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Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (Hart-Celler Act, INS, Act of 1965, Pub.L. 89–236)[1] abolished the National Origins Formula that had been in place in the United States since the Emergency Quota Act. It was proposed by United States Representative Emanuel Celler of New York, co-sponsored by United States Senator Philip Hart of Michigan, and heavily supported by United States Senator Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts.

The Hart-Celler Act abolished the national origins quota system that was American immigration policy since the 1920s, replacing it with a preference system that focused on immigrants' skills and family relationships with citizens or U.S. residents. Numerical restrictions on visas were set at 170,000 per year, with a per-country-of-origin quota, not including immediate relatives of U.S. citizens, nor "special immigrants" (including those born in "independent" nations in the Western Hemisphere, former citizens, ministers, and employees of the U.S. government abroad).[1]

The 1965 act marked a radical break from the immigration policies of the past. The law as it stood then excluded Latin America, Asians and Africans and preferred northern and western Europeans over southern and eastern ones.[2] At the height of the civil rights movement of the 1960s the law was seen as an embarrassment by, among others, President John F. Kennedy, who called the then-quota-system "nearly intolerable".[3] After Kennedy's assassination, President Lyndon Johnson signed the bill at the foot of the Statue of Liberty as a symbolic gesture.

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Freedom of movement | #BLACKLIVESMATTER |  communityvillage.us
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Migration is Beautiful

Migration is Beautiful | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


"Artist and co-founder of CultureStrike, Favianna Rodriguez, created the “Migration is Beautiful” butterfly image. “The butterfly symbol was not my idea. Immigrant rights activists have seen the butterfly as a symbol of fluid and peaceful migration for generations. To me, the monarch butterfly represents the dignity and resilience of migrants, and the right that all living beings have to move freely. I believe that we shouldn’t allow our identity to be defined only by our suffering, nor by the actions that others have taken to devalue our families and our labor — rather, let us celebrate our beauty, pride, and resilience in the face of inequality and injustice.”


VIDEO here


Re-tweet "Migration is Beautiful"  here 


- Click butterfly to Share, Support, or learn more About Migration is Beautiful -


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Loretta Lynch Defends Obama's Immigration Actions

Loretta Lynch Defends Obama's Immigration Actions | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it
"I think that citizenship is a privilege," she said. "Certainly, it's a right for those of us born here. I think it's a privilege that has to be earned."
Community Village Sites's insight:


And what term do lawyers and politicians use for those who invade Amerindian Nations and appropriate their land? Thieves? Criminals? Settlers? 


U.S. practices #DoubleStandards 

 

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Randall Kennedy "For Discrimination" [VIDEO]

Community Village Sites's insight:


This is a great talk and Q & A on affirmative action. 


A few key points I got out of it: 


  • Affirmative action is designed to stop intentional negative discrimination 
  • Affirmative action is not about certain individuals effected. It's about improved justice for our society as a whole
  • Part of U.S. culture is to take inequities for granted. 
  • If the U.S. wanted to eliminate more inequities, such as economic, we could - if we had the will to.  
     
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Allegories on race and racism | Camara Jones | TEDxEmory


Published on Jul 10, 2014

This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. 

Dr. Camara Jones shares four allegories on “race” and racism. She hopes that these "telling stories" empower you to do something different, and that you will remember them and pass them on.

Dr. Jones is a family physician and epidemiologist whose work focuses on the impacts of racism on the health and well-being of the nation. She seeks to broaden the national health debate to include not only universal access to high quality health care, but also attention to the social determinants of health (including poverty) and the social determinants of equity (including racism).

As a methodologist, she has developed new methods for comparing full distributions of data, rather than simply comparing means or proportions, in order to investigate population-level risk factors and propose population-level interventions.

As a social epidemiologist, her work on "race"-associated differences in health outcomes goes beyond documenting those differences to vigorously investigating the structural causes of the differences.

As a teacher, her allegories on "race" and racism illuminate topics that are otherwise difficult for many Americans to understand or discuss. She hopes through her work to initiate a national conversation on racism that will eventually lead to a National Campaign Against Racism.

Dr. Jones was an Assistant Professor at the Harvard School of Public Health from 1994 to 2000, and a Medical Officer at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from 2000 to 2013. She received her BA in Molecular Biology from Wellesley College, her MD from the Stanford University School of Medicine, and both her Master of Public Health and her PhD in Epidemiology from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. She also completed residency training in both General Preventive Medicine (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health) and Family Practice (Residency Program in Social Medicine at Montefiore Hospital).

