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Using Chaos Theory to Predict and Prevent Catastrophic 'Dragon King' Events

Using Chaos Theory to Predict and Prevent Catastrophic 'Dragon King' Events | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

Stop a stock trade and avoid a catastrophic global financial crash. Seal a microscopic crack and prevent a rocket explosion. Push a button to avert a citywide blackout.

Though such situations are mostly fantasies, a new analysis suggests that certain types of extreme events occurring in complex systems – known as dragon king events – can be predicted and prevented.


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Ali Anani's curator insight, November 9, 2013 12:54 AM

Can we control  the uncontrollable? 

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Soul Spelunker » Archetypal Psychology and Reversion

Soul Spelunker » Archetypal Psychology and Reversion | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

Archetypal psychology holds that, when dealing with a psychological breakdown, one must “see through” the symptoms, and examine the mythological material that underlies the event. Assuming the “psychological sickness is an enactment of a pathologizing fantasy, archetypal psychology proceeds to search for the archai, the governing principles or root metaphors of the fantasy” (Hillman, Re-visioning 99). Hillman borrows, here, from Plotinus’ idea of epistrophe, or reversion.


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Kabeiros, Kabeiroi, Cabiri, Cabeiri, Kabiri, Cabirus, Cabeiri

Kabeiros, Kabeiroi, Cabiri, Cabeiri, Kabiri, Cabirus, Cabeiri | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

 

In Greek folklore, the Kabeiroi are twin gods or daimones who presided over the orgiastic dances of the mysteries of Samothrake which were performed in honour of the goddesses Demeter, Persephone, and Hekate.

 

These enigmatic chthonic beings are also famed metal-workers, dwarf-like sons of the god Hephaistos, who served their father at his Lemnian forge.

 

The accounts of the Samothracian gods, whose names were secret, vary in the number and sexes of the gods, usually between two and four, some of either sex. However, the number of Cabeiri also varied, with some accounts citing four (often a pair of males and a pair of females) of them, and some even more, such as a tribe or whole race of Cabeiri, often presented as all male.

http://bit.ly/1mQbhPJ

 

Like their mother Kabeiro, the pair were also sea-divinities, who protected and came to the aid of sailors in distress.

 

According to Clement the Kabeiroi were three in number, but two of the brothers committed an act of fratricide. The pair later recovered the phallus of Zagreus who had been dismembered by the Titan-gods and established it in the shrine of the Mysteries.

 

In the Cabiri by Aeschylus, the two gods welcomed the Argonauts to their island and initiated them in a drunken orgy...

 

The Kabeiroi were closely identified with a number of other korybantic daimones including the Cretan Kouretes, the Trojan Daktyloi, and the Phrygian Kyrbantes.

 

According to some the Samothrakain Kabeiroi included not only the sons of Hephaistos, but also the Korybantic sons of the god Apollon...

 

 

Supportive:

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See Hephaistos:

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See Apollon:

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See Demeter:

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See Persephone:

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Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1rTeGhc

 


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Control Profiles of Complex Networks

Control Profiles of Complex Networks | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

Studying the control properties of complex networks provides insight into how designers and engineers can influence these systems to achieve a desired behavior. Topology of a network has been shown to strongly correlate with certain control properties; here we uncover the fundamental structures that explain the basis of this correlation. We develop the control profile, a statistic that quantifies the different proportions of control-inducing structures present in a network. We find that standard random network models do not reproduce the kinds of control profiles that are observed in real-world networks. The profiles of real networks form three well-defined clusters that provide insight into the high-level organization and function of complex systems.


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Spatial correlation analysis of cascading failures: Congestions and Blackouts

Spatial correlation analysis of cascading failures: Congestions and Blackouts | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it
Cascading failures have become major threats to network robustness due to their potential catastrophic consequences, where local perturbations can induce global propagation of failures. Unlike failures spreading via direct contacts due to structural interdependencies, overload failures usually propagate through collective interactions among system components. Despite the critical need in developing protection or mitigation strategies in networks such as power grids and transportation, the propagation behavior of cascading failures is essentially unknown. Here we find by analyzing our collected data that jams in city traffic and faults in power grid are spatially long-range correlated with correlations decaying slowly with distance. Moreover, we find in the daily traffic, that the correlation length increases dramatically and reaches maximum, when morning or evening rush hour is approaching. Our study can impact all efforts towards improving actively system resilience ranging from evaluation of design schemes, development of protection strategies to implementation of mitigation programs.

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tom cockburn's curator insight, June 25, 11:08 AM

Could be far reaching in its significance

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Embracing the Infinite

Embracing the Infinite | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it
Sun & Solitude, Stuart Kirby
“The decisive question for man is: Is he related to something infinite or not? That is the telling question of his life.

