — and oh, the Seattle Seahawks, too — but he's...
ComplexInsight's insight:

Paul Allen. who has funded a lot of important research over the years - recently announced the funding of a new Aritificial Intelligence research center in Seattle. The Paul Allen Artificial Intelligence Institute will be headed by Oren Etzioni, formerly head of  the University of Washington's Computer Science Department, where he was the Washington Research Foundation Entrepreneurship Professor and Director of the Turing Center. The new AI center is a compliments to Paul Allen's $400 million  neuroscience research center also in Seattle.

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The Joy of Statistics: Hans Rosling (BBC)

Documentary which takes viewers on a rollercoaster ride through the wonderful world of statistics to explore the remarkable power they have to change our und...
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Hans Rosling is always worth watching... enjoy.

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National disability insurance scheme has priced some services 'much too low'

National disability insurance scheme has priced some services 'much too low' | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
Chief executive says service providers will not be financially sustainable if the budgeted rates are not increased Parts of the national disability insurance scheme have been priced too low and will have to be significantly increased when the...
ComplexInsight's insight:

The problem with models - Australian government discover their cost models for national disability insurance don't add up and the figures applied in the budget won't be sufficient to pay for actuql services.. 

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IBM uses Big Data to predict outbreaks of Dengue fever and Malaria - VentureBeat

IBM uses Big Data to predict outbreaks of Dengue fever and Malaria - VentureBeat | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
IBM uses Big Data to predict outbreaks of Dengue fever and Malaria
VentureBeat
IBM has teamed up with university researchers to use big data and analytics to predict the outbreak of deadly diseases such as Dengue fever and Malaria.
ComplexInsight's insight:

IBM's one of a numer of companies pioneering advanced analytics for healthcare and health policy that will hopefully help inform and result in better decision and policy making  stratergies in how we deal with infectious disease.

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Exoplanet tally soars above 1,000

Exoplanet tally soars above 1,000 | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

The number of observed exoplanets - worlds circling distant stars - has passed 1,000. Of these, 12 could be potentially habitable - orbiting at a distance where it is neither "too hot" nor "too cold" for water to be liquid on the surface. The planets are given away by tiny dips in light as they pass in front of their stars or through gravitational "tugs" on the star from an orbiting world.These new worlds are listed in the Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia The tally now stands at 1,010 new exoplanets, bolstered by 11 new finds from the UK's Wide Angle Search for Planets (Wasp). Abel Mendez of the Planetary Habitability Laboratory at the University of Puerto Rico, said that although the number has rapidly increased in recent years, due to a lack of funding this figure is much lower than it could be. In January 2013, astronomers used Kepler's data to estimate that there could be at least 17 billion Earth-sized exoplanets in the Milky Way galaxy. They said that one in six stars could host an Earth-sized planet in close orbit.

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“Sit-able cities” might be even better than walkable ones

“Sit-able cities” might be even better than walkable ones | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

Moyan BrennPutting the “sit” back in “city.” Walkable cities are great. But once you get where you’re walking, you want to relax, right?


Via Peter Jasperse
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GDELT: Global Database of Events, Language, and Tone

GDELT: Global Database of Events, Language, and Tone | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
GDELT: Global Database of Events, Language, and Tone
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The Global Database of Events, Language, and Tone (GDELT) is an initiative to construct a catalog of human societal-scale behavior and beliefs across all countries of the world over the last two centuries down to the city level globally, to make all of this data freely available for open research, and to provide daily updates to create the first "realtime social sciences earth observatory." Nearly a quarter-billion georeferenced events capture global behavior in more than 300 categories covering 1979 to present with daily updates. Data is available for data scientists to mine and analyze - See more at: http://gdelt.utdallas.edu/#sthash.04oK6DrA.dpuf

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IBM Wants to Predict Heart Disease Through Big Data Analytics - CloudTimes

