Sharing Economy
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Car sharing company provides transportation alternative - The Badger Herald

Car sharing company provides transportation alternative - The Badger Herald | Sharing Economy | Scoop.it
A car company at the University of Wisconsin provides students with access to wheels without the hassles of paying for parking and insurance. Lindsay ...
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Figures index : Spontaneous giving and calculated greed

Figures index : Spontaneous giving and calculated greed | Sharing Economy | Scoop.it
Cooperation is central to human social behaviour. However, choosing to cooperate requires individuals to incur a personal cost to benefit others. Here we explore the cognitive basis of cooperative decision-making in humans using a dual-process framework. We ask whether people are predisposed towards selfishness, behaving cooperatively only through active self-control; or whether they are intuitively cooperative, with reflection and prospective reasoning favouring /`rational/' self-interest. To investigate this issue, we perform ten studies using economic games. We find that across a range of experimental designs, subjects who reach their decisions more quickly are more cooperative. Furthermore, forcing subjects to decide quickly increases contributions, whereas instructing them to reflect and forcing them to decide slowly decreases contributions. Finally, an induction that primes subjects to trust their intuitions increases contributions compared with an induction that promotes greater reflection. To explain these results, we propose that cooperation is intuitive because cooperative heuristics are developed in daily life where cooperation is typically advantageous. We then validate predictions generated by this proposed mechanism. Our results provide convergent evidence that intuition supports cooperation in social dilemmas, and that reflection can undermine these cooperative impulses.
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Emergence of Competitive and Cooperative Behavior using Coevolution

Emergence of Competitive and Cooperative Behavior using Coevolution | Sharing Economy | Scoop.it

In nature there are teams of collaborators and competitors that evolve at the same time, yet computationally they have mostly been studied
separately so far.

 

This paper focuses on simultaneous cooperative and
competitive coevolution in a complex predator-prey domain.

 

Yong and Miikkulainen’s Multi-Agent ESP architecture is extended to a Multi-Component ESP architecture consisting of multiple cooperating neuralnetworks within an agent.

 

This architecture successfully demonstrates hierarchical cooperation and competition in teams of prey and predators.

 

Insustained coevolution in this complex domain, high-level pursuit-evasion behaviors emerge.

 

In this manner, coevolution of neural networks is
shown to scale up to an arms race of multiple competing and cooperating populations, more closely modeling coevolution in nature.

 

Supportive:

http://nn.cs.utexas.edu/?armsrace

http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1107355

http://bit.ly/yG3oSr

http://bit.ly/xgJu8b

 

Bonus:

http://bit.ly/A4ueuB


Via Mhd.Shadi Khudr
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The Money Flows in the Collaborative Economy | Web Strategy by Jeremiah Owyang | Digital Business

The Money Flows in the Collaborative Economy | Web Strategy by Jeremiah Owyang | Digital Business | Sharing Economy | Scoop.it
Think the sharing economy doesn't have money? Think again, look at the money flowing in this space http://t.co/ZkdkyW9lo6
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The Cooperative Instinct

The Cooperative Instinct | Sharing Economy | Scoop.it
A new study finds that our first, quickest impulse is to cooperate, not compete.
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