Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience
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PLOS ONE: Imaging Conditioned Fear Circuitry Using Awake Rodent fMRI

PLOS ONE: Imaging Conditioned Fear Circuitry Using Awake Rodent fMRI | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
PLOS ONE: an inclusive, peer-reviewed, open-access resource from the PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE. Reports of well-performed scientific studies from all disciplines freely available to the whole world.
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Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience
Some brain basis of cognitive and behavioural functions
Curated by Joaquim Alves
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Universal brain systems for recognizing word shapes and handwriting gestures during reading.

Universal brain systems for recognizing word shapes and handwriting gestures during reading. Reading of visually complex writing systems such as Chinese has been proposed to rely on areas outside the classical left-hemisphere network for alphabetic reading. Here, however, we show that, once potential confounds in cross-cultural comparisons are controlled for by presenting handwritten stimuli to both Chinese and French readers, the underlying network for visual word recognition may be more universal than previously suspected. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in a semantic task with words written in cursive font, we demonstrate that two universal circuits, a shape recognition system (reading by eye) and a gesture recognition system (reading by hand), are similarly activated and show identical patterns of activation and repetition priming in the two language groups. These activations cover most of the brain regions previously associated with culture-specific tuning. Our results point to an extended reading network that invariably comprises the occipitotemporal visual word-form system, which is sensitive to well-formed static letter strings, and a distinct left premotor region, Exner’s area, which is sensitive to the forward or backward direction with which cursive letters are dynamically presented. These findings suggest that cultural effects in reading merely modulate a fixed set of invariant macroscopic brain circuits, depending on surface features of orthographies.


Via M. Soriano Urban, Joaquim Alves
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Universal brain systems for recognizing word shapes and handwriting gestures during reading.

Universal brain systems for recognizing word shapes and handwriting gestures during reading. Reading of visually complex writing systems such as Chinese has been proposed to rely on areas outside the classical left-hemisphere network for alphabetic reading. Here, however, we show that, once potential confounds in cross-cultural comparisons are controlled for by presenting handwritten stimuli to both Chinese and French readers, the underlying network for visual word recognition may be more universal than previously suspected. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in a semantic task with words written in cursive font, we demonstrate that two universal circuits, a shape recognition system (reading by eye) and a gesture recognition system (reading by hand), are similarly activated and show identical patterns of activation and repetition priming in the two language groups. These activations cover most of the brain regions previously associated with culture-specific tuning. Our results point to an extended reading network that invariably comprises the occipitotemporal visual word-form system, which is sensitive to well-formed static letter strings, and a distinct left premotor region, Exner’s area, which is sensitive to the forward or backward direction with which cursive letters are dynamically presented. These findings suggest that cultural effects in reading merely modulate a fixed set of invariant macroscopic brain circuits, depending on surface features of orthographies.


Via M. Soriano Urban
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Magic helps unmask how the brain works: New illusion allows researchers to tap into brain's 'out-of-the box' thinking

Magic helps unmask how the brain works: New illusion allows researchers to tap into brain's 'out-of-the box' thinking | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Scientists have used the 'mirror box' illusion -- an old magic trick - in a number of neuroscience studies. Researchers are using a new version of the illusion to study how the brain processes multiple sensory inputs to perceive our bodies and the world around us.
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How Science Is Rewiring The Dyslexic Brain

How Science Is Rewiring The Dyslexic Brain | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Scientists are exploring how human brains learn to read — and discovering new ways that brains with dyslexia can learn to cope.”
Via Maggie Rouman
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Abusos sexuais: há juízes que só acreditam se a “criança chorar”

Abusos sexuais: há juízes que só acreditam se a “criança chorar” | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Catarina Ribeiro, psicóloga do Instituto de Medicina Legal, estudou perspectivas de juízes e procuradores. Tese de doutoramento conclui que crenças e preconceitos influenciam a forma como decidem processos de abuso sexual intrafamiliar.
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Neuroanatomy-A Primer

Neuroanatomy-A Primer | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Great primer discussing the basics of neuroanatomy.

Via Maggie Rouman
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Man with 90-minute memory is stuck in 2005 after a trip to the dentist

Man with 90-minute memory is stuck in 2005 after a trip to the dentist | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
The details of the patient, known only as WO, have been released by clinical neuropsychologist Dr Gerald Burgess from the University of Leicester. Stock image is shown.
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Memory-Boosting Research Could Help Soldiers Recall Skills

Memory-Boosting Research Could Help Soldiers Recall Skills | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
DARPA's RAM Replay program
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Bionic Brains Are Coming – Electronic Memory Cell That Retains And Processes Information Simultaneously Developed

Bionic Brains Are Coming – Electronic Memory Cell That Retains And Processes Information Simultaneously Developed | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
A tiny memory cell that can store as well as process information simultaneously has been developed. Bionic brains inch closer to reality, with robots becoming self-aware
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Scientists Make Monkeys Smarter Using Brain Implants - Could You Be Next?

