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Chinese American history
Websites related to the history of Chinese in North America
Curated by John Jung
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Chinese American Eyes

Chinese American Eyes | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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An outstanding blog that documents famous, forgotten, well-known, and obscure visual artists of Chinese descent in the United States. Well-researched with historic newspaper articles and photographs.

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"Over Count" of Chinese in the 1940 Census?

"Over Count" of Chinese in the 1940 Census? | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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The U. S. Census is a vital resource for many research topics including the measurement of demographic aspects of the population by place and decade. However, mistakes do happen in the coding of the data that lead to false conclusions.  For example, in the 1940 Census, the Race of a respondent was coded as C-2 for Colored (the term for African American during that era) and as C-4 for Chinese.  However, these codes got reversed for some records, with C-2's (Colored) being counted as Chinese, as illustrated by several examples.  The full extent of such errors is unknown, but in these examples, there were fewer Chinese than the census would indicate.

 

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The Chinese contribution to the completion of the transcontinental railroad at Promontory Point, Utah, in 1869.

The Chinese contribution to the completion of the transcontinental railroad at Promontory Point, Utah, in 1869. | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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Graphic artist, Patrick M. Reynolds, created a 4 part series on the Chinese contribution to the building of the transcontinental railroad complete in 1869. (The first panel has a broken link, but the other three will give you a good overview)

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The Chinaman (Fleischer, 1920) Clip - YouTube

A home movie clip of the early Max Fleischer inkwell cartoon THE CHINAMAN produced at Bray Studios in 1920. This has a racist speech balloon as well as an in...
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A view of how Chinese were demeaningly portrayed in a silent era animated film  of 1920.

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Chinese Laundries: Tickets to Survival on Gold Mountain - YouTube

Author John Jung speaks about origins of the book, its significance, and what he has learned from writing and giving talks about the book followed by Q & A d...
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Chinese laundries were so prevalent during the late 19th and early half of the 20th century that they came to be a stereotypical image of Chinese.  Barred from most other forms of businesses, Chinese opened laundries because this line of work was not contested initially. Laundry work was hard, but it gave the Chinese an economic niche for survival before other opportunities opened for them.

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Chinese Cemetery of Los Angeles - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chinese Cemetery of Los Angeles

The Chinese Cemetery of Los Angeles is one of several historical cemeteries found around East Los Angeles, including Evergreen and Calvary cemeteries. It is located at First Street and Eastern Avenue in the Belvedere Gardens section of East Los Angeles.

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The cemetery was established by the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association of Los Angeles (CCBA) in 1922 to provide burial grounds for Chinese residents in Los Angeles.[1] At the time, all cemeteries in Los Angeles barred anyone of Chinese descent from purchasing burial plots

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Kentucky History: Chinese Americans

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Covington once had the most Chinese in all of Kentucky. Their story is very similar to that of Chinese in other communities all across America.

 

"The earliest mention of Chinese in Covington appears in the Ticket newspaper in 1877. The article dealt with the marriage of John Naw Lin, a Chinese American and Mary Ann Morgan of African American descent.

 

Chinese Americans rarely received any attention in the local press. The one exception was the celebration of the Chinese New Year. Reporters often covered the celebrations using racist language and stereotypes.

 

In 1913, the 14-year old Pong Dock, an American born citizen of Chinese descent registered to attend the Covington Public Schools. This event caused a minor furor in the city. Some Covington residents claimed that the boy should attend the African American School in Covington because he was not of European ancestry.

Eventually, Pong Dock was permitted to attend Covington’s First District School on Scott Street. He began the first grade in September 1913.

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Island Of Strangers

Island Of Strangers | Chinese American history | Scoop.it

ChThe life and death of Eureka's Chinatown

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An account of the infamous "driving out' of all Chinese from Eureka, CA. in 1885 and the destruction of its Chinatown and all traces of Chinese presence.

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Google Search Tips Poster for Your Class ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

Google Search Tips Poster for Your Class ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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Helpful search tips for any topic

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Dime Novels: Old and Young King Brady, Secret Service in Chinatown

Dime Novels: Old and Young King Brady, Secret Service in Chinatown | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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Dime Novels, a forerunner of pulp fiction, were popular media in the early 1900s. One of the most popular was Old and Young King Brady, two detectives whose stock in trade was to solve crimes in Chinatown, usually rescuing slave girls in opium dens run by tongs. This site shows 65 such issues related to this general theme.  They had a negative influence on the image of Chinese and Chinatown.

