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Human behaviour: is it all in the brain – or the mind?

Human behaviour: is it all in the brain – or the mind? | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Neuroimaging is seen as the key to understanding everything we do, but, in their controversial new book, Sally Satel and Scott O Lilienfeld say this approach is misguided
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Co-creation in health
E-citizens, e-patients, communities in shaping e-health, health literacy.
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Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation

Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it

Importance  Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increase in mortality and morbidity, with a substantial increase in stroke and systemic thromboembolism. Strokes related to AF are associated with higher mortality, greater disability, longer hospital stays, and lower chance of being discharged home than strokes unrelated to AF.

Objective  To provide an overview of current concepts and recent developments in stroke prevention in AF, with suggestions for practical management.

Evidence Review  A comprehensive structured literature search was performed using MEDLINE for studies published through March 11, 2015, that reported on AF and stroke, bleeding risk factors, and stroke prevention.

Findings  The risk of stroke in AF is reduced by anticoagulant therapy. Thromboprophylaxis can be obtained with vitamin K antagonists (VKA, eg, warfarin) or a non-VKA oral anticoagulant (NOAC). Major guidelines emphasize the important role of oral anticoagulation (OAC) for effective stroke prevention in AF. Initially, clinicians should identify low-risk AF patients who do not require antithrombotic therapy (ie, CHA2DS2-VASc score, 0 for men; 1 for women). Subsequently, patients with at least 1 stroke risk factor (except when the only risk is being a woman) should be offered OAC. A patient’s individual risk of bleeding from antithrombotic therapy should be assessed, and modifiable risk factors for bleeding should be addressed (blood pressure control, discontinuing unnecessary medications such as aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). The international normalized ratio should be tightly controlled for patients receiving VKAs.

Conclusions and Relevance  Stroke prevention is central to the management of AF, irrespective of a rate or rhythm control strategy. Following the initial focus on identifying low-risk patients, all others with 1 or more stroke risk factors should be offered OAC.

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Nursing 2.0: Improving Care Through Technology - CHCF.org

Nursing 2.0: Improving Care Through Technology - CHCF.org | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
This report examines how technologies designed to improve hospital efficiency, patient safety, and quality of care are affecting the work environment for nurses.
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Strong Girl tactics: One campaign song aims to strike a blow for women

Strong Girl tactics: One campaign song aims to strike a blow for women | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it

Malala Yousafzai among high-profile supporters of all-African track designed to promote focus on women and girls in sustainable development targets. 

Nine female musicians from seven African countries have come together on a new song calling for women and girls to be central to the fight against poverty.

In a shift from previous anti-poverty music campaigns that have been criticisedfor ignoring African musicians and misrepresenting the continent, the video from the One campaign features an all African-cast of some of the continent’s brightest stars.

The song, called Strong Girl, features Victoria Kimani, from Kenya, Vanessa Mdee, from Tanzania, Arielle T, from Gabon, Gabriela, from Mozambique, Judith Sephuma, from South Africa, Waje, from Nigeria, Selmor Mtukudzi, from Zimbabwe, Yemi Alade, from Nigeria and 14-year-old South African rapper called Blessing.

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Sanità a rischio crash: urgenza ‘digitale’ per salvare la nave

Sanità a rischio crash: urgenza ‘digitale’ per salvare la nave | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Presentato oggi a Roma alla presenza del ministro Beatrice Lorenzin il libro ‘La tempesta perfetta? Il possibile naufragio del servizio sanitario nazionale: come salvarlo?’
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How Doctors Deliver Bad News

How Doctors Deliver Bad News | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Doctors are trying new ways of solving an old problem—how to tell patients they aren’t going to get well.

The doctor in the grainy video is standing up, shifting uncomfortably as he spouts medical jargon that members of his patient’s family don’t understand.

When the reality sets in—that their father and husband is dead—the family’s intense emotions fluster the doctor. He awkwardly suggests an autopsy before rushing away to respond to his chirping beeper.

