Author John Jung speaks about origins of the book, its significance, and what he has learned from writing and giving talks about the book followed by Q & A d...
John Jung's insight:
Chinese laundries were so prevalent during the late 19th and early half of the 20th century that they came to be a stereotypical image of Chinese. Barred from most other forms of businesses, Chinese opened laundries because this line of work was not contested initially. Laundry work was hard, but it gave the Chinese an economic niche for survival before other opportunities opened for them.
The Chinese Cemetery of Los Angeles is one of several historical cemeteries found around East Los Angeles, including Evergreen and Calvary cemeteries. It is located at First Street and Eastern Avenue in the Belvedere Gardens section of East Los Angeles.
The cemetery was established by the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association of Los Angeles (CCBA) in 1922 to provide burial grounds for Chinese residents in Los Angeles. At the time, all cemeteries in Los Angeles barred anyone of Chinese descent from purchasing burial plots
Covington once had the most Chinese in all of Kentucky. Their story is very similar to that of Chinese in other communities all across America.
"The earliest mention of Chinese in Covington appears in the Ticket newspaper in 1877. The article dealt with the marriage of John Naw Lin, a Chinese American and Mary Ann Morgan of African American descent.
Chinese Americans rarely received any attention in the local press. The one exception was the celebration of the Chinese New Year. Reporters often covered the celebrations using racist language and stereotypes.
In 1913, the 14-year old Pong Dock, an American born citizen of Chinese descent registered to attend the Covington Public Schools. This event caused a minor furor in the city. Some Covington residents claimed that the boy should attend the African American School in Covington because he was not of European ancestry.
Eventually, Pong Dock was permitted to attend Covington’s First District School on Scott Street. He began the first grade in September 1913.
Dime Novels, a forerunner of pulp fiction, were popular media in the early 1900s. One of the most popular was Old and Young King Brady, two detectives whose stock in trade was to solve crimes in Chinatown, usually rescuing slave girls in opium dens run by tongs. This site shows 65 such issues related to this general theme. They had a negative influence on the image of Chinese and Chinatown.
Charles Frederick Holder, a noted naturalist in southern California, wrote two papers in 1897 and 1900 about the problem of Chinese women who were sometimes kidnapped and brought to the U. S. as slaves forced into prostitution.
He noted that, "few Chinamen bring their wives with them, as they are here merely to earn a competency, when they will return, and all their money, or the greater part of it, is sent to China. yet there is a demand for women, and about it has grown up a business which a few years ago was the most valuable traffic in which the Chinese were engaged in America. It was fostered and carried on with the greatest care and secrecy;
Two lesson plans developed in Washington State for middle school children related to the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act and its relationship to how Chinese immigrant women were perceived.
The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 This treaty with the Chinese Government banned Chinese emigrants from entering America ...Housewives or Prostitutes? Chinese Women in Washington and ...Dong Oy was born in San Francisco and went back to China with her parents ...
A social history of Chinese laundries in North America with accounts of important and unusual incidents and cases from newspaper archives that supplement the information in my book, "Chinese Laundries: Tickets to Survival on Gold Mountain."
Chinese labor in building the transcontinental railroads forms a central theme in writings about Chinese North American history but as the depiction of the laying of the "Golden Spike" in 1869 to complete the railroad coast to coast, Chinese workers got no recognition.
The U.S. city of Salt Lake City, Utah, has a Chinatown ( Chinese: 盐湖城唐人 ; pinyin: yán hú chéng táng rén jiē) that is located in South Salt Lake that was completed in 2012 according to the official website. According to the Deseret News , ground breaking on the new Chinatown occurred in 2011 for a Chinese-themed shopping mall with a "...
In the late 19th century, Salt Lake City, Utah had a Chinese population that worked in the mining camps and the transcontinental railroad. The first Chinese peoples came in the 1860s and had formed a historical Chinatown in a section called "Plum Alley" on Second South Street which lasted until 1952 when it was razed and replaced with a Chinese shopping mall.
The mid-20th-century world of Chinese nightclubs and their racial subtext are the subjects of a new book and gallery show.
John Jung's insight:
",,,, places like Forbidden City were a product of a more racist time: The clubs were packed because patrons often viewed the Chinese as some sort of exotic curiosity worth gawking at, and the talent was often first-rate because the Asian-American singers and dancers there struggled to find gigs anywhere else."
