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What Does it Mean to Read Independently?

By Kim Yaris


Anchor Standard 10 Begs Another Question:


In this post, we look at the part of anchor standard ten that says that students should read grade level complex text independently.


1. Expose them to a lot of text.

2. Let them practice using texts at their independent and instructional reading level.

3. Provide them really thoughtful guidance during shared reading of grade-level texts.

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Common Core State Standards for School Leaders
The National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) supporting school leaders in helping all students become college and career-ready
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Implementing the Common Core State Standards: The Role of the School Leader Action Brief | Achieve

Implementing the Common Core State Standards: The Role of the School Leader Action Brief | Achieve | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

These Action Briefs for school leaders are a starting point, designed to increase awareness of the standards, create a sense of urgency around their implementation, and provide these stakeholders — who are faced with dramatically increased expectations in the context of fewer resources — with a deeper understanding of the standards and their role in implementing the standards. Achieve, in partnership with College Summit, the National Association of Secondary School Principals, and the National Association of Elementary School Principals, released this with support from MetLife Foundation.

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"Many math teachers do not understand conceptual understanding." - Grant Wiggins

"Many math teachers do not understand conceptual understanding." - Grant Wiggins | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

"The Common Core Standards in Mathematics stress the importance of conceptual understanding as a key component of mathematical expertise. Alas, in my experience, many math teachers do not understanding."


Being helped to generalize from one’s specific knowledge is key to genuine understanding.


What is Conceptual Understanding?


knowing that multiplying two negative numbers yields a positive result is not the same thing as understanding why it is true.

…knowledge of procedures is no guarantee of conceptual understanding


"students demonstrate understanding of –

1)   which mathematical ideas are key, and why they are important

2)   which ideas are useful in a particular context for problem solving

3)   why and how key ideas aid in problem solving, by reminding us of the systematic nature of mathematics (and the need to work on a higher logical plane in problem solving situations)

4)   how an idea or procedure is mathematically defensible – why we and they are justified in using it

5)   how to flexibly adapt previous experience to new transfer problems."


"Instruction for it (conceptual understanding) has to be different than the learning of basic skills and facts." - Dan Willingham

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The fight over the Common Core standards is misguided

The fight over the Common Core standards is misguided | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
The fight over Common Core is misguided; there are real issues to debate.
Mel Riddile's insight:

"a large number of states had reading proficiency standards that would qualify their students as functionally illiterate on NAEP.”

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Students: "With this test, you had to make your point and explain your answer."

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The testing pendulum

The testing pendulum | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in 2002 was the apotheosis of the standards-assessments-accountability movement, which had been building for about two decades.
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A "state of chaos" for teachers and principals

A "state of chaos" for teachers and principals | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
Education Superintendent John White says a continued push to try to keep Louisiana from using tests associated with the Common Core education standards are creating 'a state of chaos' for public school teachers.
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Two Issues Derailing The Common Core

Two Issues Derailing The Common Core | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

"The Common Core standards are good. We need time to implement them, and we need to implement them without threatening school districts or teachers. Our children are smart; let's give them the chance to show us."

Mel Riddile's insight:
  1. Tying teacher evaluations to test scores
  2. Dual or over-testing
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Making Feedback on Writing Easy - Poetica.com

Making Feedback on Writing Easy - Poetica.com | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
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What Parents Should Know | Common Core State Standards Initiative

What Parents Should Know | Common Core State Standards Initiative | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
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New Common Core tests may overwhelm some students, seriously challenge others, the CGCS predicts

New Common Core tests may overwhelm some students, seriously challenge others, the CGCS predicts | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

Excerpted from an article in the Cleveland Plain Dealer by Patrick O'Donnell on April 17, 2014


CLEVELAND, Ohio -- The new Common Coretests coming to Ohio next year will force students to answer questions in ways they have never faced before on state tests.

Mel Riddile's insight:

Thoughts for Principals:


“A lot of people don’t understand how fundamentally different the work is that these standards require,” said Michael Casserly, executive director of the organization representing the country’s largest urban districts. “It appears that a lot of our kids are not adequately prepared for the kinds of complex problem-solving response that they’re being asked for.”


 “We will have do to a great deal in changing how we think about instruction in the classroom.” - Eric Gordon, CEO, Cleveland Schools


Two areas of concern:

  1. Students not knowing how to solve problems involving multiple steps,
  2. students not knowing how to cite evidence from readings to support answers.


even highly-rated suburban schools report students are experiencing new challenges with them.



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5 Writing Instruction Fundamentals for Success on Next-Generation Assessments

5 Writing Instruction Fundamentals for Success on Next-Generation Assessments | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
Get ready to say goodbye to standardized bubble tests completed with a #2 pencil. Computer-based next-generation assessments, which measure students’ mastery of the Common Core, are upping the ante.
Why…
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Writing and Thinking | Dan Willingham

Writing and Thinking | Dan Willingham | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
One thing seems certain: Just giving out more writing assignments won't do the trick.


Writing and Thinking - "Just asking students to write won't teach them how to think if it's not part of a larger plan to ensure that this writing is done in the context of subject matter."

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Writing: One Reason Grads Can’t Get Hired

Writing: One Reason Grads Can’t Get Hired | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

60% of employers say applicants lack “communication and interpersonal skills” A wide margin of managers also say today’s applicants can’t think critically and creatively, solve problems or write well.

