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Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent: Eduardo Galeano


Book Description


Since its U.S. debut a quarter-century ago, this brilliant text has set a new standard for historical scholarship of Latin America. It is also an outstanding political economy, a social and cultural narrative of the highest quality, and perhaps the finest description of primitive capital accumulation since Marx.


Rather than chronology, geography, or political successions, Eduardo Galeano has organized the various facets of Latin American history according to the patterns of five centuries of exploitation. Thus he is concerned with gold and silver, cacao and cotton, rubber and coffee, fruit, hides and wool, petroleum, iron, nickel, manganese, copper, aluminum ore, nitrates, and tin. These are the veins which he traces through the body of the entire continent, up to the Rio Grande and throughout the Caribbean, and all the way to their open ends where they empty into the coffers of wealth in the United States and Europe. 


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Community Village Sites's insight:


  • Food can freely move across borders.
  • Money can freely move across borders.
  • Businesses can freely move across borders. 
  • Raw materials can freely move across borders. 
  • Manufacturing can freely move across borders. 
  • Manufactured goods can freely move across borders. 
  • People are highly restricted from moving across borders, especially the poor who most desire to. 


People should have the freedom and liberty to move where the resources, jobs and infrastructure are located. 


People should have the freedom and liberty to move their body to escape drought, famine, war, violence, and poverty. 

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Juan Rodriguez

Juan Rodriguez | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


Juan Rodriguez (early 1600s), also known as Jan Rodrigues, was thefirst non-Native person known to live in what is now metropolitan New York. His trading post of 1613 in Lower Manhattan grew into one of the biggest cities in the world. He counts as the first Black, Latino and Dominican New Yorker. He lived there before any White person did!


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Timeline: 100 Years of Birth Control

Timeline: 100 Years of Birth Control | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


Timeline: 100 Years of Birth Control Since Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger coined the term “birth control” in 1914, contraception has truly revolutionized women’s lives


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Markette Kelemete's curator insight, October 12, 6:04 PM

This graphic shows a timeline of birth control methods used by women over the past 100 Years.

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Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


Manifest Destiny (1845) is the idea that God meant for the US to have all of North America. Its roots go back to the 1600s to Puritan ideas of being God’s chosen people in a promised land, just like the Jews in the Bible.


Manifest Destiny makes wars of naked conquest against Mexicans and Natives in the 1800s seem just, as the way it had to be.


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Malcolm X: Oxford Union Debate

Malcolm X: Oxford Union Debate | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


December 3rd, 1964 Malcolm X attends Oxford Union debate titled " Extremism in the Defense of Liberty is No Vice; Moderation in the Pursuit of Justice is No Virtue."


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The black Victorians: astonishing portraits unseen for 120 years

The black Victorians: astonishing portraits unseen for 120 years | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


From the African Choir posing like Vogue models to an Abyssinian prince adopted by an explorer, a new exhibition spotlights the first black people ever photographed in Britain, writes Sean O’Hagan


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10 Female Revolutionaries That You Probably Didn't Learn About In History class

10 Female Revolutionaries That You Probably Didn't Learn About In History class | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


We all know male revolutionaries like Che Guevara, but history often tends to gloss over the contributions of female revolutionaries that have sacrificed their time, efforts, and lives to work towards burgeoning systems and ideologies. Despite misconceptions, there are tons of women that have participated in revolutions throughout history, with many of them playing crucial roles. They may come from different points on the political spectrum, with some armed with weapons and some armed with nothing but a pen, but all fought hard for something that they believed in.


Let’s take a look at 10 of these female revolutionaries from all over the world that you probably won’t ever see plastered across a college student’s T-shirt.


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Posted the only one I knew, check the rest ...

 

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History, Currency, and Answering "How Much Would That Be Today?"

History, Currency, and Answering "How Much Would That Be Today?" | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


In History classes, we regularly talk about the cost of various items. The cost of voyages to the United States, the price of an enslaved person, the price of everyday necessities, or the price of war, for example.

