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Selma to Montgomery March

The Selma to Montgomery marches, also known as Bloody Sunday and the two marches that followed, were marches and protests held in 1965 that marked the political and emotional peak of the American civil rights movement. All three were attempts to march from Selma to Montgomery where the Alabama capitol is located. The marches grew out of the voting rights movement in Selma, launched by local African-Americans who formed the Dallas County Voters League (DCVL). In 1963, the DCVL and organizers from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) began voter-registration work. When white resistance to black voter registration proved intractable, the DCVL requested the assistance of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, who brought many prominent civil rights and civic leaders to support voting rights.

 

The first march took place on March 7, 1965 — "Bloody Sunday" — when 600 marchers, protesting the death of Jimmie Lee Jackson and ongoing exclusion from the electoral process, were attacked by state and local police with billy clubs and tear gas. The second march took place March 9; police forced 2,500 protesters to turn around after crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge.

The third march started March 16. Protected by 2,000 soldiers of the U.S. Army, 1,900 members of the Alabama National Guard under Federal command, and many FBI agents and Federal Marshals, the marchers averaged 10 miles (16 km) a day along U.S. Route 80, known in Alabama as the "Jefferson Davis Highway". The marchers arrived in Montgomery on March 24 and at the Alabama State Capitol on March 25.

The route is memorialized as the Selma To Montgomery Voting Rights Trail, and is a U.S. National Historic Trail.


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George Washington Carver Interpretive Museum - Dothan, Alabama

George Washington Carver Interpretive Museum - Dothan, Alabama | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
The George Washington Carver Interpretive Museum is a historical museum in Dotha

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Tuskegee Heritage Museum

Tuskegee Heritage Museum | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
Check out Tuskegee Heritage Museum's reviews, photos and more on Gogobot

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The Stand in the School House

"The Stand in the Schoolhouse Door took place at Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama on June 11, 1963.George Wallace, the Governor of Alabama, in a symbolic attempt to keep his inaugural promise of "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever" and stop the desegregation of schools, stood at the door of the auditorium to try to block the entry of two black students, Vivian Malone Jones and James Hood.[1]

The incident brought George Wallace into the national spotlight."


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ciara's curator insight, February 6, 2014 2:26 AM

On a scorching june day in 1963, James Hood and Vivian Malone became the first black students to enroll successfully at the university of alabama defying Governor George Wallace Jr.’s symbolic — and vitriolic — ‘‘stand in the schoolhouse door.’’ this is an eample of racial sergregation going on in the south of this time frame

De'Andre King's curator insight, February 2, 2015 9:54 PM

This stand created a very insecure statue between blacks and whites. I feel like the Governor showed a public display of sentiment and he had no right. As a political leader you should not verbally or physically take sides in community disputes, but aim to peacefully negotiate the result.

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Tuskegee Confederate Monument - Tuskegee - Alabama.travel

Tuskegee Confederate Monument - Tuskegee - Alabama.travel | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
Monument erected in 1906 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy in memory of Confederate soldiers from Macon County. Scene of 1960s civil rights activities.

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Harris Barrett School - Tuskegee - Alabama.travel

Harris Barrett School - Tuskegee - Alabama.travel | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
Built in 1903 by students of the Tuskegee Normal School, later named Tuskegee Institute and now Tuskegee University. The students made the bricks by hand and built the two room school under the directions of Dr. Booker T. Washington. It was constructed for the descendants of slaves. Located on three acres of land and restored to its originality, today it is a developing historic museum that tells the story of early school life and living in rural Alabama. The school houses the exposition of local African Americans education and achievements from the slave ships to the space ships, highlighting those of Tuskegee Univertity who help develop the NASA project of growing food in space. Tours daily by request.

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The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing

The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
On Sunday September 15th 1963 the Ku Klux Klan bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, killing four girls: Addie Mae Collins, age 14 (1949-1963) Cynthia Wesley, age 14 (1949-1...

