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How to Help Mobile Education Go Global

How to Help Mobile Education Go Global | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

For many of us, the conversation around mobile learning has shifted from asking whether mobile devices present educational opportunities to how they might best do so.

 

From that second question, a new initiative has been launched: SMILE, the Stanford Mobile Inquiry Learning Environment, an idea, which, in practice, is almost staggeringly simple. Essentially, SMILE is a learning management system that allows students to create, share, answer, and evaluate questions in a collaborative manner through the use of cell phones.

 

Students use mobile devices — typically android phones that are connected to the same network — to create their own multiple-choice questions about a given topic. Their classmates answer those questions, and evaluate them based on their difficulty. While the devices need to be connected to each other, they don’t necessarily need to be connected to the outside Web, which is a key issue for some communities around the globe, said Paul Kim, the assistant dean and chief technology officer of Stanford University’s Office of Innovation & Technology and SMILE’s creator.

 

The drive to make questions that score higher on their peers’ difficulty index ultimately spurs students to think about the subject material in a deeper way, Kim says. And while there are some shortcomings—such as the lack of allowance for longer-form responses like written answers and essays, and a reliance mostly on more simple content elements such as texts and still photographs—the system’s simpleness allows it to be used in a variety of educational environments, ranging from a rural village in southern Africa to a medical school classroom at Stanford itself.

 

But creating such a project is one thing. Actually putting it into practice is another. So Kim, who has also helped launch SMILE in India, Argentina, and suburban Northern California, shares some of his tactics and lessons learned about how best to launch this project even in communities that are unlikely to have Internet access — or sometimes even electricity.

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Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning
Collective intelligence is a shared or group intelligence involving knowledge creation and flow. Pooled brainpower emerges from the collaboration and learning actions of a community of connected individuals empowered by social media, participatory tools, and mobile platforms.
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▶ How social networks make us smarter | Alex 'Sandy' Pentland

By harnessing the power of our collective intelligence, can humans as a species work together to implement thoughtful solutions in an age of connectivity? In a world riddled with big problems, leading social scientist Alex 'Sandy' Pentland has heartening news. His research is discovering the power and pitfalls of social sharing on our decision-making.
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MIT Crowdsourcing Project Asks for Your Help in Solving Climate Crisis

MIT Crowdsourcing Project Asks for Your Help in Solving Climate Crisis | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

Climate change can seem like such a huge and intractable problem, its causes so beyond our control, that it’s easy to throw up your hands and say, “There’s not much I can do about it.” It seems like we’re always being told that no matter what steps are taken, it’s not enough.
Somerville, Massachusetts is using MIT’s Climate CoLab to crowdsource ideas for becoming carbon neutral.

Climate CoLab, hosted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Center for Collective Intelligence, aims to combat that attitude by breaking the issues into a series of “sub-problems” that are small enough for groups of individuals to tackle. It’s doing this via crowdsourcing—hosting a series of contests that solicits proposals in a number of areas related to climate change. It helps the semi-finalists refine their proposals and connects the winners with resources, people and organizations that can help them put their ideas into action.

“The goal of the Climate CoLab is to harness the collective intelligence of thousands of people from all around the world to address global climate change,” it says. “Inspired by systems like Wikipedia and Linux, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Collective Intelligence has developed this crowdsourcing platform where citizens work with experts and each other to create, analyze and select detailed proposals for what to do about climate change.”

You don’t have to be a high-level scientist to join Climate CoLab and contribute an idea—anyone can do so. Experts evaluate proposals, sometimes using computerized simulation models to project the environmental and economic outcomes of the idea, and pick the finalists. The experts and community members together pick the winners. Climate CoLab currently has over 34,000 registered members and has had visitors from every country in the world.

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Human Metasystem Transition (HMST) Theory

Human Metasystem Transition (HMST) Theory | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Metasystem transitions are events representing the evolutionary emergence of a higher level of organization through the integration of subsystems into a higher “metasystem” (A1+A2+A3=B). Such events have occurred several times throughout the history of life (e.g., emergence of life, multicellular life, sexual reproduction). The emergence of new levels of organization has occurred within the human system three times, and has resulted in three broadly defined levels of higher control, producing three broadly defined levels of group selection (e.g., band/tribe, chiefdom/kingdom, nation-state/international). These are “Human Metasystem Transitions” (HMST). Throughout these HMST several common system-level patterns have manifested that are fundamental to understanding the nature and evolution of the human system, as well as our potential future development.

