Coastal Restoration
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Aerial Photographs Catalogue the Life and Death of Volcanic Islands

Aerial Photographs Catalogue the Life and Death of Volcanic Islands | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it

Volcanic islands can seem to appear out of nowhere, emerging from the ocean like breaching monsters of the deep. Below, Mika McKinnon explains how these odd geological formations are born, how they evolve, and how they eventually vanish back beneath the waves.


Via Seth Dixon
PIRatE Lab's insight:

Darwin was the first to bring an academic overview to the formation of these coral-harboring islands but the beauty and diversity were really first brought home with free aerial imagery (ala Google Earth, etc.).


Where an island is along this developmental continuum says much about the human populations that may inhabit said island.  If the island is tall and young with rich volcanic soil, the mountain will attract rainfall and the soil could support agriculture, making the island able to sustain a higher population density.  On the other hand, an old, eroding island with little rainfall and depleted soils will need human inhabitants to rely on the ocean's resources for food and would thus support a more minimal population.  These islands are changing, even if the time scale is slow--but just recently two disconnected islands 'merged' as growing volcanic island has expanded in the Pacific.

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Matthew Richmond's curator insight, December 2, 2015 3:30 PM

Re-scooped from Professor Dixon, pretty cool story on the formation of islands in the south Pacific. A couple of them look like the island visible from the beach in Rincon, Puerto Rico where I stayed. The island is one giant rock so nobody lives there and it's a naval base for the U.S. military. This, however, is a different situation when you realize that not only do people live here, but kind of a lot of people live here.

Matt Ramsdell's curator insight, December 14, 2015 9:00 PM

What causes the death and the caldera in a volcano? One thing that happens in a deceased volcano is the center of the volcano starts to either erode or the inside finally caves in. Once this happen a caldera takes shape and the ocean starts to take over. As the waves eat away at the shores it will eventually create a island that is shaped like a "U". After this happens that island will someday retreat back into the ocean and someday form a barrier reef.

Adam Deneault's curator insight, December 14, 2015 10:52 PM

Based on general knowledge, I know that the taller a volcano is, the younger it is and the shorter it is, the older it is. The reason they start to get short is from erosion. Hot spots in the Earth's crust make small islands from molten rock. Young islands can be very dangerous, because if they are inhabited, they have the possibility of erupting, whereas an old island does not since the volcano is lnactice and eroding. Over time the inactive volcano will crumble and a caldera will take shape and after even more time, that caldera will slip under the ocean and become a reef. 

Coastal Restoration
Coastal management and restoration of our planet's coastlines with a particular focus on California, Louisiana and the Pacific.  Emphasizing wetland restoration, aspects of agriculture in the coastal plain, fisheries, dealing with coastal hazards, and effective governance.
Curated by PIRatE Lab
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Welcome to Coastal Restoration

Welcome to Coastal Restoration | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it

Welcome to my curation site for all things coastal management-related.

 

Here you will find an array of stories, media, factoids, and updates on current events spanning a range of coastal and marine issues.  While I am interested in a great many things, most of these entries center upon our work to restore coastal ecosystems and improve the management of these incredible, dynamic parts of our planet.

 

In particular, you will find postings here that reflect my deep, continuing interest in:

 

- coastal riparian restoration

- coastal wetland restoration

- subtidal reef restoration

- improved Coastal Zone Managment poilcies and proceedures 

- coastal agriculture/food systems

- sustainable fisheries management

- working ports and harbors

- vibrant ocean economies

- marine ecology

- natural history

- coastal energy production

- oil spills

- water quality and ecotoxicology in the coastal zone

- historic persepctives on our coast our our relationship to our world ocean

 

 

 

If you find my posts here of interest, you might also be interested in some of my other research, teaching, and updates elsewhere via my:

 

- iTunesU Coastal Management podcasts (lectures and field videos): https://itunes.apple.com/us/itunes-u/esrm-462-coastal-marine-management/id415880772?mt=10

- iTunesU Restoration Ecology podcasts (lectures and field videos): https://itunes.apple.com/us/itunes-u/esrm-352-theory-practice-ecological/id415881064?mt=10

- iTunesU Conservation Biology podcasts (lectures and field videos): https://itunes.apple.com/us/itunes-u/esrm-313-conservation-biology/id415881094?mt=10

- Vimeo page: https://vimeo.com/user8078769

- lab's home page: http://faculty.csuci.edu/sean.anderson/Sean_Andersons_Home_Page/Welcome.html

- RestoringNOLA twiter feed (emphasizing Coastal Management in California and Louisiana): https://twitter.com/RestoringNOLA

 

 

Thanks for visiting.  Please enjoy and let me know if I can answer any questions or be of help.

