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Dr. Peter H. Diamandis — We are evolving into meta-intelligence group-minds

Dr. Peter H. Diamandis -- Physician, entrepreneur, founder and chairman of the X PRIZE Foundation. Author of Abundance http://GF2045.com/...


Via The Asymptotic Leap, Spaceweaver
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George Por's comment, March 9, 2013 6:53 AM
This video is one of the pitch vids for the Global Future 2045 conference. Project Avatar, Android robotics, Anthropomorphic telepresence, Neuroscience, Mind theory, Neuroengineering, Brain-Computer Interfaces, Neuroprosthetics, Neurotransplantation, Long-range forecasting, Future evolution strategy, Evolutionary transhumanism, Ethics, Bionic prostheses, Cybernetic life-extension, Mid-century Singularity, Neo-humanity, Meta-intelligence, Cybernetic immortality, Consciousness, Spiritual development, Science and Spirituality.
George Por's comment, March 9, 2013 6:53 AM
This video is one of the pitch vids for the Global Future 2045 conference. Project Avatar, Android robotics, Anthropomorphic telepresence, Neuroscience, Mind theory, Neuroengineering, Brain-Computer Interfaces, Neuroprosthetics, Neurotransplantation, Long-range forecasting, Future evolution strategy, Evolutionary transhumanism, Ethics, Bionic prostheses, Cybernetic life-extension, Mid-century Singularity, Neo-humanity, Meta-intelligence, Cybernetic immortality, Consciousness, Spiritual development, Science and Spirituality.
cognition
How it evolved, what we do with it, futures; And otherwise interesting stuff
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The smart unconscious

The smart unconscious | cognition | Scoop.it
We feel that we are in control when our brains figure out puzzles or read words, says Tom Stafford, but a new experiment shows just how much work is going on underneath the surface of our conscious minds.
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Human sex redefined: The idea of two sexes is simplistic. Biologists now think there is a wider spectrum than that

Human sex redefined: The idea of two sexes is simplistic. Biologists now think there is a wider spectrum than that | cognition | Scoop.it

As a clinical geneticist, Paul James is accustomed to discussing some of the most delicate issues with his patients. But in early 2010, he found himself having a particularly awkward conversation about sex.


A 46-year-old pregnant woman had visited his clinic at the Royal Melbourne Hospital in Australia to hear the results of an amniocentesis test to screen her baby's chromosomes for abnormalities. The baby was fine — but follow-up tests had revealed something astonishing about the mother. Her body was built of cells from two individuals, probably from twin embryos that had merged in her own mother's womb. And there was more. One set of cells carried two X chromosomes, the complement that typically makes a person female; the other had an X and a Y. Halfway through her fifth decade and pregnant with her third child, the woman learned for the first time that a large part of her body was chromosomally male1. “That's kind of science-fiction material for someone who just came in for an amniocentesis,” says James.


Sex can be much more complicated than it at first seems. According to the simple scenario, the presence or absence of a Y chromosome is what counts: with it, you are male, and without it, you are female. But doctors have long known that some people straddle the boundary — their sex chromosomes say one thing, but their gonads (ovaries or testes) or sexual anatomy say another. Parents of children with these kinds of conditions — known as intersex conditions, or differences or disorders of sex development (DSDs) — often face difficult decisions about whether to bring up their child as a boy or a girl. Some researchers now say that as many as 1 person in 100 has some form of DSD2.


When genetics is taken into consideration, the boundary between the sexes becomes even blurrier. Scientists have identified many of the genes involved in the main forms of DSD, and have uncovered variations in these genes that have subtle effects on a person's anatomical or physiological sex. What's more, new technologies in DNA sequencing and cell biology are revealing that almost everyone is, to varying degrees, a patchwork of genetically distinct cells, some with a sex that might not match that of the rest of their body. Some studies even suggest that the sex of each cell drives its behaviour, through a complicated network of molecular interactions. “I think there's much greater diversity within male or female, and there is certainly an area of overlap where some people can't easily define themselves within the binary structure,” says John Achermann, who studies sex development and endocrinology at University College London's Institute of Child Health.


