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Critical Thinking Is Best Taught Outside the Classroom: Scientific American

Critical Thinking Is Best Taught Outside the Classroom: Scientific American | cognition | Scoop.it
Critical thinking is a teachable skill best taught outside the K–12 classroom
FastTFriend's insight:

Museums and other institutions of informal learning may be better suited to teach this skill than elementary and secondary schools. At the Exploratorium in San Francisco, we recently studied how learning to ask good questions can affect the quality of people's scientific inquiry. We found that when we taught participants to ask “What if?” and “How can?” questions that nobody present would know the answer to and that would spark exploration, they engaged in better inquiry at the next exhibit—asking more questions, performing more experiments and making better interpretations of their results. Specifically, their questions became more comprehensive at the new exhibit. Rather than merely asking about something they wanted to try (“What happens when you block out a magnet?”), they tended to include both cause and effect in their question (“What if we pull this one magnet out and see if the other ones move by the same amount?”). Asking juicy questions appears to be a transferable skill for deepening collaborative inquiry into the science content found in exhibits.

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cognition
How it evolved, what we do with it, futures; And otherwise interesting stuff
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What Makes You You? | Wait But Why

What Makes You You? | Wait But Why | cognition | Scoop.it
What is it that makes you you? Your body? Your brain? The info in your brain? Your soul? It turns out this is not an easy question.
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"I’m the real me—you can’t destroy my cells!”

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Software as Language, as Object, as Art

Software as Language, as Object, as Art | cognition | Scoop.it
  When The Long Now Foundation first began thinking about long-term archives, we drew inspiration from the Rosetta Stone, a 2000-year-old stele containing a Ptolemaic...
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“One of the tenets of the project is that for information to last, people have to care about and engage it.” 

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We Say We Like Creativity, but We Really Don’t

We Say We Like Creativity, but We Really Don’t | cognition | Scoop.it

People don’t actually like creativity.
In the United States we are raised to appreciate the accomplishments of inventors and thinkers—creative people whose ideas have transformed our world. We celebrate the famously imaginative, the greatest artists and innovators from Van Gogh to Steve Jobs. Viewing the world creatively is supposed to be an asset, even a virtue. Online job boards burst with ads recruiting “idea people” and “out of the box” thinkers. We are taught that our own creativity will be celebrated as well, and that if we have good ideas, we will succeed.

It’s all a lie. This is the thing about creativity that is rarely acknowledged: Most people don’t actually like it. Studies confirm what many creative people have suspected all along: People are biased against creative thinking, despite all of their insistence otherwise.


Via Alexander Crépin
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, November 12, 12:41 PM

I have been reading Jacques Derrida about inventions and his thinking was there was not anything that was totally novel. Everything builds on what already exists, but even that disrupts our world. This is interesting in light of the idea that many School reformers are determined to have something that never existed before. Or is that really the case? We see little change. What we see is new tools in existing structures. Is that really creativity?

 

@ivon_ehd1

margot roi's curator insight, November 14, 10:10 AM

Are we taking the negative stand in education?

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Did Jesus Save the Klingons?

Did Jesus Save the Klingons? | cognition | Scoop.it
If or when we make contact with extraterrestrials, the effect on our religious sensibilities will be profound, says astronomer David Weintraub
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The Steampunk User’s Manual–It’s Release Week!

The Steampunk User’s Manual–It’s Release Week! | cognition | Scoop.it
This is the release week for the follow-up to The Steampunk Bible: The Steampunk User’s Manual, written by Desirina Boskovich and me–along with a ton of other contributors of images and text. What’s different this time around?
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Generation TED and the power of positivity – Julian Baggini – Aeon

Generation TED and the power of positivity – Julian Baggini – Aeon | cognition | Scoop.it
Does relentless enthusiasm really help the world, or should generation TED learn to take a more sceptical view?
FastTFriend's insight:

"Truly great ideas are sculpted with the chisel of critical thought, not created fully formed by spontaneous genius and good intent." 