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Church Bombing

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Community Village Sites's curator insight, September 18, 2013 1:31 PM


There is an excellent Spike Lee documentary called "4 Little Girls" filled with many heart wrenching scenes and interviews of the parents, family and friends.


One of the most heart-rending and poignant scenes is when the father of one of the murdered girls shows the cinematographer an absolutely perfect photo he took of his beautiful happy daughter hugging a white doll as close as she can to her head as her and the doll pose for the camera.


The beautiful innocence of childhood contrasted alongside the hate and violence of racist adults is emotionally overwhelming. Viewing a happy photo from a grieving parent made me sad and sick to my stomach at the absurdity of the hate and violence in this world.


It's not enough to say that one man or four men were sociopathic killers. The whole U.S. culture allows those sick and twisted people to be members of our society virtually unchecked.


@getgln

Ashley Nicole Kilgore's curator insight, January 17, 2014 3:28 PM

16th Street Baptist Church

Courtlandt Cobb's curator insight, January 30, 2015 2:32 PM

We picked this picture because its shows how the KKK bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama and in the outline it stated that they killed 4 little black girls.

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Civil Rights Memorial & Center - Montgomery Alabama - Convention & Visitor Bureau

Civil Rights Memorial & Center - Montgomery Alabama - Convention & Visitor Bureau | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
Civil Rights Memorial & Center - Dedicated to those who died during the modern Civil Rights Movement, the wall includes excerpts quoted in the historical speech by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial - Free Admission.

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Civil RIghts Movement

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Tent City - White Hall - Alabama.travel

Tent City - White Hall - Alabama.travel | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
Tent City, a settlement on black-owned property near Route 80 in Lowndes County, formed in 1965 for sharecroppers who were kicked off their land for voter registration activity.

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Tent City 

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Text-Dependent Analysis in Action: Examples From Dr. MLK, Jr.'s Letter from a Birmingham Jail

• In-depth analysis and discussion of Dr. King's Letter from a Birmingham Jail • Explanation of the cognitive requirements of the Standards •  

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Tuskegee Human & Civil Rights Multicultural Center

Tuskegee Human & Civil Rights Multicultural Center | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
Tuskegee Human & Civil Rights Multicultural Center

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Montgomery Bus Boycott: The story of Rosa Parks and the Civil Rights Movement

A site about Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott


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Plazmapkmn's curator insight, February 27, 2013 9:47 AM

Good resources for my project

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The Stand in the Schoolhouse Door: From Tuscaloosa to Austin | NAACP LDF

The Stand in the Schoolhouse Door: From Tuscaloosa to Austin | NAACP LDF | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it

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Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site | National Parks Conservation Association

Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site | National Parks Conservation Association | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site tells the story of the first African Americans to train as U.S. Army pilots and ground support during World War II.

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We Shall Overcome -- Butler Chapel AME Zion Church

Photographs and description of the

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HistoryGroup2ndPeriod's curator insight, February 5, 2014 11:15 AM
Butler Chapel AME Zion Church
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Encyclopedia of Alabama: Birmingham Campaign of 1963

Encyclopedia of Alabama: Birmingham Campaign of 1963 | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it

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Bham Campaign

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Viola Liuzzo Historic Marker - White Hall - Alabama.travel

Viola Liuzzo Historic Marker - White Hall - Alabama.travel | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
Viola Gregg Liuzzo, a housewife and mother from Detroit, drove alone to Alabama to help with the Selma march after seeing televised reports of the attack at the Edmund Pettus Bridge.

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Viola Liuzzo

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Selma to Montgomery Trail Interpretive Center - White Hall - Alabama.travel

Selma to Montgomery Trail Interpretive Center - White Hall - Alabama.travel | Civil Rights PBL | Scoop.it
Lowndes County Interpretive Center officially opened its doors to the public August 25, 2006. The interpretive center is the first of three proposed along the Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail.

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Selma histoiric trail

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