Scientists Make Monkeys Smarter Using Brain Implants - Could You Be Next? | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
For the very first time, scientists have demonstrated that a brain implant can improve thinking ability in primates. By implanting an electrode array into the cerebral cortex of monkeys, researchers were able to restore — and even improve — their decision-making abilities. The implications for possible therapies are far-reaching, including potential treatments for cognitive disorders and brain injuries.But there’s also the possibility that this could lead to implants that could boost your intelligence.
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Humans have shorter attention span than goldfish, thanks to smartphones

Humans have shorter attention span than goldfish, thanks to smartphones | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
A Microsoft study highlights the deteriorating attention span of humans, saying it has fallen from 12 seconds in 2000 to eight seconds
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Memory and the hippocampus

Memory and the hippocampus | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
New work by the Douglas Mental Health University Institute (CIUSSS de l'Ouest-de-l'île-de-MontréalI) computational neuroscientist Mallar Chakravarty, PhD, and in collaboration with researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) challenges in a thrilling way the long-held belief that ...
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The rise and fall of cognitive skills

The rise and fall of cognitive skills | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Neuroscientists find that different parts of the brain work best at different ages.
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Who Are You? Identity and Dementia

Who Are You? Identity and Dementia | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Phineas Gage is arguably the most famous case study in the history of neuroscience.”
Via Josep A. Pérez Castelló, Nora Sierra
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Neuroscientists call for more comprehensive view of how brain forms memories

Neuroscientists call for more comprehensive view of how brain forms memories | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Research on how memories form in the brain should consider activity of groups of brain cells working together, not just the connections between them, argue experts in a new report.
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Primary Visual Cortex Changes Throughout Life

Primary Visual Cortex Changes Throughout Life | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
The
idea of critical periods in brain development was born from classic research on
the visual cortex. Now scientists have found that proteins governing synapses
in the visual system change at various stages of our lives, not just in our
earliest years.
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Rules of memory 'beautifully' rewritten - BBC News

Rules of memory 'beautifully' rewritten - BBC News | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Everything you know about memory may be wrong.”
Via Maggie Rouman
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Maggie Rouman's curator insight, April 7, 7:42 PM
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Plasticité – pour le meilleur ou pour le pire.

Plasticité – pour le meilleur ou pour le pire. | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Dans notre dernier article, nous avons évoqué les effets dramatiques d'une privation d'interactions sociales sur le cerveau du bébé : réduction de l'activité électrique cérébrale, capacités cognitives et sociales perturbées, baisse de QI, allant même jusqu'à une diminution du volume global du cerveau... Mais la question que nous souhaitons aborder aujourd'hui est pourquoi ce manque d'interactions précoces…”
Via Stéphanie Radelet
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8 Fascinating Things We Learned About The Mind In 2015

8 Fascinating Things We Learned About The Mind In 2015 | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
“ Studies published this year shed light on the mysteries of the brain and human behavior, and began paving the way for new treatments to mental and neurological health problems, ranging from addiction to autism to Alzheimer's disease. Here are eight fascinating things we learned about the human mind in 2015. ”
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Maggie Rouman's curator insight, December 28, 2015 2:13 PM
Fascinating! Links to articles about top brain discoveries...
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Early motor skills may affect language development

Early motor skills may affect language development | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Learning to sit up, crawl and walk are all major milestones in a child's early development – and parents often record these actions in baby diaries, photographs and videos. Developing motor skills allows the child to become more independent. But our research, backing a number of other studies, has ...
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New neural implant reads a person’s intentions to control robotic arm

New neural implant reads a person’s intentions to control robotic arm | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
The latest study tried a new approach: measuring neurons in a part of the brain called the posterior parietal cortex, which is thought to process the intention to perform actions,
Joaquim Alves's insight:

 The latest study tried a new approach: measuring neurons in a part of the brain called the posterior parietal cortex, which is thought to process the intention to perform actions,

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Decoding the Neural Pathway from Psychopathy to Serial Murder | Brain Blogger

Decoding the Neural Pathway from Psychopathy to Serial Murder | Brain Blogger | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
the amygdala processes negative stimuli while the vmPFC interprets the signals sent by the amygdala.
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New Research Isolates Speech Center in the Human Brain

New Research Isolates Speech Center in the Human Brain | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
The STS plays a major role in human social interaction.
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Writing and speaking come from different parts of the brain, study shows

Writing and speaking come from different parts of the brain, study shows | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Written and spoken language can exist separately in the brain, a new study from Johns Hopkins shows. The study looked at stroke victims with aphasia that impaired their communication capabilities in one way but not the other.
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Neuropsychology: Power naps produce a significant improvement in memory performance

Neuropsychology: Power naps produce a significant improvement in memory performance | Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive and behavioural Neuroscience | Scoop.it
Psychologists have shown that a short nap lasting about an hour can significantly improve memory performance. The study involved examination of memory recall in 41 participants. The volunteers had to learn single words and word pairs. Once the learning phase was over, the participants were tested to determine how much information they could remember. About half of the participants were then allowed to sleep, while the others watched a DVD. After that, the participants were re-tested and those wh
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