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College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders
The National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) supporting school leaders in helping all students become college and career-ready and to succeed in post-secondary education and training
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Nation's Report Card: Writing test shows gender gap

Nation's Report Card:  Writing test shows gender gap | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

What do the results from the writing test from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), better known as the Nation’s Report Card, tell us?


Students were asked to perform writing tasks in three areas:

  1. To persuade, trying to change the reader’s point of view;
  2. To explain, trying to broaden a reader’s understanding of a topic
  3. To convey experience, trying to provide an account of a real or imaginary experience to a reader.


Results

  • Among eighth-graders, about 3% scored advanced, 24% scored proficient or above, 54% basic, and 20% below basic. (Because the numbers were rounded, they do not add up to 100%).
  • Among 12th-graders, about 3% scored advanced, 24% scored proficient or above, 52% basic and 21% below basic.
  • The most notable achievement gap was between males and females in both eighth and 12th grades. On average, female students in the eighth grade scored 160; their male counterparts scored 140.


Key Points for School Leaders

  1. writing improves with practice
  2. 39% of 12th-graders said they write only one page of homework or less per week in English
  3. engaging boys in “meaningful” writing as part of the curriculum
  4. providing all students with opportunities to use computers to write and edit whenever possible
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57-60% of High school kids lack skills for college, workplace

57-60% of High school kids lack skills for college, workplace | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
High school graduates who took a college entrance exam did not have the skills to succeed in college, reports say.


57% of 2012 graduating seniors who took the SATearned a combined score below what it says demonstrates that students are likely to earn a B-minus or better in their first year at a four-year college.


ACT found that at least 60% of 2012 high school graduates who took its test are similarly at risk of not succeeding in college.


61% increase since 2008 in the number of low-income test takers

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Backmapping: Keeping the Art in Teaching | #CommonCore Standards Strategy

National Louis University's Patrick Schwarz, Ph.D., professor in the National College of Education, describes how teachers can use backmapping to both meet C...
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"scores are going to be bad and there is going to be hell to pay politically" - Grant Wiggins

"scores are going to be bad and there is going to be hell to pay politically" - Grant Wiggins | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

The harm of local grading in a world of standards: what NAEP reveals (Thoughtlessness part 4)


By Grant Wiggins


"Once again the recently released NAEP results reveal that American student achievement in writing is far worse than local report cards would have us believe. If the new assessments for Common Core are going to be as demanding as NAEP tests are – a likely bet – then we have a disaster in the making: scores are going to be bad and there is going to be hell to pay politically (since NAEP is not district-level reported and typically flies below the layperson radar)."

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Will the Common Assessments Be Used as a Graduation Requirement?

Will the Common Assessments Be Used as a Graduation Requirement? | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

Many states plan to replace their current high school exit exams with tests being designed for the Common Core State Standards, according to a new study. And it appears that many of them will tie high school graduation decisions to those new assessments, a shift that could represent a big change in the high school completion landscape.

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Fraction of Special Ed. Students Proficient on National Writing Test

Fraction of Special Ed. Students Proficient on National Writing Test | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
Education Week reporter Nirvi Shah tracks news and trends of interest to the special education community, including administrators, teachers, and parents.
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Reading Std #8: Who Was First? Discovering the Americas

Reading Std #8: Who Was First? Discovering the Americas | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

Reading Std #8: Delineate and evaluate argument and specific claims in a text, assessing reasoning & evidence.

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Will Texting Destroy Writing Skills?

Will Texting Destroy Writing Skills? | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

"In general, I’m a fan of anything that gets students writing, and there are real benefits to giving students the gift of textual brevity rather than the stomach-churning fear of a five-paragraph structured essay. I’ve done quite a few articles on the benefits of Twitter’s 140-character approach to writing and my teacher’s gut says the same applies to text messaging. Truth, studies on this topic are inconclusive."

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Expand Support of Training for 'Middle Jobs'

Expand Support of Training for 'Middle Jobs' | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
A new report calls for federal investment in training for jobs that require education beyond high school, but short of a bachelor's degree, calling such jobs a crucial ticket to a middle-class life.