These discoveries do not sit well in a world in which sex is still defined in binary terms. Few legal systems allow for any ambiguity in biological sex, and a person's legal rights and social status can be heavily influenced by whether their birth certificate says male or female.


“The main problem with a strong dichotomy is that there are intermediate cases that push the limits and ask us to figure out exactly where the dividing line is between males and females,” says Arthur Arnold at the University of California, Los Angeles, who studies biological sex differences. “And that's often a very difficult problem, because sex can be defined a number of ways.”


That the two sexes are physically different is obvious, but at the start of life, it is not. Five weeks into development, a human embryo has the potential to form both male and female anatomy. Next to the developing kidneys, two bulges known as the gonadal ridges emerge alongside two pairs of ducts, one of which can form the uterus and Fallopian tubes, and the other the male internal genital plumbing: the epididymes, vas deferentia and seminal vesicles. At six weeks, the gonad switches on the developmental pathway to become an ovary or a testis. If a testis develops, it secretes testosterone, which supports the development of the male ducts. It also makes other hormones that force the presumptive uterus and Fallopian tubes to shrink away. If the gonad becomes an ovary, it makes oestrogen, and the lack of testosterone causes the male plumbing to wither. The sex hormones also dictate the development of the external genitalia, and they come into play once more at puberty, triggering the development of secondary sexual characteristics such as breasts or facial hair.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Comprehensive List of Free e-Book Websites for your e-Reader

Comprehensive List of Free e-Book Websites for your e-Reader | cognition | Scoop.it

If you own an e-reader you often can only buy e-books from the bookstore that is bundled on your device. Many of the budget e-readers out there don’t even have a bookstore that is accessible by users and many people are left to fend for themselves to load content on it.

Here is a comprehensive free e-book resource catalog online. All of these books are hardware agnostic, which means they are not locked by DRM (Digital Rights Management). All you have to do is simply download a title and load in via the USB cable from your computer to your e-reader. Many of these sites also provide the books in more than one format, so they will work with your Amazon Kindle, Kobo, Barnes and Noble Nook, Sony e-reader and hundreds of others.


Via Vicki Kossoff @ The Learning Factor
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Marc Kneepkens's curator insight, February 17, 9:55 AM

Great resource, and it's free!

Paul Mendelsohn's curator insight, February 18, 11:52 AM

Here is a cool one for all my Kindle toting friends - a comprehensive list of sources for free e-books.

SMARTERTEACHER's curator insight, February 19, 11:20 AM

Great resource for BYOD schools who want to create a level playing field for all students with all devices.

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The southern reach

The southern reach | cognition | Scoop.it
Online shopping from a great selection at Kindle Store Store.
FastTFriend's insight:

Bringing almost to grip, almost into full coherency, almost into the confines of logic, science or plain belief, a complex, inherently open-ended landscape of reality; one that humanity is probably incapable of gripping, cohering, confining, that is, without being transposed in the process.  

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Why animals eat psychoactive plants

Why animals eat psychoactive plants | cognition | Scoop.it
Johann Hari, author of Chasing the Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs, learns about drunk elephants, the stoned water buffalo, and the grieving mongoose.
FastTFriend's insight:

Professor Siegel claims the desire to alter our consciousness is “the fourth drive” in all human minds, alongside the desire to eat, drink, and have sex—and it is “biologically inevitable.” It provides us with moments of release and relief.

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Scientists sequence genome of longest-lived mammal

Scientists sequence genome of longest-lived mammal | cognition | Scoop.it
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have sequenced the genome of the bowhead whale, estimated to live for more than 200 years with low incidence of disease.

