cognition
Follow
Find
8.4K views | +0 today
 
Scooped by FastTFriend
onto cognition
Scoop.it!

James B. Glattfelder: Who controls the world? | Video on TED.com

James Glattfelder studies complexity: how an interconnected system -- say, a swarm of birds -- is more than the sum of its parts. And complexity theory, it turns out, can reveal a lot about how the economy works.
FastTFriend's insight:

James B. Glattfelder aims to give us a richer, data-driven understanding of the people and interactions that control our global economy. He does this not to push an ideology -- but with the hopes of making the world a better place.

more...
No comment yet.

From around the web

cognition
How it evolved, what we do with it, futures; And otherwise interesting stuff
Curated by FastTFriend
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

What is consciousness for? — Consciousness is a life-transforming illusion by Keith Frankish — Aeon Ideas

What is consciousness for?  — Consciousness is a life-transforming illusion by Keith Frankish — Aeon Ideas | cognition | Scoop.it
It appears, then, that the brain can do the work of perception without qualia. So, again, what is consciousness for? In his 2011 book Soul Dust, Humphrey proposes a novel idea. He argues that consciousness enriches life. It doesn’t add information; it adds interests and goals. Qualia are wonderful, magical things, and conscious creatures enjoy having them. They relish their sensations, and this relish gives them a deeper interest in their own existence.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from Mind (un?)fitting the future
Scoop.it!

Ruby Wax on Neuroplasticity: "You're the Architect of Your Own Brain" | Big Think

Ruby Wax on Neuroplasticity: "You're the Architect of Your Own Brain" | Big Think | cognition | Scoop.it
Ruby Wax gave up a career in comedy to study the brain. In this video, she explains the therapeutic qualities of neuroplasticity.

Via Yissar
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from Daily Magazine
Scoop.it!

Let’s Shape AI Before AI Shapes Us

Let’s Shape AI Before AI Shapes Us | cognition | Scoop.it
It’s time to have a global conversation about how AI should be developed

Via OFFICIAL ANDREASCY
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

What is life? Is death real? - Aeon Video

What is life? Is death real? - Aeon Video | cognition | Scoop.it
What is life? Is death real? How the questions that have troubled some of history’s greatest thinkers are still very hard to answer
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

Hallucinating children

Hallucinating children | cognition | Scoop.it
I’ve got an article in The Observer about childhood hallucinations which are much more common than we previously imagined.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

An alternative history of the human mind

An alternative history of the human mind | cognition | Scoop.it
Nautilus has an excellent article on a theory of consciousness that is very likely wrong but so startlingly original it is widely admired: Julian Jaynes’ theory of the bicameral mind.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

Company Creates Bioethics Panel on Trial Drugs

Company Creates Bioethics Panel on Trial Drugs | cognition | Scoop.it
Johnson & Johnson named the bioethicist Arthur L. Caplan to create a panel to decide on patients’ requests for lifesaving medicines before they are approved.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from The future of medicine and health
Scoop.it!

Chinese scientists genetically modify human embryos

Chinese scientists genetically modify human embryos | cognition | Scoop.it
In a world first, Chinese scientists have reported editing the genomes of human embryos. The results are published1 in the online journal Protein & Cell and confirm widespread rumours that such experiments had been conducted—rumours that sparked a high-profile debate last month2, 3 about the ethical implications of such work.

In the paper, researchers led by Junjiu Huang, a gene-function researcher at Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou, tried to head off such concerns by using 'non-viable' embryos, which cannot result in a live birth, that were obtained from local fertility clinics. The team attempted to modify the gene responsible for β-thalassaemia, a potentially fatal blood disorder, using a gene-editing technique known as CRISPR/Cas9. The researchers say that their results reveal serious obstacles to using the method in medical applications.

"I believe this is the first report of CRISPR/Cas9 applied to human pre-implantation embryos and as such the study is a landmark, as well as a cautionary tale," says George Daley, a stem-cell biologist at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "Their study should be a stern warning to any practitioner who thinks the technology is ready for testing to eradicate disease genes."