Excerpts from book talk by author John Jung at the Torrance, CA. Civic Center Library, Jan. 12, 2013 Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org...
John Jung's insight:
Chinese in the Mississippi Delta from the late 19th century started grocery market stores, often involving entire families, across the small towns near cotton plantations to serve black workers in the fields. As times changed and earlier Chinese merchants died, retired, or moved away, these stores are few in number today but in their time they were an important part of these Delta communities.
Outstanding comprehensive site about the history of Chinatown, Victoria, British Columbia, a gateway for many of Canada's Chinese immigrants of the late 19th century.
"This Chinatown is also a major gateway to the development of Chinese communities in Canada. From the late nineteenth century to the first decade of the twentieth century, it was the largest Chinese settlement in Canada. Meanwhile, its merchant networks supplied new labourers, ethnic goods, and homeland news to numerous Chinese immigrant communities across the gold mines of British Columbia and along the Canadian Pacific Railway. In this Chinatown, the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association, the Hongmen Society (later called the Chinese Freemasons), and many clan and county associations served as early headquarters of Chinese communities across Canada."
Not only were Chinese denied entry to the U. S. after 1882, but around this time .... "the Chinese were to become medical scapegoats; up and down the Pacific coast (and in the Hawaiian Islands) local health officials rationalized the failure of their sanitary programs by tracing all epidemic outbreaks to living conditions among the Chinese. This phenomenon was to last for over thirty-five years. Only after Chinese immigration was finally curtailed, following implementation of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 (and amendments of 1884), and only after scientific research began to unlock the mysteries of disease transmission did medical scapegoating begin to abate."
From 1910 to 1940, tens of thousands of immigrants entered the United States through the West Coast's Angel Island Immigration Station. Located in San Franci...
John Jung's insight:
Angel Island Immigration Station in San Francisco bay, Island where thousands of Chinese and other immigrants between 1910 and 1940 were detained was scheduled for demolition around 1970.
Fortunately, Alexander Weiss, a California State Park Ranger, re-discovered them in 1970. His chance discovery began the long journey to save the Immigration Station, and ultimately, to save the stories hidden within it through carved poems on the walls, and to help us remember its sad, but important role in American history/"
Seeing the actual 'red tape' or documentation that was involved for Chinese immigrants can provide deeper understanding of the extent to which Immigration authorities controlled their entry to the U. S. This case of Ng Shee in 1931 involved the wife of a Chinese who was a U. S. citizen. Part of her interrogation including a map she had to draw of her Guangdong village to prove she was telling the truth is included.
Many people would be surprised to know that there were some Asian faces in the crowds of white and black soldiers serving in the American Civil War. The participation of Asians, and in particula...
John Jung's insight:
Historian Ruth Lum McCunn describes the contribution of Chinese Americans in the Civil War.
"Even though there were only about 200 Chinese-Americans living in the eastern United States at the time, 58 of them fought in the Civil War, mainly for the North, but a handful for the South as well. Because of their previous experiences at sea, many of them served in the U.S. Navy. Only one Chinese-American soldier was actually born on American soil. The rest had come to the U.S. through the Pacific slave trade, adoption by Americans, independent immigration or the influence of missionaries."
Discipline-specific professional development programs for history teachers that raise student achievement by bolstering standards-based content knowledge and modeling effective instructional practices.
John Jung's insight:
A high school history lesson plan for examining the 1878
California Constitutional Convention. Over twenty years of conflict over Asian immigration into California fueled heated debate over the Chinese presence at the convention, and was a forerunner of the eventual Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.
Elwin Xie's comprehensive resource on the history and significance of the Chinese laundry in Canada, which parallels its role for Chinese in the U. S. and other countries. Site contains links to other web resources related to Chinese immigrant businesses such as laundries and restaurants.
A legendary figure, Polly Bemis, was an early Chinese woman immigrant in Idaho. She was sold by her parents, smuggled into Oregon, sold as a concubine to a Chinese merchant, and became the 'wife' to a white man, Charlie Bemis, who allegedly won her in a poker game. She later became an accomplished fisherwoman and became a celebrity of sorts. Her log cabin in Idaho was restored as a museum. A biography by Ruth Ann McCunn, made into the movie, A Thousand Pieces of Gold," tells her amazing story. http://www.mccunn.com/TPOG.html