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Open Yale Courses | African American History: From Emancipation to the Present | Lecture 4 - Reconstruction (continued)

Open Yale Courses | African American History: From Emancipation to the Present | Lecture 4 - Reconstruction (continued) | Community Village World History | Scoop.it

"After the massive cultural shift that the South endured under Reconstruction, white Southerners were determined to fight back. In this lecture, Professor Holloway discusses the complicated meaning of Redemption as white Southerners rose up, reclaimed, and redeemed that which they thought was theirs. During this era, African Americans experienced extreme forms of violence as whites guaranteed the return of power, including the resurgence of the KKK, as well as gerrymandering and poll taxes to ensure the elimination of blacks as a voting class. In the second half of the lecture, Professor Holloway focuses on the ideas of civilization and manliness, lynchings, and anti-lynching campaigns. Fears of rape and ideas of white womanhood frequently served as the justification for the systematic psychological and economic terrorism of African Americans during the "Rise of Redemption."

Warning: This lecture contains graphic content and/or adult language that some users may find disturbing."

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Black Prophetic Fire: Cornel West on the Revolutionary Legacy of Leading African-American Voices [VIDEO]

Black Prophetic Fire: Cornel West on the Revolutionary Legacy of Leading African-American Voices [VIDEO] | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


"The renowned scholar, author and activist Dr. Cornel West, joins us to discuss his latest book, "Black Prophetic Fire." West engages in conversation with the German scholar and thinker Christa Buschendorf about six revolutionary African-American leaders: Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Ella Baker, Malcolm X and Ida B. Wells. Even as the United States is led by its first black president, West says he is fearful that we may be "witnessing the death of black prophetic fire in our time."


- Click through for [VIDEO] - 

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Ancient Egypt according to Chancellor Williams

Ancient Egypt according to Chancellor Williams | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Note: The following is based on my understanding of chapters two and three of "The Destruction of Black Civilization" (1987) by historian Chancellor Williams. I want a summary that I can look back at later. Chancellor Williams divides the Nile Valley into: Lower Egypt - the Nile Delta, north of Memphis and the great pyramids.…
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It's Been 96 Years Since White Mobs Destroyed Tulsa's Black Wall Street

It's Been 96 Years Since White Mobs Destroyed Tulsa's Black Wall Street | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
The Oklahoma city's Greenwood neighborhood was one of the country's most affluent Black neighborhoods until racists decimated it and killed hundreds of residents.
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Latasha Harlins

Latasha Harlins | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Latasha Harlins (1975-1991) was an unarmed 15-year-old Black girl in South Los Angeles who was shot in the back of the head over a $1.79 bottle of orange juice. She was killed by Soon Ja Du, a Korean American shopkeeper. Du thought she was shoplifting. When police arrived they found Harlins dead - with $2.00 in…
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Zheng He

Zheng He | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Admiral Zheng He (c. 1371-1435), also known as Cheng Ho or 郑和, was a Chinese explorer who went down the east coast of Africa at the very same time Portuguese explorers were going down the west coast. In one of the biggest surprise twists of history, the Chinese stopped, the Portuguese did not. From 1405…
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WATCH: Equal Justice Initiative Previews Racial Justice Museum, 'From Enslavement to Mass Incarceration'

WATCH: Equal Justice Initiative Previews Racial Justice Museum, 'From Enslavement to Mass Incarceration' | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
WATCH: Equal Justice Initiative Previews Racial Justice Museum, 'From Enslavement to Mass Incarceration'
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The Pentagon Papers

The Pentagon Papers | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
"The Pentagon Papers" (1971) is a secret, 7,000-page history of the Vietnam War ordered by US Defence Secretary Robert McNamara in 1967. Although much of it was marked "secret" or "top secret", Daniel Ellsberg, who helped write it, gave a copy to the New York Times in 1971. President Nixon stopped the Times from printing…
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1949 in 12 songs

1949 in 12 songs | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Here are the songs that went to number one in 1949 on the US R&B chart. Most are blues rather than R&B. Some are jump blues, which was more uptempo and would give rise to rock and roll and actual R&B in the 1950s. John Lee Hooker: Boogie Chillen: Big Jay McNeeley's Blue Jays: The…
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49 Years Ago Today, the US Slaughtered 500 Unarmed Men, Women, & Children