 

First, HMST have been built around the control of three mostly distinct primary energy sources (e.g., hunting, agriculture, industry).

 

Second, the control of new energy sources has always been achieved and stabilized by utilizing the evolutionary emergence of a more powerful information-processing medium (e.g., language, writing, printing press).

 

Third, new controls emerge with the capability of organizing energy flows over larger expanses of space in shorter durations of time: bands/tribes controlled regional space and stabilized for hundreds of thousand of years, chiefdoms/kingdoms controlled semi-continental expanses of space and stabilized for thousands of years, and nation-states control continental expanses of space and have stabilized for centuries.

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Why Microsoft’s HoloLens Is the Next Big Enterprise Thing

Why Microsoft’s HoloLens Is the Next Big Enterprise Thing | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

HoloLens Is Huge for the Corporate Crowd

HoloLens has a future that not everyone quite grasping at the moment. That is, its future in business. Gaming is fun, sure, but these devices can be used in almost any business in some way to provide such a better experience for customers that I suspect they will be throwing money at you.

This device can be used in business collaboration settings, too. Imagine an interactive business review, where you literally move numbers around on a page. Imagine an earnings presentation where you can actually transform bar and pie charts to answer questions and derive insight. Even consider an analytics angle: What if you can take a virtual walking tour of all of your New York customers’ buying habits in a certain Brooklyn location?

Also, consider the potential of HoloLens alongside the absolutely gorgeous and eminently usable Surface Hub product, which was also announced at the event. Surface Hub (no, not the utility installed on all Surface Pro 3 tablets — kudos go to Redmond for yet another product naming clash) is the premium office conference room display with a reasonably powerful computer included at no additional charge — 4K resolution with a couple of display sizes, with the largest reaching a giant 84 inches diagonal, a Windows 10 computer, Office, Cortana and more, and it is touch sensitive and you can use pens on it, too. It is, literally, meant to be the hub of the conference room.

Consider what types of applications you could have while teaming up with colleagues or having a product design review on an 84-inch screen with everyone in the room using HoloLens, able to make design changes in 3D (and perhaps 4D by the time this all makes it to the market) or change the colors on parts.

Imagine how a large airplane manufacturer might use HoloLens together with the Surface Hub—or even just HoloLens by itself—to walk airframe customers through choosing interiors, which they can see virtually installed instantaneously. Imagine how large homebuilders can revolutionize their design centers by walking customers through the empty shell of a house with a couple of HoloLens units and show all sorts of upgrades, custom features, structure changes and more.

Think of hospitals revolutionizing medical and surgical training and minimizing error rates and patient deaths even further by always having a second experienced surgeon on hand virtually during difficult procedures.

If you take a couple of minutes, you can imagine many scenarios within your day where you can enhance your productivity and your business by immersing yourself into an experience.
The Last Word

Resist the strong temptation to relegate HoloLens into the category of devices that computer gaming enthusiasts and Dungeons and Dragons players use in their spare time, with not much practical application. This is anything but a toy.

The possibilities that HoloLens enables to transform the way businesses show their employees and customers their products, and the new items, services, and businesses this sort of augmented reality device can create based on those new experiences, are pretty much endless.

When HoloLens actually hits the market, expect developers to start writing apps that make these wearables sing. This kind of technology, marketed and productized appropriately, is what makes the technology field so exciting.

We may be on the cusp of the next big thing in business computing. Who would have thought it would be a pair of computerized glasses?

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NASA And Microsoft Using HoloLens To Make It Possible To Work Remotely… On Mars

NASA And Microsoft Using HoloLens To Make It Possible To Work Remotely… On Mars | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Microsoft and NASA are teaming up to make remote working on the Red Planet a reality, using the newly announced HoloLens headset, and the Windows Holographic technology that it supports. The platform is called OnSight and is being developed out of NASA’s Pasadena-based Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). It uses the Mars Curiosity rover as effectively a telepresence bot for scientists working out of the relative comforts of Earth’s atmosphere.

