China and Japan- Erika Abrantes
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US sends sub-hunting jets to Japan amid Asia tension

US sends sub-hunting jets to Japan amid Asia tension | China and Japan- Erika Abrantes |
As an East Asian spat ramps up after China set a zone restriction over disputed islands, US sub-hunting jets arrive in Japan as planned.
Erika Abrantes's insight:



Erika Abrantes's insight:

P- U.S Navy's first advanced P-8 Poseidon patrol aircraft has arrived in Japan, the start of a deployment that will upgrade Americas's ability to hunt submarines and other vessels in seas close to China.


P- The deployment was planned before China (last month establishing an air defense zone). The deployment includes six aircraft to be delivered to Kadena air base on Okinawa this month.


P- Chinas air defense zone covers islands controlled by Japan and claimed by Beijing.


P- The mission in the waters west of Japan's main islands will be the new aircraft's first anywhere. 


P- The jet is built by Boeing Co based on its 737 passenger plane, built to replace the aging propeller- powered Lockheed Martin P-3 Orion patrol aircraft (been in service for 50 years).


P- The jet is packed with the latest radar equiptment, armed with torpedoes + anti- ship missiles, and able to fly further and stay out on mission longer than P-3.


P- Territioral Spat in the East China Sea between Japan and China.


P- Islands known to Japanese as the Senkakus and to the Chinease the Daioyu. 


N to K- Is there a good chance for war between Japan and China, if so what would probably happen? And could the U.S get involved? 

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World News: Japan, Allies Talk About Security And Chin

Erika Abrantes's insight:



Erika Abrantes's insight:


P- Japans Prime MInister ( Shinzo Abe) raised regional- security concerns with other southereast asian leaders. 


P- Abe talked to them the night before all Asian leaders met ( have not met since China's decleration of an air- defense identification zone).


P- The other leaders have concerns over China's and Japan's disputes.


P- Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said that "Japan should seek to repair relationship with China". 


P- Japan seeks intrest to play a larger secruity role.


P- Long- planned meeting to celebrate 40 year Asean relationship has increased in importance since China announced its new ADIZ three weeks ago.


N to K- What is the ADIZ that China announced? 


P- The ADIZ move was seen as an attempt for China to reinforce claims over East China see Islands.


P- Mr. Abe presented Chinas movee as an issue afftecting and concerning all of Southeast Asia.


P- Mr. Abe called ADIZ unacceptable and urged Southeast Asian nations to put up a united front in border disputes.


N to K- Who is Mr. Abe?


P- Japan has said they are working on a joint Japan- Asean statement that would condemn attempts to undermine freedom of navigation and aviation in the region.


P- If all goes well, this would be the first time where serveral nations came together to critize Beijing's new policy.


P- Japan said 11 nations will adopt a mid to long term vision (includes regional secuirty and economic partnerships).


P- Mr. Abe is pushing for a more visable role in Japan's military on a global stage.


P- Phillippine President Aquino  and Mr. Abe raised China ADIZ issue.

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Gordon Chang on territorial standoff between China, Japan

China, Japan argue ownership of island chain
Erika Abrantes's insight:



P- Biggest concern is that there are fighter jets and planes of competing nations in close proxzimety and close airspace. 


P- Chinease have been engaged in very prodoctive flying for a decade now.


N to K- What does prodoctive mean?


P- 2011, Biden showed China pictures of how close their planes were in international airspace (10 feet away) when he visted Bejing and its been continuing with other planes. 


P- U.S had B-52's fly through China airspace, it was important because they came from Gwang (far away from China) and B-52's carry destructive things (message to the Chinease that they should of got). 


P- Late last month Chinease media was boosting about their submarines and how they could get close to the U.S and shoot bolistic missals toward the U.S and kill 5 to 12 million Americans. 


P- Beilieves that sending the B-52's was a response to what the Chinease said. 


P- Beilieves the new Chinease regime is in turmoil.


P- Beilieves Xi jinoing (China's new leader) created this promblem in order to concolidate his political position at home.


P- Peoples Liberation Army is the biggest and most powerful faction in the communist party.


N to K- What is the Peoples Liberation Army? 


P- There is also nationalist and generals and admirals driving policies. So China is doing things that the rest of the world is not familiar with, which is dangerous. 


N to K- What policies are they driving? 


P- Chinease regime is unpredicable and they have been acting irradicaly recently and thats not consistant with a strong political leader. 


E- Beilives their econdomy is not growing at the 7.8% that they claim, it looks like their ecodomy is growing at 1 or 2%, perhaps even 0.  


P + E- Past 3 decades the Chinease have been in prosperity. When you do not have prosperity the communist party falls back on nationalism. That could be why we are seeing this new air identification zone. 

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Xi Jinping - Person of the Year 2013

Xi Jinping - Person of the Year 2013 | China and Japan- Erika Abrantes |
It is indeed Xi Jinping who most influenced the year 2013.
Erika Abrantes's insight:



P- Due to the U.S federal government shutdown, the President had to cancel a seris of trips abroad. Which left China's president the most powerful man in the room due to the absence of Obama.


P- Xi Jinping mostly influcenced the year 2013. Constant movement in China contrasted with the lack of leadership in the European Union and the American political paralysis. 


P- Within 12 months, he introduced a powerful narrative apt to express the Chinease zeitgeist "the china dream". 


C- Managed to reconnect with Deng Xiaoping's spirit of reform.


P- Had 16 postions before becoming China's president.


P- Xi's China dream is the vision s of "Modern China", "Global China" and " Civilizational China".


P- "Modern China" summarizes the achievements that have been done since the Republic of Sun Yatsen but it is also the quest for even greater socio- economic advancement.