Via Wildcat2030
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How Skype Used AI to Build Its Amazing New Language Translator | WIRED

How Skype Used AI to Build Its Amazing New Language Translator | WIRED | cognition | Scoop.it
Very soon now, a select group of Skype beta testers will have a new Microsoft technology that seems borrowed from the world of Star Trek. It’s called the Skype Translator—a Skype add-on that listens to the English words you speak into Microsoft’s internet phone-calling software and translates them into Spanish, or vice versa. As you…

Via Xaos
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First digital animal will be perfect copy of real worm - tech - 26 November 2014 - New Scientist

First digital animal will be perfect copy of real worm - tech - 26 November 2014 - New Scientist | cognition | Scoop.it
Next year the world's first digital animal will be born inside a computer. Could its descendants be conscious?
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"

"Nevertheless, says Shanahan, WormSim throws the deep existential questions of embodied connectomes into the light. "I don't think C. elegans is conscious, but if we really did build this for a mouse I can't see any reason to deny suffering and consciousness to a synthetic copy," he says. "It's a deep philosophical question. I can't think of a more important question."""

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Evidence based debunking

Evidence based debunking | cognition | Scoop.it
Fed up with futile internet arguments, a bunch of psychologists investigated how best to correct false ideas. Tom Stafford discovers how to debunk properly.
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HBO Will Make Asimov's Foundation With Interstellar's Jonathan Nolan

HBO Will Make Asimov's Foundation With Interstellar's Jonathan Nolan | cognition | Scoop.it
It looks like HBO is teaming up with Interstellar writer and Person Of Interest showrunner Jonathan Nolan to adapt the highly revered and beloved Foundation books into a TV series. Wow.
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Finally?...

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A Religion for the Nonreligious - Wait But Why

A Religion for the Nonreligious - Wait But Why | cognition | Scoop.it
Not a theist? Okay so what are you then?
FastTFriend's insight:

"Considering that the human mind is an ocean of complexity that creates every part of our reality, working on what’s going on in there seems like it should be a more serious priority. In the same way a growing business relies on a clear mission with a well thought-out strategy and measurable metrics, a growing human needs a plan—if we want to meaningfully improve, we need to define a goal, understand how to get there, become aware of obstacles in the way, and have a strategy to get past them."

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Extreme Rituals Promote Prosociality

Extreme Rituals Promote Prosociality


Psychological ScienceShort Report Extreme rituals entail excessive costs without apparentbenefits, which raises an evolutionary cost problem(Irons, 2001). It is argued that such intense rituals enhancesocial cohesion and promote cooperative behaviors(Atran & Henrich, 2010; Durkheim, 1912). However,direct evidence for the relation between ritual intensityand prosociality is lacking. Using economic measuresof generosity and contextually relevant indicators ofgroup identity in a real-world setting, we evaluated pro-social effects from naturally occurring rituals that variedin severity. 


Via Alessandro Cerboni
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"These results suggest that costly displays of group commitment (though apparently wasteful) may be conserved because they intensify pro-social behaviors and attitudes among the wider community (Henrich, 2009; Sosis & Bressler, 2003)."

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The Love Competition - Aeon Video

The Love Competition - Aeon Video | cognition | Scoop.it
Seven contestants have five minutes in Stanford's fMRI brain scanner to love someone ‘as hard as they can’
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Planting false memories fairly easy, psychologists find | Toronto Star

Planting false memories fairly easy, psychologists find | Toronto Star | cognition | Scoop.it
New study bolsters notion that memory is fragile and aggressive police interrogations don’t always serve justice.

Via Gerald Carey
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Gerald Carey's curator insight, February 22, 4:26 PM

This is scary. Psychologists were able to implant false memories (some of them criminal in nature) into 70% of the participants in the study!

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From the machine

From the machine | cognition | Scoop.it
A new film, Ex Machina, is released in the UK tomorrow and it is quite possibly one of the best sci-fi films of recent times and probably the best film about consciousness and artificial intelligence ever made.
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From article:

"This shifts the goalposts in a vital way. What matters is not whether Ava is a machine. It is not even whether Ava, even though a machine, can be conscious. What matters is whether Ava makes a conscious person feel that Ava is conscious. The brilliance of Ex Machina is that it reveals the Turing test for what it really is: a test of the human, not of the machine. And Garland is not necessarily on our side."

