Since its U.S. debut a quarter-century ago, this brilliant text has set a new standard for historical scholarship of Latin America. It is also an outstanding political economy, a social and cultural narrative of the highest quality, and perhaps the finest description of primitive capital accumulation since Marx.
Rather than chronology, geography, or political successions, Eduardo Galeano has organized the various facets of Latin American history according to the patterns of five centuries of exploitation. Thus he is concerned with gold and silver, cacao and cotton, rubber and coffee, fruit, hides and wool, petroleum, iron, nickel, manganese, copper, aluminum ore, nitrates, and tin. These are the veins which he traces through the body of the entire continent, up to the Rio Grande and throughout the Caribbean, and all the way to their open ends where they empty into the coffers of wealth in the United States and Europe.
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Community Village Sites's insight:
Food can freely move across borders.
Money can freely move across borders.
Businesses can freely move across borders.
Raw materials can freely move across borders.
Manufacturing can freely move across borders.
Manufactured goods can freely move across borders.
People are highly restricted from moving across borders, especially the poor who most desire to.
People should have the freedom and liberty to move where the resources, jobs and infrastructure are located.
People should have the freedom and liberty to move their body to escape drought, famine, war, violence, and poverty.
Paramount has dropped the first trailer for director Ava DuVernay’s Martin Luther King Jr. film Selma. Pic stars David Oyelowo as the iconic civil rights leader and tracks King’s struggle to secure voting rights for all people, culminating in the Alabama march from Selma to Montgomery and President Lyndon Johnson’s signing of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Starring alongside Oyelowo are Tom Wilkinson, Cuba Gooding Jr., Alessandro Nivola, Giovanni Ribisi Common, Carmen Ejogo, Lorraine Toussaint, with Tim Roth and Oprah Winfrey as Annie Lee Cooper. Paul Webb penned the script.
For decades, U.S. health authorities used noxious, often toxic chemicals to delouse Mexicans seeking to cross the border into the United States. A new book tells the story of what happened when a 17-year-old Mexican maid refused to take a gasoline bath and convinced 30 other trolley passengers in 1917 to do the same.
Juan Rodriguez (early 1600s), also known as Jan Rodrigues, was thefirst non-Native person known to live in what is now metropolitan New York. His trading post of 1613 in Lower Manhattan grew into one of the biggest cities in the world. He counts as the first Black, Latino and Dominican New Yorker. He lived there before any White person did!
Manifest Destiny (1845) is the idea that God meant for the US to have all of North America. Its roots go back to the 1600s to Puritan ideas of being God’s chosen people in a promised land, just like the Jews in the Bible.
Manifest Destiny makes wars of naked conquest against Mexicans and Natives in the 1800s seem just, as the way it had to be.
We all know male revolutionaries like Che Guevara, but history often tends to gloss over the contributions of female revolutionaries that have sacrificed their time, efforts, and lives to work towards burgeoning systems and ideologies. Despite misconceptions, there are tons of women that have participated in revolutions throughout history, with many of them playing crucial roles. They may come from different points on the political spectrum, with some armed with weapons and some armed with nothing but a pen, but all fought hard for something that they believed in.
Let’s take a look at 10 of these female revolutionaries from all over the world that you probably won’t ever see plastered across a college student’s T-shirt.
In History classes, we regularly talk about the cost of various items. The cost of voyages to the United States, the price of an enslaved person, the price of everyday necessities, or the price of war, for example.
Converting money is difficult for a number of reasons. First, “money” is so extremely subjective and relative. There is nothing “natural” and nothing that “makes sense” that says “x” should cost “y.” It is all a social construction based on always-changing social mores and notions of supply and demand.
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Community Village Sites's insight:
I heard that the average U.S. citizen earns a million dollars in their lifetime.
I always think about when I hear how much a person was compensated for being wrongly imprisoned.
But time is worth more than money because we can not get the time back and we don't know at what age we will die.
