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▶ Fong Fong Bakery/Soda Fountain - YouTube

Opened in 1935 Fong Fong Bakery/Fountain was unique in San Francisco's Chinatown. A popular hangout for young people, it served hamburgers, hot dogs and its ...
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A nostalgic tribute to the legendary Fong Fong's, a bakery, soda fountain, coffee shop hangout where the West and the East came together in S. F. Chinatown in the 1930s.  

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Chinese American history
Websites related to the history of Chinese in North America
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Dogpatch Ranch: the Orgins of a Chinese American Family

This is the story of my Chinese great grandfather and grandmother and the 7 children they raised on a ranch in the late 1800's in Dogpatch, the Potrero, Sa
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This documentary by architect Glenn Lym tells the story of his Chinese great grandfather Lim Lip Hong and his great grandmother Chan Shee and the family they raised in the late 1800’s on a ranch in Dogpatch in the Potrero District of San Francisco on the then Bay shoreline. Lim Lip Hong had returned to San Francisco after working more than a decade in the Sierra's and beyond, helping build railroads that crisscrossed the American West.

 Why did they raise their family on a ranch in rural, outlying San Francisco instead of in protected Chinatown? And how could they do this during a period of intense anti-Chinese discrimination in San Francisco and throughout the West? The ranch was half a acre large and located at the front gate of the biggest Potrero factory at the time - Tubbs Cordage. The ranch was intact for over 4 decades, yet the family was never run off the property.

 Seven children and several grandchildren total were born at the ranch. This six decade tale leads to interesting suggestions about the identity of great grandfather Lim Lip Hong. Life at the ranch provided Glenn Lym a profound understanding of his own grandfather, Lim Lip Hong's second son.
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The Blue, the Gray and the Chinese

The Blue, the Gray and the Chinese | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
American Civil War Participants of Chinese Descent
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Alex Jay's blog on Chinese in the Civil War includes archival documentation about the Chinese listed in the recent publication by the National Park Service,  "Asians and Pacific Islanders and the Civil War."
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GOLD MOUNTAIN SISTERS

GOLD MOUNTAIN SISTERS | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
I grew up in New Zealand, the southernmost white settler post on the Pacific Rim – a place known by my forebears as the “New Gold Mountain” 新金山. In the 1860s, my great-great-grandfather left his home in Toi Shan 台山 county in Kwangtung (now Guangdong) Province, South China to work on the North American railroads.…
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Although the author, Grace Yee,  is a New Zealand Chinese, her account of the difficult lives of Chinese immigrant women and Chinese women left behind in China when their husbands emigrated to many countries, is valid for Chinese women related to Chinese immigrant men in many other countries.
Grace Yee’s PhD thesis analyzed settler Chinese women’s storytelling in Aotearoa New Zealand. She recently graduated from the University of Melbourne.
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Frederick Bee History Project

Frederick Bee History Project | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Frederick Bee History Project
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Frederick Bee was an early and staunch defender of Chinese during the era leading to the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882 who has largely been unrecognized for his contribution.  A northern California local historian, Anthony Oertels, created this web site to acknowledge his efforts.
Frederick Bee was one of the initial consular officials. Bee fought the anti-Chinese sentiment that was prevalent during that era and gathered evidence to defend the Chinese in a report,  the "Other Side of the Chinese Question". Bee was appointed as Consul by the Chinese government after he effectively represented the interests of the Chinese community in front of a Congressional committee and settled disputes in Chinatown. Bee acted in an official capacity to represent the interests of Chinese immigrants, and appeared in federal court cases; his efforts to preserve harmony were recognized by the Emperor of China.
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How Mixed Chinese-Western Couples Were Treated A Century Ago

How Mixed Chinese-Western Couples Were Treated A Century Ago | Chinese American history | Scoop.it

Emma J. Teng, a professor of Asian Civilizations at MIT, is author of the book Eurasian: Mixed Identities in Hong Kong, China and the US during the Treaty Port Era, 1842-1943, which looks at Chinese-Western mixed-race families in the United States, China, and Hong Kong from the mid-19th to mid-20th century, and how the social and legal dynamics influenced their identities.

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"Between 1850 and 1950, 15 states in the U.S. passed anti-miscegenation laws that made it illegal for Chinese and whites to intermarry. It wasn't that the absolute numbers of these intermarriages were huge, but the occurrence could arouse scandal and opposition nonetheless.

 
The Expatriation Act of 1907 decreed that any American woman who married a foreign citizen would lose her American citizenship. That was true in the case of any foreign national, but there were some extra consequences for women who married Chinese men because the loss of their citizenship meant that Chinese Exclusion laws would apply to them.

