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How to Save Human Lives with Complexity Science

We discuss models and data of crowd disasters, crime, terrorism, war and disease spreading to show that conventional recipes, such as deterrence strategies, are not effective and sufficient to contain them. The failure of many conventional approaches results from their neglection of feedback loops, instabilities and/or cascade effects, due to which equilibrium models do often not provide a good picture of the actual system behavior. However, the complex and often counter-intuitive behavior of social systems and their macro-level collective dynamics can be understood by means of complexity science, which enables one to address the aforementioned problems more successfully. We highlight that a suitable system design and management can help to stop undesirable cascade effects and to enable favorable kinds of self-organization in the system. In such a way, complexity science can help to save human lives.


How to Save Human Lives with Complexity Science
Dirk Helbing, Dirk Brockmann, Thomas Chadefaux, Karsten Donnay, Ulf Blanke, Olivia Woolley-Meza, Mehdi Moussaid, Anders Johansson, Jens Krause, Sebastian Schutte, Matjaz Perc

http://arxiv.org/abs/1402.7011


Via Complexity Digest
Liz Rykert's insight:

Here is the critical summary: "We highlight that a suitable system design and management can help to stop undesirable cascade effects and to enable favorable kinds of self-organization in the system. In such a way, complexity science can help to save human lives."

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Eli Levine's curator insight, March 2, 2014 8:56 PM

This makes more intuitive sense than the linear-equilibrium stuff, in all honesty.  The more we know, the better we'll be at resolving these common problems.

 

Think about it.

Wolf Hesse's curator insight, March 3, 2014 8:56 AM

#activism

#scrape #prep

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Network Mapping: Leveraging Your Influence

Network Mapping: Leveraging Your Influence | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
This month’s Change the World offers a Network Mapping Guide that uses commonly-accepted mapping strategies to understand your network. The resulting map, however, allows you to look more deeply into the patterns of interaction and decision making that shape the patterns of your network. It opens insights that can increase your ability to leverage adaptive capacity in your highly interconnected and interdependent world. This Network Mapping Guide helps you look beyond the surface to see and understand the conditions that shape the patterns in your world.

Via june holley
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Give cities a seat at the top table

Give cities a seat at the top table | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
Building more strategic links between urban innovation and global governance will help to tackle today's grand challenges, argues Michele Acuto.
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The New Laws of Explosive Networks | Quanta Magazine

The New Laws of Explosive Networks |  Quanta Magazine | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
Researchers are uncovering the hidden laws that reveal how the Internet grows, how viruses spread, and how financial bubbles burst.

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Decision Making

Decision Making | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
The topic of decision-making discusses how decisions are made within organizations, and by whom.

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Four Questions to Ask Before You Engage with a Network (SSIR)

Four Questions to Ask Before You Engage with a Network (SSIR) | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
Funders want to create big change by using networks for social impact. But where to start?
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Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities

Policy directives in several nations are focusing on the development of smart cities, linking innovations in the data sciences with the goal of advancing human well-being and sustainability on a highly urbanized planet. To achieve this goal, smart initiatives must move beyond city-level data to a higher-order understanding of cities as transboundary, multisectoral, multiscalar, social-ecological-infrastructural systems with diverse actors, priorities, and solutions. We identify five key dimensions of cities and present eight principles to focus attention on the systems-level decisions that society faces to transition toward a smart, sustainable, and healthy urban future.

 

Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Anu Ramaswami, Armistead G. Russell, Patricia J. Culligan, Karnamadakala Rahul Sharma, Emani Kumar

Science  20 May 2016:
Vol. 352, Issue 6288, pp. 940-943
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf7160 


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Connectography

Connectography | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
From the visionary bestselling author Parag Khanna comes a bracing and authoritative guide to a future shaped less by national borders than by global supply chains, a world in which the most connected powers—and people—will win.
Liz Rykert's insight:

Taken to the global scale Parag Khanna describes the future of the world not a group of sovereign states but one of connected cities. Collective investment in the infrastructure that connects us has led to powerful local regions that are now finding peace and prosperity through being connected to one another (think Southeast Asian Countries) rather than fighting over borders. Watch the TED talk  - kind of like Collective Impact on steroids.

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we don’t need better leaders

we don’t need better leaders | City Building Networks | Scoop.it

Via june holley
Liz Rykert's insight:

This is great!

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MaRS Global Leadership: Culture as Urban Acupuncture

At this Global Leadership event, Tim Jones, CEO Artscape, shares how engaging culture can be a powerful resource in city-building.
Liz Rykert's insight:

Great talk by Tim Jones form Artscape on Culture as Urban Acupuncture 

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Deepening Network Practice for Social Change : Interaction Institute for Social Change

Deepening Network Practice for Social Change : Interaction Institute for Social Change | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
Liz Rykert's insight:

Great short read from the Interaction Institute for Social Change and Curtis Ogden. Includes additional relevant resources at the end of the article. thx @curtisogden @june holley

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How Online Communities Became Central To How We Work

How Online Communities Became Central To How We Work | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
Communities make just about everything we do today in our organizations better. That was essentially the message at FeverBee SPRINT last week in San Francisco, a confab of several hundred online co...

