Cognitive Neuroscience
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Mathematics or memory? Study charts collision course in brain

Mathematics or memory? Study charts collision course in brain | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
You already know it's hard to balance your checkbook while simultaneously reflecting on your past. Now, researchers -- having done the equivalent of wire-tapping a hard-to-reach region of the brain -- can tell us how this impasse arises.
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Cognitive Neuroscience
The study of brain in all its complexity
Curated by Sandeep Gautam
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You’re an Adult. Your Brain, Not So Much.

You’re an Adult. Your Brain, Not So Much. | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
The brain reshapes itself for years after adolescence, scientists have found, raising questions about when an adult is mature in the legal sense.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Brain continues developing well in your 20's
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The Challenge of Consciousness

The Challenge of Consciousness | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Riccardo Manzotti: For most people “consciousness” will have various meanings and include awareness, self-awareness, thinking in language. But for philosophers and neuroscientists the crucial meaning is that of feeling something, having a feeling you might say, or an experience. It’s all very problematic. The truth is that we do not know what consciousness is. That’s why we’re talking about it as a problem.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
light conversation around consciousness!
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The Case Against Reality

The Case Against Reality | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
A professor of cognitive science argues that the world is nothing like the one we experience through our senses.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
bridging consciousness, evolution and quantum physics to reach surprising insights about reality!
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The power of two may help explain brain design

The power of two may help explain  brain design | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
At its most basic level, the brain is about the power of two, says Medical College of Georgia neuroscientist Dr. Joe Z. Tsien.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
neuronal cliques!!
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Meet Your Second Brain: The Gut - Mindful

Meet Your Second Brain: The Gut - Mindful | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
How what's going on in your gut could be affecting your brain.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
on the mind -gut connection!
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Chocolate makes you smarter, study suggests

Chocolate makes you smarter, study suggests | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
People who eat chocolate at least once a week see their memory and abstract
thinking improve, researchers say
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
another reason to savor chocolates!
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Jaydin Nies's curator insight, September 19, 2016 11:36 AM

Eat some chocolate, it will help you remember! Studies show that those who eat chocolate have a better memory amongst plenty of other things. 

Thérèse SCHUBETZER's curator insight, September 26, 2016 6:18 AM
Quel apport des neurosciences !
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To Better Cope With Stress, Listen to Your Body

To Better Cope With Stress, Listen to Your Body | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
To handle stress and adversity more effectively, we should probably pay closer attention to what is happening inside our bodies, according to a fascinating new brain study.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

neural correlates of resilience as body awareness? and to increase resilience, do mindfulness meditation?

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What is consciousness? - YouTube

Understanding what consciousness is, and why and how it evolved, is perhaps the greatest mystery known to science. Subscribe NOW to The Economist: http://eco...
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

decent intro video on the subject.

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Scientists Can Now Predict Intelligence From Brain Activity

Scientists Can Now Predict Intelligence From Brain Activity | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Science fiction is one step closer to reality.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

brain activity using fMRI scans (connectome in this case) used to predict abstract reasoning.

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Madison Totushek's curator insight, October 13, 2015 4:34 PM

I chose this article because I am really interested in how the brain works and this article went into depth as to how scientists can predict intelligence from brain activity. They concluded that the more certain regions, such as parietal and frontal lobes, of the brain are talking to each other, the inferences you are making are being processed much more quickly. The only problem with this experiment was the fact that the brain scans were only captured at one moment, they do not explain how the process of these connections are formed. It also does not explain fluid intelligence which is a very important factor in determining people's overall intelligence. 

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Neuroscientists Find New Brain Network

Neuroscientists Find New Brain Network | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it

Humans abound with remarkable skills: we write novels, build bridges, compose symphonies, and even navigate Boston traffic. But despite our mental prowess, we share a surprising deficit: our working memory can track only four items at one time.

