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Giorgio Bertini, Distributed Creativity, 2012

Learning Change

"We believe that existing models of creativity do not adequately address the distribution of the range of creative acts across individuals in the collaborative creation of media in online environments…"

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Cognition sociale
Social cognition. Le fonctionnement de l'esprit dans les environnements
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Embodied Cognition (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

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George Lakoff on Embodied Cognition and Language

Speaker: George Lakoff, Cognitive Science and Linguistics Professor at UC Berkeley Lecture: Cascade Theory: Embodied Cognition and Language from a Neural Per...
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Distributed Cognitions: Psychological and Educational Considerations

Distributed Cognitions: Psychological and Educational Considerations | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
Traditionally, human cognition has been seen and studied as existing solely "inside" a person, irrelevant to the social, physical, and artifactual context in which cognition takes place. This book ...
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Lambros Malafouris, 2013, How Things Shape the Mind | The MIT Press

An increasingly influential school of thought in cognitive science views the mind as embodied, extended, and distributed, rather than brain-bound, “all in the head.” This shift in perspective raises important questions about the relationship between cognition and material culture, posing major challenges for philosophy, cognitive science, archaeology, and anthropology. In How Things Shape the Mind, Lambros Malafouris proposes a cross-disciplinary analytical framework for investigating the different ways in which things have become cognitive extensions of the human body. Using a variety of examples and case studies, he considers how those ways might have changed from earliest prehistory to the present. Malafouris’s Material Engagement Theory adds materiality—the world of things, artifacts, and material signs—into the cognitive equation definitively. His account not only questions conventional intuitions about the boundaries and location of the human mind but also suggests that we rethink classical archaeological assumptions about human cognitive evolution.

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The Extended Mind, Richard Menary (ed), 2010 | The MIT Press

The Extended Mind, Richard Menary (ed), 2010 | The MIT Press | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
"Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? In their famous 1998 paper "The Extended Mind," philosophers Andy Clark and David Chalmers posed this question and answered it provocatively: cognitive processes "ain't all in the head." The environment has an active role in driving cognition; cognition is sometimes made up of neural, bodily, and environmental processes. Their argument excited a vigorous debate among philosophers, both supporters and detractors. This volume brings together for the first time the best responses to Clark and Chalmers's bold proposal. These responses, together with the original paper by Clark and Chalmers, offer a valuable overview of the latest research on the extended mind thesis".
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The Dynamically Extended Mind - A Minimal Modeling Case Study

The Dynamically Extended Mind - A Minimal Modeling Case Study | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
This from Froese, Gershenson, and Rosenblueth. The extended mind hypothesis has stimulated much interest in cognitive science. However, its core claim, i.e. that the process of cognition can extend...
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Review of Natural-Born Cyborgs

Review of Natural-Born Cyborgs | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it

A cyborg, or "cybernetic organism", was initially defined as follows: "The Cyborg deliberately incorporates exogenous components extending the self-regulating control function of the organism in order to adapt it to new environments." This verbose sentence can be simplified to, the cyborg represents "a notion of human-machine merging".  

This concept, dear to science fiction writers, is all about humans becoming stronger, faster, and more powerful through the use of integrated technology. One example of this is the cochlear implants used to help deaf people hear again; these implants are more than hearing aids, since they interface directly with nerve endings. Another example is prosthetics, which allow people who have lost limbs in accidents to function almost as before. 

Andy Clark, a cognitive scientist, sets out to recount why, in his eyes, "we shall be cyborgs not in the merely superficial sense of combining flesh and wires but in the more profound sense of being human-technology symbionts: thinking and reasoning systems whose minds and selves are spread across biological brain and nonbiological circuitry." This is quite a statement, if you look at it closely: he is suggesting that the systems we will incorporate into our bodies will be thinking systems, that they will merge with our minds, and that they will be come self-aware. 

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luiy's curator insight, June 26, 2013 9:20 AM


A cyborg, or "cybernetic organism", was initially defined as follows: "The Cyborg deliberately incorporates exogenous components extending the self-regulating control function of the organism in order to adapt it to new environments." This verbose sentence can be simplified to, the cyborg represents "a notion of human-machine merging".  

 

This concept, dear to science fiction writers, is all about humans becoming stronger, faster, and more powerful through the use of integrated technology. One example of this is the cochlear implants used to help deaf people hear again; these implants are more than hearing aids, since they interface directly with nerve endings. Another example is prosthetics, which allow people who have lost limbs in accidents to function almost as before. 

 

Andy Clark, a cognitive scientist, sets out to recount why, in his eyes, "we shall be cyborgs not in the merely superficial sense of combining flesh and wires but in the more profound sense of being human-technology symbionts: thinking and reasoning systems whose minds and selves are spread across biological brain and nonbiological circuitry." This is quite a statement, if you look at it closely: he is suggesting that the systems we will incorporate into our bodies will be thinking systems, that they will merge with our minds, and that they will be come self-aware. 