The "Separate but Equal" doctrine, enshrined by the Plessy ruling, remained valid until 1954, when it was overturned by the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education and later outlawed completely by the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964. Though the Plessy case did not involve education, it formed the legal basis of separate school systems for the following fifty-eight years.
At least 350 lynchings occurred in the state of California between 1850 and 1935. The majority were perpetrated against Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans; more Latinos were lynched in California than were persons of any other race or ethnicity.
TRUTHOUT--For the first time in the history of Brazil, the federal government is investigating the deaths and abuses suffered by Indigenous peoples during military dictatorship (1964-1985). The death toll may be twenty times more than previously known.
Just as in World War II and Vietnam, napalm manufactured in the US burned the bodies of hundreds of indigenous individuals in Brazil, people without an army and without weapons. The objective was to take over their lands. Indigenous peoples in this country suffered the most from the atrocities committed during the military dictatorship (1964-1985) - with the support of the United States. For the first time in Brazil's history, the National Truth Commission, created by the federal government in 2012 in order to investigate political crimes committed by the State during the military dictatorship, gives statistics showing that the number of indigenous individuals killed could be 20 times greater than was previously officially registered by leftist militants.
Rafael Leónidas Trujillo (1891-1961), Benefactor of the Fatherland, Saviour of the Fatherland, Father of the Fatherland, Restorer of Financial Independence, Champion of World Peace, Protector of Culture, First Anticommunist of the Americas, Outstanding and Most Illustrious Generalisimo, ruled the Dominican Republic (DR) from 1930 to 1961 through fear, torture, assassination, massacre and genocide.
President Bill Clinton signed an official apology to Native Hawaiians for the illegal overthrow of their nation. Public Law 103-150 was passed by a joint resolution of Congress in 1993 to acknowledge the 100th anniversary of the overthrow. Stipulations in the law included:
The overthrow was illegal.Section 1 states: "The Congress...on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the illegal overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893, acknowledges the historical significance of this event which resulted in the suppression of the inherent sovereignty of the Native Hawaiian people; (italics added)
The U.S. apologizes. "...apologizes to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the people of the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893."
Native Hawaiians may have legal claims against the U.S. "Nothing in this Joint Resolution is intended to serve as a settlement of any claims against the United States."
Potosí (1545- ), formerly of Peru, now of Bolivia, was one of the largest and richest cities in the world in 1650. By 1573 it was already bigger than Paris or Rome. Now a poor city with old baroque churches and palaces, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Potosi lies at the foot of Cerro de Potosi, a reddish mountain 4,000 metres up in the high Andes. In 1500 it had twice as much silver as all of Europe.
The silver is gone, though it still has some tin and zinc. At its height in the late 1500s and early 1600s, it produced most of the world’s silver. In “Don Quixote” (1605) they say that something is “worth a Potosi”.
"Death of a King" is one of those books that changed my life after reading it. Never have I read a book that so intricately described a person that I have heard about so much in my life. Tavis Smily (with David Ritz) put together a truly powerful book that shows the complexity of following your heart, even when the crowd is no longer with you.
In this book, you see the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. after the "I Have a Dream Speech". The Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. who had to battle people questioning his moves against the Vietnam War, questioning the efficacy of non-violence, and people questioning whether Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. really could bring about the "Dream" he so believed in."
Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan admits in a 60 Minutes interview and reported on CBS Evening News that his incendiary rhetoric played a role in the 1965 assassination of civil rights leader Malcolm X.
Students love learning about the Holocaust because they hear bits and pieces of this tragedy for ever and ever but seldom hear any depth. I have prepared a two hour podcast that I have students listen to (there, sadly, isn’t enough time to do it face-to-face) that is mostly about the Holocaust but also includes information about other human atrocities of the era.
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"In the essay “The Souls of White Folk” (1920), written two years after the end of the First World War, W.E.B. Du Bois saw as probable a second world war and the fight to end white rule in Africa and Asia (of which the Vietnam War was part):"