It is a low-budget training video that Andrew Epstein, a medical oncologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, uses often as he teaches medical students the art of breaking bad news.

   
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Inactivity Tracker: a tracker that will reward you for doing absolutely nothing.

Inactivity Tracker: a tracker that will reward you for doing absolutely nothing. | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it

You've heard of the FitBit and other trackers that promote exercise and activity. Now there's a tracker that will reward you for doing absolutely nothing.

Kmart is tapping into the fitness tracker trend with an "inactivity tracker" meant to promote the retailer's Joe Boxer pajama brand.

Like the FitBit, the Inactivity Tracker connects to a mobile app, available on iOS and Android. Unlike other trackers, the app rewards users for laziness, or what it calls "chill time," rather than fitness, allowing them to reach levels like "Couch Commander," "Cryogenic" and "You Rock!" So people can feel better about binge watching Netflix's "Daredevil" and lounging on the couch instead of enjoying the sunny spring weather.

The effort, created by FCB in Chicago, puts Joe Boxer in the spotlight during a usually quiet season for the brand, which is known primarily for quirky holiday spots like "Show Your Joe."

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Marketing des influenceurs

Marketing des influenceurs | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Influenceur, influencer est un individu qui par son statut, son exposition médiatique peut influencer les comportement de consommation dans un univers donné

Via Lionel Reichardt / le Pharmageek
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Doctors may be missing many cases of gonorrhea and chlamydia in women

Doctors may be missing many cases of gonorrhea and chlamydia in women | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it

Doctors may be failing to detect large numbers of gonorrhea and chlamydia infections in women if they don't test patients' throats and rectums for the sexually transmitted diseases, researchers at Johns Hopkins University report.

Current guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention call for rectal and pharyngeal screening for the two infections only in HIV-infected men (and men at risk for HIV) who have sex with other men. But when the researchers looked at the health records of 4,402 women at two Baltimore clinics for sexually-transmitted diseases, they found that large numbers of cases would have been missed if "extragenital testing" had not been conducted.

All the women (as well as nearly 6,000 men in the study) had reported extragenital exposure during sex. The researchers determined that 30.3 percent of gonorrhea infections and 13.8 percent of chlamydia cases would have been missed if the tests hadn't been performed.


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Entreprise. Ces sociétés qui cultivent le bien-être au travail

Entreprise. Ces sociétés qui cultivent le bien-être au travail | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
La notion de « bien-être au travail », c'est vraiment une nouveauté ? Les suicides au techno-centre Renault ou chez France Télécom ont été un choc. Ce qui est touché là, c'est une « économie de la connaissance », censée ne pas user la santé.

Via François Pellerin, Claude Emond
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Philippe-Didier Gauthier's curator insight, May 9, 2:09 PM

#DémarchePortfolio  Une démarche simplement citoyenne. 

Helene de saint front's curator insight, May 11, 4:12 AM

Il y en a qui le mettent en oeuvre...et ca marche souvent en termes de motivation!

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How Top-Ranked Companies Develop Leaders

How Top-Ranked Companies Develop Leaders | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
The most profitable companies know the CEO plays a critical role in whether leadership development affects the business.  Today's business environment requires dramatically different capabilities than traditional disciplines. Quality, service and innovation are no longer competitive advantages, they are minimum requirements. Unpredictable, globalized competitive forces, game-changing technology innovations and the speed of change itself create powerful and often conflicting pressures for business and its leaders. But it is the CEO who bears the ultimate responsibility for guiding an organization to long-term success.

