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Chinese American Eyes

Chinese American Eyes | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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An outstanding blog that documents famous, forgotten, well-known, and obscure visual artists of Chinese descent in the United States. Well-researched with historic newspaper articles and photographs.

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Chinese American history
Websites related to the history of Chinese in North America
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Dogpatch Ranch: the Orgins of a Chinese American Family

This is the story of my Chinese great grandfather and grandmother and the 7 children they raised on a ranch in the late 1800's in Dogpatch, the Potrero, Sa
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This documentary by architect Glenn Lym tells the story of his Chinese great grandfather Lim Lip Hong and his great grandmother Chan Shee and the family they raised in the late 1800’s on a ranch in Dogpatch in the Potrero District of San Francisco on the then Bay shoreline. Lim Lip Hong had returned to San Francisco after working more than a decade in the Sierra's and beyond, helping build railroads that crisscrossed the American West.

 Why did they raise their family on a ranch in rural, outlying San Francisco instead of in protected Chinatown? And how could they do this during a period of intense anti-Chinese discrimination in San Francisco and throughout the West? The ranch was half a acre large and located at the front gate of the biggest Potrero factory at the time - Tubbs Cordage. The ranch was intact for over 4 decades, yet the family was never run off the property.

 Seven children and several grandchildren total were born at the ranch. This six decade tale leads to interesting suggestions about the identity of great grandfather Lim Lip Hong. Life at the ranch provided Glenn Lym a profound understanding of his own grandfather, Lim Lip Hong's second son.
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Flying Tigers: The Story Of The 14th Air Force – Video Made In 1945

This is a 1945 historical film called Flying Tigers: The Story Of The 14th Air Force. It is the amazing story of a group of americans in a strange land.
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 detailed 1945 footage of the background and significant contribution of the fabled "Flying Tigers" (a volunteer force of American pilots) toward defeating the Japanese in control of the Burma Road, which was critical for China's survival in WW II.  Gripping footage of aerial combat and suffering of refugees.
"The most interesting part of this video to us is the work that went in to getting the planes, bombs, fuel, and other stuff to China by land. It was multiple rail roads, ox carts, guys carrying stuff with sticks, amazing. The video is long but it is one that had us hanging on every word."
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New York Chinatown's Historic Public School 23

In 1984 the New York Chinatown History Project took up residence in four rooms of 70 Mulberry Street. The museum was on the second floor; its gallery space designed by the NYC architects Billie Tsien and Tod Williams. 70 Mulberry Street was formerly Public School 23. The Norman Romanesque Revival building was constructed in 1892, and was one of the first school buildings designed by C.B.J. Snyder, a noted architect and Superintendent of School Buildings for the New York City Board of Education from 1891 to 1923. Schools designed by Snyder in other parts of the city have been landmarked (see the Census listing for P.S. 64/ El Bohio). Until it closed in 1976, many of Chinatown's children attended school at P.S. 23. The New York Chinatown History Project, which was subsequently named the Museum of Chinese in America (MoCA), hosted an exhibit called What Did You Learn In School Today? P.S. 23, 1893-1976.
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The Untold Story Of America's Southern Chinese [Chinese Food: An All-American Cuisine, Pt. 2] | AJ+

There's a rather unknown community of Chinese-Americans who've lived in the Mississippi Delta for more than a hundred years. They played an important rol
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A look back at the legacy of a unique Chinese American community that once flourished despite long odds in the Jim Crow Mississippi Delta operating family-run grocery stores.  Several Chinese who grew up in these conditions and still live there provide rich details by sharing their memories.
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Home

Home | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Chinese students at M.I.T., 1877-1931
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A comprehensive compilation of biographical and academic backgrounds and achievements of pioneering students at MIT from China in the late 19th century by MIT Professor Emma Teng. 

Each photograph on the home screen is actually a menu item, which when clicked will provide much information about the lives and experiences of these remarkable young men.