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Out of Our Heads | Alva Noë | Macmillan

Out of Our Heads | Alva Noë | Macmillan | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
Out of Our Heads by Alva Noë. Alva Noë is one of a new breed—part philosopher, part... Bonus Publisher Materials: Excerpt, Praise, Author Biography
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The Oxford Handbook of the Self

The Oxford Handbook of the Self | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
Research on the topic of self has increased significantly in recent years across a number of disciplines, including philosophy, psychology, psychopathology, and neuroscience.
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Lucy Suchman: Human-Machine Reconfigurations: Plans and Situated Actions, 2nd ed (2007) — Monoskop Log

Lucy Suchman: Human-Machine Reconfigurations: Plans and Situated Actions, 2nd ed (2007) — Monoskop Log | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
Writings on art, culture, and media technology
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5th BWS Annual Conference: Professor Daniel Hutto, "The Reach of Radical Enactivism"

The Fifth BWS Annual Conference: Wittgenstein, Enactivism and Animal Minds took place on 7 - 8 July 2012 at the University of Hertfordshire. Professor Daniel Hutto…
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Slime Mould, Extended Mind and Stigmergy

Slime Mould, Extended Mind and Stigmergy | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it

MWQ. Man Without Qualities

Those familiar with my work will know that I’ve been banging on about the idea that while mind is not extended in the sense that Adams and Aizawa rightly I think take issue with, i.e. specifying the “mark of the cognitive”, it is extended in the stigmergic sense – and this seems to me what’s being proposed here even though they do not invoke the term stigmergy...

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D. Bottineau, 2012, Parole, corporéité, individu et société — l’embodiment dans les linguistiques cognitives

D. Bottineau, 2012, Parole, corporéité, individu et société — l’embodiment dans les linguistiques cognitives | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it

Résumé : En linguistique cognitive, le terme de corporéité (embodiment) désigne la conceptualisation du rapport incarné du sujet au monde par l’engagement moteur et sensoriel multimodal, et les traces que laissent ces représentations dans les formalismes langagiers (organisation du lexique, constructions). Dans la présente étude, on montre que l’embodiment en linguistique cognitive n’a pas été pris en compte dans la définition du signifiant et dans la caractérisation de l’acte de parole en tant qu’expérience vivante (languaging). Pour rendre compte de ce fait, on le resitue dans le contexte historique de l’émergence de la linguistique cognitive au sein de la révolution cognitiviste, son positionnement ambigu par rapport au générativisme, et le rendez-vous manqué avec des modèles cognitifs pré-cognitivistes comme la psychomécanique du langage. Et pour le dépasser, on présente un courant de pensée actuel qui s’achemine vers une refondation de la problématique de la parole vécue à l’interface de la cognition incarnée par l’individu et de la cognition sociale intersubjectivement distribuée. Ce croisement permet d’échapper à une approche représentationnaliste de type encodagiste, reconsidère la parole comme un processus et une modalité de l’action, précise la nature de la dynamique, et précise les modalités d’application du programme de recherche en redéfinissant dans cette perspective les catégories analytiques traditionnelles (lexique, morphosyntaxe, prosodie) dans leur variation typologique au sein des langues naturelles.

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Recension – la sociologie cognitive | Implications philosophiques

Recension – la sociologie cognitive | Implications philosophiques | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
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Luiz Pessoa, 2013, The Cognitive-Emotional Brain, MIT Press Books

Luiz Pessoa, 2013, The Cognitive-Emotional Brain, MIT Press Books | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
The idea that a specific brain circuit constitutes the emotional brain (and its corollary, that cognition resides elsewhere) shaped thinking about emotion and the brain for many years.
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Socially Extended Cognition

Socially Extended Cognition | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
Another extended mind themed issue from Cognitive Systems Research, the anchor paper being Shaun Gallagher's The Socially Extended Mind.  Here is an extract from the issue's Editorial introduction:...
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The cultural evolution of socially situated cognition

The cultural evolution of socially situated cognition | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
The intro to Liane's paper. Other papers in this issue explore how cognition is shaped by the social matrix in which it is embedded. In this paper the reader is invited to take a step back and cons...
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Andy Clark, 2008, Supersizing the Mind : Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension

Andy Clark, 2008, Supersizing the Mind : Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
When historian Charles Weiner found pages of Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman's notes, he saw it as a "record" of Feynman's work. Feynman himself, however, insisted that the notes were not a record but the work itself.
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"Studies of mind, thought and reason have tended to marginalize the role of bodily form, real-world action, and environmental backdrop. In recent years, both in philosophy and cognitive science, this tendency has been identified and, increasingly, resisted. The result is a plethora of work on what has become known as embodied, situated, distributed, and even 'extended' cognition. Work in this new, loosely knit field depicts thought and reason as in some way inextricably tied to the details of our gross bodily form, our habits of action and intervention, and the enabling web of social, cultural, and technological scaffolding in which we live, move, learn, and think. But exactly what kind of link is at issue? And what difference might such a link or links make to our best philosophical, psychological, and computational models of thought and reason? These are among the large unsolved problems in this increasingly popular field".