 

“Would you buy a computer with a RAM capacity of 4?” asks David Somers, professor and chair of the Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences. “Not 4 MB or GB or 4K—just 4. So how the heck do humans do all this stuff?”

 

“There’s so much information out there, and our brains are very limited in what we’re able to process,” adds Samantha Michalka, a postdoctoral fellow at the Center for Computational Neuroscience & Neural Technology. “We desperately need attention to function in the world.”

 

Michalka is lead author and Somers is senior author of a new study that sheds light on this enduring mystery of neuroscience: how humans achieve so much with such limited attention. Funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the work identifies a previously unknown attention network in the brain. It also reveals that our working memory for space and time can recruit our extraordinary visual and auditory processing networks when needed. The research appeared on August 19, 2015, in the journal Neuron.

 

Prior to this work, scientists believed that visual information from the eyes and auditory information from the ears merged before reaching the frontal lobes, where abstract thought occurs. The team of BU scientists, which also included Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory Director Barbara Shinn-Cunningham, performed functional MRI experiments to test the conventional wisdom. The experiments revealed that what was thought to be one large attention network in the frontal lobe is actually two interleaved attention networks, one supporting vision and one supporting hearing. “So instead of talking about a single attention network,” says Somers, “we now need to talk about a visual attention network and an auditory attention network that work together.”


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

an auditory attention network along with a visual attention network!

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Nicole Wynne's comment, September 9, 2015 8:08 PM
I found this article rather interesting and reading how the vision and auditory systems work together. It also talks about how the auditory systems are dominate in some situations and vice versa. This article provides us with a picture of the brain and where these new found brain networks are. I would recommend this to someone who enjoys learning how the brain works and how it affects us.
Madison Carson's comment, September 16, 2015 11:59 PM
I found this article interesting because of the way humans can think about different things at one time but only have 4 functions. We don't really fully understand how our brains work but they are very complex. Maybe this study will help uplater on in the future
Scott Timmins's curator insight, September 8, 2016 7:29 AM

an auditory attention network along with a visual attention network!

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First almost fully-formed human brain grown in lab, researchers claim

First almost fully-formed human brain grown in lab, researchers claim | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Research team say tiny brain could be used to test drugs and study diseases, but scientific peers urge caution as data on breakthrough kept under wraps
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

some hyperbole, but a definite advancement!

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What Makes a Human Brain Unique

What Makes a Human Brain Unique | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Experiment compares the way monkey and human brains respond to abstract information
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

its the inferior frontal gyrus!

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Haiden Jacob-Byrd's curator insight, September 21, 2016 2:42 PM

Humans have something special about them and that is that they can regognize patterns and then go an extra step further and analys those patters, which when tested monkey brains don't do.

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It’s Not a ‘Stream’ of Consciousness

It’s Not a ‘Stream’ of Consciousness | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
It’s more like a rhythm.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

the 'rhythm' of consciousness as a new metaphor!

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What are animals thinking and feeling?

What are animals thinking and feeling? | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
What's going on inside the brains of animals? Can we know what, or if, they're thinking and feeling? Carl Safina thinks we can. Using discoveries and anecdotes that span ecology, biology and behavioral science, he weaves together stories of whales, wolves, elephants and albatrosses to argue that just as we think, feel, use tools and express emotions, so too do the other creatures – and minds – that share the Earth with us.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
if someone still doubted about animal emotions or consciousnesses, this is a must watch!
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Do we see reality as it is? | Donald Hoffman

Cognitive scientist Donald Hoffman is trying to answer a big question: Do we experience the world as it really is ... or as we need it to be? In this eve
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Perception as not being evolved to see the truth!
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The hard problem of consciousness is a distraction from the real one – Anil K Seth | Aeon Essays

It looks like scientists and philosophers might have made consciousness far more mysterious than it needs to be
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
tackling the 'real problem' of #consciousness!
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Our brains have a basic algorithm that enables our intelligence, scientists say

