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Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning
Collective intelligence is a shared or group intelligence involving knowledge creation and flow. Pooled brainpower emerges from the collaboration and learning actions of a community of connected individuals empowered by social media, participatory tools, and mobile platforms.
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Does Working From Home Work? New Study Suggests 'Collective Intelligence' Is Not Stymied by Online Interactions

Does Working From Home Work? New Study Suggests 'Collective Intelligence' Is Not Stymied by Online Interactions | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

Managers know the strength of a team lies not in the intelligence of each individual, but rather how well they are able to work together. Today, team cohesion is sometimes thought to be threatened by technology: teams are no longer limited to face-to-face meetings thanks to the development of various forms of communication tools, and many question whether or not a group can work effectively in an online setting. A recent study has provided evidence to suggest that teams can work just as well online as they do in person — as long as they possess one important psychological skill.

Anita Woolley from Carnegie University’s Tepper School of Business recently studied interaction between workers and the influence of the communications on the group’s overall performance. Woolley and her colleague observed the interactions of 68 different teams, some of which worked in an online setting and some of which worked face-to-face.

“Our findings reveal that the same key factors predict collective intelligence in both face-to-face and online teams,” concluded Woollen in a university press release.

Collective intelligence is a term originally developed by Woolley as a way to measure the general effectiveness of a group. The general intelligence of a group is largely unrelated to the intelligence of the individual workers. “For instance, we found that having a lot of smart people in a group does not necessarily make the group smarter,” explained Woolley.

The team noted that working in an online setting had little influence on the team’s collective intelligence but did point out one factor which did: the team members' Theory of Mind.

Theory of Mind refers to the ability of an individual to predict the mental states of others. For example, those with a strong Theory of Mind are able to pick up on the emotions, desires, and even motivations behind the actions of others. It is a skill possessed in different degrees by nearly all adults humans and have even been observed in the animal world.

Woolley and her team found a “significant correlation” between the Theory of Mind of individuals and the collective intelligence of a group. This finding remained true, even in online environments — which surprised the team because it was originally believed that Theory of Mind was closely tied with the ability to read the facial expressions of others. However, their results suggest that this aspect of social interaction is rooted in other aspects of communication.

The team hopes that this psychological insight can help give a boost to those in the business world and “give organizational managers a new tool in predicting the success of online teams.”

Source: Woolley AW, Engel D, Jing LX, et al. Reading the Mind in the Eyes or Reading between the Lines? Theory of Mind Predicts Collective Intelligence Equally Well Online and Face-To-Face. PLOS ONE. 2014

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Learning for life

Learning for life | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

Next time you review your professional learning, try reflecting on your learning from these three key perspectives:

 

> Cognitive - How’s your learning equipping you with the skills your need?

 

>Interpersonal - How’s your learning helping you fully engage and participate with others?

 

>Intrapersonal - How’s your learning enabling you to become the professional you aspire to be?

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Microsoft Reveals Windows Holographic, An Augmented Reality User Interface For The World

Microsoft Reveals Windows Holographic, An Augmented Reality User Interface For The World | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

Microsoft revealed a version of Windows that blends holograms with real world video to provide users with an augmented reality version of their environment that blends real objects with virtual, and virtual interface elements, information boxes and guidelines viewable via a wearable headset device.

Windows Holographic provides ways for engineers to see instructions overlaid directly on the objects they’re working on, Microsoft said on stage, or offers a way for architects to survey and present their designs alongside clients even when separated by great distances. If you want a look at something very similar being done by a company that’s much younger, but aiming at something similar, take a look at Sulon Cortex and what they brought to CES.

Hologram support in Microsoft’s Windows 10 software is universal, just like their new app infrastructure, which means that you can build once and use everywhere. Microsoft also pointed out that they’re working to help make this compatible with all kinds of emerging hardware on that horizon, including Oculus Rift, and Magic Leap – but they also revealed Microsoft HoloLens, a new in-house headset that will be available “within the Windows 10 timeframe.”

HoloLens is completely wireless, and features see-through lenses, spatial sound and advanced sensors. It’s designed to be a self-contained unit, and it has its own custom CPU and new Holographic Processing Unit (HPU) to work. It doesn’t even require a phone or computer to connect to wirelessly to work, and is meant to be completely independent.

Based on what we know about Magic Leap, it aims to combine the real world with lifelike virtual objects in a similar way, but using what seems like different kinds of ocular image techniques. The HoloLens does seem an awful lot like the Sulon Cortex hardware, which is also designed to be tether-free in its final construction. Our early experience with the Cortex suggested a lot of potential for blended virtual/physical environments, so Microsoft devoting considerable resources to a similar project is definitely exciting.