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Videos - Conference : Culture, Communication & Cognition - INSTITUT JEAN NICOD

Videos - Conference : Culture, Communication & Cognition - INSTITUT JEAN NICOD | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
Conference in honour of Dan Sperber on 12-15 Dec., 2012, with the participation of leading figures in the areas relevant to Sperber's work : (...)
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The Hand, an Organ of the Mind | The MIT Press

The Hand, an Organ of the Mind | The MIT Press | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it

"Cartesian-inspired dualism enforces a theoretical distinction between the motor and the cognitive and locates the mental exclusively in the head. This collection, focusing on the hand, challenges this dichotomy, offering theoretical and empirical perspectives on the interconnectedness and interdependence of the manual and mental. The contributors explore the possibility that the hand, far from being the merely mechanical executor of preconceived mental plans, possesses its own know-how, enabling “enhanded” beings to navigate the natural, social, and cultural world without engaging propositional thought, consciousness, and deliberation.

The contributors consider not only broad philosophical questions—ranging from the nature of embodiment, enaction, and the extended mind to the phenomenology of agency—but also such specific issues as touching, grasping, gesturing, sociality, and simulation. They show that the capacities of the hand include perception (on its own and in association with other modalities), action, (extended) cognition, social interaction, and communication. Taken together, their accounts offer a handbook of cutting-edge research exploring the ways that the manual shapes and reshapes the mental and creates conditions for embodied agents to act in the world".

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How the Body Shapes the Mind: Hardback: Shaun Gallagher - Oxford University Press

How the Body Shapes the Mind: Hardback: Shaun Gallagher - Oxford University Press | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
How the Body Shapes the Mind offers a fascinating examination of the role played by the body in perception and in the development and practice of thinking.
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Embodied cognition is not what you think it is

Embodied cognition is not what you think it is | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it
Just published open access article from Frontiers in Cognitive Science. Also check out Mog Stapleton's recent survey Steps to a “Properly Embodied” cognitive science and Rick Dale's review of Tony ...
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The Embodied Self: Evan Thompson in Discussion with Krista Tippett

The New York Academy of Sciences - December 7, 2010 To Be or Not To Be: The Self as Illusion Philosopher Evan Thompson explains how mindfulness techniques ca...
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Alva Noë: You Are Not Your Brain

"Contemporary research on consciousness in neuroscience rests on unquestioned but highly questionable foundations. Human nature is no less mysterious now than it was a hundred years ago," writes philosopher Alva Noë in his book "Out of Our Heads."

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C. Ruchon, 2012, Dialogue tactile avec mon smartphone

C. Ruchon, 2012, Dialogue tactile avec mon smartphone | Cognition sociale | Scoop.it

Carnet de recherches "Mater dolorosa"

M’enhardissant sur la voie technologique, me voici équipée d’un très élégant smartphone violet. Le monde tactile s’ouvre à moi. Cela fait maintenant quelques années que j’observe furtivement mes voisins de métro manipuler ce type d’objet, je devrais facilement comprendre sa logique...

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Fred Dervin, M.-A. Paveau (dir.), "Quelle place pour les objets dans les sciences du langage et les sciences de la communication ?", Synergies Pays Riverains de la Baltique, 9 , 2012

Ce numéro de Synergies Pays Riverains de la Baltique propose de prendre au sérieux les objets en recherche. Il traite d’un champ encore peu exploré en sciences du langage et sciences de la communication, notamment dans le rapport entre les discours et les objets : des objets matériels de notre univers, qu’ils soient naturels ou culturels (arbres ou bâtiments), quotidiens ou exceptionnels (carnet d’adresse ou médaille de légion d’honneur), sacrés ou profanes (ciboire ou couteau de boucher), émettant des sons ou silencieux (sirène ou tableau)...
Les objets doivent être en effet considérés comme des contextes pour les discours et entrer dans nos cadres d’analyse, même si leur contribution à la formation et à la circulation des productions verbales ne se laisse pas saisir explicitement – ou peut-être pas du tout. On considère au contraire dans ce numéro que tout actant peut être n’importe quoi tant qu’il est la source d’une action. Les objets sont ainsi des médiateurs et des acteurs qu’il faut prendre en compte dans l’analyse de la communication.

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