The study, released today by Georgetown University's Center on Education and the Workforce, mines a territory that's drawing increasing amounts of attention: the swath of the education landscape that begins with a high school diploma and stops short of a four-year college degree.


The authors define "middle jobs" as those requiring more education than a high school diploma but less than a bachelor's degree, and that pay at least $35,000 per year. Twenty-nine million—21 percent—of the economy's 139 million jobs are middle jobs, the report says, and two-fifths of them pay more than $50,000 per year.


Most middle jobs are reached through five key "pathways:" employer-based training, industry-based certifications, apprenticeships, postsecondary certificates, and associate's degrees. Of the $524 billion spent annually on training for these five pathways, by far the most is spent on employer-based training, both on-the-job and in the form of formal courses.

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Quick Guide to the Common Core Math Standards

Quick Guide to the Common Core Math Standards | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

All of mathematics is built on a few basic ideas. The Common Core State Standards aim to have all students thoroughly understand these very few basics (such as how the base-10 system works and what it means to multiply). Students are then asked to use their understanding of these basics, along with important habits of mind such as perseverance and reasoning, to become proficient with the full set of math content standards.

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Half the workforce do not have the skills required to land jobs that pay a family-sustaining wage.

Half the workforce do not have the skills required to land jobs that pay a family-sustaining wage. | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

Four Ways Higher Education Can Close the Skills Gap

By Dr. Tracey Wilen-DaugentiVice President and Managing Director of Apollo Research Institute


As thought leaders, the higher education community must stay ahead of the curve to prepare a workforce that will be globally competitive and equipped to meet the challenges of an unpredictable future.


A bachelor's degree is increasingly the minimum employment requirement, but according to the National Commission on Adult Literacy, 80 million to 90 million adults today -- about half the workforce -- do not have the skills required to land jobs that pay a family-sustaining wage.

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States With High-School Exit Exams Focus More on College Readiness

States With High-School Exit Exams Focus More on College Readiness | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
National goals to produce more college graduates may have influenced the shift, says a report from a policy center at George Washington University.


"growing recognition that we are sending too many students into postsecondary education unprepared."

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With Progress Weak, Pa. Braces for Next Round of Testing

With Progress Weak, Pa. Braces for Next Round of Testing | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
Some of the changes in the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment will it more difficult to achieve Average Yearly Progress.


"If school officials think making adequate yearly progress was difficult this year, wait until they give state tests this school year."


To make AYP, schools and school districts must meet all AYP targets in all subgroups of at least 40 students.

  1. The changes include:
  2. eliminating a version of the test for certain special education students
  3. replacing the 11th-grade PSSA exams with the new end-of-course Keystone Exams
  4. offering an online version of the PSSA.
  5. In spring 2013, the target will be 91 proficient or advanced in reading and 89 percent proficient or advanced in math. The following spring, it will be 100 percent in each. In spring 2012, it was 81 percent in reading and 78 percent in math.


  • While 94 percent of school districts in 2011 made AYP, only 60.9 percent did so this year. In 2011, about three-fourths of schools made AYP, but this time it was 50.3 percent.
  • In math, the percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced fell from 77.1 percent in 2011 to 75.7 percent in 2012.
  • In reading, the drop was from 73.5 percent to 71.9 percent.
  • Graduation Rates: Changes made in 2011-12 on how graduation rates are calculated will continue to present challenges for schools and districts this school year, including those with special education students who are being educated to age 21.
  1. Under the system used through 2011, the graduation rate was calculated using the "leaver" rate—how many students left their senior year.
  2. The federal government offered an option of an extended five-year or six-year rate, but Pennsylvania chose the four-year rate.
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“The Writing Revolution”: An old idea done better

“The Writing Revolution”: An old idea done better | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

A school wide focus

“an intense focus, across nearly every academic subject, on teaching the skills that underlie good analytical writing.”


Direct and Explicit Instruction

“The thing is, kids need a formula, at least at first, because what we are asking them to do is very difficult. So God, let’s stop acting like they should just know how to do it. Give them a formula! Later, when they understand the rules of good writing, they can figure out how to break them.”


Standards define expectations. Teachers help students meet expectations.