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Coast Guard responds to oil spill near Venice, Louisiana

Coast Guard responds to oil spill near Venice, Louisiana | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
The Coast Guard oversees the response to an oil spill from an abandoned wellhead near Venice, Louisiana, March 21, 2017. (Coast Guard imagery courtesy of Coast
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Somali Pirates Release Hijacked Ship

Somali pirates released a hijacked oil tanker and its eight Sri Lankan crew on Thursday, a Somali security official and the pirates said…
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Cruising Through the End of the World – Pacific Standard

Cruising Through the End of the World – Pacific Standard | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
The seabirds of the Davis Strait aren’t used to the sound of gunfire. When shots echoed across the water on a cold, bright August afternoon, the circling gulls hardly reacted to the unfamiliar racket…
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Outdoor Companies Are In A Fierce Battle With Republicans Over Obama's National Monuments

Outdoor Companies Are In A Fierce Battle With Republicans Over Obama's National Monuments | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
Recent efforts to undo Obama's national monument designations have galvanized the outdoor retail industry. One CEO "was mad as hel
PIRatE Lab's insight:
Something unique is happening with our local company here (Patagonia): the transformed their website the other day is a blatant push for protected area advocacy.

While still early, some of these months-ago predictions seem to be creeping closer to fruition: https://www.buzzfeed.com/jimdalrympleii/a-trump-presidency-may-be-just-what-the-wests-sagebrush-rebe?utm_term=.cnPBBxxMdo#.arBKKzze2G 
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San Jose flood: City knew about flood risk, discussed evacuations

San Jose flood: City knew about flood risk, discussed evacuations | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
New records and details show that San Jose officials were aware of the risks and prepared extensively for flooding, yet held off alerting residents as waters rose.
PIRatE Lab's insight:
Again...this pattern emerges with the facts/science correctly indicating potential/possible outcomes, but our political institutions.
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Brian Chew's comment, March 8, 10:56 AM
I am greatly worried by this news, as this shows the indecisiveness of San Jose's political leaders. Due to their indecisiveness, mistakes, lack of communication and their failure to properly approximate how quickly San Jose would get flooded, it caused many people to get evacuated only when San Jose was badly flooded, causing great inconvenience for everyone there and posing a threat to the residents. Furthermore, because of the lateness of the alert that the residents of San Jose received, a lot of money was lost due to damages caused by the flood, due to the lack of preparation. I hope that something similar would not happen again, not only in San Jose, but around the world. Fortunately, there were no deaths due to the flood this time, however, one could not always say everyone would be so lucky all the time. Hence, we should take more precautions and be prepared for something like this to happen again. Leaders should also learn to be more decisive, to take more precautions, and to be more accountable to the public.
PIRatE Lab's comment, March 8, 1:00 PM
Brian: I agree. the value in accurate (or at least more accurate) estimates of risk and models predicting events like flooding is just what you articulated. We can make better decisions when we both 1) have as much data as we can possible pull together, 2) have the wisdom to have contingency plans should a problem arise, and 3) have strong leadership that have evaluate the current situation in respond accordingly. These three things are not always found where we want them to be found these days. But continuing this pattern will only lead to greater problems in the future.
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Teed off: Critics say Trump water rule helps his golf links

Teed off: Critics say Trump water rule helps his golf links | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it

#GAINESVILLE, Fla. (AP) — President Donald Trump's recent executive order calling for a review of a rule protecting small bodies of water from pollution and development is strongly supported by golf course owners who are wary of being forced into expensive cleanups on their fairways.

It just so happens that Trump's business holdings include a dozen golf courses in the United States, and critics say his executive order is par for the course: yet another unseemly conflict of interest that would result in a benefit to Trump properties if it goes through.

“This conflict is disturbing and his failure to completely step away from his business raises questions about his White House actions,” said Scott Amey, general counsel for the Project on Government Oversight."


