cognition
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cognition
How it evolved, what we do with it, futures; And otherwise interesting stuff
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Why is Artificial Intelligence Female?

Why is Artificial Intelligence Female? | cognition | Scoop.it
Gendering AI boils down to business. Customers interpret these AI personalities through the lens of their own biases. Whether its stereotypes about women in service roles, the desire for a female companion, or simply that feeling of trust that a woman’s voice instills, female AI personalities are easier for most consumers to adopt. And adoption is the ultimate goal for tech companies that want to make AI mainstream.

Via Yissar
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Debunking the biggest myths about artificial intelligence

Debunking the biggest myths about artificial intelligence | cognition | Scoop.it
From killer robots, to runaway sentience, there's a lot of FUD that needs clearing up.
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"The myriad dangers of artificial intelligences acting independently from humans are easy to imagine in the case of a rogue robot warrior, or a self-driving car that doesn’t correctly identify a life-threatening situation. The dangers are less obvious in the case of a smart search engine that has been quietly biased to give answers that, in the humble opinion of the megacorp that owns the search engine, aren’t in your best interest."

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Are We Overthinking the Dangers of Artificial Intelligence?

Are We Overthinking the Dangers of Artificial Intelligence? | cognition | Scoop.it
Futurists and science fiction authors often give us overly grim visions of the future, especially when it comes to the Singularity and the risks of artificial superintelligence. Scifi novelist David Brin talked to us about why these dire predictions are often simplistic and unreasonable.
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Consciousness: Why we need to build sentient machines - life - 25 May 2013 - New Scientist

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Trying to create a machine that experiences pain or colours in the same way that we do might require a radical rethink. Pentti Haikonen, an electrical engineer and philosopher at the University of Illinois in Springfield, believes that we will never create a feeling machine using software. Software is a language, he says, and so requires extra information to be interpreted. If you don't speak English, the words "pain" or "red", for instance, are meaningless. But if you see the colour red, that has meaning no matter what your language.

Most computers and robots created so far run on software. Even if they connect to a physical device, like a microphone, the input has to be translated into strings of 1s and 0s before it can be processed. "Numbers do not feel like anything and do not appear as red," says Haikonen. "That is where everything is lost."

Not so for Haikonen's robot. His machine, called XCR for experimental cognitive robot, stores and manipulates incoming sensory information, not via software, but through physical objects – in this case wires, resistors and diodes. "Red is red, pain is pain without any interpretation," says Haikonen. "They are direct experiences to the brain."

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Intelligent machines might want to become biological again – Caleb Scharf | Aeon Essays

Intelligence could have been moving back and forth between biological beings and machine receptacles for aeons
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But are living things really compelled to become ever-smarter and more robust? And is biological intelligence really a universal dead-end, destined to give way to machine supremacy? Perhaps not. There is quite a bit more to the story.
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From the machine

From the machine | cognition | Scoop.it
A new film, Ex Machina, is released in the UK tomorrow and it is quite possibly one of the best sci-fi films of recent times and probably the best film about consciousness and artificial intelligence ever made.
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From article:

"This shifts the goalposts in a vital way. What matters is not whether Ava is a machine. It is not even whether Ava, even though a machine, can be conscious. What matters is whether Ava makes a conscious person feel that Ava is conscious. The brilliance of Ex Machina is that it reveals the Turing test for what it really is: a test of the human, not of the machine. And Garland is not necessarily on our side."

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Turing test beaten for first time by virtual 13-year-old boy

Turing test beaten for first time by virtual 13-year-old boy | cognition | Scoop.it
'Eugene Goostman' fools 33% of interrogators into thinking it is human, in what is seen as a milestone in artificial intelligence
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No computer had ever previously passed the Turing test, which requires 30% of human interrogators to be duped during a series of five-minute keyboard conversations, organisers from the University of Reading said.

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New Test for Computers: Grading Essays at College Level

New Test for Computers: Grading Essays at College Level | cognition | Scoop.it
A system developed by a joint venture between Harvard and M.I.T. uses artificial intelligence to assess student papers and short written answers, freeing instructors for other tasks.
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Imagine taking a college exam, and, instead of handing in a blue book and getting a grade from a professor a few weeks later, clicking the “send” button when you are done and receiving a grade back instantly, your essay scored by a software program. And then, instead of being done with that exam, imagine that the system would immediately let you rewrite the test to try to improve your grade.


EdX, the nonprofit enterprise founded by Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to offer courses on the Internet, has just introduced such a system and will make its automated software available free on the Web to any institution that wants to use it. The software uses artificial intelligence to grade student essays and short written answers, freeing professors for other tasks.

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