Data piped from Curiosity will allow the OnSight software to build a 3D simulation of its surroundings on Mars, which scientists will be able to check out first-hand thanks to HoloLens’ ability to project virtual environments onto physical surroundings. The scientists will then be able to examine what’s being worked on by Curiosity from a first-person perspective, and then plan future activities for the rover to complete, as well as see simulations of their likely results.

HoloLens and the holographic computing MS is using with the headset won’t just pipe a 3D recreation of the Martian landscape to scientists. It’ll also overlay the imagery with information, distances, readings and other sensor data and supplemental knowledge to help scientists experience Curiosity’s viewpoint in a way that lets them work within the simulation directly, rather than having to pop out to check some detail on a nearby terminal.

OnSight is part of JPL’s ongoing research into robot-controlled spacecraft and exploration equipment, meaning we could eventually see more robot missions to Mars before we send humans up there to check things out first-hand. Curiosity operations involving the OnSight tech are slated to kick off later this year, and HoloLens and Microsoft’s crazy AR innovations could be included in Mars 2020 rover missions, NASA says.

I literally just finished reading The Martian, so I can’t close without mentioning that this probably would’ve helped a lot with the rescue of Mark Watney, had HoloLens and OnSight existed in that fictional near future.
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In Learning and Performance Ecosystems, the Whole Is Greater Than the Sum of the Parts

In Learning and Performance Ecosystems, the Whole Is Greater Than the Sum of the Parts | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

 - Talent management. Here, people seek to move their careers forward and find the best place for themselves in the organization. The organization, in turn, seeks to allocate its workforce in the most efficient and productive manner. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to advance. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to manage and develop the workforce.

 

- Performance support. Here, people seek assistance at the moment of need by employing performance-support tools in the context of their work tasks. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to get a job or task done. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to improve productivity and reduce errors.

 

- Knowledge management. Here, people access content in support of their work. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to successfully research a topic and get answersquickly. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to provide easy and reliable access to information.

 

- Access to experts. Here, people look for help from more experienced people, sometimes in the form of coaching and mentoring, but also more informally, including getting assistance from a colleague, calling a help center, or even asking the boss. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to consult with experts to resolve a problem or issue, or grow their capabilities over time. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to most effectively leverage expertise.

 

- Social networking and collaboration. Here, people share information and insights with one another so that the collective knowledge and experience of a group helps everyone solve a problem, improve performance, etc. From the workers’ perspective, the goal is to share. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to encourage exchange of knowledge and ideas.

 

- Structured learning. Here people avail themselves of precisely designed learning programs (classroom and online) that help build skills and knowledge. From their perspective, the goal is to learn. From the organization’s perspective, the goal is to train, certify, and meet compliance requirements.

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New: Google Launched Google Educator Groups (Great Learning Platform for Teachers)

New: Google Launched Google Educator Groups (Great Learning Platform for Teachers) | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
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KPCB Internet Trends 2014

The latest edition of the annual Internet Trends report includes: 1. Key Internet trends showing slowing Internet user growth but strong smartphone, tablet a...
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The Collective Intelligence of the Web

The Collective Intelligence of the Web | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
NASA showed us how to harness the collective intelligence of large groups of people in order to solve problems.
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Re-imagining Informal and Social Learning

Re-imagining Informal and Social Learning | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Micro-learning, micro-content, Learning Flows, and mlearning are some of the current and upcoming trends in the world of learning and development. They all have a common denominator—they require very little “at-a-stretch” time commitment from learners/users. And learning design – driven by these principles – lend itself to informal and social learning as well....
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Kristie's curator insight, February 16, 3:59 PM

How will the role of the instructional designer change in the new landscape of social and informal learning? That's the question this article explores to answer. While formal training will never go away, the instructional designer will need to look at becoming community managers, facilitators, enable content curation, and connect learners to relevant information in this new learning landscape.

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Brazilian Students Are Learning English By Video Chatting With Elderly Americans (Video)

Brazilian Students Are Learning English By Video Chatting With Elderly Americans (Video) | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
In a pilot project that just makes so much sense it's crazy that no one has thought of it before, a language school has started teaching its students to speak English by having them video chat with lonely, elderly people.
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Google Debuts Classroom, An Education Platform For Teacher-Student Communication

Google Debuts Classroom, An Education Platform For Teacher-Student Communication | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Google is tackling the persistent need in education for better software with Classroom, a new tool launching in beta preview to help teachers make, collect..
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Kristie's curator insight, February 16, 4:04 PM

A new google  classroom app helps teachers collect and track student assignments along with communicating better with their classes.