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The Body as a Receptor and Communicator of Healing Energy

The Body as a Receptor and Communicator of Healing Energy | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it
amandaseesdreams:Please enjoy this wonderful post from Fran Kramer that speaks to the importance of witnessing and honoring the sacred energy found in the body, meditation and in dreams….basically, all of my favorite things!

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The World Is Like a Divine Language

The World Is Like a Divine Language | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it
René Guénon
“1. … symbolism seems to us to be quite specially adapted to the needs of human nature, which is not exclusively intellectual but which needs a sensory basis from which to rise to higher levels.

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Grand challenges for Computational Intelligence

The intelligence phenomenon continues to fascinate scientists and engineers, remaining an elusive moving target. Following numerous past observations (e.g., Hofstadter, 1985, p. 585), it can be pointed out that several attempts to construct “artificial intelligence” have turned to designing programs with discriminative power. These programs would allow computers to discern between meaningful and meaningless in similar ways to how humans perform this task. Interestingly, as noted by de Looze (2006) among others, such discrimination is based on etymology of “intellect” derived from Latin “intellego” (inter-lego): to choose between, or to perceive/read (a core message) between (alternatives). In terms of computational intelligence, the ability to read between the lines, extracting some new essence, corresponds to mechanisms capable of generating computational novelty and choice, coupled with active perception, learning, prediction, and post-diction. When a robot demonstrates a stable control in presence of a priori unknown environmental perturbations, it exhibits intelligence. When a software agent generates and learns new behaviors in a self-organizing rather than a predefined way, it seems to be curiosity-driven. When an algorithm rapidly solves a hard computational problem, by efficiently exploring its search-space, it appears intelligent.

 

Prokopenko M (2014) Grand challenges for computational intelligence. Front. Robot. AI 1:2. http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/frobt.2014.00002/full


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Special Issue: The Science of Inequality

Special Issue: The Science of Inequality | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

In 2011, the wrath of the 99% kindled Occupy movements around the world. The protests petered out, but in their wake an international conversation about inequality has arisen, with tens of thousands of speeches, articles, and blogs engaging everyone from President Barack Obama on down. Ideology and emotion drive much of the debate. But increasingly, the discussion is sustained by a tide of new data on the gulf between rich and poor.
This special issue uses these fresh waves of data to explore the origins, impact, and future of inequality around the world.


What the numbers tell us
Gilbert Chin, Elizabeth Culotta

Science 23 May 2014:
Vol. 344 no. 6186 pp. 818-821
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.344.6186.818

http://www.sciencemag.org/site/special/inequality/index.xhtml


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Driving Interconnected Networks to Supercriticality

Driving Interconnected Networks to Supercriticality | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

“Going viral” is a familiar phrase in the world of social media, but fundamental scientific understanding of the mechanism(s) of “viral” spreading in interconnected multilayer networks is very limited. A new statistical-physics study reveals when and how fast spreading results from correlation between lateral (intralayer) and vertical (interlayer) spreading.

 

Driving Interconnected Networks to Supercriticality
Filippo Radicchi
Phys. Rev. X 4, 021014 (2014)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.4.021014


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Reconnection with the Anima Mundi

Reconnection with the Anima Mundi | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

Just as a man must connect with his anima in order to know the nature of his Self, so too mankind must connect with the anima mundi to know the nature of immanence. Mankind’s one-sided pursuit of transcendence has dominated Western culture, throwing us all out of balance. It is time that we begin to reconnect to the anima mundi.

 

 


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A signature of power law network dynamics

Can one hear the 'sound' of a growing network? We address the problem of recognizing the topology of evolving biological or social networks. Starting from percolation theory, we analytically prove a linear inverse relationship between two simple graph parameters--the logarithm of the average cluster size and logarithm of the ratio of the edges of the graph to the theoretically maximum number of edges for that graph--that holds for all growing power law graphs. The result establishes a novel property of evolving power-law networks in the asymptotic limit of network size. Numerical simulations as well as fitting to real-world citation co-authorship networks demonstrate that the result holds for networks of finite sizes, and provides a convenient measure of the extent to which an evolving family of networks belongs to the same power-law class.


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Complex Thinking for a Complex World – About Reductionism, Disjunction and Systemism | Morin | Systema: connecting matter, life, culture and technology

Complex Thinking for a Complex World – About Reductionism, Disjunction and Systemism | Morin | Systema: connecting matter, life, culture and technology | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

This article is based on the keynote address presented to the European Meetings on Cybernetics and Systems Research (EMCSR) in 2012, on the occasion of Edgar Morin receiving the Bertalanffy Prize in Complexity Thinking, awarded by the Bertalanffy Centre for the Study of Systems Science(BCSSS).