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Are We Overthinking the Dangers of Artificial Intelligence?

Are We Overthinking the Dangers of Artificial Intelligence? | cognition | Scoop.it
Futurists and science fiction authors often give us overly grim visions of the future, especially when it comes to the Singularity and the risks of artificial superintelligence. Scifi novelist David Brin talked to us about why these dire predictions are often simplistic and unreasonable.
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The Believer - The Codex Seraphinianus

The Believer - The Codex Seraphinianus | cognition | Scoop.it
From the Believer magazine.
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from text:

 

Endowed with the power to evoke a world in which the syntax of things is subverted, the Serafinian writing must hide, beneath the mystery of its indecipherable surface, a more profound mystery touching on the internal logic of language and thought. The lines that connect the images of this world tangle and cross; the confusion of the visual attributes gives birth to monsters, Serafini’s teratological universe. But the teratology itself implicates a logic which appears to us to, turn by turn, flower and disappear, at the same time giving us the sense that the words are carefully traced back to the point of the quill. Like Ovid, and his Metamorphoses, Serafini believes in the contiguity and permeability of all the domains of being.

 

Translation to English from French (translating Italo Calvino's Italian Introduction to an edition of THE CODEX SERAPHINIANUS
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Neural Conspiracy Theories

Neural Conspiracy Theories | cognition | Scoop.it

Last month, a paper quietly appeared in The Journal of Neuroscience to little fanfare and scant media attention (with these exceptions). The study revolved around a clever and almost diabolical pre...


Via LOr
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LOr's curator insight, September 27, 12:00 PM
perception et a priori
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We are more rational than those who nudge us – Steven Poole – Aeon

We are more rational than those who nudge us – Steven Poole – Aeon | cognition | Scoop.it
We are told that we are an irrational tangle of biases, to be nudged any which way. Does this claim stand to reason?
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In Her 'Self-Portraits with Men & Woman' Photographer Dita Pepe Seamlessly Integrates into the Lives of Others

In Her 'Self-Portraits with Men & Woman' Photographer Dita Pepe Seamlessly Integrates into the Lives of Others | cognition | Scoop.it
When meeting somebody for the first time, or maybe just viewing a portrait, the brain goes into overdrive for a few seconds to quickly form a first impression. Whether we like it or not, rapid assumptions are made based on age, gender, race, culture, physical appearance, the su
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The Future Chronicles - State of the future

The Future Chronicles - State of the future | cognition | Scoop.it
THE FUTURE CHRONICLES is the first and only future magazine that literally travels through time: Every issue deals with a new topic of social change.
FastTFriend's insight:

That's why setting the topic for our first issue was a no-brainer for us: Our first journey should take us into the future of the internet!
So we started collecting all these opinions, hopes, fears, upcoming trends, technologies and innovations that are related to the good old World Wide Web and tried to get everything into a sensible order. But at that time we began to realize that something was missing...

The future is not enough

 

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Round trip ticket to the science of psychedelics

Round trip ticket to the science of psychedelics | cognition | Scoop.it
The latest edition of The Psychologist is a special open-access issue on the science and social impact of hallucinogenic drugs.
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First digital animal will be perfect copy of real worm - tech - 26 November 2014 - New Scientist

First digital animal will be perfect copy of real worm - tech - 26 November 2014 - New Scientist | cognition | Scoop.it
Next year the world's first digital animal will be born inside a computer. Could its descendants be conscious?
FastTFriend's insight:

"

"Nevertheless, says Shanahan, WormSim throws the deep existential questions of embodied connectomes into the light. "I don't think C. elegans is conscious, but if we really did build this for a mouse I can't see any reason to deny suffering and consciousness to a synthetic copy," he says. "It's a deep philosophical question. I can't think of a more important question."""