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Literature-Map - The tourist map of literature

Literature-Map - The tourist map of literature | cognition | Scoop.it
Travel the world of Literature.
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shows authors on a map chartered by what readers read.

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Candyland and the Nature of the Absurd - Existential Comics

Candyland and the Nature of the Absurd - Existential Comics | cognition | Scoop.it
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Why you can live a normal life with half a brain

Why you can live a normal life with half a brain | cognition | Scoop.it
A few extreme cases show that people can be missing large chunks of their brains with no significant ill-effect – why? Tom Stafford explains what it tells us about the true nature of our grey matter.
How much of our brain do we actually need?
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2014 Edge Annual Question Video by Jesse Dylan

This is "2014 Edge Annual Question Video by Jesse Dylan" by Edge Foundation on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them.
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What Makes You You? | Wait But Why

What Makes You You? | Wait But Why | cognition | Scoop.it
What is it that makes you you? Your body? Your brain? The info in your brain? Your soul? It turns out this is not an easy question.
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"I’m the real me—you can’t destroy my cells!”

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Software as Language, as Object, as Art

Software as Language, as Object, as Art | cognition | Scoop.it
  When The Long Now Foundation first began thinking about long-term archives, we drew inspiration from the Rosetta Stone, a 2000-year-old stele containing a Ptolemaic...
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“One of the tenets of the project is that for information to last, people have to care about and engage it.” 

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We Say We Like Creativity, but We Really Don’t

We Say We Like Creativity, but We Really Don’t | cognition | Scoop.it

People don’t actually like creativity.
In the United States we are raised to appreciate the accomplishments of inventors and thinkers—creative people whose ideas have transformed our world. We celebrate the famously imaginative, the greatest artists and innovators from Van Gogh to Steve Jobs. Viewing the world creatively is supposed to be an asset, even a virtue. Online job boards burst with ads recruiting “idea people” and “out of the box” thinkers. We are taught that our own creativity will be celebrated as well, and that if we have good ideas, we will succeed.

It’s all a lie. This is the thing about creativity that is rarely acknowledged: Most people don’t actually like it. Studies confirm what many creative people have suspected all along: People are biased against creative thinking, despite all of their insistence otherwise.


Via Alexander Crépin
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, November 12, 2014 12:41 PM

I have been reading Jacques Derrida about inventions and his thinking was there was not anything that was totally novel. Everything builds on what already exists, but even that disrupts our world. This is interesting in light of the idea that many School reformers are determined to have something that never existed before. Or is that really the case? We see little change. What we see is new tools in existing structures. Is that really creativity?

 

@ivon_ehd1

margot roi's curator insight, November 14, 2014 10:10 AM

Are we taking the negative stand in education?

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Did Jesus Save the Klingons?

Did Jesus Save the Klingons? | cognition | Scoop.it
If or when we make contact with extraterrestrials, the effect on our religious sensibilities will be profound, says astronomer David Weintraub
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The Steampunk User’s Manual–It’s Release Week!

The Steampunk User’s Manual–It’s Release Week! | cognition | Scoop.it
This is the release week for the follow-up to The Steampunk Bible: The Steampunk User’s Manual, written by Desirina Boskovich and me–along with a ton of other contributors of images and text. What’s different this time around?
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Generation TED and the power of positivity – Julian Baggini – Aeon

Generation TED and the power of positivity – Julian Baggini – Aeon | cognition | Scoop.it
Does relentless enthusiasm really help the world, or should generation TED learn to take a more sceptical view?
FastTFriend's insight:

"Truly great ideas are sculpted with the chisel of critical thought, not created fully formed by spontaneous genius and good intent." 

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