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▶ Hardy Schloer - the future of Collective Intelligence

How will humanity manage the transition from a human based intelligence to a superior machine intelligence in a constructive, peaceful and practical way?

With Hardy Schloer, Managing Director, Schloer Consulting Group,
Advisory Board, Club of Amsterdam
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Crowds Are Much Smarter Than We Suspected

Crowds Are Much Smarter Than We Suspected | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

In a new book, Michael Bond explores a growing body of research that says people in crowds exercise a collective intelligence
If hell is other people, as Jean-Paul Sartre suggested, then going to a packed baseball game should be the worst kind of agony. Sartre’s line is often taken out of context—he was no misanthrope—but the view that people become uncivilized, mindless or stupid when they gather in large numbers is still widely held.

Sporting events can seem to reinforce that stereotype. After the Giants’ World Series victory last year, parts of San Francisco resembled a battle zone as thousands of raucous fans lit street bonfires, set off fireworks and hurled bottles at police. Given such events, the instinct of governments and law enforcement organizations is usually to try to control crowds—even if they are peaceful gatherings—lest they do something dangerous. Often, though, it is far better to let people regulate themselves and adapt to their environment, according to a growing body of evidence on the intelligence of crowds.

You can see crowd smarts in action just by watching pedestrians in a shopping mall, at a busy train station or walking down a congested street. Mehdi Moussaid, who studies collective behavior at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, has spent many research hours doing just that. He quickly discovered that traditional crowd models, which assume we move randomly like particles in a gas or fluid, are way off the mark. Instead, people in crowds display complex adaptive strategies and seem to exercise a collective intelligence.

For example, in one study his team found that groups of three or more pedestrians walking through a crowd often adopt a reverse-V formation when the crowd reaches a certain density, “because this is the only way for every group member to see all his friends with a simple head movement,” Moussaid says. He has also found that to avoid bumping into each other, pedestrians instinctively pass each other on the same side—either they all veer to their right or to their left.

Whether they pass to the right or left appears to depend on which country they are in. In most European countries, it’s to the right; in Japan, to the left. This suggests that “side preference,” as Moussaid calls it, correlates with driving rules—but that’s not always the case. In central London, where motorists drive on the left, people tend to filter to the right when using the stairs to underground train stations. It’s possible the high proportion of foreign tourists in the city center sets the rule, though on the streets throughout the city, the side preference is also to the right. The rest of the U.K. seems undecided, while the U.S. seems to differ from city to city.

How are these walking norms determined? This is Moussaid’s theory: “They arise mostly from a learning process. It’s a random process in the beginning. At first, people have no side preference and avoid equally on the left- or right-hand side, depending on the situation. Over repeating interactions, however, pedestrians tend to reproduce what they experienced in previous encounters. For instance, if I meet three people avoiding on the right-hand side, I will spontaneously avoid the fourth person on the same side. Because every pedestrian is learning in the same way, the norm will propagate from one individual to another, eventually leading to a collective consensus for the same side.”

This is a good illustration of how spontaneous self-organizing behavior can result in a highly efficient system. On very crowded walkways, people end up filtering into two opposing lanes, like a pedestrian highway—think of Fifth Avenue or Oxford Street on a Saturday afternoon. These flow relatively unhindered until someone gets bored with the slow pace and tries to overtake, at which point the lanes quickly shred into tangled ribbons and the order breaks down. This suggests that deviating from a crowd’s behavioral norms can be a bad idea: Crowds are intelligent, so long as they are cohesive.

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Collective Intelligence: A Goal for HR

Collective Intelligence: A Goal for HR | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

There’s a new buzz phrase in town, and HR should pay close attention to it. Collective intelligence. There are many definitions, but it’s roughly defined as the “all of us are smarter than any of us” principle. Collective intelligence is more than consensus decision-making or crowdsourced ideas. As one writer put it:

The wisdom of crowds comes not from the consensus decision of the group, but from the aggregation of the ideas/thoughts/decisions of each individual in the group.