IBM Wants to Predict Heart Disease Through Big Data Analytics - CloudTimes | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
IBM Wants to Predict Heart Disease Through Big Data Analytics
CloudTimes
Ultimately, health care industries hope to advance a smarter approach to care for patients with heart failure.
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Study links air pollution and traffic with low birthweight

Study links air pollution and traffic with low birthweight | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
For every increase of 5 micrograms per cubic metre in exposure during pregnancy, risk of low birthweight rises by 18% Babies born to mothers who live in areas with air pollution and dense traffic are more likely to have a low birthweight and...
ComplexInsight's insight:

And its not just bees being hit by exhaust pollution - evidently babies too.. As data emerges these effects need to be increasingly incorporated into traffic modeling systems so we can better understand the implications of planning decisions on public health.

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Microsoft's virtual ecosystem aims to simulate the entire world - NBC News.com

Microsoft's virtual ecosystem aims to simulate the entire world - NBC News.com | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

Microsoft Research and UN scientists are embarking on a highly ambitious project: A computational model of an entire ecosystem, from the soil to the creatures that live on it and interact with it...

ComplexInsight's insight:

This is a research topic very close to home for the team at complex insight since we work on related developments. Microsoft Research are aiming to accurately simulate an entire ecosystem.  Drew Purves at Microsoft Research in Cambridge thinks the time has come for what the company describes as a General Ecosystem Model (also known as GEM) — capable of simulating just about any ecosystem in the world. Purves wrote an article for the journal Nature announcing the team's intentions, and calling for others to help out — because it's not a small project. Microsoft have developed a prototype called the Madingley Model -see http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/projects/gef/madingley.aspx ; and work is now underway with the Untied Nations Environment Programe to refine the developments.

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Study: Some Americans Will Pay Just $34 Per Year Under Obamacare

Study: Some Americans Will Pay Just $34 Per Year Under Obamacare | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
Obamacare will dramatically reduce the cost of health care for some of the poorest Americans, a new study finds.
ComplexInsight's insight:

Its not often that we get to model, assess and evaluate the outcome of major insurance system changes. With the advent of affordable care act - the United States is providing such an opportunity. Rand Corporaton released figures based on their cost modeling of the Affordable Care Act that indicate out-of-pocket health care costs will drop from $1,463 to just $34 per year in 2016 for the approximately11.5 million amercans who get insurance via the Affordable Care Act’s expansion of Medicaid. President Obama's health care reform law will also reduce the likelihood that this group will face catastrophic medical costs -- defined as 10 percent of income -- by 40 percent, according to the study. As the law comes into effect it will be interesting to assess the efficacy of these studies and contrast them with data provided by those who oppose the affordable care act and hopefully in doing so - step closer to better healthcare and economic policy informed by data.

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Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013 Proceedings

Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013 Proceedings | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

ECAL 2013, the twelfth European Conference on Artificial Life, presents the current state of the art of a mature and autonomous discipline collocated at the intersection of a theoretical perspective (the scientific explanations of different levels of life organizations, e.g., molecules, compartments, cells, tissues, organs, organisms, societies, collective and social phenomena) and advanced technological applications (bio-inspired algorithms and techniques to building-up concrete solutions such as in robotics, data analysis, search engines, gaming).

 

Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013

Proceedings of the Twelfth European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems

Edited by Pietro Liò, Orazio Miglino, Giuseppe Nicosia, Stefano Nolfi and Mario Pavone

http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/advances-artificial-life-ecal-2013


Via Complexity Digest
ComplexInsight's insight:

I have a big soft spot for artificial life research - partly because i was a young researcher  shortly after Chris Langton coined the term and a lot of my early hacking was around games of life, vants and cellular automata but also because over the years I have found many of the techniques discussed in ALIFE circles applicable to other fields such as machine learning, control architectures, and emergent simulation etc so this is definitely one for the reading list.

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luiy's curator insight, September 9, 2013 4:35 PM
About the Editors

 

Pietro Liò is Reader in Computational Biology at the University of Cambridge and a member of the Artificial Intelligence group of the University's Computer Laboratory. He researches on Predictive models in Personalized medicine and Multiscale modelling of molecules-cell-tissue-organ interactions.

