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Bruno: CCSS "Alignment" Requires CCSS Tests (Not Textbooks)

With the Common Core being widely implemented across the country, it's common these days for every resource offered to educators to claim to be "aligned" with the new standards. Unsurprisingly, according to researchers many of these claims are misleading at best. Even textbooks, often at the core of classroom curriculum, frequently purport to be aligned with the CCSS despite being essentially unchanged from previous editions or omitting much of the content of the new standards. Part the issue is undoubtedly that revising textbooks is a costly hassle for publishers. In their defense, however, there are very good reasons for publishers to wait to begin serious revisions. One major reason to wait is that even the best standards are inevitably vague or ambiguous on crucial points. As a result, there is often no fact of the matter about what the standards "mean." Many of those ambiguities will not be resolved until official Common Core tests are designed and administered. Most states have yet to even field test CCSS-aligned assessments, so what students will be expected to be able to do has yet to be precisely defined. And even in those cases where they are mostly clear, the standards themselves may not...
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College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders
The National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) supporting school leaders in helping all students become college and career-ready and to succeed in post-secondary education and training
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Implementing the Common Core State Standards: The Role of the School Leader Action Brief | Achieve

Implementing the Common Core State Standards: The Role of the School Leader Action Brief | Achieve | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

These Action Briefs for school leaders are a starting point, designed to increase awareness of the standards, create a sense of urgency around their implementation, and provide these stakeholders — who are faced with dramatically increased expectations in the context of fewer resources — with a deeper understanding of the standards and their role in implementing the standards. Achieve, in partnership with College Summit, the National Association of Secondary School Principals, and the National Association of Elementary School Principals, released this with support from MetLife Foundation.

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Let’s Take the Time to Get Common Core Right

Let’s Take the Time to Get Common Core Right | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

This piece was co-authored with Melissa Cropper, president of the Ohio Federation of Teachers. It first appeared in the Toledo Blade. View the original here

Many lawmakers and political activists appear determined to perpetuate an endless debate over Ohio’s New Learning Standards, our version of the Common Core state standards. But teachers and school leaders across the state have been working hard to carry out the higher standards for student learning that we committed to years ago.

- See more at: http://www.learningfirst.org/let-s-take-time-get-common-core-right-ohio#.dpuf

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The 70:20:10 framework: Learning on the job is critical

The 70:20:10 framework: Learning on the job is critical | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

70:20:10 framework for organizational learning

  1. On-the-job experiential/informal learning and social learning represent the preponderance of each employee’s overall learning.
  2. Only 10% is from formal learning activities.
Mel Riddile's insight:

Mastery = Knowing + Applying

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The CCSS: Equity and Deeper Learning

The CCSS: Equity and Deeper Learning | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

The CCSS: Equity and Deeper Learning ~ Alliance For Excellent Education

By Linda Darling-Hammond and Pedro Noguera

“If implemented successfully, they (CCSS) could support the kind of teaching that would enable students to develop deeper learning competencies, including:

  1. a flexible understanding…of key concepts
  2. ability to apply core academic content to solve complex problems
  3. ability to work collaboratively
  4. ability to communicate effectively
  5. learn how to learn

Transformative

“these new initiatives will require a tremendous transformation in teaching approaches, school organization and leadership orientation.  

Serving the historically underserved

Such changes will be particularly challenging for under-resourced schools serving large numbers of low-income students which were most likely to narrow the curriculum to test preparation strategies under the threat of sanctions during the No Child Left Behind era. 

Increased Rigor

In most schools and classrooms, “students…have been given few chances to learn to solve complex problems, conduct research, communicate in multiple forms, or use new technologies for finding, analyzing, and evaluating information.

Teacher Capacity: Building NOT Inspecting

“need to build educator capacity to learn and use new pedagogies”

 

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The Frustrating Search for Good Common-Core Instructional Materials

The Frustrating Search for Good Common-Core Instructional Materials | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
The Denver school district looked fruitlessly for good common-core materials, reflecting widespread unhappiness with the quality of instructional resources in the marketplace.
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50% of recent high school graduates report gaps in preparation for life after high school

December 17, 2014 - A new national survey released by Achieve - Rising to the Challenge: Are High School Graduates Prepared for College and Work? - shows that approximately 50% of recent high school graduates report gaps in preparation for life after high school. 

"Recent high school graduates are telling us that they left high school unprepared for the expectations they faced in college or in the work place," said Sandy Boyd, chief operating officer of Achieve. "Policymakers should take note and create an environment where college and career ready standards-which all states now have-are translated into high expectations for all students. Until states set gradation policies that match their academic standards and support rigorous instruction, too many recent graduates will continue to feel underprepared for their next steps." 

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Jason Zimba explains how the #CCSS really were developed and what the math standards really say.