To support HoloLens and Windows Holographic, Microsoft built HoloStudio, a 3D modelling tool that lets people build holograms, which they can then integrated into software or 3D print them for physical use. Microsoft demoed the tech on stage using an actual hologram of EVP Terry Myerson

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The Power of Peer Coaching: 5 Tips to Improve Your Team's Performance

The Power of Peer Coaching: 5 Tips to Improve Your Team's Performance | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Peer coaching appears to be a vibrant business strategy that management and human resources experts are applying to improve employee’s motivation and performance.It’s only for the past few decades
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Microsoft unveils Skype Translator to break down language barriers

Microsoft unveils Skype Translator to break down language barriers | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Microsoft has moved to break down language barriers and make talking to our international friends even more convenient. The company has unveiled Skype Trans...
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Citizen Powered Neuroscience with Project EyeWire - Using Your Neurons to Map the Brain!

Citizen Powered Neuroscience with Project EyeWire - Using Your Neurons to Map the Brain! | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

So armed with all this raw image data and AI, Seung’s team created EyeWire, a game that would crowdsource the intelligence of amateur citizen neuroscientists to map the human brain. To start with, they designed the game to analyze the neuronal wiring of the retina. This would help them understand how vision works, a small step in the larger context of...

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Swarm Robotics: The Future of Collective Intelligence

Swarm Robotics: The Future of Collective Intelligence | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

Swarm robotics is a new approach to the organisation of miniature multi-robot systems. It has emerged from the Artificial Intelligence field and from biological studies of swarm behaviour frequently found in nature.  This type of behavior applies a collective form of intelligence, more commonly known as the “hive mind” principle to organize individual members within the group for a purpose.

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The military case for sharing knowledge (Video - TED 2014)

The military case for sharing knowledge (Video - TED 2014) | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
When General Stanley McChrystal started fighting al Qaeda in 2003, information and secrets were the lifeblood of his operations. But as the unconventional battle waged on, he began to think that the culture of keeping important information classified was misguided and actually counterproductive. In a short but powerful talk McChrystal makes the case for actively sharing knowledge.
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Online Learning Marketplace Udemy To Scale Up Internationally

Online Learning Marketplace Udemy To Scale Up Internationally | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

While traditional academic institutions have been putting courses online, via the MOOCs movement powering the likes of EdX and Coursera, Udemy is a marketplace where any individual with skills to sell can create and upload courses. It also offers tools for tutors to build the courses — making it closer to a startup such as Eliademy than the MOOCs giants.

 

Udemy’s educational content is also skewed towards the skills workers need to remain employable, rather than the academic course content offered by many MOOCs. The company also targets enterprises — offering itself as a platform for fulfilling staff training requirements.

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Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making

Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
The trope that the likelihood of an accurate group decision increases with the abundance of brains involved might not hold up when a group faces a variety of factors, researchers report. Instead, smaller groups actually tend to make more accurate decisions while larger assemblies may become excessively focused on only certain pieces of information.
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Zabosu Wants To Turn You Into A Remote-Controlled Human

Zabosu Wants To Turn You Into A Remote-Controlled Human | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
You guys remember the movie Avatar? Where our fearless protagonist would hop into a tanning booth-type machine and then suddenly his Avatar was running..
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Scoop.it Now Helps Big Companies Share Knowledge

Scoop.it Now Helps Big Companies Share Knowledge | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Scoop.it is launching a product aimed at helping large companies share ideas from across the Web both publicly and internally.
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Make Your Social Network A Learning Tool - Chief Learning Officer, Solutions for Enterprise Productivity

Make Your Social Network A Learning Tool - Chief Learning Officer, Solutions for Enterprise Productivity | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

By understanding how informal networks communicate and collaborate, social network analysis can facilitate more effective learning program design and promote more innovative collaboration.

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NASA And Microsoft Using HoloLens To Make It Possible To Work Remotely… On Mars

NASA And Microsoft Using HoloLens To Make It Possible To Work Remotely… On Mars | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Microsoft and NASA are teaming up to make remote working on the Red Planet a reality, using the newly announced HoloLens headset, and the Windows Holographic technology that it supports. The platform is called OnSight and is being developed out of NASA’s Pasadena-based Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). It uses the Mars Curiosity rover as effectively a telepresence bot for scientists working out of the relative comforts of Earth’s atmosphere.

Data piped from Curiosity will allow the OnSight software to build a 3D simulation of its surroundings on Mars, which scientists will be able to check out first-hand thanks to HoloLens’ ability to project virtual environments onto physical surroundings. The scientists will then be able to examine what’s being worked on by Curiosity from a first-person perspective, and then plan future activities for the rover to complete, as well as see simulations of their likely results.