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What is undiscussable in your culture?

What is undiscussable in your culture? | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
What is “undiscussable” in your culture? Welcome to the heart of organizational culture! Undiscussables can help to understand and change culture.

Via Alexis Assimacopoulos
Liz Rykert's insight:

This is a great article about a simple approach that helped people get to the heart of organizational culture. Short and useful.

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Ron McIntyre's curator insight, October 15, 2015 11:32 AM

Every culture has a number of undiscussable topics that are avoided at all cost. In a company this can be deadly for the careers of everyone involved.

HR Muse's curator insight, October 16, 2015 8:34 AM

The concept of 'authenticity' in organisations has grown in prominence in recent years - i.e. does everyday behaviour of employees, managers and leaders align with espoused values published internally and externally in the organisation? In other words, does the organisation do what it says on the tin?


A lack of congruence between reality and espoused values inevitably risks employee engagement and levels of discretionary behaviour. In a time when employee trust in senior management and business leaders has been eroded and re-engaging employees is high on the list of many employees,  the need for authenticity therefore remains paramount.


This blog post in Leadership & Change by Terri Kruzan piqued my interest citing Harvard and their experiences of discussing the 'undiscussables' - those elements of organisational culture that prevail but no-one likes to talk about . 

 

Ask yourself 'what are the undiscussables in my organisation? How long have they been there? Why do they exist? What is their impact? How might I as an HR practitioner help surface them within the organisation?

 

Then you might establish just how authentic your organisation is.

Ian Berry's curator insight, October 16, 2015 7:52 PM

Key action in all the best workplaces - a willingness to discuss the undiscussables.

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Transformation Governance is Taking Off | Networking Action

Transformation Governance is Taking Off | Networking Action | City Building Networks | Scoop.it

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Public Engagement for Resilience

Public Engagement for Resilience | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
A team of us at IISC are partnered with an engineering firm to work on a climate change resiliency planning initiative in a vulnerable neighborhood in New York City. Our role is to lead the creatio…
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Building intentional networks that drive impact (part 1)

Building intentional networks that drive impact (part 1) | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
These days everyone is familiar with some type of network – whether that's their professional network on LinkedIn, their social network on Facebook, or the informal web of relationships within your local community. But there's a distinct difference between a network as a structure of relationships and a network as a
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CO-Bologna runs towards new cooperative forms of governance of the commons: a focus on Bolognina site. | LabGov

CO-Bologna runs towards new cooperative forms of governance of the commons: a focus on Bolognina site. | LabGov | City Building Networks | Scoop.it

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Participatory City

Participatory City | City Building Networks | Scoop.it

Via june holley
Liz Rykert's insight:

Looks like a great study from the UK on the value of engaging local citizens in neighbourhoods and communities. Thanks June Holley for the scoop!

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Chicago Releases User-Friendly Open Data Tool

Chicago Releases User-Friendly Open Data Tool | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
Users can look up mountains of public records, no technical expertise required.
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Community Engagement Matters (Now More Than Ever) (SSIR)

Community Engagement Matters (Now More Than Ever) (SSIR) | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
In adopting data-driven practices, leaders must avoid the temptation to act in a top-down manner. Instead, they should design and implement programs in ways that engage community members directly in the work of social change.
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Living Systems Lessons for Social Change Networks

Living Systems Lessons for Social Change Networks | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
A couple of years ago, I was turned on to the work of Louise Diamond. Diamond has been bringing insights from the dynamics of complex systems to peace building work for many years. Her efforts conn…
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The Tactics of Trust (SSIR)

The Tactics of Trust (SSIR) | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
Participants in a large, complex collaboration can build a capacity for finding common ground—and it doesn’t have to take years.
Liz Rykert's insight:

Seeing the whole system is a key part to building trust according to the authors. Worth the quick read of you are engaged in collaborative work (and who isn't these days?!)

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Community Capital: The value of connected communities - RSA

Community Capital: The value of connected communities - RSA | City Building Networks | Scoop.it
Liz Rykert's insight:

A Five Year study released Oct 29 looking at work in 7 communities that sought to connect people in social networks to build community capital.Here is quick summary of the key findings: 


"Social relationships have a value. The activities and research presented in this report demonstrate that through working with communities this value can be grown by connecting people to one another in their local areas. We argue that investing in interventions which build and strengthen networks of social relationships will generate four kinds of social value or ‘dividend’ shared by people in the community:

1. A wellbeing dividend. Our research suggests that social connectedness correlates more strongly with wellbeing than social or economic characteristics such as long term illness, unemployment or being a single parent.

2. A citizenship dividend. There is latent power within local communities that lies in the potential of relationships between people, and it can be activated through the methods that we advocate in this paper.

3. A capacity dividend. Concentrating resources on networks and relationships, rather than on the ‘troubled’ individual as an end-user can have beneficial effects which ripple out through social networks, having positive effects on people’s children, partners, friends and others.

4. An economic dividend. There is evidence that investing in interventions which build social relationships can improve employability, improve health (which has positive economic impacts) and create savings in health and welfare expenditure."

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