About TEDx, x = independently organized event In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)


Community Village Sites's insight:


This is a great summary of a complex topic. 


#Race #Racism 

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A wake-up call for Oakland mayor

A wake-up call for Oakland mayor | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


JANUARY 19, 2015 — A group of about 40 Black activists from the #BlackLivesMatter movement attempted to give Oakland’s new mayor Libby Schaaf a wake-up call at her home in the city’s Upper Diamond neighborhood starting at 5:00 AM this morning. The protesters erected seven-foot tall signs spelling “DREAM” in LED lights in front of the mayor’s house, and chalked body outlines on the street. They also projected quotations by Martin Luther King Jr onto Schaaf’s garage door, set up altars along the street, and illuminated a banner reading, “If we can’t breathe, you can’t dream.”


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Watch the Trailer for Stanley Nelson’s New Documentary on the Black Panthers

Watch the Trailer for Stanley Nelson’s New Documentary on the Black Panthers | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it
The film premieres at Sundance this week.
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Community Village Mug set

Community Village Mug set | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it
Set of mugs from the Community Village websites, including Mixed American Life, 500 Nations, and Oppression Monitor.
Community Village Sites's insight:


Buy a set of all four Community Village mugs from our shop. 


For more goodies check our other shops listed on our Help us page


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Must see Tweets 1.17 #BlackLivesMatter

Must see Tweets 1.17 #BlackLivesMatter | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it
This is what #solidarity looks like. This kind of support is truly beautiful. #ReclaimMLK rt @violentfanon pic.twitter.com/FE7huWj9w1 — BlackWomenUnchecked (@BlkWmnUNchecked) January 16, 2015


Indigenous group dances, speak of valuing black lives and land before US borders #3rdworld4blacklives #ReclaimMLK pic.twitter.com/wg1WKwP96e — Julia Carrie Wong (@juliacarriew) January 16, 2015 Protesters hug, cheer after releasing chains, helium banner …


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This 7-year-old understands immigration reform better than Congress.

This 7-year-old understands immigration reform better than Congress. | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


- Click through for her wise words. -


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Charlie Hebdo: Free Speech for Whom and to Say What?

Charlie Hebdo: Free Speech for Whom and to Say What? | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


Introduction


In the wake of the Charlie Hebdo massacre, the Western media has wasted no time tooting its own horn regarding the value of “free speech” in our liberal societies.


But what should we think about this defense of “free speech”?


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Community Village Sites's insight:


The U.S. claims free speech but goes after whistle blower Edward Snowden.



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35 maps that explain how America is a nation of immigrants

35 maps that explain how America is a nation of immigrants | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it
Take a tour through America's immigrant heritage — at its most and least welcoming
Community Village Sites's insight:


HT @favianna


Fascinating how the U.S. (and the world) is constantly changing and so fast. @getgln

 

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About Mrs. King | The Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change

About Mrs. King | The Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


Coretta Scott King was one of the most influential women leaders in our world. Prepared by her family, education, and personality for a life committed to social justice and peace, she entered the world stage in 1955 as wife of the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and as a leading participant in the American Civil Rights Movement. Her remarkable partnership with Dr. King resulted not only in four children, who became dedicated to carrying forward their parent’s work, but also in a life devoted to the highest values of human dignity in service to social change. Mrs. King traveled throughout the world speaking out on behalf of racial and economic justice, women’s and children’s rights, gay and lesbian dignity, religious freedom, the needs of the poor and homeless, full-employment, health care, educational opportunities, nuclear disarmament and environmental justice. She lent her support to pro-democracy movements world-wide and consulted with many world leaders, including Corazon Aquino, Kenneth Kaunda, and Nelson Mandela. -

...

A life-long advocate of interracial coalitions, in 1974 Mrs. King formed a broad coalition of over 100 religious, labor, business, civil and women’s rights organizations dedicated to a national policy of full employment and equal economic opportunity, as Co-Chair of both the National Committee for Full Employment and the Full Employment Action Council. In 1983, she brought together more than 800 human rights organizations to form the Coalition of Conscience, sponsors of the 20th Anniversary March on Washington, until then the largest demonstration ever held in our nation’s capital. In 1987, she helped lead a national Mobilization Against Fear and Intimidation in Forsyth County, Georgia. In 1988, she re-convened the Coalition of Conscience for the 25th anniversary of the March on Washington. In preparation for the Reagan-Gorbachev talks, in 1988 she served as head of the U.S. delegation of Women for a Meaningful Summit in Athens, Greece; and in 1990, as the USSR was redefining itself, Mrs. King was co-convener of the Soviet-American Women’s Summit in Washington, DC.