There has been a lot of research on the topic lately, as everyone is trying to unlock the key to creating those teams that produce extraordinary results. One study clarified that the collective intelligence has little to do with a team’s individuals’ intelligence. They found three factors that impacted the collective intelligence:

> Social perceptiveness or social intelligence of group members
> Degree of equal participation of group members
> High communication levels amongst members

This new research is critical for HR, as they seek to tap into the secret sauce that makes a high-performing team. Individuals, even the smartest or most creative, who work in a siloed environment just can’t compare to a collaborative team, working together to come up with something better than they could alone.

A distant cousin of collective intelligence (but often confused with it) is institutional knowledge. This is another concern for HR, as today’s job hoppers and short-tenure employees move on quickly, and the long-term Baby Boomers are retiring. Both take critical institutional knowledge about an organization with them, leaving teams to have to constantly reinvent the wheel. A stable team of dynamic individuals must be built and maintained, so that the organization can benefit from their collective intelligence, and the insights they gain and strategies they implement will become part of the body of institutional knowledge of the organization.

A constant revolving door of employees is never good for HR. This is why engagement and retention are key. Because it’s the people, the employees, that are the organization. Your organization can go anywhere with the right team, because all of us are smarter than any of us.

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Does Working From Home Work? New Study Suggests 'Collective Intelligence' Is Not Stymied by Online Interactions

Does Working From Home Work? New Study Suggests 'Collective Intelligence' Is Not Stymied by Online Interactions | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

Managers know the strength of a team lies not in the intelligence of each individual, but rather how well they are able to work together. Today, team cohesion is sometimes thought to be threatened by technology: teams are no longer limited to face-to-face meetings thanks to the development of various forms of communication tools, and many question whether or not a group can work effectively in an online setting. A recent study has provided evidence to suggest that teams can work just as well online as they do in person — as long as they possess one important psychological skill.

Anita Woolley from Carnegie University’s Tepper School of Business recently studied interaction between workers and the influence of the communications on the group’s overall performance. Woolley and her colleague observed the interactions of 68 different teams, some of which worked in an online setting and some of which worked face-to-face.

“Our findings reveal that the same key factors predict collective intelligence in both face-to-face and online teams,” concluded Woollen in a university press release.

Collective intelligence is a term originally developed by Woolley as a way to measure the general effectiveness of a group. The general intelligence of a group is largely unrelated to the intelligence of the individual workers. “For instance, we found that having a lot of smart people in a group does not necessarily make the group smarter,” explained Woolley.

The team noted that working in an online setting had little influence on the team’s collective intelligence but did point out one factor which did: the team members' Theory of Mind.

Theory of Mind refers to the ability of an individual to predict the mental states of others. For example, those with a strong Theory of Mind are able to pick up on the emotions, desires, and even motivations behind the actions of others. It is a skill possessed in different degrees by nearly all adults humans and have even been observed in the animal world.

Woolley and her team found a “significant correlation” between the Theory of Mind of individuals and the collective intelligence of a group. This finding remained true, even in online environments — which surprised the team because it was originally believed that Theory of Mind was closely tied with the ability to read the facial expressions of others. However, their results suggest that this aspect of social interaction is rooted in other aspects of communication.

The team hopes that this psychological insight can help give a boost to those in the business world and “give organizational managers a new tool in predicting the success of online teams.”

Source: Woolley AW, Engel D, Jing LX, et al. Reading the Mind in the Eyes or Reading between the Lines? Theory of Mind Predicts Collective Intelligence Equally Well Online and Face-To-Face. PLOS ONE. 2014

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Learning for life

Learning for life | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

Next time you review your professional learning, try reflecting on your learning from these three key perspectives:

 

> Cognitive - How’s your learning equipping you with the skills your need?

 

>Interpersonal - How’s your learning helping you fully engage and participate with others?

 

>Intrapersonal - How’s your learning enabling you to become the professional you aspire to be?

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Microsoft Reveals Windows Holographic, An Augmented Reality User Interface For The World

Microsoft Reveals Windows Holographic, An Augmented Reality User Interface For The World | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

Microsoft revealed a version of Windows that blends holograms with real world video to provide users with an augmented reality version of their environment that blends real objects with virtual, and virtual interface elements, information boxes and guidelines viewable via a wearable headset device.