Mel Riddile's insight:

Reading may get students to college, but writing skills keep them there and get them employed after graduation.

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Vision Meets Reality: Common Core in Action - Education Week

Vision Meets Reality: Common Core in Action - Education Week | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
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The Common Core Debate Should Deal With Facts, Not Fiction | US News

The Common Core Debate Should Deal With Facts, Not Fiction  | US News | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
Our education reform debate needs to stay grounded in reality.


"States developed the standards: There is no way to tell the story of the Common Core without starting with this fact: Governors and chief state school officers developed and launched the initiative that led to the creation of the standards we have today. Along the way, the effort grew to include 48 states, not all of which ultimately adopted them. This effort was aimed at elevating the quality of our standards as a nation."

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Tests worth taking, texts worth reading, problems worth solving: The end of test prep

Tests worth taking, texts worth reading, problems worth solving: The end of test prep | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

by Laura Slover, PARCC


"Good instruction will be the only way to truly prepare students for the assessments. Memorization, drill and test-taking strategies will no longer siphon time from instruction. As students work through well-constructed problems, they are asked to draw upon what they’ve learned and apply it to solve problems."

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Implementing #CommonCore + teacher evaluation + other accountabiliy issues = challenge

Implementing #CommonCore + teacher evaluation + other accountabiliy issues = challenge | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
A variety of nonpartisan groups and government officials alike scope out states' strengths and challenges in the early stages of common-core implementation.
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More testing chaos for schools and principals in SC

More testing chaos for schools and principals in SC | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
The chairman of the South Carolina state board, Barry Bolen, blasted Superintendent Mick Zais, saying that the board retained the authority to pick the state's assessment.
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ELL Students Neglected in School Turnaround Efforts

ELL Students Neglected in School Turnaround Efforts | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
A new evaluation of School Improvement Grant recipients shows that even in schools with high percentages of English language learners, ELL students were poorly represented in strategic reform efforts.
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TN delays Common Core testing

TN delays Common Core testing | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

Under a compromise worked out by legislative leaders, Tennessee would halt its transition to the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers test for one year. This avoids a delay in both the exam and further implementation of the education standards for two years, which the House passed earlier this year.

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Common Core Assessments: Challenges & Opportunities | CAP

Common Core Assessments: Challenges & Opportunities | CAP | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
Aligned to the Common Core State Standards, the forthcoming tests from two nonprofit state assessment consortia—the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium and the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers—have the potential to improve student mastery.
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Research needed before using Common Core tests in teacher evaluations

Research needed before using Common Core tests in teacher evaluations | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

A new study cautions that more research is needed before new common-core assessments can be used as valid and reliable measures of teacher effectiveness.



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Rubric for Teaching Common Science Standards Released

Rubric for Teaching Common Science Standards Released | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
The organization that helped develop the Next Generation Science Standards released a rubric for evaluating whether instructional resources are aligned to the new standards.
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What's New in the SAT Redesign

What's New in the SAT Redesign | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

from Education Week

April 16, 2014

by Caralee Adams


The new SAT will require students to cite evidence in support of their understanding of texts in both reading and writing and will emphasize evidence-based reading and writing.


Reading

1) command of evidence, and 2) relevant words in context.

The reading test drills down, more specifically, asking students to answer questions based on what is stated and implied in texts across a range of content areas and determine which portion of a text best supports the answer to a given question.

Rather than having students try to memorize lists of "SAT words" that are obscure, the new test measures vocabulary knowledge by asking about use of a certain word in the context of a science or social science passage.


Writing and Language

The writing and language test will also report two additional subscores for: 1) expression of ideas; and 2) standard English conventions.

In the writing and language section, test-takers are asked to develop, support, and refine claims in multiparagraph passages—some with accompanying graphics—and to add, revise, or delete information.


Math

The New SAT will have students apply their math knowledge, not just do equations.

"The whole idea behind this is to have an assessment that really gets at the math students' need to be college ready ... changing the focus away from general mathematical aptitude."


Mel Riddile's insight:

If one removed the reference to SAT and The College Board from the discussion, the article would appear to be describing Common Core aligned assessments, which emphasize the following:

  • Complex text
  • Academic Vocabulary
  • Text-based evidence
  • Application of math concepts, not just working problems
  • Writing from Sources while making claims and citing evidence
You may recall that the ACT contends that these changes have already been made to their assessment.
So, the two major college admissions tests, the SAT and the ACT, are fully aligned with the new Common Core Standards.
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Does writing improve thinking?

Does writing improve thinking? | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it

"writing may help students develop their critical-thinking skills, but writing does not necessarily teach critical thinking"


 "The best way to help students learn critical thinking may be to actually teach it."

Mel Riddile's insight:
  1. Writing improves writing.
  2. Students will not write better than they think. 
  3. Students will not write complete thoughts unless they think complete thoughts.
  4. Students will not learn to think by listening to teachers talk.
  5. "The brain that does the work does the learning." 
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Ula Rutter's curator insight, April 17, 1:37 AM

A lot of thinking needs to happen before a written text emerges...the text then reflects the quality of thinking.

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Why Johnny can't write, and why employers are mad

Why Johnny can't write, and why employers are mad | Common Core State Standards for School Leaders | Scoop.it
Writing skills of college graduates and MBAs are coming up short, and employers aren't happy. Here's what they are doing about it.
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