Some of the students were  government sponsored with specific educational goals in mind. Under the "Self-strengthening" movement of the late 19th century, Chinese reformers promoted the acquisition of Western scientific, military and technical knowledge as the key to saving China from imperialist aggression.

Other students were mostly sons of merchants, bankers and compradores who recognized the practical value of Western scientific and engineering education. Families from this social stratum, many of them Christians, could be considered the "early adopters" of Western Learning (西學).
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How The White Establishment Waged A ‘War’ On Chinese Restaurants In The U.S. in Early 20th century

How The White Establishment Waged A ‘War’ On Chinese Restaurants In The U.S. in Early 20th century | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Though Chinese restaurants are now an American staple, during the late 1800s and early 1900s, some Americans staged a multipronged effort to shut them down.
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As Chinese restaurants expanded rapidly in the early 20th century, they were seen as threats to white America restaurants and their workers.  Laws directed against Chinese immigration and tighter regulation of Chinese restaurants were challenges for the Chinese. Fears of Chinese and white sexual contact led tin some places o laws prohibiting white women working in Chinese restaurants.
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Angel Island: America’s Other Immigrant Isle

Angel Island: America’s  Other Immigrant Isle | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
On Angel Island, exclusion, not admission, was the name of the immigration game
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Most Chinese who immigrated to the U. S. from 1910-1940 were processed at the Angel Island Immigration Station in San Francisco bay. Historian Judy Yung describes its history and the experiences of the Chinese, many who were detained for long periods and subjected to intense scrutiny of their identities and documents, in marked contrast to the easier entry procedures for most Anglo immigrants at Ellis Island in New York harbor.
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Chop Suey on San Francisco Street : How George Park beat anti-Chinese laws and started a prominent Santa Fe family

Chop Suey on San Francisco Street : How George Park beat anti-Chinese laws and started a prominent Santa Fe family | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
The woman watched as soldiers confiscated her family’s land and beat her husband to death—another horror in the bloody land reforms of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Communist Party.
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There were few Chinese in Sante Fe, New Mexico, during the Chinese Exclusion era, but George Park and his family had a restaurant there from the mid 1920s until 1975, originally named the Majestic but renamed in 1937 as the New Canton. This fascinating article describes in detail the immigration story of the family and how they became accepted in the Sante Fe community.
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Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882-1943 

Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882-1943  | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Winston Ho's compilation of  Youtube videos related to the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act.
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A compilation by historian Winston Ho of over 20 videos from various sources dealing with aspects of the Chinese Exclusion Act (1882-1943) that had profound and long lasting negative consequences for Chinese in America.  (A similar law existed in Canada)
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America's first Chinatown captured in 19th century photos

America's first Chinatown captured in 19th century photos | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Chinatown in San Francisco was established in 1848, but was destroyed by an earthquake and a series of fires in 1906. It was later re-built and continues to thrive today.
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Some photographs of everyday life in early Chinatown in San Francisco before and after the 1906 earthquake and fire.
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World War 2 Flying Ace Arthur Chin's Amazing True Story

World War 2 Flying Ace Arthur Chin's Amazing True Story | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
This is the amazing true story of World War 2 veteran Arthur Tien Chin and his amazing exploits as a flying ace and fighter pilot.
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Americans of Chinese descent, in defense of China, served in the air war over China during the ’30s. Art Chin, born in Portland, was one of these American born Chinese who volunteered to join as a fighter pilot, and was truly a hero.

At first, China did not welcome ABCs as pilots..Told that their pay would be  only about $25 and they would have to buy their own uniforms, he and a friend turned around and started walking out. They were then asked, ‘What do you want to do? Go back to America to be laundrymen?’ That was the clincher and  they decided to join the battle!

"Some became aces before the U.S. even entered the war. Many stayed on and continued to contribute to the Allied effort, joined by more of their countrymen. One of these was Arthur “Art” Chin, whose courage and dogged tenacity in the face of adversity shines as an example to us all."