Some say that gene editing in embryos could have a bright future because it could eradicate devastating genetic diseases before a baby is born. Others say that such work crosses an ethical line: researchers warned in Nature2 in March that because the genetic changes to embryos, known as germline modification, are heritable, they could have an unpredictable effect on future generations. Researchers have also expressed concerns that any gene-editing research on human embryos could be a slippery slope towards unsafe or unethical uses of the technique.

The paper by Huang's team looks set to reignite the debate on human-embryo editing — and there are reports that other groups in China are also experimenting on human embryos.

Via Wildcat2030
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

Daniel Levitin on information overload - Aeon Video

Daniel Levitin on information overload - Aeon Video | cognition | Scoop.it
The neuroscientist Daniel Levitin says multitasking doesn’t work and that we should daydream more to deal with our information overload.
FastTFriend's insight:

A 7 minutes video

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

How science made me a writer

How science made me a writer | cognition | Scoop.it
As a programmer and all-around nerd, I learned that the intricacies of science can be a great driver for plot
FastTFriend's insight:

Andy Weir on the making of The Martian, with a glimpse into the 'making of Andy Weir'...

The book is a delight. A well told story that is also a peek into the rise of complex, rich, full of twists and turns unfoldment of ultimately 'simple' fundamental conditions. Not to mention how likable and involving the characters are.

They are making a movie out of it... not sure i'll like it. But the story and the story of the story are definitely recommended. 

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from Wisdom 1.0
Scoop.it!

Hear Michel Foucault’s Lecture “The Culture of the Self,” Presented in English at UC Berkeley (1983)

Hear Michel Foucault’s Lecture “The Culture of the Self,” Presented in English at UC Berkeley (1983) | cognition | Scoop.it
United States in the last years of his life, particularly his time as a lecturer at UC Berkeley, proved to be extraordinarily productive in the development of his theoretical understanding of what he saw as the central question facing the contemporary West: the question of the self.

Via Xaos
FastTFriend's insight:

From text:

"The technique of confession, central even to secular psychoanalysis, informs a subjectivity that, for Foucault, always develops under the ever-watchful eyes of normalizing institutions. But in “The Culture of the Self,” Foucault reaches back to ancient Greek conceptions of “care of the self” (epimelieia beautou) to locate a subjectivity derived from a different tradition—a counterpoint to religious confessional and Freudian subjectivities and one he has discussed in terms of the technique of “self writing.” (The Care of the Self also happens to be the subtitle of the third volume of Foucault’s History of Sexuality, and “The Culture of the Self” the title of its second chapter.)"

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

Complex Societies Evolved without Belief in All-Powerful Deity

Complex Societies Evolved without Belief in All-Powerful Deity | cognition | Scoop.it
The emergence of politically sophisticated societies may be assisted by faith in supernatural spirits but does not require "big god" religion
FastTFriend's insight:

From Article:

 

“I think the ordering of events these authors prefer is what one expects from first principles,” says evolutionary biologist Mark Pagel of the University of Reading, UK. He says that societies became more politically complex as networks of trade and reputation emerged, and that the key to this process was language, not religion.

 

So what are MHGs for? “They are tools of control used by purveyors of religion to cement their grip on power,” says Pagel. “As soon as you have a large society generating lots of goods and services, this wealth can be put to use by someone who can grab the reins of power. The most immediate way to do this is to align yourself with a supreme deity and then make lists of things people can and cannot do, and these become ‘morals’ when applied to our social behaviour.”

 

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from Philosophy everywhere everywhen
Scoop.it!

Metaphor map charts the images that structure our thinking

Metaphor map charts the images that structure our thinking | cognition | Scoop.it
Metaphor is not the sole preserve of Shakespearean scholarship or high literary endeavour but has governed how we think about and describe our daily lives for centuries, according to researchers at Glasgow University.

