According to Engelbart (1995), the integration could come from exploiting a collection of capabilities among entities. Such integrated entities, he calls NICs (Networked Improvement Communities). These are "cooperative alliances of organizations, employing advanced networked computer tools and methods to develop and apply new collective knowledge."
patterns in chaos - In complex systems, the arising of patterns, structures, or properties that don't seem adequately explained by referring only to the system's pre-existing components and their interactions.
What is community and why should educators be concerned with it? We explore the development of theory around community, and the significance of boundaries, social networks and social norms - and why attention to social capital and communion may be important.
Innumerable texts have been written on the subject of collective intelligence; what it is, what it isn’t, what it might be1. There are discussions about how the “more than one” may function(emergence, process, praxis, product, differentiation, integration, dynamics2, etc.); about it’s various forms (networks, collectives, connectives, communities of practice, les pronétaires3, prosumption 4, tele-cocooning, smart mobs, etc.); the kinds of impacting forces (interaction,interdependence, structure, goals, cohesion 5, norms, entitativity 6); about roles therein (position, significance of position, individuality maintained, blurred, eroded); about participation (opt in-opt out, P2P, many-to many, many to multitudes); about interactions(convergence, distributed exploration, collaboration, coordination, stymergy, requisite cognition, etc.); about what constitute necessary operational principles (openness, peering, sharing, acting globally, etc.); about the kinds of infrastructures (syntactic-structure-semantic-pragmatic, open architecture, community architecture, component architecture, non-hierarchical , collective classification or folksonomy, transparency, design-in-the-large (DIL) etc.); aboutethical considerations (intellectual property, licence proliferation, private-public hybridity, etc.); and about the potentiality of the more-than-one (group think, mass amateurization, wisdom of crowds7, smart mobs, etc.). This list, while hardly exhaustive, gives a small indication of the scope and scale -and perhaps intensity- of the discourse around collective intelligence.8 This plethora of discourse pertaining to collective intelligence is of exceptional importance, notably because our choices therein affect “how we design software, organizational process, and even organizations themselves”
Genome of Collective IntelligenceThomas W. Malone, Robert Laubacher, Chrysanthos Dellarocas (Boston University), George Herman, Richard Lai (Wharton School)The Genome of Collective Intelligence project describes a set of building blocks that can be combined and recombined to design systems that harness the intelligence of crowds. The Genome was featured in a 2010 article in Sloan Management Review. An earlier version of this article appeared as a CCI working paper.The Genome is based on a collection more than 200 examples of collective intelligence, gathered in an editable online handbook built using Media Wiki software. The handbook also provides an overview of the field of collective intelligence, through multiple disciplinary lenses, and it also includes a list of references.The handbook is hosted by CCI, but researchers and others from around the world are invited to contribute. The process of adding examples to this handbook could itself be an example of collective intelligence.
First, the short version of today’s news. Shel Israel and I are collaborating on a book, titled, The Age of Context: How it Will Change Your Life and Work. The long version: A new world is coming. It’s scary.
" What I mean by intelligence is this notion of what sometimes is called optimization power, which is the ability to achieve ones goals in a wide range of environments and a wide range of constraints. And so for example, humans have a lot more optimization power than chimpanzees. That’s why even though we are slower than many animals and not as strong as many animals, we have this thing called intelligence that allows us to commence farming and science and build cities and put footprints on the moon. And so it is humans that are steering the future of the globe and not chimpanzees or stronger things like blue whales. So that’s kind of the intuitive notion. There are lots of technical papers that would be more precise. So when I am talking about super-human intelligence, I specifically mean an agent that is as good or better at humans at just about every skill set that humans possess for achieving their goals. So that would include things like not just mathematical ability or theorem proving and playing chess, but also things like social manipulation and composing music and so on, which are all functions of the brain not the kidneys. "