49 Years Ago Today, the US Slaughtered 500 Unarmed Men, Women, & Children | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
US troops raped, murdered, pillaged, and tortured the villagers in one of the most heinous massacres of civilians to date, only one person was charged.
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Tulsa race riot

Tulsa race riot | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
The Tulsa race riot (May 31st to June 1st 1921) in the US killed 75 to 150 people, burned down 35 city blocks, and left thousands homeless. With the help of the police, planes and the National Guard, hundreds to thousands of White men rioted in Greenwood, aka Black Wall Street, a Black neighbourhood in…
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Ghost Dance

Ghost Dance | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
The Ghost Dance (1889-1891) was a dance that spread like wildfire among Native Americans in the western US in 1890. It came with Ghost Shirts and Ghost Songs. It was a last desperate attempt to end White rule. It led to a US military crackdown that was the end of all hopes. It was started by…
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Zoot Suit Riots

Zoot Suit Riots | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
The Zoot Suit Riots (1943) took place in Los Angeles and lasted for about a week. It started out as fighting between White US servicemen and pachucos, Mexican Americans who wore zoot suits. But soon Mexican, Black and Filipino Americans were being beat up whether they wore zoot suits or not. And Whites, some of them off-duty policemen,…
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LYNCHING OF PREGNANT 19-YEAR-OLD MARY TURNER

LYNCHING OF PREGNANT 19-YEAR-OLD MARY TURNER | Community Village World History | Scoop.it

Mary Turner was a 19-year-old black woman born in 1899 to Perry Graham and Elizabeth Johnson in Brooks County, Georgia. When Turner was eight months pregnant, she was murdered after she publicly denounced the unlawful extrajudicial killing of her husband, Hazel Turner.

 

On the evening of May 16, 1918, a white planter who was known to abuse and beat his workers, Hampton Smith, was shot and killed on the plantation by a black worker, 18-year-old Sidney Johnson. Smith resolved the labor shortage through the use of convict labor, paid Johnson’s $30 fine (Johnson had been convicted of playing dice), and forced him to work on his plantation.

 

Johnson had been beaten several times by Smith, even days before Smith’s death; he was beaten severely by Smith for refusing to work while he was sick. Smith also had a long history with Mary Turner and her husband. Turner’s husband had been sentenced to the chain gang when he threatened Smith for beating Mary.

 

Smith’s murder was followed by a week-long mob-driven manhunt in which at least 13 people were killed. Among those killed was Mary’s husband, Hayes Turner, who was seized from custody after his arrest on the morning of May 18, 1918, and lynched.

Mary became distraught after the murder of her husband. She denied that her husband had been involved in Smith’s killing, publicly opposed her husband’s murder, and threatened to have members of the mob arrested. The mob then turned against her, determined to “teach her a lesson.”

 

She was able to flee, but the mob found her and took her to Folsom Bridge, where they hung her upside down from a tree, doused her in gasoline and motor oil, and set her on fire. While Turner was still alive, a member of the mob split her abdomen open with a knife. Her unborn child fell on the ground, where it cried before it was stomped on and crushed. Finally, Turner’s body was riddled with hundreds of bullets. Mary Turner and her child were cut down and buried near the tree. A whiskey bottle marked the grave.

 

The murders of Hayes and Mary Turner caused a brief national outcry. Following the lynchings, more black residents fled the area, despite threats against the lives of anyone who tried to leave.

 

source:

http://www.cbs46.com/story/26087258/pregnant-woman-remembered-nearly-100-years-after-horrific-lynching

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The US Senate once had its own electric cars: two Studebakers that ran underground

The US Senate once had its own electric cars: two Studebakers that ran underground | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
One advantage of electric cars is that unlike gasoline or steam cars, they have no emissions. More than a century ago, that was why the U.S. Capitol acquired two custom-built electric cars, nicknamed "Tommy" and "Peggy." They were built by Studebaker, an early and hallowed U.S. car bran
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Malik Ambar

Malik Ambar | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Malik Ambar (1548-1626) was a slave from Ethiopia who became a military commander and kingmaker in India, fighting against the Mogul Empire. He founded Aurangabad, now a city of over a million people. Many in India who have heard of him do not know he was Black. The African Diaspora in Asia: Today there are…
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Latasha Harlins' death and why Korean-Americans were targets in the '92 riots