The following theses will be elaborated on: (a) The whole is at the same time more and less than its parts; (b) We must abandon the term "object" for systems because all the objects are systems and parts of systems; (c) System and organization are the two faces of the same reality; (d) Eco-systems illustrate self-organization.


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Multiple percolation transitions in a configuration model of a network of networks

Multiple percolation transitions in a configuration model of a network of networks | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

Recently much attention has been paid to the study of the robustness of interdependent and multiplex networks and, in particular, the networks of networks. The robustness of interdependent networks can be evaluated by the size of a mutually connected component when a fraction of nodes have been removed from these networks. Here we characterize the emergence of the mutually connected component in a network of networks in which every node of a network (layer) alpha is connected with q_alpha its randomly chosen replicas in some other networks and is interdependent of these nodes with probability r. We find that when the superdegrees q_alpha of different layers in a network of networks are distributed heterogeneously, multiple percolation phase transition can occur. We show that, depending on the value of r, these transition are continuous or discontinuous.


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Multiple percolation transitions in a configuration model of a network of networks

Multiple percolation transitions in a configuration model of a network of networks | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

Recently much attention has been paid to the study of the robustness of interdependent and multiplex networks and, in particular, the networks of networks. The robustness of interdependent networks can be evaluated by the size of a mutually connected component when a fraction of nodes have been removed from these networks. Here we characterize the emergence of the mutually connected component in a network of networks in which every node of a network (layer) alpha is connected with q_alpha its randomly chosen replicas in some other networks and is interdependent of these nodes with probability r. We find that when the superdegrees q_alpha of different layers in a network of networks are distributed heterogeneously, multiple percolation phase transition can occur. We show that, depending on the value of r, these transition are continuous or discontinuous.


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Communicability reveals a transition to coordinated behavior in multiplex networks

Communicability reveals a transition to coordinated behavior in multiplex networks | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

We analyze the flow of information in multiplex networks by means of the communicability function. First, we generalize this measure from its definition from simple graphs to multiplex networks. Then, we study its relevance for the analysis of real-world systems by studying a social multiplex where information flows using formal-informal channels and an air transportation system where the layers represent different air companies. Accordingly, the communicability, which is essential for the good performance of these complex systems, emerges at a systemic operation point in the multiplex where the performance of the layers operates in a coordinated way very differently from the state represented by a collection of unconnected networks.


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Content Marketing: Are You Measuring What Matters?

Content Marketing: Are You Measuring What Matters? | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it
Content marketers scramble to define the metrics that matter most, collect them and put them to use to improve their efforts. Can you continue to rely on the age-old page views model traditional publishers rely on? A variety of experts offer their take on the measurements that matter most in this edition of Content Marketing Minds.

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Guillaume Decugis's curator insight, June 5, 7:25 PM

“Research across the Chartbeat network has shown that if you can hold a visitor’s attention for just three minutes they are twice as likely to return than if you only hold them for one minute. The most valuable audience is the one that comes back."


Barry Feldman asks the legitimate question of what we should measure to gauge the effectiveness of our content marketing. As the above chart shows, attention spans have become so thin that reading or even sharing doesn't matter anymore. 


So metrics which matter more include time spent and more importantly subscription acts including lead generation as some experts he quotes and also our own [url=/u/104211 x-already-notified=1]Ally Greer[/url] pointed out.

AleksBlumentals's curator insight, July 2, 1:27 AM

Barry Feldman asks the legitimate question of what we should measure to gauge the effectiveness of our content marketing. As the above chart shows, attention spans have become so thin that reading or even sharing doesn't matter anymore. 

 

Nobody reads anything, we have lost most or all context that makes anything worthy. The world is a spectacle, everyone is a spectator and everything a specimen. Unless you overcome this you are bound to b'bble and f'zzle away sooner or later.

 

Nobody will read this ;-) 

 
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Let There Be Dark

Let There Be Dark | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it
As more and more of us, in an increasingly sleep-deprived world, lose touch with our dreams, I continue to wonder what it is we are losing. Dr.