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Evidence based debunking

Evidence based debunking | cognition | Scoop.it
Fed up with futile internet arguments, a bunch of psychologists investigated how best to correct false ideas. Tom Stafford discovers how to debunk properly.
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HBO Will Make Asimov's Foundation With Interstellar's Jonathan Nolan

HBO Will Make Asimov's Foundation With Interstellar's Jonathan Nolan | cognition | Scoop.it
It looks like HBO is teaming up with Interstellar writer and Person Of Interest showrunner Jonathan Nolan to adapt the highly revered and beloved Foundation books into a TV series. Wow.
FastTFriend's insight:

Finally?...

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A Religion for the Nonreligious - Wait But Why

A Religion for the Nonreligious - Wait But Why | cognition | Scoop.it
Not a theist? Okay so what are you then?
FastTFriend's insight:

"Considering that the human mind is an ocean of complexity that creates every part of our reality, working on what’s going on in there seems like it should be a more serious priority. In the same way a growing business relies on a clear mission with a well thought-out strategy and measurable metrics, a growing human needs a plan—if we want to meaningfully improve, we need to define a goal, understand how to get there, become aware of obstacles in the way, and have a strategy to get past them."

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Extreme Rituals Promote Prosociality

Extreme Rituals Promote Prosociality


Psychological ScienceShort Report Extreme rituals entail excessive costs without apparentbenefits, which raises an evolutionary cost problem(Irons, 2001). It is argued that such intense rituals enhancesocial cohesion and promote cooperative behaviors(Atran & Henrich, 2010; Durkheim, 1912). However,direct evidence for the relation between ritual intensityand prosociality is lacking. Using economic measuresof generosity and contextually relevant indicators ofgroup identity in a real-world setting, we evaluated pro-social effects from naturally occurring rituals that variedin severity. 


Via Alessandro Cerboni
FastTFriend's insight:

"These results suggest that costly displays of group commitment (though apparently wasteful) may be conserved because they intensify pro-social behaviors and attitudes among the wider community (Henrich, 2009; Sosis & Bressler, 2003)."

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The Love Competition - Aeon Video

The Love Competition - Aeon Video | cognition | Scoop.it
Seven contestants have five minutes in Stanford's fMRI brain scanner to love someone ‘as hard as they can’
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Taste illusions

Taste illusions | cognition | Scoop.it
I’ve just found a 2008 review article on the multisensory perception of flavour that is full of fascinating examples of taste illusions and demonstrates the surprisingly complexity of the gustatory system.
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codex seraphinianus

codex seraphinianus | cognition | Scoop.it
in the late 70s italian architect, illustrator and industrial designer luigi serafini made a book, an encyclopedia of unknown, parallel world. it's about 360-380 pages. it is written in an unknown language, using an unknown alphabet. it took him 30 month to complete that masterpiece that many …
FastTFriend's insight:

more here: http://codexseraphinianus.weebly.com/

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An earlier death

An earlier death | cognition | Scoop.it
Journalism site The Toast has what I believe is the only first-person account of Cotard’s delusion – the belief that you’re dead – which can occur in psychosis.
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A Neuroscientist’s Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious | Science | WIRED

A Neuroscientist’s Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious | Science | WIRED | cognition | Scoop.it
It's a question that's perplexed philosophers for centuries and scientists for decades: Where does consciousness come from? Neuroscientist Christof Koch, chief scientific officer at the Allen Institute for Brain Science, thinks he has an answer.

Via Spaceweaver
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Bruce I. Kodish's curator insight, November 5, 11:17 PM

Christof Koch - always worth listening to. 

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Sam Harris's Vanishing Self

Sam Harris's Vanishing Self | cognition | Scoop.it
The well-known New Atheist makes a case for the value of “spirituality,” which he bases on his experiences in meditation.

Via Xaos
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Duck Sex, Aesthetic Evolution, and the Origin of Beauty | Edge.org

Duck Sex, Aesthetic Evolution, and the Origin of Beauty | Edge.org | cognition | Scoop.it
FastTFriend's insight:

we need to structure evolutionary biology to recognize the aesthetic, recognize the subjective experience

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