In China, intermarriage was much more acceptable at the elite level if you're taking about a Chinese male diplomat, for example, who marries a European or American woman, rather than a Chinese woman marrying a foreign man.
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Why Doesn’t Tacoma Have a Chinatown? - "The Tacoma Method" of 1885

Why Doesn’t Tacoma Have a Chinatown? - "The Tacoma Method" of 1885 | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
The Tacoma Method is a dark spot on Tacoma's history, but what exactly happened to the Chinese population in the late 1800s?
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Harassment of Tacoma's Chinese residents became constant and increasingly brutal. Posters then set a date, November 3, 1885, after the “Committee of 15” was elected to administer the forced exile. Any remaining Chinese residents would be rounded up and forced out of town. Hundreds heeded the warning and left as fast as they could.
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Why Are There So Many Chinese Restaurants in the United States

Why Are There So Many Chinese Restaurants in the United States | Chinese American history | Scoop.it

1915 immigration ruling that Chinese restaurant owners are merchants opened the door to growth of this business.

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When immigration law in 1915  reclassified Chinese restaurant owners as merchants instead of laborers who were not allowed to immigrate, it opened the door for Chinese to expand this business rapidly using a 'corporate' model in which numerous partners would invest thus allowing them entry status to the U. S. as merchants.  MIT Prof. Heather Lee's meticulous research provides valuable insights.
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The Delicious History of the Nation's Oldest Chinese-American Restaurant

The Delicious History of the Nation's Oldest Chinese-American Restaurant | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
The Pekin Noodle Parlor in Butte, Montana has thrived since 1911.
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Not the first, but arguably the longest operating Chinese American restaurant, Pekin Noodle Parlor, has been in business since 1911. Located in Butte, Montana, once a thriving Chinese community during the heyday of mining, that no longer exists due to decline of mining and also to the anti-Chinese sentiment that drove them away.
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 Sacramento Delta Chinese Contributions to America

 Sacramento Delta Chinese Contributions to America | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Chinese Americans shaped the physical landscape of California during its
early history in a way that still impacts us today. We explore how Chinese
Americans developed the Sacramento delta, their role in California's
growth, and visit Locke, a town founded by Chinese Americans.
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Audio documentary interviews with Connie Lo and Kelley Fong about the history and significance of the Sacramento delta Chinese during the last part of the 19th century.  The  labor of Chinese in this region helped build the sections of Transcontinental Railroad in northern California and the levees that reclaimed the land to enable development of California rich agricultural abundance.
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Yoland Skeete Research Files on Newark Chinatown – Asian/Pacific American Archives Survey Project

Yoland Skeete Research Files on Newark Chinatown – Asian/Pacific American Archives Survey Project | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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An invaluable archive created by Yoland Skeete on Newark's Chinatown.  Skeete initiated the Newark Chinatown History project upon discovering that Newark had once had a thriving Chinatown between the 1870s and the 1940s. At its peak in 1922, Newark’s Chinatown was home to 3,000 residents but by the 1950s, they had dispersed as many families moved into New Jersey’s suburbs. 

Skeete embarked on an archival and archaeological research project. As part of her research, she surveyed local churches, Newark’s public libraries, the National Archives and Records Administration, and the New Jersey Historical Society for records and xeroxed or photographed documents to begin building a collection. She spearheaded an archeological dig of the area, unearthing privies and other objects from Newark’s Chinatown, some of which are included in the collection. She also conducted oral histories of former residents and their descendants. Since building the collection.

Skeete-Laessig published a book in 2016 based on this research, 
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Recollecting Nemasket: Anti-Chinese Discrimination and Joe Yap’s ‘Paper Son’

Recollecting Nemasket: Anti-Chinese Discrimination and Joe Yap’s ‘Paper Son’ | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
 While Middleborough’s earliest Chinese immigrants experienced random and mercifully rare incidences of harassment, more official anti-Chinese discrimination was institutionalized in the Page Act of 1875, the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, and subsequent laws which placed severe restrictions upon the emigration, residence and naturalization of Chinese in America. Senator George Frisbie Hoar of Massachusetts lambasted the Exclusion Act as “nothing less than the legalization of
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A richly detailed history of Chinese laundries in Nemasket, Massachusetts from the 1880s to 1940s. In addition, there is discussion of conflicts among competing Chinese laundries as well as internal disputes among laundrymen especially in one case involving the alleged mistreatment of a young "paper son."
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Illustrating Chinese Exclusion

Illustrating Chinese Exclusion | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Thomas Nast (1840-1902), was an illustrator and cartoonist for Harper’s Weekly from 1857 (1862 full time) to 1887.  In his 30-year career with the magazine, Nast drew approximately 2,250 cartoons. When Nast died in 1902, New York Times eulogized him as the “Father of American Political Cartoon,” an honorific bestowed in no small part for…
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An outstanding website created by Michele Walfred for a Master's Thesis directed by Professor Jean Pfaelzer, author of "Driven Out." She presents and analyzes the brilliant political cartoons of Thomas Nast for Harper's Weekly from 1857-1887. He attacked the Demographic political machine at Tammany Hall in New York but he also Included among his work 46 Chinese drawings focused on Chinese Exclusion that expressed a sympathetic view, reflecting his desire of inclusion and tolerance for all immigrants.