Experts have now created the world’s first online Metaphor Map, which contains more than 14,000 metaphorical connections sourced from 4m pieces of lexical data, some of which date back to 700AD.

While it is impossible to pinpoint the oldest use of metaphor in English, because some may have been adopted from earlier languages such as Germanic, the map reveals that the still popular link between sheep and timidity dates back to Old English. Likewise, we do not always recognise modern use of metaphor: for example, the word “comprehend” comes from Latin, where it meant to physically grasp an object.

The three-year-long project to map the use of metaphor across the entire history of the English language, undertaken by researchers at the School of Critical Studies, was based on data contained in the Historical Thesaurus of English, which spans 13 centuries.

Dr Wendy Anderson, the project’s principal investigator, said that the findings supported the view that metaphor is pervasive in language and is also a major mechanism of meaning-change.

Via Wildcat2030
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from The Aesthetic Ground
Scoop.it!

Art shaped by science “is the new avant-garde”, physicists are told

Art shaped by science “is the new avant-garde”, physicists are told | cognition | Scoop.it
Artists are beginning to think like scientists and scientists like artists as aesthetics is being redefined, Professor Arthur I. Miller argued at an event on “Physics in Public Spaces” held at the IOP’s London centre on 23 June

Via Xaos
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from The future of medicine and health
Scoop.it!

Will head transplants create an entirely new person?

Will head transplants create an entirely new person? | cognition | Scoop.it
The world’s first full head transplant could take place as soon as 2017 if the controversial plans by Italian neuroscientist Dr Sergio Canavero come to pass. Wheelchair-bound Valery Spiridonov, who has the muscle-wasting Werdnig Hoffman disease, has volunteered to have his head transplanted onto a healthy body in a day-long operation.

The proposed surgery is highly controversial and its feasibility has been questioned by experts. But Dr Canavero’s plans also raise complex philosophical and ethical issues. A natural question is whether a living person with Spridinov’s head and someone else’s body would be the same person as Spridinov. In interviews, Spridinov has made it clear that he sees the proposed procedure as a way for him to live on with a new and healthy body.
A different perspective would be that Spridinov is a head-donor rather than the recipient of a new body. He is donating his head to someone else who will live the rest of his life with Spridinov’s head but won’t be the same person as Spridinov. On this account, Spridinov is signing his own death warrant by volunteering for the surgery.

Via Wildcat2030
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from Cognitive Neuroscience
Scoop.it!

Exclusive: Oliver Sacks, Antonio Damasio and Others Debate Christof Koch on the Nature of Consciousness

Exclusive: Oliver Sacks, Antonio Damasio and Others Debate Christof Koch on the Nature of Consciousness | cognition | Scoop.it
A few neurologists and brain scientists are proposing that the secret underlying all conscious activity must lie with the way cells respond to stimuli they receive from their environment. In a response to this suggestion, Christof Koch asserts that much more is required for a full theory of consciousness

Via Sandeep Gautam
more...
Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, June 19, 7:30 AM

I am on Koch's side!

Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

What are the ethics of alien contact? – Lizzie Wade – Aeon

What are the ethics of alien contact? – Lizzie Wade – Aeon | cognition | Scoop.it
When we meet aliens, it won’t be a friendly encounter nor a conquest: it will be a gold rush. Can we make sure it’s ethical?
FastTFriend's insight:

If, on the other hand, we discover microbial or otherwise non-sentient life within our own solar system – logistics will be on our side. We’d be able to visit within a reasonable period of time (as far as space travel goes), and I hope we’d want to. If the life we find resembles plants, their complexity will wow us. Most likely we’ll find simple single-celled microbes or maybe – maybe – something like sponges or tubeworms. In terms of encounter, we’d be making all the decisions about how to proceed.