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The Chinese Slave Woman - Wikisource, the free online library

The Chinese Slave Woman - Wikisource, the free online library | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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Charles Frederick Holder, a noted naturalist in southern California, wrote two papers in 1897 and 1900 about the problem of Chinese women who were sometimes kidnapped and brought to the U. S. as slaves forced into prostitution.  

He noted that,  "few Chinamen bring their wives with them, as they are here merely to earn a competency, when they will return, and all their money, or the greater part of it, is sent to China. yet there is a demand for women, and about it has grown up a business which a few years ago was the most valuable traffic in which the Chinese were engaged in America. It was fostered and carried on with the greatest care and secrecy;


See also: http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Chinese_Slavery_in_America


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Curriculum on Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Washington State History Society & Washington State History Museum

Curriculum on Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Washington State History Society & Washington State History Museum | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Washington State History Museum
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Two lesson plans developed in Washington State for middle school children related to the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act and its relationship to how Chinese immigrant women were perceived. 

The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 This treaty with the Chinese Government banned Chinese emigrants from entering America
 ...Housewives or Prostitutes? Chinese Women in Washington and ...Dong Oy was born in San Francisco and went back to China with her parents ...
 
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Chinese Laundries

Chinese Laundries | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
history of Chinese laundries
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A social history of Chinese laundries in North America with accounts of important and unusual incidents and cases from newspaper archives that supplement the information in my  book, "Chinese Laundries: Tickets to Survival on Gold Mountain."

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Asian Jewish Life - Issue 12 - 2 Gun Cohen

Asian Jewish Life - Issue 12 - 2 Gun Cohen | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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Saga of the legendary Moishe "Two-Gun" Cohen Canadian who served as a body guard for Sun Yat Sen.  A fascinating hour long CBC radio documentary examines how much of his story was truth and how much was fiction:  http://www.cbc.ca/ideas/episodes/2013/09/05/the-intermittently-true-adventures-of-moishetwo-gun-cohen/

 

Author Scott Seligman informed me about another excellent 2-part podcast by Lazlo Montgomery about Two-gun Cohen:  http://chinahistorypodcast.com/chp-130-morris-two-gun-cohen-part-1

 

http://chinahistorypodcast.com/chp-131-morris-two-gun-cohen-part-2

 

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No Place for Your Kind: Sites

No Place for Your Kind: Sites | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
No Place for Your Kind is a project documenting the locations of dozens of massacres, riots and other violence that was part of a campaign to expel all Chinese immigrants from the U.S. during the late 19th century.
John Jung's insight:

Photoessay by Tim Greyhavens on the sites where violence and expulsion of Chinese occurred in the late 19th century.  He visits these sites and photographs what these sites look like currently, with virtually no remembrance of the terrible violence against Chinese that occurred over a century ago at those locations..   Greyhavens explains:  "No Place for Your Kind" has three different but connected meanings. First, it refers to the anti-Chinese sentiments of the time and the racist attitudes that Chinese immigrants faced in this country for decades.  Secondly, it describes the diaspora of the Chinese immigrants who left the home country in search of a better way of life. Lastly, it refers to the lack of recognition of the places where terrible anti-Chinese events took place. For many Chinese-Americans, there still is no place that recognizes this part of their history in our society and our culture.

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East Meets West, Over Cocktails

East Meets West, Over Cocktails | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
The mid-20th-century world of Chinese nightclubs and their racial subtext are the subjects of a new book and gallery show.
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",,,, places like Forbidden City were a product of a more racist time: The clubs were packed because patrons often viewed the Chinese as some sort of exotic curiosity worth gawking at, and the talent was often first-rate because the Asian-American singers and dancers there struggled to find gigs anywhere else."

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America's Chinatowns - Archaeology Magazine

America's Chinatowns - Archaeology Magazine | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Dozens of digs and collections are revealing the culture, diversity, and challenges of the first Chinese Americans
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Good account of how archeology can provide valuable new insights as well as confirmation of what other disciplines have found about the lives of early Chinese immigrants in the U. S.

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Chopsticks in the Land of Cotton: Lives of Mississippi Delta Grocers - YouTube

Excerpts from book talk by author John Jung at the Torrance, CA. Civic Center Library, Jan. 12, 2013 Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org...
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Chinese in the Mississippi Delta from the late 19th century started grocery market stores, often involving entire families, across the small towns near cotton plantations to serve black workers in the fields.  As times changed and earlier Chinese merchants died, retired, or moved away, these stores are few in number today but in their time they were an important part of these Delta communities.