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Feeding from a Sacred Tree

Feeding from a Sacred Tree | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

In the image above we see a drawing of an Egyptian king feeding from a sacred breast of a holy tree, the ‘Lady of the Sycamore.’ The image is about 3,500 … Continue reading →


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Changing the Environment Based on Empowerment as Intrinsic Motivation

Changing the Environment Based on Empowerment as Intrinsic Motivation | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

One aspect of intelligence is the ability to restructure your own environment so that the world you live in becomes more beneficial to you. In this paper we investigate how the information-theoretic measure of agent empowerment can provide a task-independent, intrinsic motivation to restructure the world. We show how changes in embodiment and in the environment change the resulting behaviour of the agent and the artefacts left in the world. For this purpose, we introduce an approximation of the established empowerment formalism based on sparse sampling, which is simpler and significantly faster to compute for deterministic dynamics. Sparse sampling also introduces a degree of randomness into the decision making process, which turns out to beneficial for some cases. We then utilize the measure to generate agent behaviour for different agent embodiments in a Minecraft-inspired three dimensional block world. The paradigmatic results demonstrate that empowerment can be used as a suitable generic intrinsic motivation to not only generate actions in given static environments, as shown in the past, but also to modify existing environmental conditions. In doing so, the emerging strategies to modify an agent’s environment turn out to be meaningful to the specific agent capabilities, i.e., de facto to its embodiment.

 

Changing the Environment Based on Empowerment as Intrinsic Motivation
Christoph Salge , Cornelius Glackin and Daniel Polani

Entropy 2014, 16(5), 2789-2819; http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/e16052789


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Mark Waser's curator insight, May 28, 6:42 AM

Intrinsic motivation, FTW -- with any easy segue into ethics as empowerment for others.

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Grand challenges for Computational Intelligence

The intelligence phenomenon continues to fascinate scientists and engineers, remaining an elusive moving target. Following numerous past observations (e.g., Hofstadter, 1985, p. 585), it can be pointed out that several attempts to construct “artificial intelligence” have turned to designing programs with discriminative power. These programs would allow computers to discern between meaningful and meaningless in similar ways to how humans perform this task. Interestingly, as noted by de Looze (2006) among others, such discrimination is based on etymology of “intellect” derived from Latin “intellego” (inter-lego): to choose between, or to perceive/read (a core message) between (alternatives). In terms of computational intelligence, the ability to read between the lines, extracting some new essence, corresponds to mechanisms capable of generating computational novelty and choice, coupled with active perception, learning, prediction, and post-diction. When a robot demonstrates a stable control in presence of a priori unknown environmental perturbations, it exhibits intelligence. When a software agent generates and learns new behaviors in a self-organizing rather than a predefined way, it seems to be curiosity-driven. When an algorithm rapidly solves a hard computational problem, by efficiently exploring its search-space, it appears intelligent.

 

Prokopenko M (2014) Grand challenges for computational intelligence. Front. Robot. AI 1:2. http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/frobt.2014.00002/full


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Soul Spelunker » On the Nature of the Archetype

Soul Spelunker » On the Nature of the Archetype | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

Jung compares the the psyche to the electromagnetic spectrum in order to illustrate the difference between the archetype, in its role as mediator between consciousness and unconsciousness, of images and ideas, and the archetype as such, which is “irrepresentable.” This strikes me as an example of Jung’s fondness for Kantian philosophy. Kant distinguished between the empirical thing, and the thing-in-itself. Jung uses Kant’s framework to describe the way an archetype functions as mediator, and the way an archetype is in itself, which, of course, cannot be fully known. Later, he will compare the archetype as mediator to infrared light in the spectrum.


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The I Ching, Supercomputers, and C. G. Jung

The I Ching, Supercomputers, and C. G. Jung | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it
  The I Ching: Then and Now The I Ching has survived many interpretations and centuries of scholarly debate. Originally written as a book of “oracles,” there was a kind of magic associated wit... (The I Ching, Supercomputers, and C.

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Dynamical Systems on Networks: A Tutorial

We give a tutorial for the study of dynamical systems on networks, and we focus in particular on ``simple" situations that are tractable analytically. We briefly motivate why examining dynamical systems on networks is interesting and important. We then give several fascinating examples and discuss some theoretical results. We also discuss dynamical systems on dynamical (i.e., time-dependent) networks, overview software implementations, and give our outlook on the field.


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Pattern and Process | Spatial Simulation: Exploring Pattern and Process

Pattern and Process | Spatial Simulation: Exploring Pattern and Process | collectibles from scoop.it | Scoop.it

Across broad areas of the environmental and social sciences, simulation models are an important way to study systems inaccessible to scientific experimental and observational methods, and also an essential complement of those more conventional approaches.  The contemporary research literature is teeming with abstract simulation models whose presentation is mathematically demanding and requires a high level of knowledge of quantitative and computational methods and approaches.  Furthermore, simulation models designed to represent specific systems and phenomena are often complicated, and, as a result, difficult to reconstruct from their descriptions in the literature.  Spatial Simulation: Exploring Pattern and Process aims to provide a practical and accessible account of dynamic spatial modelling, while also equipping readers with a sound conceptual foundation in the subject, and a useful introduction to the wide-ranging literature.


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