 His story is a shared piece of Chinese and United States aviation and military history, and his legacy should be shared as well."
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Bitter Harvest — This Land

Bitter Harvest — This Land | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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Ming Kee's family had a laundry in Portland, but fled anti-Chinese violence of the early 1900s to pick hops on an Oregon farm to eke out a meagre living for two decades. He, like other Chinese like Ah Coe, faced white hostility for working on hop farms, labor for which they earned little.  Another Chinese, Hop Lee, was more successful at hop farming, despite anti-Chinese feelings toward Chinese working on farms.

"White farmers desperate for field hands took to secretly contracting with Chinese hop pickers, even though the threat of Chinese workers being rounded up and run off the land became a relentless risk. The Chinese laborers, resolved to earn a living, took their chances."

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Perspective | The transformation of New York’s Chinatown in the 1980s

Perspective | The transformation of New York’s Chinatown in the 1980s | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Robert Glick documented New York's Chinatown as it transformed from a primarily older, male population to a generation of young families.
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"A picture is worth a thousand words" is a saying attributed to the Chinese, and this selection of poignant candid photographs of New York Chinatown residents by Bud Glick from the 1980s tells much about their lives and experiences.
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Of Race and Reconciliation: Tacoma and the Chinese

KBTC presents and hour long program called, Of Race and Reconciliation. It chronicles the Chinese experience in America around the year 1885. That was th
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In the last quarter of the 19th century, Chinese immigrant laborers were subjected to extreme racism and violence in many parts of the American west, and one of the most egregious places was in Tacoma, Washington.  In 1885, a few years after the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Law in 1882, the citizens of Tacoma gave the Chinese a month to leave the town. One night a mob forced all remaining Chinese to leave Tacoma by  train to Portland. The areas where the Chinese had lived were burned to the ground.  This approach served as a model for other cities to follow, and it was referred to as the  "Tacoma Method."

Several cities that had expelled Chinese during this period have created events and monuments to promote 'reconciliation' between these communities and the Chinese.
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Chow Chop Suey - Food and the Chinese American Journey | Columbia University Press

Chow Chop Suey - Food and the Chinese American Journey | Columbia University Press | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Anne Mendelson. Chinese food first became popular in America under the shadow of violence against Chinese aliens, a despised racial minority ineligible for United States citizenship. The founding of late-nineteenth-c
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A unique and thorough examination of the origins and development of Chinese restaurant food in the U. S. (and Canada, for that matter)by food historian Anne Mendelsohn.. She starts with a detailed history of Chinese immigrants in the U. S. starting from the mid 19th century to provide a context for understanding the significance of Chinese restaurant food and how it is prepared, using "chop suey" as the foundation and emphasizing the cooking method (chow, which came to be awkwardly translated as stir-fry) rather than the dish, chop suey, which in reality is not a specific dish with a set of fixed ingredients as providers of recipes imply.
Contrary to the rise of popularity of Chinese-Americanized food over the past century, it is important to note that it was derided and rejected initially because of its unfamiliar ingredients, cooking method, and unpleasant smell, at least to westerners. With the rapidly growing Chinese, and other Asian populations in many cities, newer Chinese restaurateurs are no longer finding it necessary to tailor their cooking to suit nonAsian tastes as in the past. Cuisines from many regions of China have arrived to compete with the original Cantonese dishes.
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How Chop Suey Saved San Francisco's Chinatown [Chinese Food: An All-American Cuisine, Pt. 1] | AJ+

Chinese-Americans have a long history of facing exclusion in the U.S. As a means of survival, many first-wave Chinese immigrants opened restaurants an
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First of a series on Chinese American history that connects Chinese food and Chinese communities.  This episode centers on San Francisco, and the role of chop suey in the development of Chinatown as a tourist mecca for food.
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Gong Lum v. Rice: The Forgotten Case for Equal Education in the Jim Crow South

Gong Lum v. Rice: The Forgotten Case for Equal Education in the Jim Crow South | Chinese American history | Scoop.it

An impressive research compilation by Cameron Tichy (apparently a high school student) created in 2016 about the landmark 1927 U. S. Supreme Court case, Gong Lum v. Rice, that upheld the Mississippi decision that ruled Chinese children could not attend white schools.