Via pdeppisch
PIRatE Lab's insight:
Another example of intentionally divisive rhetoric: "regulatory state," "intrusion from regulators," and such terms serve to reinforce a false dichotomy that regulation serves only to harm people.
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Top 50 World Container Ports | World Shipping Council

The world’s top 10 container ports by TEU volume are all located in Asian countries. Seven of those top ports are Chinese, with Shanghai leading the way with >36 TEU.

Note that in reality Los Angeles and Long Beach function as a single port.  Adding those two together would put them into 9th place.

Also TEU = twenty-foot equivalent unit,  a somewhat inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships.   
PIRatE Lab's insight:
The story that pointed me to this site is here: http://www.maritimeprofessional.com/news/container-ports-volume-302807
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White House eyes plan to cut EPA staff by one-fifth, eliminating key programs

White House eyes plan to cut EPA staff by one-fifth, eliminating key programs | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
The Office of Management and Budget has suggested deep cuts to the EPA's spending, according to a document reviewed by The Washington Post.
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Frankie Gnekow's curator insight, March 6, 4:52 PM
The new president intends to cut the EPA's staff to one fifth of its original workers which would eliminate numerous key programs. His reasoning for this? We must increase the military budget. The president is using fear to build up an army that is already the strongest in the world so he can do whatever he wants. This is very reminiscent of what Hitler did. Scare the masses, blame one group of people for every problem, and build an army. All thats left is genocide, which is already occurring in the form of mass deportation.This is especially troubling in a time where climate change is becoming the biggest issue on the planet. With the arctic hitting a record of 63.5 degrees, its only a matter of time before every ice cap melts. So much is at stake here, but the president is building an army instead. 
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21 people hospitalized after truck plows into Endymion parade crowd

21 people hospitalized after truck plows into Endymion parade crowd | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
Get the latest New Orleans, LA Local News, Sports News & US breaking News. View daily Louisiana weather updates, watch videos and photos, join the discussion in forums. Find more news articles and stories online at NOLA.com
PIRatE Lab's insight:
Details are still a bit sketch but Endymion was the scene of a huge accident/incident this evening.
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Shasta Dam makes history as water flows from top gates for first time in 20 years

Shasta Dam makes history as water flows from top gates for first time in 20 years | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
For the first time in almost two decades, California's biggest Reservoir in Shasta County released water from gates near the top of the dam Wednesday.
PIRatE Lab's insight:
More record breaking hydrology in this oh-so wet year.
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'It was like I was looking at an aquarium': San Jose flood victims tell their stories

'It was like I was looking at an aquarium': San Jose flood victims tell their stories | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
'It was like I was looking at an aquarium:' San Jose flood victims tell their stories
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Oroville hoping to turn dam crisis into a tourism opportunity

Oroville hoping to turn dam crisis into a tourism opportunity | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
With the heaviest surge from a week of storms over, state water officials said Tuesday they are again considering shutting water off to Oroville Dam’s eroded main spillway.
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Venice, Louisiana oil spill cleanup completed

Venice, Louisiana oil spill cleanup completed | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
Cleanup of an oil spill from an abandoned wellhead near Venice, Louisiana has been completed. (Coast Guard imagery courtesy of Coast Guard Sector New
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Native flowers aren't the only plants in 'super-bloom' this spring — nasty weeds have also flourished

Native flowers aren't the only plants in 'super-bloom' this spring — nasty weeds have also flourished | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
The rain has turned Southern California green — and much of the green is weeds. That's a problem, botanists say.
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Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystems

Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystems | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
Climate change is expected to modify ecological responses in the ocean, with the potential for important effects on the ecosystem services provided to humankind. Here we address the question of how rapidly multiple drivers of marine ecosystem change develop in the future ocean. By analysing an ensemble of models we find that, within the next 15 years, the climate change-driven trends in multiple ecosystem drivers emerge from the background of natural variability in 55% of the ocean and propagate rapidly to encompass 86% of the ocean by 2050 under a ‘business-as-usual’ scenario. However, we also demonstrate that the exposure of marine ecosystems to climate change-induced stress can be drastically reduced via climate mitigation measures; with mitigation, the proportion of ocean susceptible to multiple drivers within the next 15 years is reduced to 34%. Mitigation slows the pace at which multiple drivers emerge, allowing an additional 20 years for adaptation in marine ecological and socio-economic systems alike.
PIRatE Lab's insight:
"Here we address the question of how rapidly multiple drivers of marine ecosystem change develop in the future ocean. By analysing an ensemble of models we find that, within the next 15 years, the climate change-driven trends in multiple ecosystem drivers emerge from the background of natural variability in 55% of the ocean and propagate rapidly to encompass 86% of the ocean by 2050 under a ‘business-as-usual’ scenario."
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Large Rogue Waves More Common than Previously Thought