Interestingly, It is unknown if Nast ever met or associated with a Chinese person in New York as there were only 200 Chinese were in New York in 1870.
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Chinese Immigration in the Circle City, Indianapolis

Chinese Immigration in the Circle City, Indianapolis | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
In 2008 Indianapolis Mayor Greg Ballard suggested that the Circle City build a Chinatown to celebrate the “cultural flavor of Indianapolis” and “showcase its diversity.”  Ballard’s proposal was an unfunded musing that was not especially focused on celebrating Chinese culture; the Mayor was instead aspiring to craft a tourist-friendly Chinese district in reach of downtown…
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Indianapolis, IN. never had many Chinese immigrants, let alone a Chinatown. In 1880, there were just 14 Chinese residents who were born in China ; in 1910 there were 43 Chinese, in 1930, 39, and in 194 , 20. Although few in number Chinese immigrants, mostly laundrymen,  did come to Indianapolis, and they and their families were part of city affairs throughout the early 20th century.  Detailed research by anthropologist Paul Mullins provides a valuable look at the early history of Chinese in Indianapolis.
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The Chinese in Britain: personal tales of a journey to a new land

The Chinese in Britain: personal tales of a journey to a new land | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Today, 400,000 ethnic Chinese call Britain home. But their 325-year history of labour contributions to the UK, from being 17th-century seamen to establishing London's now-famous Soho Chinatown, have often gone undocumented and unnoticed. Some of their stories are belo
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Although this post is about the history of Chinese in Britain, it provides a valuable comparison of similarities, and differences, between the life experiences of Chinese who emigrated to the United States and to the United Kingdom.
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Chinese American Eyes

Chinese American Eyes | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Famous, forgotten, well-known, and obscure visual artists of Chinese descent in the United States
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Alex Jay's outstanding blog of visual artists of Chinese descent in the U. S., dating back to 1861 up to 2015, so far. He includes obscure as well as prominent artists, documenting each with archival sources including newspaper and magazine articles.Alex Jay's outstanding blog of visual artists of Chinese descent in the U. S., dating back to 1861 up to 2015, so far. He includes obscure as well as prominent artists, documenting each with archival sources including newspaper and magazine articles. An invaluable resource!
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THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT PBS Documentary | CAAM Home

THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT PBS Documentary | CAAM Home | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
New documentary on Chinese Exclusion Act directed by Ric Burns and Li-Shin Yu.
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Very timely documentary on the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, which was not repealed until 1943. Many Chinese Americans, as well as most non-Chinese, are unaware of this significant discriminatory law and the enormous harm it inflicted on generations of Chinese Americans. It holds lessons for the contemporary debate over immigration policy and racial, ethnic bans.
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No Place Project- Tim Greyhavens

No Place Project- Tim Greyhavens | Chinese American history | Scoop.it

An on-going visual/historical/cultural document, with the emphasis on the visual part.  Tim Greyhavens is not a historian or social anthropologist; he sees himself as a photographer with a story to tell, connecting images of actual places or sites of some of the worst anti-Chinese incidents and injustices in American history.

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When photographer Tim Greyhavens learned about the racism and violence against Chinese immigrants in the late 19th century, he was appalled and wanted to increase awareness of these past injustices.   He noted that for most of these historic sites there are no plaques or markers, no guidebook references – nothing at all to indicate what happened. They had simply been transformed by time and neglect,  and he decided to create a photographic record of these actual physical sites.

Greyhavens spent time reading new and old books, journals, magazines and newspapers; pouring over old records and maps; and meeting with local historians and residents in order to come up with as accurate information as possible about the specific sites where these events took place. 

Each image has come as the result of solving a puzzle, usually starting with deciphering old descriptions of locations, then tracking changes in street and place names, and finally trying to match the written information with the physical location.
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Settlement of Asians in the Deep South (1763 – 1882)

Settlement of Asians in the Deep South (1763 – 1882) | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
A guest post by commenter Jefe: Asians first arrived in post-Colombian North America aboard the Manila Galleons in the 1580s. Some worked on the Spanish Treasure Fleet from Veracruz which plied the waters of the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico on the way to Spain. Starting in 1763, Filipinos sometimes deserted the ships in the Gulf of Mexico…
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This blogger uses the pen name Abagond to comment on a fascinating range of topics, one of which is about the history of Asians settling in the Deep South in the 19th century.  This post was followed by a "guest post" by "jefe" , a Chinese in Hong Kong, if memory serves me well, who had several ancestors who settled in Mississippi and had grocery stores.  His guest post generated a discussion thread of 84 exchanges which raised many unanswered but provocative questions about Chinese in the Deep South.
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California Chinese immigrants after the Gold Rush

California Chinese immigrants after the Gold Rush | Chinese American history | Scoop.it

What happened to Chinese immigrants after the California Gold Rush?   