Via Willis Smith, Claude Emond
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Claude Emond's curator insight, May 10, 8:44 AM

good discussion of the generational issues in developing leaders

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Home - Women in the States

Home - Women in the States | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
The Status of Women in the States provides data on women’s progress in 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the United States overall.The data can be used to raise awareness, improve policies, and promote women’s equality. Explore the data here!
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Understanding compassion fatigue

Understanding compassion fatigue | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it

There are multiple and diverse understandings and definitions of what compassion fatigue is. So much so, there are equally multiple, diverse and conflicting strategies to mitigate it. To understand better what compassion fatigue is, an examination of what compassion is was undertaken. Much is written that nurses are, or should be compassionate. Compassion is an archetype of nursing. However, there is little in the nursing literature defining what compassion is. Literature on compassion outside of nursing was then examined. There is a growing body of theory and research about compassion in other disciplines. None of the multiple definitions of nurse compassion fatigue match this understanding of compassion. The tools most often used to measure nurse compassion fatigue do not appear to measure the construct of compassion.

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A nurse is an essential partner to patient care

A nurse is an essential partner to patient care | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Some years ago when my father underwent bypass surgery, he was anxious, depressed and in pain as he lay in the hospital bed tied to IV catheters and tubes. Each day, his surgeon, his hospitalist, and other consultant doctors whisked in and out, asking how he was feeling and then ordering a treatment plan. A few years after his full recovery, I asked my father what he remembered about his hospital stay. He told me, “The nurses were good, very caring and compassionate. 
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Mort du mathématicien John Nash, Prix Nobel d’économie et « homme d’exception »

Mort du mathématicien John Nash, Prix Nobel d’économie et « homme d’exception » | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it

Le Monde.fr version mobile - La vie de ce mathématicien de génie, qui se battait contre la schizophrénie, avait inspiré le film « Un homme d’exception ».


Via Giovanna Marsico
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A note to administrators and librarians: Those that fund research are responsible for funding its dissemination.

A note to administrators and librarians: Those that fund research are responsible for funding its dissemination. | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Only when the bulk of research comes with funds to pay author-side fees will publishers feel comfortable moving to new open business models. But who should be responsible for paying these new autho...
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“La banalité de Heidegger” Jean-Luc Nancy, 2014 - YouTube

“Die Banalität Heideggers” – Enregistrement audio (en français) d'une conférence donnée par Jean-Luc Nancy au Martin-Heidegger-Institut (Bergische Universitä...

Via Luis Manuel
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A blood test for early detection of breast cancer metastasis

A blood test for early detection of breast cancer metastasis | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it

 "Research findings from Lund University in Sweden now provide new hope for a way of detecting metastases significantly earlier than is currently possible.

 The chances of being cured of breast cancer have increased in recent decades, however if the tumour has metastasised, the disease remains essentially incurable. One reason for this could be that the metastases are detected late, after they have grown enough to cause symptoms or be seen on a radiological scan. If they could be found sooner, it might be possible to treat the new tumours. Research findings from Lund University in Sweden now provide new hope for a way of detecting metastases significantly earlier than is currently possible.

The discovery was made by a research team led by Lao Saal, M.D. Ph.D, and is based on what is known as cell-free circulating DNA – small fragments of genetic material from different cells which circulate in the blood. It is normal to have low amounts of such DNA material in the blood, but in the case of diseases such as cancer, these amounts can increase. Furthermore, in cancer patients, the circulating DNA contains the genetic mutations which are specific to the tumor.

 Lao Saal and his colleagues used previously gathered material from a breast cancer study which has been underway in Lund since 2002. The material contained samples from surgically removed tumours from patients with non-metastatic disease as well as blood samples taken from the patients at regular intervals during the years in which they were followed up.

The tumour samples contained many genetic changes, which constituted a "fingerprint" specific to each tumour. Researchers then looked in the blood samples for circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) with the same fingerprint. Although the study is fairly small – it is based on material from only 20 women –the results are striking."