Converting money is difficult for a number of reasons. First, “money” is so extremely subjective and relative. There is nothing “natural” and nothing that “makes sense” that says “x” should cost “y.” It is all a social construction based on always-changing social mores and notions of supply and demand.


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Community Village Sites's insight:


I heard that the average U.S. citizen earns a million dollars in their lifetime.

I always think about when I hear how much a person was compensated for being wrongly imprisoned.

But time is worth more than money because we can not get the time back and we don't know at what age we will die. 


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Segregated By Law

Segregated By Law | Community Village World History | Scoop.it

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The "Separate but Equal" doctrine, enshrined by the Plessy ruling, remained valid until 1954, when it was overturned by the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education and later outlawed completely by the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964. Though the Plessy case did not involve education, it formed the legal basis of separate school systems for the following fifty-eight years.


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Lynching in the West: 1850–1935


At least 350 lynchings occurred in the state of California between 1850 and 1935. The majority were perpetrated against Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans; more Latinos were lynched in California than were persons of any other race or ethnicity.


VIDEO interview of author here


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Map: Time-lapse of American seizure of indigenous land, 1776-1887

Map: Time-lapse of American seizure of indigenous land, 1776-1887 | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


“Between 1776 and 1887, the United States seized over 1.5 billion acres from America’s indigenous people by treaty and executive order.”


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The Holocaust

The Holocaust | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


Jews soon discovered, and Tutsis later found, that one of the shocking things about a genocide is how little the outside world seems to care. While most people did not find out till 1945, top people in Germany, Britain, the US and the Catholic Church, people like President Roosevelt and Pope Pius XII, knew – and did surprisingly little.


Hitler was not surprised:
 ever the student of history, he had the Armenian and Native American genocides before him as models.


Community Village Sites's insight:


Hitler killed himself. But the U.S. continues atrocities.


Vietnam’s government says that 400,000 people were killed or maimed from the after effects of the Agent Orange drops, and 500,000 children were born with birth defects.



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Amistad

Amistad | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


“Amistad” (1997) is a Steven Spielberg film about the slave uprising led by Joseph Cinque in 1839 on a Spanish ship named Friendship – La Amistad.


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Trujillo

Trujillo | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


Rafael Leónidas Trujillo (1891-1961), Benefactor of the Fatherland, Saviour of the Fatherland, Father of the Fatherland, Restorer of Financial Independence, Champion of World Peace, Protector of Culture, First Anticommunist of the Americas, Outstanding and Most Illustrious Generalisimo, ruled the Dominican Republic (DR) from 1930 to 1961 through fear, torture, assassination, massacre and genocide.


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Hawai'i and Native Hawaiians - What You May Not Know

Hawai'i and Native Hawaiians - What You May Not Know | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


The U.S. officially apologized.
 

President Bill Clinton signed an official apology to Native Hawaiians for the illegal overthrow of their nation. Public Law 103-150 was passed by a joint resolution of Congress in 1993 to acknowledge the 100th anniversary of the overthrow. Stipulations in the law included:
 

  1. The overthrow was illegal.Section 1 states: "The Congress...on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the illegal overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893, acknowledges the historical significance of this event which resulted in the suppression of the inherent sovereignty of the Native Hawaiian people; (italics added)
  2. The U.S. apologizes. "...apologizes to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the people of the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893."
  3. Native Hawaiians may have legal claims against the U.S. "Nothing in this Joint Resolution is intended to serve as a settlement of any claims against the United States."
     
Community Village Sites's insight:


What else has the U.S. officially apologized for? 


What have they not apologized for?


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Potosi

Potosi | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


Potosí (1545- ), formerly of Peru, now of Bolivia, was one of the largest and richest cities in the world in 1650. By 1573 it was already bigger than Paris or Rome. Now a poor city with old baroque churches and palaces, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Potosi lies at the foot of Cerro de Potosi, a reddish mountain 4,000 metres up in the high Andes. In 1500 it had twice as much silver as all of Europe.