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An impressive website created in 2016 that is an accurate and comprehensive presentation of the landmark 1927 U.S. Supreme Court case, Gong Lum v. Rice, that upheld school segregation of Chinese school children, denying Martha and Bertha Lum admission to the white school in Rosedale, MS. in 1923.( It appears to be the creation of a high school student who was a Chinese immigrant, Cameron Tichy.)
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Chinese Laborers Built Sonoma’s Wineries. Racist Neighbors Drove Them Out

Chinese Laborers Built Sonoma’s Wineries. Racist Neighbors Drove Them Out | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Enjoying a chardonnay or cabernet sauvignon? In the 1800s, Chinese immigrants helped introduce those iconic varietals to California's wine country. But as
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Ho Po, a Chinese labor contractor from San Francisco, sent 150 of his countrymen to build Buena Vista, Sonoma’s oldest commercial winery.  Workers literally dug the t 15-by-30-foot caves of the winery out of rock by hand,”  They did backbreaking, physical labor, as well as horticultural work that required significant knowledge and skill.  Between 1856 and 1869, Chinese planted the majority of Sonoma County’s 3.2 million grapevines replacing old grapes with with Riesling, Muscatel, Traminer, Black Hamburg, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and other fine European varietals.

However, as the vineyards grew, backlash against the Chinese increased as anti-Chinese leagues were formed in many counties, with whites accusing Chinese of undercutting wages.
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Immigrant Voices: Discover Immigrant Stories from Angel Island

Immigrant Voices: Discover Immigrant Stories from Angel Island | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Discover the stories of Pacific Coast Immigrants from around the world.
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All Chinese immigrants entering the U. S. through San Francisco between 1910 and 1940 had to be detained and interrogated intensely at the Angel Island Immigration Station. The stories of the experiences of some of these immigrants are now archived and give readers a vivid understanding of the gauntlet that they have to face.  Many did not succeed and were denied admission.
Details of the ordeal faced by Louie Quan Bang who was not allowed to reenter the U. S. after he left California to visit China illustrate the tortuous and intricate maze of immigration.  https://www.aiisf.org/immigrant-voices/stories-by-author/1042-student-louie-quan-bang-barred-from-returning-to-the-us/

Note: The story of Louie Quan' Bang's fate is a third person account, but most of the stories are first-person accounts.
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History of Chinese in Prescott, AZ

History of Chinese in Prescott, AZ | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Chinese began to settle in Prescott, AZ. in the 1860s even though they were hardly welcome and faced racism..
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Chinese began to settle  in Prescott, AZ. in the 1860s even though they were hardly welcome and faced racism..   Some of them may have been laid-off laborers from the Transcontinental Railroad  in 1869.  They worked as produce farmers, miners, cooks in saloons and restaurants, domestic servants, laundry owners, and even a faro dealer.
Various factors contributed to the departure of the Chinese from Prescott. In 1886 Stephen B. Marcou started a campaign against the Chinese and established an Anti-Chinese League. In 1891 Granite Creek overran its banks and flooded Chinatown. The great fire on July 14, 1900, destroyed Whiskey Row and the red light district with their restaurants, hotels, saloons, stores, sporting parlors and other businesses which were owned by or which employed Chinese. Further erosion of employment opportunities occurred in 1907 when gambling was declared illegal in Arizona Territory. In 1900 the Chinese population peaked at 229.