Latasha Harlins' death and why Korean-Americans were targets in the '92 riots | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Tensions between blacks and Koreans in L.A. were high by the 90s. But Latasha Harlins' death in 1991 assured that Koreans would be targeted when the time came.
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Gold Mountain

Gold Mountain | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Gold Mountain or Gum Shan (金山) is a Chinese name given to California after gold was discovered there. The Chinese first came to the US in large numbers as part of the California Gold Rush (1848–1855). In January 1848 gold was discovered in the mountains east of San Francisco. It turned the Spanish mission town…
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Henrietta Lacks

Henrietta Lacks | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Henrietta Lacks (1920-1951), mother of five, was a Black woman from the US whose cells, called HeLa cells, are used worldwide in medical research. They have helped to give us vaccines, chemotherapy, in vitro fertilization, and a far better understanding of cancer, disease, and, most of all, cells, the building blocks that every living creature…
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As US Bombs Syria, Americans Forgot Govt Used Chemical Weapons to Kill Children in Texas

As US Bombs Syria, Americans Forgot Govt Used Chemical Weapons to Kill Children in Texas | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
As Americans get up in arms over alleged gas attacks in Syria, they are forgetting the time their government used chemical weapons to kill children in Waco.
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Vietnam War

Vietnam War | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
The Vietnam War (fl. 1964-1973) was fought by the US to prevent the communist overthrow of its banana republican government in Saigon, South Vietnam. Years of war led nowhere. The US pulled out in 1973. Saigon fell in 1975. By the numbers: body count: 1.6 to 4.0 million, about half of them civilians. bombs: 7…
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1949 in 33 pictures

1949 in 33 pictures | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Using Google Images as my time machine, here is some of what I saw in 1949: Click on images to enlarge or see the film; click on links to go to posts on the given subject: Dorothy Dandridge in a glamour photo, circa 1949: Lena Horne and Duke Ellington on the cover of the October 1949…
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New York City: a brief history: 1600-2017

New York City: a brief history: 1600-2017 | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
Note: I use present-day names. Within each decade, things are not necessarily in chronological order.  1600: Population: 1,000? 1600s: The Delaware - for at least the last 1,000 years. Munsee language, Eastern Woodland culture. 1610s: Juan Rodriguez's trading post, Dutch fort. 1620s: The Dutch: "Manhattan was sold for $24". Black slaves. 1630s: 1640s: Bowling Green Massacre (the real…
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"Decade of Betrayal": How the U.S. Expelled Over a Half Million U.S. Citizens to Mexico in 1930s

"Decade of Betrayal": How the U.S. Expelled Over a Half Million U.S. Citizens to Mexico in 1930s | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
President Donald Trump is slated to give his first presidential address to Congress today. Democratic lawmakers have begun giving their tickets away to immigrants as a protest against Trump’s push to increase deportations and to block residents from some Muslim-majority countries from entering the United States. Well, this is not the first time people of Mexican descent have been demonized, accused of stealing jobs, and forced to leave the country. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, more than a million people residing in the United States were deported to Mexico—about 60 percent of them were U.S. citizens of Mexican descent. We speak to the preeminent scholar on this often overlooked chapter of American history: Francisco Balderrama, professor of American history and Chicano studies at California State University, Los Angeles. He is co-author of "Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s."
Community Village Sites's insight:

The more oppression changes, the more it stays the same. 

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37 Years Since the Greensboro Massacre

37 Years Since the Greensboro Massacre | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
#TBT: Today Marks 37 Years Since the Greensboro Massacre
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Sundown Towns....(WHITE ONLY) what you didn't know.

What you didn't know about Sundown Towns......and how they affect us still today.
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Black History Month - Little Rock Central High School September 1957

Black History Month - Little Rock Central High School September 1957 | Community Village World History | Scoop.it
By Guest Blogger, Yahtzeebutterfly

The desegregation of Little Rock Central High School in September 1957 brought to the surface the vile racism of whites, both within the community and outside it.  A huge, nasty mob formed around the high school on September 4, the day that nine black students were to integrate the school.  The nine black students were, Minnijean Brown, Terrance Roberts, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Thelma Mothershed, Melba Patillo, Gloria Ray, Jefferson Thomas, and Carlotta Walls.  Horrible acts of hate and violence were directed at them.


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