HoloLens and the holographic computing MS is using with the headset won’t just pipe a 3D recreation of the Martian landscape to scientists. It’ll also overlay the imagery with information, distances, readings and other sensor data and supplemental knowledge to help scientists experience Curiosity’s viewpoint in a way that lets them work within the simulation directly, rather than having to pop out to check some detail on a nearby terminal.

OnSight is part of JPL’s ongoing research into robot-controlled spacecraft and exploration equipment, meaning we could eventually see more robot missions to Mars before we send humans up there to check things out first-hand. Curiosity operations involving the OnSight tech are slated to kick off later this year, and HoloLens and Microsoft’s crazy AR innovations could be included in Mars 2020 rover missions, NASA says.

I literally just finished reading The Martian, so I can’t close without mentioning that this probably would’ve helped a lot with the rescue of Mark Watney, had HoloLens and OnSight existed in that fictional near future.
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In Learning and Performance Ecosystems, the Whole Is Greater Than the Sum of the Parts

In Learning and Performance Ecosystems, the Whole Is Greater Than the Sum of the Parts | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

 - Talent management. Here, people seek to move their careers forward and find the best place for themselves in the organization. The organization, in turn, seeks to allocate its workforce in the most efficient and productive manner. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to advance. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to manage and develop the workforce.

 

- Performance support. Here, people seek assistance at the moment of need by employing performance-support tools in the context of their work tasks. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to get a job or task done. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to improve productivity and reduce errors.

 

- Knowledge management. Here, people access content in support of their work. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to successfully research a topic and get answersquickly. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to provide easy and reliable access to information.

 

- Access to experts. Here, people look for help from more experienced people, sometimes in the form of coaching and mentoring, but also more informally, including getting assistance from a colleague, calling a help center, or even asking the boss. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to consult with experts to resolve a problem or issue, or grow their capabilities over time. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to most effectively leverage expertise.

 

- Social networking and collaboration. Here, people share information and insights with one another so that the collective knowledge and experience of a group helps everyone solve a problem, improve performance, etc. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to share. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to encourage exchange of knowledge and ideas.

 

- Structured learning. Here people avail themselves of precisely designed learning programs (classroom and online) that help build skills and knowledge. From their perspective, the goal is to learn. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to train, certify, and meet compliance requirements.

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New: Google Launched Google Educator Groups (Great Learning Platform for Teachers)

New: Google Launched Google Educator Groups (Great Learning Platform for Teachers) | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
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KPCB Internet Trends 2014

The latest edition of the annual Internet Trends report includes: 1. Key Internet trends showing slowing Internet user growth but strong smartphone, tablet a...
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The Collective Intelligence of the Web

The Collective Intelligence of the Web | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
NASA showed us how to harness the collective intelligence of large groups of people in order to solve problems.
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Re-imagining Informal and Social Learning

Re-imagining Informal and Social Learning | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Micro-learning, micro-content, Learning Flows, and mlearning are some of the current and upcoming trends in the world of learning and development. They all have a common denominator—they require very little “at-a-stretch” time commitment from learners/users. And learning design – driven by these principles – lend itself to informal and social learning as well....
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Brazilian Students Are Learning English By Video Chatting With Elderly Americans (Video)

Brazilian Students Are Learning English By Video Chatting With Elderly Americans (Video) | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
In a pilot project that just makes so much sense it's crazy that no one has thought of it before, a language school has started teaching its students to speak English by having them video chat with lonely, elderly people.
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Google Debuts Classroom, An Education Platform For Teacher-Student Communication

Google Debuts Classroom, An Education Platform For Teacher-Student Communication | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Google is tackling the persistent need in education for better software with Classroom, a new tool launching in beta preview to help teachers make, collect..
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How Microsoft Created A Virtual Assistant That Could Blow Siri Away

How Microsoft Created A Virtual Assistant That Could Blow Siri Away | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Microsoft explains how Cortana was created and what makes her so different from Google Now and Android.
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Does the secret to social impact measurement lie in algorithmic data?

Does the secret to social impact measurement lie in algorithmic data? | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

The principles used to predict someone's credit score or music taste can be used to predict social outcomes, according to a data expert speaking at the Skoll World Forum in Oxford.

 

In a sector increasingly being driven towards measuring its outcomes, Jason Saul's product, created with the assistance of a musicologist at Pandora, uses former learning on social projects to assess how likely it is that social programmes will have desired results.

 

The Impact Genome Project, expected to be available at the end of the year, has a database of 78,000 "outcome data points" and will analyse the result of what would happen when these points are put together in different combinations.

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Mightybell: a 'smarter' social network for groups and businesses - Fortune Tech

Mightybell: a 'smarter' social network for groups and businesses - Fortune Tech | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Mightybell starts with large groups called "communities," which are organized around topic, purpose, course or profession. Each community has a subset of groups called "circles," where users can read and post content and talk to other users who are also interested in that particular topic...
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