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Community Village Sites's insight:


Random facts:


  • Yolanda Denise King (1955-2007) is the first child of Mrs. King and Dr. King. Yolanda experienced threats to her life, designed to intimidate her parents.
  • Denise McNair (age 14) was one of the four little girl victims in the Bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham.
  • Denise is my sister's name.  
@getgln
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Must-see video of Nicki Minaj throwing a phone in high school acting class

Must-see video of Nicki Minaj throwing a phone in high school acting class | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it
VIDEO - A rare video of Nick Minaj in an intense scene in her high school acting class has emerged on YouTube...
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Family And Friends Of Teen Killed By Denver PD, Speak Out Challenging Official Story

Family And Friends Of Teen Killed By Denver PD, Speak Out Challenging Official Story | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it
Passenger in the car of slain teen tells a very different story of how 16-year-old Jessica Hernandez was killed by police.
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How Will You Use It? New Website Let’s You Rate and Review Police Officers

How Will You Use It? New Website Let’s You Rate and Review Police Officers | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


Americans find themselves in a state of flux in 2015. Many people are dealing with the hard reality that those who are sworn to protect and serve, often do the exact opposite.


The topic of police behavior is at the forefront of discussions, worldwide. Market reactions to this interest in responsible application of authority as well as interest in the abuse of authority, are popping up online.


Trying to rely on the system, to report on itself, has proven to be a futile task. In instances of police killings alone, the official method for tallying these deaths was shown to be incredibly skewed and inaccurate. 


The unaccountable nature of the state, coupled with today’s network of technologically savvy activists has paved the way for third party accountability sites that are proving to be quite helpful in the struggle for justice.


Up next in the world of answerable innovation is the site CopScore, aptly named for its interface which allows users to submit, “officer performance reviews.”


Anyone can register in a matter of seconds upon going to the site. However, in order to submit a review on an officer, you must know his or her name, department, and title. The form also requires that the registrant specify whether or not the officer arrested them.


If you actually want to post a performance review on CopScore, you will need to sign in and provide the officer’s badge number as well.


The site’s creator, Arion Hardison, explains that he, “put the badge number there because I did not want people posting fake reviews.”

“I wanted only people that had an actual interaction with the Cop to be able to vote,” said Hardison.


Read more at http://thefreethoughtproject.com/it-website-rate-review-police-officers/#1quceSAc3VhCq6De.99

Community Village Sites's insight:


Click through for VIDEO from the creator. 


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We need to talk about racism: Gillian Schutte at TEDxJohannesburgWomen 2013


Writer and filmmaker Gillian Schutte fearlessly and creatively tackles issues of race, identity, sexuality and social justice. She is founding member of Media for Justice and co-owner of handHeld Films and online reality TV show 'The Schutte Singiswas - A South African Love Story'.

Twitter: @GillianSchutte, Web: mediaforjustice.net

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)


Community Village Sites's insight:


Gillian Schutte (white) explains learning about racism through the eyes of her mixed race child. 


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Skid Row’s Indian Alley Adorned with Native Murals to Honor Tragic Past

Skid Row’s Indian Alley Adorned with Native Murals to Honor Tragic Past | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


Artist Jaque Fragua rests after completing his mural in Indian Alley. (Stephen Zeigler)


Read more at http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2015/01/10/skid-rows-indian-alley-adorned-native-murals-honor-tragic-past-158563
Community Village Sites's insight:


By 1954 approximately 6200 Native Americans had been relocated to cities. -Indian Relocation Act of 1956 


Also see: Indian termination policy 


During 1953–1964, more than 100 tribes were terminated, approximately 1,365,801 acres (5,527 km2) of trust land were removed from protected status, and 13,263 Native Americans lost tribal affiliation. -Effects 


From the native standpoint, Northern Cheyenne former U.S. Senator from Colorado Ben Nighthorse Campbell said of assimilation and termination in a speech delivered in Montana: 


“ If you can’t change them, absorb them until they simply disappear into the mainstream culture. ...In Washington’s infinite wisdom, it was decided that tribes should no longer be tribes, never mind that they had been tribes for thousands of years. ” 
—- Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Opening Keynote Address


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Ka-pow! Why Sikh Captain America should be your new favorite superhero

Ka-pow! Why Sikh Captain America should be your new favorite superhero | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


Superheroes come in all shapes and sizes—but you’ve probably never seen one wearing a turban. Cartoonist Vishavjit Singh is out to change that with a unique twist on an iconic costume, and a bunch of Sikh-centric pop art.