 

 

Orazio Miglino is a full Professor of Psychology at University of Naples Federico II where he leads the Natural and Artificial Cognition Lab. He is also an associate researcher at the Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies of Italian National Research Council (ISTC-CNR) in Rome.

 

 

Giuseppe Nicosia is an Associate Professor in Computational Systems and Synthetic Biology in the Dept. of Mathematics and Computer Science of the University of Catania, Italy. His research activities focus on the design of biological systems, neuroinformatics, system design, design automation, optimization, solar cells, circuit and semiconductor design.

 

 

Stefano Nolfi is Research Director at the Italian National Research Council (CNR), director of the Laboratory of Autonomous Robots and Artificial Life of the Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies. His research activities focus on the evolution and development of behavioural and cognitive skills in natural and artificial embodied agents (robots).

 

 

Mario Pavone is an Assistant Professor in computer science at the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science of the University of Catania. He is co-founder of TaoScience Research center, and he is also a member of the EURO association (The Association of European Operational Research Societies)

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Synthetic biologists probe biochar's impact on microbial signaling

Synthetic biologists probe biochar's impact on microbial signaling | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

Via Socrates Logos
ComplexInsight's insight:

Bacterial quorum communication is essential for regulating and governing behaviour in bacterial populations - and we often do not understand the inter-relatonships enough. This is good research into soil impact  of adding charcoal as a soil additive  - hopefully it will be a precursor to similar studies for other soil additives we routinely add in intensive agriculture.

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Socrates Logos's curator insight, September 30, 2013 3:31 PM

Source: Rice University

"In the first study of its kind, Rice University scientists have used synthetic biology to study how a popular soil amendment called “biochar” can interfere with the chemical signals that some microbes use to communicate. The class of compounds studied includes those used by some plant pathogens to coordinate their attacks.

Biochar is charcoal that is produced — typically from waste wood, manure or leaves — for use as a soil additive. Studies have found biochar can improve both the nutrient- and water-holding properties of soil, but its popularity in recent years also owes to its ability to reduce greenhouse gases by storing carbon in soil, in some cases for many centuries.……"

http://bit.ly/18GHaTh

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The science of global warming has changed a lot in 25 years. The basic ... - Washington Post (blog)

The science of global warming has changed a lot in 25 years. The basic ... - Washington Post (blog) | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it

Washington Post (blog)
The science of global warming has changed a lot in 25 years but the basic predictions have remained remarkably consistent.

ComplexInsight's insight:

Good overview of 25 years of climate change research and the consistency of findings.

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Unified Military Intelligence Picture Helping to Dispel the Fog of War - Armed with Science

Unified Military Intelligence Picture Helping to Dispel the Fog of War - Armed with Science | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
Armed with Science Unified Military Intelligence Picture Helping to Dispel the Fog of War Armed with Science Insight would enable analysts to collaborate on the fly via an intuitive user interface that speeds comprehension of complex information...
ComplexInsight's insight:

The output of DARPA’s capstone ISR processing program will help  analysts in multiple industries (not just defence and military)  to make sense of the huge volumes of intelligence-rich information available to them from existing sensors and data sources. It will be worth tracking the BAE team and DARPA reports that are made public over the period of the program  at conferences to gain insights into display modalities used and types of data fusion techniques employed to see implications and opportunities for civilian applications.

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Science Weekly podcast: Daniel M Davis on the immune system's wonders

Science Weekly podcast: Daniel M Davis on the immune system's wonders | Complex Insight  - Understanding our world | Scoop.it
This week on Science Weekly with Alok Jha we discover the immense complexity of the human immune system when we meet Prof Daniel M Davis to discuss his new book The Compatibility Gene.
ComplexInsight's insight:

complexity of the human immune system is simply staggering - good introduction to the scale in this weeks guardian science podcast.

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