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Home | Victoria's Chinatown

Home | Victoria's Chinatown | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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Outstanding comprehensive site about the history of Chinatown, Victoria, British Columbia, a gateway for many of Canada's Chinese immigrants of the late 19th century.

 

"This Chinatown is also a major gateway to the development of Chinese communities in Canada. From the late nineteenth century to the first decade of the twentieth century, it was the largest Chinese settlement in Canada. Meanwhile, its merchant networks supplied new labourers, ethnic goods, and homeland news to numerous Chinese immigrant communities across the gold mines of British Columbia and along the Canadian Pacific Railway. In this Chinatown, the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association, the Hongmen Society (later called the Chinese Freemasons), and many clan and county associations served as early headquarters of Chinese communities across Canada."

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Chinese as Medical Scapegoats, 1870-1905 - FoundSF

Chinese as Medical Scapegoats, 1870-1905 - FoundSF | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
John Jung's insight:
Not only were Chinese denied entry to the U. S. after 1882, but around this time .... "the Chinese were to become medical scapegoats; up and down the Pacific coast (and in the Hawaiian Islands) local health officials rationalized the failure of their sanitary programs by tracing all epidemic outbreaks to living conditions among the Chinese. This phenomenon was to last for over thirty-five years. Only after Chinese immigration was finally curtailed, following implementation of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 (and amendments of 1884), and only after scientific research began to unlock the mysteries of disease transmission did medical scapegoating begin to abate."
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"Tom Gunn

"Tom Gunn | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Tom Gunn
John Jung's insight:

Born in San Francisco, Tom Gunn was a pioneer in aviation.  He represented China in the 1910 International Aviation Meet in Los Angeles and was dubbed the "Wright of China."

 

When revolution erupted in China in1911, Gunn was contacted by Sun Yat-Sen to popularize aviation.  

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Discovering Angel Island Immigration Detention Center: The Story Behind the Poems That Chinese Carved on the Walls

From 1910 to 1940, tens of thousands of immigrants entered the United States through the West Coast's Angel Island Immigration Station. Located in San Franci...
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Angel Island Immigration Station in San Francisco bay, Island where thousands of Chinese and other immigrants between 1910 and 1940 were detained was scheduled for demolition around 1970.


Fortunately, Alexander Weiss, a California State Park Ranger, re-discovered them in 1970. His chance discovery began the long journey to save the Immigration Station, and ultimately, to save the stories hidden within it through carved poems on the walls, and to help us remember its sad, but important role in American history/"

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bostonese.com English-Chinese Online Journal / 波士顿双语网

bostonese.com English-Chinese Online Journal / 波士顿双语网 | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
John Jung's insight:

Seeing the actual 'red tape' or documentation that was involved for Chinese immigrants can provide deeper understanding of the extent to which Immigration authorities controlled their entry to the U. S. This case of Ng Shee in 1931 involved the wife of a Chinese who was a U. S. citizen. Part of her interrogation including a map she had to draw of her Guangdong village to prove she was telling the truth is included.

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Historian Recounts Role of Chinese Americans Who Fought in US Civil War

Historian Recounts Role of Chinese Americans Who Fought in US Civil War | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Many people would be surprised to know that there were some Asian faces in the crowds of white and black soldiers serving in the American Civil War.
The participation of Asians, and in particula...
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Historian Ruth Lum McCunn describes the contribution of Chinese Americans in the Civil War.  

"Even though there were only about 200 Chinese-Americans living in the eastern United States at the time, 58 of them fought in the Civil War, mainly for the North, but a handful for the South as well. Because of their previous experiences at sea, many of them served in the U.S. Navy. Only one Chinese-American soldier was actually born on American soil.  The rest had come to the U.S. through the Pacific slave trade, adoption by Americans, independent immigration or the influence of missionaries." 

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The History Project

The History Project | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Discipline-specific professional development programs for history teachers that raise student achievement by bolstering standards-based content knowledge and modeling effective instructional practices.
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A high school history lesson plan for examining the 1878 

California Constitutional Convention. Over twenty years of conflict over Asian immigration into California fueled heated debate over the Chinese presence at the convention, and was a forerunner of the eventual Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.

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