By Annie Murphy Paul
Knowledge vs. Skills Debate
“Reading is ‘domain specific.’ You already have to know at least a little bit about the subject—and sometimes a lot about the subject—to understand a text. The same thing is also true about creativity, critical thinking, and problem solving. Indeed, nearly all of our most cherished and ambitious goals for schooling are knowledge-dependent . . .
Daniel Willingham has written, ‘may be the single biggest factor holding back reading achievement in the country. Students will not meet standards that way. The knowledge-base problem must be solved.'