"traditional instruction delivered by the teachers already in classrooms may turn out to be the most powerful lever we have for improving school performance after all."


The best place to teach literacy skills is in content areas. - Dan Willingham

the emphasis on writing at New Dorp helped in knowledge and vocabulary acquisition by forcing "distributed practice" of subject matter and vocabulary, causing them to be learned more effectively by having to be written out.


Writing improves reading and vice versa. - Steve Graham

the promise of the method lies in its efficiency: killing two birds with one stone, both writing and general knowledge. The efficiency is significant only if it's an effective pedagogical device in support of cumulative knowledge building.


The key is that students can apply what they have learned.

As schools embark on the implementation of the Common Core standards, let us hope that educators keep in mind that they are just standards and that the heavy lifting, as Hirsch suggests, will be that of “defining specifically the knowledge to be learned.”

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Understanding By Design (UBD) and Performance Tasks

What is UBD? What is a Performance Task?
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Rewriting how we teach writing: Not everyone cares how you feel. | Get Schooled

Rewriting how we teach writing: Not everyone cares how you feel. | Get Schooled | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
I have judged more than a dozen student writing contests over the years and found that we often rewarded trauma rather than talent.
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Scaffolding Text Complexity for At-Risk Readers

Scaffolding Text Complexity for At-Risk Readers | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

A DISTRICT PERSPECTIVE: SCAFFOLDING TEXT COMPLEXITY FOR AT-RISK READERS
by Tara Boyer


Perhaps the increased rigor of the common core will help us to eradicate the gap between those students who are reading at grade level and those who are not.


Even so, the process will not be immediate.


And while I support the common core, I also realize that not all students will be able to read independently at the lowest level of the text bands without scaffolding, let alone at the high end of the text bands.

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Ted Caron's comment, September 25, 2012 11:14 PM
The second "scaffolding" section presents a list of helpful interventions for at-risk readers. Having said this, it's unclear, at least at this point, the extent to which such interventions (e.g. providing a summary or vocabulary in advance of a reading) undermine the value of reading a complex text in the first place. Of all the interventions, small group or one-to-one instruction--complete with interactive or divided notes and a list of prepared and VERY text-specific questions--may be the most effective and appropriate intervention of all, provided that we have the resources and time to give.
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The Writing Revolution

The Writing Revolution | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
The Atlantic covers news and analysis on politics, business, culture, technology, national, international and life on the official site of The Atlantic Magazine.
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Meet the Next Generation Assessments

Meet the Next Generation Assessments | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

I Teach Bay: The End of "Pick C"


Does the label "Next Generation Assessments" bring to mind a new Star Trek movie, where educators on board the USS PARCC boldly go where no teacher has gone before?

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Enriching literacy with cell phones? 3 ideas to get started

Enriching literacy with cell phones? 3 ideas to get started | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
September is National Literacy Month, and what better way to celebrate and promote literacy than focusing on the tools that students own and love: their ce (Top story: Enriching literacy with cell phones?

Via Teresa McDaniel
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Quick Guide to the Common Core ELA Standards

Quick Guide to the Common Core ELA Standards | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
English Language Arts
  1. The text is more complex.
  2. The text covers a wider range of genres and formats.
  3. There is a greater emphasis on evidence-based questioning.
  4. Students are exposed to more authentic text.
  5. Shared responsibility for students' literacy development.
  6. Focus on academic vocabulary.


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Talking Common Core … with Parents

Talking Common Core … with Parents | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

I want parents to understand how things are changing with the Common Core and what that means for their children in my classroom.

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"The Common Core certainly takes aim at in-depth student technology use"

"The Common Core certainly takes aim at in-depth student technology use" | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

How Common Core Standards Mesh With Education Technology

By Katie Lepi

Edudemic


If you're a teacher in the US, you've surely heard of the Common Core Standards, the national academic standards for K-12 schools.

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State High School Exit Exams: A Policy in Transition, by Shelby McIntosh at the Center on Education Policy

State High School Exit Exams: A Policy in Transition, by Shelby McIntosh at the Center on Education Policy | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
State High School Exit Exams: A Policy in Transition, a report by by Shelby McIntosh at the Center on Education Policy in Washington, DC, USA...
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