Large Rogue Waves More Common than Previously Thought | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science scientist Mark Donelan and his Norwegian Meteorological…
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EM Information

EM Information | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
The second national electronic monitoring workshop was held in Seattle, Washington late last year. Hosted by NOAA Fisheries, the goal was to bring together fisheries monitoring and management experts to share what’s working in EM implementation projects, what’s not, and to develop solutions and paths forward. The workshop was also a celebration of significant progress taking place. Since the first national workshop held in January 2014, there has been a large scale EM regulatory program implemented in the Atlantic HMS fishery and regulations authorizing EM programs developed through Regional exempted fishing permit and cooperative research projects are scheduled for implementation in 2017 and 2018 in several different fisheries around the country.
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Former Congressman Anthony Beilenson, helped preserve Santa Monica Mountains and Sepulveda Basin Recreation Area, dies at 84

Former Congressman Anthony Beilenson, helped preserve Santa Monica Mountains and Sepulveda Basin Recreation Area, dies at 84 | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
LOS ANGELES >> Former congressman Anthony Beilenson was remembered Tuesday for his decades of service in state and national politics, including his sponsorship of the 1978 law that created the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area.
PIRatE Lab's insight:
A longtime advocate for protected area preservation has died.
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State Lands Commission finds two previously unidentified wellheads at beach after news report

State Lands Commission finds two previously unidentified wellheads at beach after news report | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
A NewsChannel 3 report about an exposed oil wellhead alerted the U.S. Coast Guard who contacted the State Lands Commission.
PIRatE Lab's insight:
More leaking oil wells in Summerland, Santa Barbara County.
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Lessons from Hanjin Line Bankruptcy

Lessons from Hanjin Line Bankruptcy | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
The August 2016 collapse of Hanjin Line was a wake-up call for the entire ocean transportation supply chain. More than $14…
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White House proposes steep budget cut to leading climate science agency

White House proposes steep budget cut to leading climate science agency | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is in the crosshairs of the White House.
PIRatE Lab's insight:
It seems to have begun...the great purge of science and fact-based management.  The start is the gutting of programs that collect objective data with which we can then assess the state of affairs.
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USCG Awards Polar Icebreaker Contracts

USCG Awards Polar Icebreaker Contracts | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
The U.S. Coast Guard awarded five firm fixed-price contracts for heavy polar icebreaker design studies and analysis Wednesday.
PIRatE Lab's insight:
Well...I guess that is at least a start.  Apparently we need to spend $20 million to do a study to figure out how to save money when we actually (finally) get around to building new iceabreakers.  We are crazily behind in the building/operating of ice-faring ships here in the U.S.
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The verdict after all that rain? Most of California is out of the drought

The verdict after all that rain? Most of California is out of the drought | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
California's drought goes out with a bang
PIRatE Lab's insight:
We in Ventura County are still dry...
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How America's Tallest Dam Nearly Overflowed

How America's Tallest Dam Nearly Overflowed | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
When a sinkhole opened in the dam's main spillway, operators were left without their main tool to combat rising inflows.
PIRatE Lab's insight:
Great data-rich primer on the goings on at Oroville, published a few days ago.  While there is nothing new in this piece relative to other stories I have posted over the past few days, this one does a great job elegantly and effectively presenting the quantitative part of the story of the rising waters.  A great integration of simply multimedia and graphing pieces that deepen the story and the understanding.
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PIRatE Lab's curator insight, February 22, 2:11 PM
A great illustration of what you can do in a blog post!
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Government severely misjudged strength of Oroville emergency spillway, sparking a crisis

Government severely misjudged strength of Oroville emergency spillway, sparking a crisis | Coastal Restoration | Scoop.it
Officials said the bedrock beneath the Oroville spillway would withstand massive release of water. They were wrong.
PIRatE Lab's insight:
We are seeing more great pieces about the risks and engineering problems with both Oroville Dam and the other dams and water management projects across California and the U.S.

A few of these include:

Clear engineering/design troubles with Oroville:


Flooding elsewhere in California:

Oroville's most recent timeline:
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