As one of the lead writers of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, I begin by explaining what the standards are, what they are not, and how they were developed. Then I detail some ways in which the standards differ from previous state standards. Finally, I describe some of the developments I have seen in the implementation of the standards and the key developments I would like to see in the future. 


http://scholarworks.umb.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1661&context=nejpp

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"Sobering Results" as Students Fall Short on Common-Core Test

"Sobering Results" as Students Fall Short on Common-Core Test | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

The ACT's Aspire, designed to reflect the common core, has produced its first round of statewide results. In nearly every grade and both subjects, more than half of Alabama's students fall below the cut points that connote being on track for success in college, according to local news media reports. The tests in reading and math were given to Alabama students in grades 3-8 for the first time last school year. The state chose that new suite of assessments when it dropped out of the federally funded assessment consortia. 

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New standardized tests spark educator concerns

New standardized tests spark educator concerns | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
In less than three months, public school students statewide will take a new standardized test.


New standardized tests spark educator concerns throughout state

Common Core learning curriculum for students in kindergarten through 12th grade has been adopted by several states, including Illinois, is here.
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State Finds Majority Of Old Standards In Common Core

State Finds Majority Of Old Standards In Common Core | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
West Virginia Finds Majority Of Old Standards In Common Core.

West Virginia Public Broadcasting (12/12, Marra) reports that the West Virginia Board of Education found that the state’s Next Generation Standards (a version of Common Core) overlapped with prior English standards by 80% and math standards by 73%. Changes noted between the old 21 Century standards and the new Common Core system dealt mainly with the age-appropriate progression of material between grades. The findings prompted remarks from Common Core opponents acknowledging misconceptions and calls for openness to the findings.

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Dr. Dea Conrad-Curry's curator insight, December 18, 10:21 AM

In reviewing the standards, West Virginia teachers discovered that 80 percent of their existing ELA standards and 73 percent of their existing math standards were "perfectly" aligned to the #CCSS. So, what is the next move? Seems to me an important question is whether that means that they do not teach to 20 percent and 27 percent of the standards now for the most part nationally adopted? Are the standards not within the identified percentages valuable standards? One would think that verging on 1/4 of the standards there would be  valuable concepts/skills left untaught. And the greater question, if existing standards align "perfectly" but are not fully encompassing of what kids need to know, what is the fuss about? Adopt the standards and do as so many have...rename them and let's move forward and quit looking back. 

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Before and After: The Math Shifts in Common Core-Aligned Assessments

Before and After: The Math Shifts in Common Core-Aligned Assessments | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
A set of examples illustrating what the math Shifts look like in CCSS-aligned assessment
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Educator dispel myths about national standards

Educator dispel myths about national standards | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

WORCESTER, MA


Sponsored by The Research Bureau and moderated by school Superintendent Melinda J. Boone, the forum featured Richard Bisk, math professor at Worcester State University; Phyllis Goldstein, Worcester public schools' English language arts liaison; and Mr. Chester. 

While the Common Core standards were adopted by Massachusetts in 2010, the state is facing more change as it pilots a test — the Partnership for the Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers — that was designed to assess what students learn under Common Core and which could replace the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System exams in 2016.

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Teaching Text Structures for Non-Fiction Reading - YouTube

This video shows you how to teach students to identify text structures in non-fiction or informational reading. Research shows that when students learn to identify text structures, they understand and retain the material better. To download the graphic organizers shown in this video and read more about the research supporting the explicit teaching of text structures, go to http://www.cultofpedagogy.com/text-st...


Via Darren Burris
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What Students Do (And Don't Do) In Khan Academy ~ Dan Meyer

What Students Do (And Don't Do) In Khan Academy ~ Dan Meyer | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

by Dan Meyer


"Khan Academy claims alignment with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) but an analysis of their eighth-grade year indicates that alignment is loose. 40% of Khan Academy exercises assessed the acts of calculating and solving whereas the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium’s assessment of the CCSS emphasized those acts in only 25% of their released items. 74% of Khan Academy’s exercises resulted in the production of either a number or a multiple-choice response, whereas those outputs accounted for only 25% of the SBAC assessment.


Via Jim Lerman
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Students Riding on Coattails during Group Work? Five Simple Ideas to Try

Students Riding on Coattails during Group Work? Five Simple Ideas to Try | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
The idea for sharing this post came from a session I recently conducted at the annual teaching conference organized by my university. A pedagogical conundrum was raised by a colleague whose enthusiasm and question stayed with me and inspired me to write this post. The question posed by this colleague is relevant to all instructors who have ever used group work to assess their students: How should one deal with the issues that arise when members of a group are not picking up their share of the responsibilities during a group work project?

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Collaborating to Plan a Common Core Math Lesson

Collaborating to Plan a Common Core Math Lesson | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

Watch as 2 math teachers collaborate and plan for a Common Core math lesson. They reflect on how lesson went previously and discuss goals for the lesson.


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Disciplinary Literacy: Elizabeth Moje

Disciplinary Literacy: Elizabeth Moje | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
In this presentation, Elizabeth Moje talks about the difficult navigating work that young people have to do as they move across the many different literacy contexts of their lives --particularly the context of secondary school --and how we support students in that work.

Elizabeth Moje’s presentation is the eighth in TextProject’s nine-part series on the CCSS/ELA. All presenters served in an advisory capacity to the CCSS/ELA development team. Earlier presentations are available on TextProject’s YouTube site.

Guides for some of earlier webinars are available for use in professional development or teacher education.