A visiting Chinese missionary gives a sermon at the Methodist Episcopal Church in Snelling, circa the 1910s. Luella East Richberger Collection 

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Arriving in the early 1860s, Chinese immigrants were among the pioneer settlers in this gold country town of Snelling, CA. and a substantial number of them were miners. During the heyday of the Gold Rush, Chinese miners were driven out of the gold fields because of white miners’ hostility and discriminatory mining laws. 
 By the late 1850s and early 1860s, the Chinese returned to the mines and patiently worked and reworked the tailings of the previous miners.   
 After leaving the mining fields in the foothills, they found employment as farm laborers and became an indispensable army in the fields.  
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Tombstone Times - CHINESE RESIDENTS IN TOMBSTONE ARIZONA

Tombstone Times - CHINESE RESIDENTS IN TOMBSTONE ARIZONA | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
History of the Chinese citizens of Tombstone Arizona by Sam Shueh and Eric Chen
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Around 1870, hundreds of Chinese were employed in the construction of the Southern Pacific railroad through Arizona. When the railroad construction was completed, all the Chinese laborers were let go immediately. The competition of less intensive jobs filled by the whites resulted in the Chinese exclusion Act of 1882.  Chinese managed to settle in nearby towns like Tombstone, finding work in the mines or being redeployed into the service industry. Chinese were first regarded with open suspicion by the people of Tombstone, mainly because of their unusual appearance and cultural traits.

Whites depended, however, on the work of the Chinese    who had good work habits and were willing to do anything for less pay. Despite the harsh wide social gulf and racism that separated them from whites, the Chinese eventually gained a recognition of their value.to the community.
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Analyzing the 1870s Chinese Migration Across America

Analyzing the 1870s Chinese Migration Across America | Chinese American history | Scoop.it

  Analyzing the 1870s Chinese Migration Across America  

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Two important unexamined questions about Chinese immigrants who moved during the 1860s and early1870s to parts of the United States where there had previously been few or no Chinese have largely been left unanswered. First, what happened to the contract laborers such as railroad workers of the 1860s and other contract workers in the early 1870s in other parts of the country after their contracts ended? Did most, if not all, return to their original place of residence or stay in their new locations? Second, how did individual Chinese, driven out of the west by increasing anti-Chinese violence over the 1870s and later, manage to migrate to distant regions.
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Gong Lum v. Rice 1927 Mississippi School Segregation and the Delta Chinese

Gong Lum v. Rice 1927 Mississippi School Segregation and the Delta Chinese | Chinese American history | Scoop.it

"Gong Lum v. Rice 1927 Mississippi School Segregation and the Delta Chinese "on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists.

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Background and outcome of the Gong Lum v. Rice 1927 ruling by the U. S. Supreme Court supporting the Mississippi Supreme Court decision to exclude Chinese, and other noncaucasian children from attending "white schools."
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Chinese blacks in the Americas - Americas - ColorQ's Color Club

The history of intermarriage between the Chinese diaspora and the African diaspora in the Americas
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Overview of history of mixed race Chinese and Black persons in the American South as well as in the West Indies. 
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Angel Island: America’s Other Immigrant Isle

Angel Island: America’s  Other Immigrant Isle | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
On Angel Island, exclusion, not admission, was the name of the immigration game
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Historian Judy Yung, whose parents were detained at Angel Island Immigration Station and used paper names to gain entry to the U. S. in the 1920s, describes the arduous Chinese immigrant experience at Angel Island and contrasts it with the European immigrant reception at New York's Ellis Island.
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Bangor laundrymen prosecuted under Chinese Exclusion Act

They were merely laborers — victims of one of the most racially charged laws in U.S. history — trying to support themselves in Bangor’s Chinese laundries. Maine news, sports, politics and election results, and obituaries from the Bangor Daily News.
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A century ago on Jan. 20, 1916, the Bangor Maine newspaper headline read: "FOUR CHINAMEN HELD IN BANGOR."  These laundrymen were suspected of being laborers and subject to deportation under the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.  
A writer for the Bangor Daily News presents highlights from the news coverage in 1916 to illustrate the problems faced by Chinese immigrants trying to avoid deportation. The four cases in Bangor were similar to cases all over the U. S. for decades.
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