The silver is gone, 
though it still has some tin and zinc. At its height in the late 1500s and early 1600s, it produced most of the world’s silver. In “Don Quixote” (1605) they say that something is “worth a Potosi”.


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Death of a King

Death of a King | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


Review by Charles Franklin


"Death of a King" is one of those books that changed my life after reading it. Never have I read a book that so intricately described a person that I have heard about so much in my life. Tavis Smily (with David Ritz) put together a truly powerful book that shows the complexity of following your heart, even when the crowd is no longer with you.


In this book, you see the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. after the "I Have a Dream Speech". The Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. who had to battle people questioning his moves against the Vietnam War, questioning the efficacy of non-violence, and people questioning whether Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. really could bring about the "Dream" he so believed in."


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Malcolm X's Daughter Exposes Farrakhan (The Extended Clip)


Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan admits in a 60 Minutes interview and reported on CBS Evening News that his incendiary rhetoric played a role in the 1965 assassination of civil rights leader Malcolm X.


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"Nothing Happened Here": History vs. history

"Nothing Happened Here": History vs. history | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


On the first or second day of class each semester, I always do some version of my "What is History?" lesson with students. This lesson introduces major ideas and terms (such as agency, mores, etc) ...


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The Holocaust - Podcast Lecture Series #1

The Holocaust - Podcast Lecture Series #1 | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


Students love learning about the Holocaust because they hear bits and pieces of this tragedy for ever and ever but seldom hear any depth. I have prepared a two hour podcast that I have students listen to (there, sadly, isn’t enough time to do it face-to-face) that is mostly about the Holocaust but also includes information about other human atrocities of the era. 


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Du Bois: The Souls of White Folk

Du Bois: The Souls of White Folk | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


"In the essay “The Souls of White Folk” (1920), written two years after the end of the First World War, W.E.B. Du Bois saw as probable a second world war and the fight to end white rule in Africa and Asia (of which the Vietnam War was part):"


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Interactive Time-Lapse Map Shows How the U.S. Took More Than 1.5 Billion Acres From Native Americans

Interactive Time-Lapse Map Shows How the U.S. Took More Than 1.5 Billion Acres From Native Americans | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


This interactive map, produced by University of Georgia historian Claudio Saunt to accompany his new book West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776, offers a time-lapse vision of the transfer of Indian land between 1776 and 1887. As blue “Indian homelands” disappear, small red areas appear, indicating the establishment of reservations.  (Above is a GIF of the map's time-lapse display; visit the map's page to play with its features.) 


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Survivors of infamous 1921 Tulsa race riot still hope for justice

Survivors of infamous 1921 Tulsa race riot still hope for justice | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


TULSA, Okla. — They called it Black Wall Street.


It was only a 1-square-mile area on the north side of Tulsa, but for blacks in the 1900s, Greenwood was everything the South was not. Filled with black lawyers, doctors and business owners, flush with prosperity, here was an area where African-Americans finally had a chance to make something of themselves, escaping the harsh racism of a nation that deprived them of even the most basic dignities.


A dollar would circulate 19 times before leaving Greenwood, a byproduct of the segregation laws, which kept blacks from shopping anywhere else but also united the community financially. There was affluence and education in Greenwood not seen anywhere else in the country for African-Americans, and each day more people were coming to carve out a piece of the dream for themselves, adding to the prosperity of the neighborhood.


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Hitler: Race and People

Hitler: Race and People | Community Village World History | Scoop.it


“Race and People” is chapter 11 of “Mein Kampf” (1924), the book where Adolf Hitler lays out his political philosophy, 18 years before the Holocaust. In this chapter he talks about how history is best understood in terms of race:


Click through to read more. The comments have some good insights as well. 


Community Village Sites's insight:


The frightening thing is that I hear xenophobic nationalists in the U.S. all the time. 
 

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