Access to this resource is provided by TextProject.
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States Using Common Core Face Challenge Communicating With Public

States Using Common Core Face Challenge Communicating With Public | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
What's more, states have the same concerns about college-and-career-aligned assessments, whether they are participating in one of two federally-funded consortia or not.
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How can we help students bridge the gap between high school and college?

How can we help students bridge the gap between high school and college? | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
how can high schools better serve students and bridge this divide? Respondents' top suggestions for change:

1. Provide opportunities for real-world learning (90 percent);

2. Communicate early in high school the courses needed for college careers (87 percent);

3. Give opportunities to take challenging courses (86 percent);

4. Provide more help for those who need extra tutoring (83 percent);

5. Have an assessment late in high school so students can find out what they need for college (77 percent.)
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5 Steps to Preparing Students to Succeed on the New Common Core-Aligned Tests

5 Steps to Preparing Students to Succeed on the New Common Core-Aligned Tests | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

Reading tests do not measure question-answering skills. Old-style test prep won't work!


By Tim Shanahan

  • Reading comprehension tests do not measure question-answering skills, but instead estimate how well students can read particular kinds of texts with understanding.
  • PARCC and SBAC are pointedly avoiding making claims that their assessments will reveal whether students are meeting particular standards, but instead provide an overall estimate of reading comprehension.
  • Reading comprehension tests measure how well students read texts, not how well they execute particular reading skills.
  • So, item analysis is not an effective strategy for improving reading comprehension. 
  • PARCC and SBAC tests are, won't they be able to provide specific diagnostic information.
5 Steps to making students sophisticated and powerful readers:


  1. Have students read extensively within instruction.
  2. Have students read increasing amounts of text without guidance or support.
  3. Make sure the texts are rich in content and sufficiently challenging.
  4. Have students explain their answers and provide text evidence supporting their claims.
  5. Engage students in writing about text, not just in replying to multiple-choice questions.


Mel Riddile's insight:
  1. Good instruction and literacy instruction are one in the same.
  2. Reading increasingly complex text, with appropriate support, improves reading comprehension.
  3. Writing about what you read improves reading comprehension.
  4. Students cannot become better readers by listening to teachers talk.
  5. Reading and writing should be purposeful and teachers should hold students accountable for gaining knowledge and understanding from what they are asked to read.
  6. Students writing should be persuasive in nature and they should be asked to make claims and provide supporting evidence from text.
  7. Teacher constructed assessments should use fewer multiple-choice items and should require students to read and write about the text.
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Common Core can help overcome math anxiety and "our society's math phobia"

Common Core can help overcome math anxiety and "our society's math phobia" | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
Our society's math phobia is all the more reason to take a closer look at Common Core in Ohio and to preserve it, to help our children learn, write Alice Gill and Linda Gojak.
Mel Riddile's insight:

"we are willing to fight to protect Common Core — not because it's popular or unpopular, not because it's perfect, but because it's the right thing to do for children. "

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Engaging All Students in Common Core Math

Engaging All Students in Common Core Math | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
In this video series, see four teachers who are committed to making sure all of their students succeed in high school math.
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New Math Standards a Hurdle for Some Texas Students and Teachers

New Math Standards a Hurdle for Some Texas Students and Teachers | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
More rigorous math curriculum is in use in Texas elementary and middle schools, and students are required to learn some concepts up to two years sooner.


New Math Standards Pose Problems For Some Texas Students And Teachers.

The New York Times (12/12, Smith, Subscription Publication) reports on the “challenging” transition to new math education standards in Texas, which have accelerated some material by as much as two years with a greater focus on the concepts underlying mathematical operations. The piece features criticisms of age-appropriateness levied by teachers and concerned parents alike. The piece also features concerns that math test scores are used in school accountability scores, while some teachers are having trouble preparing to teach the new material.

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Quick Reference Guides to the Next Generation Science Standards

Quick Reference Guides to the Next Generation Science Standards | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

NTSA


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Why the Common Core can help students learn mathematics more deeply

Why the Common Core can help students learn mathematics more deeply | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

"Traditionally, mathematics instruction has focused largely, if not exclusively, on procedural fluency. The idea was to ensure that students could perform basic calculations quickly and easily, perhaps in under five seconds, as Jack Severt did with the subtraction problem. To enable students to attain fluency, teachers assigned sets of problems so that students could increase their proficiency in solving them quickly. Word problems that presented real-world situations were included too, but these tended to be textual versions of number problems; fluent students could easily identify the structure of the problem and plug in the appropriate numbers."

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Consortium Begins Common-Core Tests in Some Districts

Consortium Begins Common-Core Tests in Some Districts | College and Career-Ready Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
One multistate testing consortium—the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers—is giving tests this fall to 30,000 secondary students.


Consortium Begins Administration Of First Common Core Exams.

The Education Week (12/10, Gewertz) reports the first common-core standardized tests are “making their debut this month” as some students will be given exam developed by the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers this fall to students in several states. Other students will take the exam in the spring, including tests developed by the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium. Currently, 30,000 students will take the exam this month, with more than 5 million expected to take the PARCC exam during the 2014-2015 school year.

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