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New York Chinatown's Historic Public School 23

In 1984 the New York Chinatown History Project took up residence in four rooms of 70 Mulberry Street. The museum was on the second floor; its gallery space designed by the NYC architects Billie Tsien and Tod Williams. 70 Mulberry Street was formerly Public School 23. The Norman Romanesque Revival building was constructed in 1892, and was one of the first school buildings designed by C.B.J. Snyder, a noted architect and Superintendent of School Buildings for the New York City Board of Education from 1891 to 1923. Schools designed by Snyder in other parts of the city have been landmarked (see the Census listing for P.S. 64/ El Bohio). Until it closed in 1976, many of Chinatown's children attended school at P.S. 23. The New York Chinatown History Project, which was subsequently named the Museum of Chinese in America (MoCA), hosted an exhibit called What Did You Learn In School Today? P.S. 23, 1893-1976.
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Chin Gee Hee, Labor Contractor and Engineer

Chin Gee Hee, Labor Contractor and Engineer | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Chin Gee Hee  was a Chinese merchant, labor contractor, and railway entrepreneur, who made his fortune in Seattle, Washington before returning to his native village in Guangdong province, where he continued his successes including the building of the first railway in Guangdong..
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Labor contractors, such as Chin Gee Hee in the Pacific Northwest,  played a key role in bringing Chinese laborers from China that is not fully recognized in accounts of the Chinese diaspora.
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"Chin Gee Hee (June 22, 1844 – 1929), courtesy name Chàngtíng (暢庭), Cheun Gee Yee, was a Chinese merchant, labor contractor, and railway entrepreneur, who made his fortune in Seattle, Washington before returning to his native village in Guangdong province, where he continued his successes." He built the Sun Ning Railway, the first in Guangdong, with funds raised mostly from overseas Chinese.
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The Struggles of a Local Chinese Artist in the Era of Exclusion - Free Press Online

The Struggles of a Local Chinese Artist in the Era of Exclusion - Free Press Online | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
When I. Nee Lee emigrated from Hong Kong to the U.S. in 1902, it was not an easy time to be Chinese in America. It was the year that Congress made permanent the
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I. Nee Lee  immigrated to the U.S.in 1902 at the age of 14 and eventually found his way to Camden, Maine in 1917 where he was one of the few Chinese during an era of anti-Chinese prejudice.. He operated a laundry, but found time to paint beautiful landscapes of the region with a Chinese perspective.

"There are no known written accounts by Lee in existence, but his paintings, which he gave to his landlady in lieu of rent, allow a glimpse into the man. Lee's artwork primarily focuses on the the scenic landscapes, mountains and lakes of Camden. He liked to paint colorful pictures of farmers and fishermen on the lake or in Camden Harbor with seemingly little concern for accurate proportions."
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America's Chinatowns - Archaeology Magazine

America's Chinatowns - Archaeology Magazine | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Dozens of digs and collections are revealing the culture, diversity, and challenges of the first Chinese Americans
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"Today, Chinese-American archaeology is changing, with new digs, the rediscovery of old collections, and a push to bring researchers together to share findings. Archaeologists and historians have begun working closely with historical societies and descendant communities, and even collaborating with colleagues in southern China. The picture emerging is of a complex, diverse community that held on to some traditions, selectively adopted aspects of Euro-American culture, and tried to make the most of opportunities."

"Archaeological thinking has since evolved, and the relationship between Chinese immigrants and American culture is now known to be much more than a one-way street toward “Americanness.” Chinese-American culture was shaped by tradition, connections to mainland China, institutional segregation and racism, local circumstances, and a complex process of adaptation and selective accommodation."
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From Ventura’s China Town to the Jue Family Dynasty

From Ventura’s China Town to the Jue Family Dynasty | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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A success story of Walton  and Bob Jue, Chinese immigrants in Ventura, CA., who established a landmark grocery store in the community. 
 "Jue’s Market was the second grocery in Ventura after Peirano’s and became a veritable landmark. The annual fair parade was a real event at the store and the accompanying picture shows Walton with the Budweiser Clydesdales sometime during the 1950s. Jue’s Market business was sold in 2001 after all the decades of serving farmers, customers and the city itself. The Jue family and the branches brought forth from that original root have accomplished many successes in academics and business and have earned friendship and respect from the city and beyond."
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‘Yellow Peril!’ documents historical manifestations of ‘Oriental phobia’

‘Yellow Peril!’ documents historical manifestations of ‘Oriental phobia’ | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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