Our brains have a basic algorithm that enables our intelligence, scientists say | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Our brains have a basic algorithm that enables us to not just recognize a traditional Thanksgiving meal, but the intelligence to ponder the broader implications of a bountiful harvest as well as good family and friends.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
On neural structure
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UCLA scientists use ultrasound to jump-start a man’s brain after coma

UCLA scientists use ultrasound to jump-start a man’s brain after coma | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
A 25-year-old man made remarkable progress following a treatment at UCLA that uses sonic stimulation to excite the neurons in the thalamus.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
something to look forward to, though needs replication!
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Scott Timmins's curator insight, September 8, 2016 7:26 AM
something to look forward to, though needs replication!
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Which Type of Exercise Is Best for the Brain?

Which Type of Exercise Is Best for the Brain? | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
For the first time, scientists compared the neurological impacts of different types of exercise in rats: running, weight training and high-intensity interval training.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Confirms my hunch that those who pump weights are less brainier overall:-)
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Create Wise Leader's curator insight, March 21, 2016 10:30 AM
Confirms my hunch that those who pump weights are less brainier overall:-)
Ricard Lloria's curator insight, March 22, 2016 2:35 AM
Confirms my hunch that those who pump weights are less brainier overall:-)
John Parkinson's curator insight, September 8, 2016 1:32 PM

The study suggests that 'stress' prevents the potential benefits from exercise. In their study the weight training and high intensity training produced more physical/physiological stress than the running condition.

 

If we define stress as 'uncontrollable aversive stimulation' then it is not a surprising finding.  Whether weight training and HIT also produce increased physiological challenge in humans is not necessarily universally true and probably depends on an individual's approach. Nevertheless, a primary message we can take from this is to balance how much stress your training is having on your body... and always remember to keep smiling...

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Blood exerts a powerful influence on the brain

Blood exerts a powerful influence on the brain | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Instead of just responding to the energy needs of neurons, the blood can have a direct and powerful influence on the brain.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

Interesting...more active neurons cause expanded/enriched  blood vessels !

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Brain activity is as unique – and identifying – as a fingerprint

Brain activity is as unique – and identifying – as a fingerprint | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it

is as unique as fingerprijntnTypically, researchers pool a bunch of brain scans to figure out the average way brains handle certain tasks. Instead, could they pick out individual brain profiles from a stack of 126 people's scans?

Sandeep Gautam's insight:

More on the 'brain activity is as unique as a fingerprint' study from on e of the authors herself. 

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Activin Promotes Robust Axonal Regeneration in Brain-Injured Mice - Brain Protips

Activin Promotes Robust Axonal Regeneration in Brain-Injured Mice - Brain Protips | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
A blog about nootropics and the relentless (sometimes foolish) pursuit of cognitive enhancement.
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Oliver Sacks Dies at 82; Neurologist and Author Explored the Brain’s Quirks

Oliver Sacks Dies at 82; Neurologist and Author Explored the Brain’s Quirks | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Dr. Sacks explored some of the brain’s strangest pathways in best-selling case histories like “The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat,” achieving a level of renown rare among scientists.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

RP Oliver Sacks.

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How To Read Someone's Emotions With 90% Accuracy - PsyBlog

How To Read Someone's Emotions With 90% Accuracy - PsyBlog | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
How neuroscientists are learning to predict emotions with increasing accuracy.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

Brain scan used to determine emotional state.

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Haiden Jacob-Byrd's curator insight, September 21, 2016 2:46 PM

Computer scans can get a 90% accurate reading of emotions using neuro signatures.

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Scientists Demonstrate Animal Mind-Melds

Scientists Demonstrate Animal Mind-Melds | Cognitive Neuroscience | Scoop.it
New studies say rats and monkeys whose brains are linked by electrodes can coordinate their brains to carry out tasks, often better than individuals do.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:

Wiring brains together. 

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FastTFriend's curator insight, July 14, 2015 9:35 AM

"If a brain network were to commit a crime, for example, who exactly would be guilty?"