classical conditioning
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External inhibition

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stefan powers's insight:

External inhibition may be observed if a strong or unfamiliar stimulus is presented just before, or at the same time as, the CS. This causes a reduction in the conditioned response to the CS.

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second-order conditioning | BehaveNet

second-order conditioning | BehaveNet | classical conditioning | Scoop.it
stefan powers's insight:

This form of conditioning follows a two-step procedure. First a neutral stimulus (“CS1”) comes to signal a US through forward conditioning. Then a second neutral stimulus (“CS2”) is paired with the first (CS2-CS1) and comes to yield its own conditioned response. For example, a bell (CS1) might paired with food (US) until the bell elicits salivation. If a light is then paired with the bell the light also may come to elicit salivation.

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The Little Albert Experiment

The Little Albert Experiment | classical conditioning | Scoop.it
The Little Albert experiment was a famous psychology experiment conducted by behaviorist John B. Watson and graduate student Rosalie Raynor. Learn more about the Little Albert experiment and discover what happened to the boy in the study.

Via Malin Janko Enander
stefan powers's insight:

John b. Watsons insightful experiment that showed how we learn to associate and generalize using classical conditioning.

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Forward and backward second-order Pavlovian conditioning in honeybees

Forward and backward second-order Pavlovian conditioning in honeybees | classical conditioning | Scoop.it
stefan powers's insight:

Learning is fastest in forward conditioning. During forward conditioning the onset of the CS precedes the onset of the US in order to signal that the US will follow. Backward conditioning occurs when a CS immediately follows a US. Unlike the usual conditioning procedure, in which the CS precedes the US, the conditioned response given to the CS tends to be inhibitory. This presumably happens because the CS serves as a signal that the US has ended, rather than as a signal that the US is about to appear.

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Temporal and trace conditioning

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stefan powers's insight:

Trace and temporal conditioning, the idea that classical conditioning is predicted by our biological clocks.

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