Check out this short doc on what this superhero is all about—at 2:00 he explains his art over breakfast, at 7:03 he takes his message to the streets, and at 8:15 Captain America proves there’s room for all of us in this beautiful country.


In Captain America’s words: “It’s time to kick some intolerant [butt].”


- Click through for video - 

Community Village Sites's insight:


This superhero fights oppression. 


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Erica Garner daughter of Eric Garner


Kudos to her for stepping up and speaking out. 


Community Village Sites's insight:


#BlackLivesMatter 


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Samuel Cooper's curator insight, January 26, 9:51 PM

I like what I've been seeing from this younger generation of organizers and activists since relatively early on into the #Ferguson and #Garner protests.  I just hope they can keep it up and make it into something more than just "protests"


 Hoping for that day to come where nobody is forced to take to the streets, or pick up a mic in an effort to raise awareness to injustices, or to mourn lost loved one's, but we're not there yet.

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Majority of U.S. public school students are in poverty

Majority of U.S. public school students are in poverty | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it
The explosion in the number of needy children in classrooms has profound implications for the nation.
Community Village Sites's insight:


Y'all. Raising the minimum wage is a start to help with this. 


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"Selma" Earns Two Academy Award Nominations, Including Best Picture

"Selma" Earns Two Academy Award Nominations, Including Best Picture | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it
The nominations for the 87th annual Academy Awards were announced this morning, and among them were two for "Selma", for Best Picture and its Original Song "Glory" by Common and John Legend.  The o...
Community Village Sites's insight:


Woot!


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Long live the King!

Long live the King! | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


Today, I remember the birth of a preacher.  I know that persons will hail him has a civil rights icon.  But, I, along with so many others, have not forgotten that he stood behind a pulpit and fought not for civil rights but declared the truths that must be practiced if the kingdom of God is to come to earth.  Reducing his words and ministry to legislation would be a travesty.  No, he came to give us sight, the vision of how God sees us– equally.


God created human beings, no one more or less than the other.  It is not God that needs convincing as God knew who He created and why.  King came to remind us that we are created equally and until we get it, there will be others.


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Community Village Sites's insight:


Dr. King is the Jesus of the U.S. 


He spoke truth to power and ascended back to heaven too soon. 


PS - Dr. Cornel West is the living Jesus of the U.S.  He speaks crystal clear truth to power, just like Dr. King. 


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The Colonialism of the Present

The Colonialism of the Present | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


Scholar and activist Glen Coulthard on the connection between indigenous and anticapitalist struggles.

...

Demonstrations against the police murders of Eric Garner and Mike Brown in recent months have adopted tactics that, to me at least, seem reminiscent of some indigenous practices in Canada: the seizing and blocking, if only temporarily, of major public infrastructure, for instance.Do you see connections in these struggles?

The blocking tactic, the impeding of critical infrastructure and flows of capital through that tactic is an important one, but more so, I think the expressions of anger and outrage and resentment towards a state that is profoundly violent, colonial and racist is really where I see the relationship.


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Community Village Sites's insight:


Powerful article. 


HT unsettlingamerica.wordpress.com


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Selma Revisited

Selma Revisited | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


I had the opportunity to see the movie Selma a few days ago, which was OUTSTANDING! I can remember the time from my youth. As a point of reference, I grew up and lived in the north but witnessed the same bigotry and racism. What struck me was it was jarringly similar to what I see today.


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Obama Proposes Free Community College Program For All

Obama Proposes Free Community College Program For All | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


The White House on Thursday announced a proposal that President Barack Obama said would make community college “free for everybody who is willing to work for it.”


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Community Village Sites's insight:


Most employers want college educated workers, so this would be a win/win/win/win for everyone (employers / employees / teachers / parents.)


I'm just wondering why the idea has taken so long. 




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Department of Homeland Security: CBP Drones are Dubious Achievers — Southern Border Communities Coalition

Department of Homeland Security: CBP Drones are Dubious Achievers — Southern Border Communities Coalition | Community Village Daily | Scoop.it


After spending eight years and hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has yet to prove the value of its Unmanned Aircraft System (drone) program while drastically understating the costs, according to a new report by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Office of Inspector General (OIG). Based on its findings, OIG recommends that CBP abandon plans to spend $443 million more on additional aircraft and put those funds to better use.


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