Via Susan Zager
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Susan Zager's curator insight, May 18, 12:55 PM

To see the full research article published in Embo press go to: http://embomolmed.embopress.org/content/early/2015/05/12/emmm.201404913


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Stigma as a barrier to mental health care - PsyPost

Stigma as a barrier to mental health care - PsyPost | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Over 60 million Americans are thought to experience mental illness in a given year, and the impacts of mental illness are undoubtedly felt by millions more ...
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Superfici ed essenze. L'analogia come cuore pulsante del pensiero - Douglas R. Hofstadter, Emmanuel Sander,

Superfici ed essenze. L'analogia come cuore pulsante del pensiero - Douglas R. Hofstadter, Emmanuel Sander, | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Ci troviamo tutti sempre alle prese con una massa vorticosa di sensazioni: una superficie caotica in cui il cervello deve districarsi e provare a individuare l'essenza di quello che sta succedendo. Ma come fa? Alla base della nostra attività mentale non c'è il ragionamento logico ma uno strumento cognitivo più raffinato: l'analogia, ovvero la percezione, spesso inconsapevole, di similarità profonde tra ciò che succede adesso e ricordi o concetti familiari immagazzinati chissà dove o come nel nostro cervello. Con una serie di esempi che spaziano dalle osservazioni ingenue ma talvolta geniali dei bambini al progresso imprevedibile della scienza (come la lenta sfilata di sottili analogie che hanno guidato Einstein alla comprensione completa della formula E = mc2), dagli errori del discorso, pervasivi ma raramente notati, all'incanto poco apprezzato della traduzione letteraria, Hofstadter e Sander portano al massimo grado la loro capacità di immergersi nell'articolata complessità del sapere. Il risultato è questa nuova visione dell'analogia come cuore del pensiero, presentata in un'opera destinata, come l'ormai leggendario "Gödel, Escher, Bach", a lasciare una traccia importante nella saggistica mondiale.
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The Leadership Paradox

The Leadership Paradox | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Leadership development plans should include opportunities unique to a specific leadership role’s requirements and address competencies relating to risk factors. Identifying companies good at developing leaders is an old research topic, but competitive rankings don’t offer insight into what causes success and failure. This void led management and sales research firm Chally Group Worldwide to launch the Global Leadership Research Project in 2010 to shed light on companies’ leadership development efforts and substantiate the return on investment winning organizations provide for their shareholders and employees.
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Economic inequality is bad for our health | Toronto Star

Economic inequality is bad for our health | Toronto Star | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
A new study confirms what experts have long known: improving the health of Torontonians must begin with fighting poverty. 

The powerful relationship between poverty and health has been documented for nearly two centuries. We have long known that a person’s economic position is the strongest predictor of their health status. Being poor means dying sooner and dying sicker.

Toronto Public Health report released earlier this week concludes that poverty is literally imprinting itself on the lives of Torontonians. The findings presented in the report are grim. Over the past decade, health inequalities between the rich and the poor have persisted. In some cases, they have grown wider. In other words, opportunities to be healthy in the city of Toronto remain as unequally distributed as ever. The report rightfully attributes these inequalities to the social determinants of health — a term that refers to a diverse range of factors including income, education, employment and housing.

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Petition: Fibromyalgia is a real Illness with no cure.

Petition: Fibromyalgia is a real Illness with no cure. | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Please sign to raise awareness of condition known as Fibromyalgia, a life-changing illness for which there is no cure (59315 signatures on petition)

Via britishroses
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Stiglitz: Inequality Is Not Inevitable. The Great Divide - NYTimes.com

Stiglitz: Inequality Is Not Inevitable. The Great Divide - NYTimes.com | Co-creation in health | Scoop.it
Our current brand of capitalism is an ersatz capitalism. For proof of this go back to our response to the Great Recession, where we socialized losses, even as we privatized gains. Perfect competition should drive profits to zero, at least theoretically, but we have monopolies and oligopolies making persistently high profits. C.E.O.s enjoy incomes that are on average 295 times that of the typical worker, a much higher ratio than in the past, without any evidence of a proportionate increase in productivity.

If it is not the inexorable laws of economics that have led to America’s great divide, what is it? The straightforward answer: our policies and our politics.

Via Svend Aage Christensen
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