Windows Holographic provides ways for engineers to see instructions overlaid directly on the objects they’re working on, Microsoft said on stage, or offers a way for architects to survey and present their designs alongside clients even when separated by great distances. If you want a look at something very similar being done by a company that’s much younger, but aiming at something similar, take a look at Sulon Cortex and what they brought to CES.

Hologram support in Microsoft’s Windows 10 software is universal, just like their new app infrastructure, which means that you can build once and use everywhere. Microsoft also pointed out that they’re working to help make this compatible with all kinds of emerging hardware on that horizon, including Oculus Rift, and Magic Leap – but they also revealed Microsoft HoloLens, a new in-house headset that will be available “within the Windows 10 timeframe.”

HoloLens is completely wireless, and features see-through lenses, spatial sound and advanced sensors. It’s designed to be a self-contained unit, and it has its own custom CPU and new Holographic Processing Unit (HPU) to work. It doesn’t even require a phone or computer to connect to wirelessly to work, and is meant to be completely independent.

Based on what we know about Magic Leap, it aims to combine the real world with lifelike virtual objects in a similar way, but using what seems like different kinds of ocular image techniques. The HoloLens does seem an awful lot like the Sulon Cortex hardware, which is also designed to be tether-free in its final construction. Our early experience with the Cortex suggested a lot of potential for blended virtual/physical environments, so Microsoft devoting considerable resources to a similar project is definitely exciting.

To support HoloLens and Windows Holographic, Microsoft built HoloStudio, a 3D modelling tool that lets people build holograms, which they can then integrated into software or 3D print them for physical use. Microsoft demoed the tech on stage using an actual hologram of EVP Terry Myerson

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The Power of Peer Coaching: 5 Tips to Improve Your Team's Performance

The Power of Peer Coaching: 5 Tips to Improve Your Team's Performance | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Peer coaching appears to be a vibrant business strategy that management and human resources experts are applying to improve employee’s motivation and performance.It’s only for the past few decades
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Microsoft unveils Skype Translator to break down language barriers

Microsoft unveils Skype Translator to break down language barriers | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
Microsoft has moved to break down language barriers and make talking to our international friends even more convenient. The company has unveiled Skype Trans...
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Citizen Powered Neuroscience with Project EyeWire - Using Your Neurons to Map the Brain!

Citizen Powered Neuroscience with Project EyeWire - Using Your Neurons to Map the Brain! | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

So armed with all this raw image data and AI, Seung’s team created EyeWire, a game that would crowdsource the intelligence of amateur citizen neuroscientists to map the human brain. To start with, they designed the game to analyze the neuronal wiring of the retina. This would help them understand how vision works, a small step in the larger context of...

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Swarm Robotics: The Future of Collective Intelligence

Swarm Robotics: The Future of Collective Intelligence | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

Swarm robotics is a new approach to the organisation of miniature multi-robot systems. It has emerged from the Artificial Intelligence field and from biological studies of swarm behaviour frequently found in nature.  This type of behavior applies a collective form of intelligence, more commonly known as the “hive mind” principle to organize individual members within the group for a purpose.

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The military case for sharing knowledge (Video - TED 2014)

The military case for sharing knowledge (Video - TED 2014) | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it
When General Stanley McChrystal started fighting al Qaeda in 2003, information and secrets were the lifeblood of his operations. But as the unconventional battle waged on, he began to think that the culture of keeping important information classified was misguided and actually counterproductive. In a short but powerful talk McChrystal makes the case for actively sharing knowledge.
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Online Learning Marketplace Udemy To Scale Up Internationally

Online Learning Marketplace Udemy To Scale Up Internationally | Collective Intelligence & Distance Learning | Scoop.it

While traditional academic institutions have been putting courses online, via the MOOCs movement powering the likes of EdX and Coursera, Udemy is a marketplace where any individual with skills to sell can create and upload courses. It also offers tools for tutors to build the courses — making it closer to a startup such as Eliademy than the MOOCs giants.

 

Udemy’s educational content is also skewed towards the skills workers need to remain employable, rather than the academic course content offered by many MOOCs. The company also targets enterprises — offering itself as a platform for fulfilling staff training requirements.

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