…This makes defining an ethics of contact necessary now, before we have to put it into practice. 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

Science Has Fucking Amazing News for People Who Curse

Science Has Fucking Amazing News for People Who Curse | cognition | Scoop.it
WTF FTW!
FastTFriend's insight:

 

 

But what we consider profanity changes as language evolves. If a word loses its shock appeal, it probably loses its ameliorative power.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

Do we really want to fuse our minds together? – Peter Watts – Aeon

Do we really want to fuse our minds together? – Peter Watts – Aeon | cognition | Scoop.it
New research puts us on the cusp of brain-to-brain communication. Could the next step spell the end of individual minds?
FastTFriend's insight:

Consciousness remains mysterious. But there’s no reason to regard it as magical, no evidence of spectral bonds that hold a soul in one head and keep it from leaking into another. And one of the things we do know is that consciousness spreads to fill the space available. Smaller selves disappear into larger; two hemispheres integrate into one. The architectural specifics aren’t even all that important if Tononi is right, if the Cambridge Declaration is anything to go on. You don’t need a neocortex or a hypothalamus. All you need is complexity and a sufficiently fat pipe.

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from The future of medicine and health
Scoop.it!

New insight into how the brain makes memories | KurzweilAI

New insight into how the brain makes memories | KurzweilAI | cognition | Scoop.it
Every time you make a memory, somewhere in your brain a tiny filament called a dendritic spine reaches out from one neuron and forms an electrochemical connection to a neighboring neuron. Now a team of biologists at Vanderbilt University has discovered more about how these connections are formed at the molecular and cellular level.

In a series of experiments described in the April 17 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry, the researchers report that a specific signaling protein, Asef2, a member of a family of proteins that regulate cell migration and adhesion, plays a critical role in this spine formation. This is significant because Asef2 has been linked to autism and the co-occurrence of alcohol dependency and depression.

“Alterations in dendritic spines are associated with many neurological and developmental disorders, such as autism, Alzheimer’s disease and Down Syndrome,” said study leader Associate Professor of Biological Sciences Donna Webb. “However, the formation and maintenance of spines is a very complex process that we are just beginning to understand.”

Via Wildcat2030
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

Existential Risk | Edge.org

Existential Risk | Edge.org | cognition | Scoop.it
FastTFriend's insight:

"

"We need to figure out how to steer the technological progress to ensure safe outcomes."

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

A brain of wonders

A brain of wonders | cognition | Scoop.it
The U-T San Diego, which I originally thought was a university but turns out it’s a newspaper, has an excellent online multimedia project called ‘The Wonders of Your Brain’ which is an extensive and excellent look at some of the key issues in...
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by FastTFriend from The future of medicine and health
Scoop.it!

Rats, reasoning, and rehabilitation: Neuroscientists uncovering how we reason

Rats, reasoning, and rehabilitation: Neuroscientists uncovering how we reason | cognition | Scoop.it
Even rats can imagine: A new study finds that rats have the ability to link cause and effect such that they can expect, or imagine, something happening even if it isn't. The findings are important to understanding human reasoning, especially in older adults, as aging degrades the ability to maintain information about unobserved events.

"What sets humans apart from the rest of the animal kingdom is our prodigious ability to reason. But what about human reasoning is truly a human-unique feature and what aspects are shared with our nonhuman relatives?," asks Aaron Blaisdell of the University of California, Los Angeles. "This is the question that drives my passion for research on rational behavior in rats."

Blaisdell hopes that his work with rats will teach us more about what it means to be human. His recent studies are part of a growing body of work on reasoning - the ability to figure out how to move from one state of affairs to another, to achieve a particular outcome.

From reasoning in rats to differences in reasoning among people with autism and schizophrenia, researchers are discussing the latest science on reasoning in a symposium today at the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS) conference in San Francisco.

Via Wildcat2030
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by FastTFriend
Scoop.it!

Radical embodied cognition: an interview with Andrew Wilson

Radical embodied cognition: an interview with Andrew Wilson | cognition | Scoop.it
The computational approach is the orthodoxy in psychological science. We try and understand the mind using the metaphors of information processing and the storage and retrieval of representations.
more...
No comment yet.