P, S, E- Peoples Republic took millions out of poverty, liberated Chinase women (Women hold up half the sky -- said Mao Zedong), and extended life expectancy (41 years in 1950, now 76).


P- Xi Jinping needs to maintain certain level of continuity with the work of his predecessors (Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, and Hu Jintao). While at the same time has to introduce a new momentum in rapidly envolving internal and external contexts. 


P- Xi is taking China on a new corse " In the face of new circumstances and new tasks (...) reform must be comprehensibely deepened froma new histroical starting point".


E- Made a choice to clearly allow market forces to play a decisive role in resource allocation (immediatley won the support of enlightened reformists like Wu Jinglian).


P- Abolition of the "re- education through labor" system, adjustment of one child policy, the constitution of a leading group to conduct a wide range of economic and finanical reforms, and establishment of a National Security Committee form a series of well calculated decisions. 


P- "Modern China" is interconnected with "Global China", the worlds most significant factor of change. 


E- Chinease goods, technology, people, capital and culture are reaching every corner of the globe through an almost infinite number of 21st century Silk Roads.


P- Middle Country is becoming increasingly cosmopolitan but it also projects itself globally with the awareness that interdependence and cooperation characterize the 21st century. 


P- The widening of "Global China" is because of the return to the Middle Country's ethos of centrality. 


E- "Global China" is increasing Chinease presence abroad from stations in Antarctica, and also an age of space travels and discoveries (launch of the Chang'e- 3 and its moon rover).


P- "Civilized China" -- The imagination of a better future with the memory of 4000 years of history, a movement of reaissance (concept used by Xi). 


C- Architecture, design, fashion, and in the arts, a renewed Chinese aesthetics is gradually imposing itself, from tea to calligraphy, the chinease savors and forms have been revitalized. 


C- "Civilization China" aims to reinvent the Chinease classical culture but it is also the reinterpretation of tradtional notions. Progress, peace, and harmony are the principles which substantiate "Modern China", "Global China" and "Civilzation China". 


P- China's first lady, Peng Liyuan, has become symbol of China's confidence. 


P- Xi signlaed to the island (Taiwan)  and to the world that his decade might also mark the end of the chinease politcal divide.


P- Has gained truly unique insights on the Taiwansese economic and political dynamics.


N to K- How are the people reacting to Xi's  new policies and ideas?

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China navy seeks to 'wear out' Japanese ships in disputed waters

China navy seeks to 'wear out' Japanese ships in disputed waters | China and Japan- Erika Abrantes |
Tensions over uninhabited islands claimed by both China and Japan in the East China Sea are rising as China conducts naval exercises and increases its rhetoric regarding its territorial defense.
Erika Abrantes's insight:



Erika Abrantes's insight:

P- China's naval and paramilitary ships are churning up the ocean around the islands it disputes with Tokyo (experts say it is a strategy to overwhelm the numerically inferior Japanese forces).


P- Chinas daily stream of deployments into the East China Sea, naval combat exercises, launch of new warships and commentaries calling for resolute defense of Chinese territory. 


P- "The operational goal in the East China Sea is to wear out the Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force and the Japan Coast Guard" said James Holmes.


P- Once China became embroiled in the high stakes territorial dispute with Japan late last year, that is when the secretive military opened up. 


P- The People's Liberation Army is telegraphing its moves around the disputed islands.


P- Also the missions have domestic propaganda value because it demonstrates the ruling Communist Party  has the power and determination to defend what it insists has always been Chinease territory.


P- These constant deployments from both China and Japan increases the danger of an accident or miscalculation that could lead to conflict.


P- Some say Japan's powerful navy and coast guard still hold the upper hand in the disputed waters, but could change if Beijing intensifies its patrols.


E- "Believes China for the time being focuses resources on the South China Sea, which is a high priority for them" said Yoshihiko Yamada.


P- Incident when Tokyo protested that China had deployed series of buoys around the islands to collect intelligence about Japanese operations, China said they were there to collect weather information.


 E- Disputed lands are believed to be rich in oil and gas.


P + E- Japans coast guard is feeling the pressure --> Plans to form a new 600 member unit equipped with 12 patrol ships, boosting budget to buy ships and aircraft by 23% to $348 million, coast guard plans to add 119 personnel (biggest staff increase in 32 years), and possiably converting retired navy vessels into coast guard patrol ships.


P- PLA said three of its most modern warships (missile destroyer Quingdao and the middile frigates Yantai and Yancheng) would make up the fleet that would conduct training in the seas in an 18 day employment. 


P- U.S navy has monitored the sharply increased tempo of Chinese naval and operations near Japan.


P- Chinese officals have strongly implied that Japan's claim over the islands is an attack on one of China's core interestss.


P- Despite the intense military and diplomatic pressure, the Japanese government shows no sign of wilting.


P- Japan poses a much stiffer challenge for Beijing than smaller nations like the Philippines.


P- Smaller in numbers than the PLA navy, highly trained Japan navy is regarded most powerful in Asia with state of the art ships, submarines and aircrafts, also has a security alliance with United States that obliges Washington to intervene if Japan is attacked. 


P- All this is triggered by China's desire to extricate itself from total regional isolation caused by China's expansive territoral claims agasint virtually all of its maritime neighbords. 


N to K- Is China weakning at all, or is Japan going down at all? Will China ever give up? 

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Roundup: Japan revises defense strategies, security policies in two- phased overhaul, Abe hails move as "historic

Erika Abrantes's insight:



Erika Abrantes's insight:


P- Government submitted a draft document saying its medium term defense strategy guidelines at a meeting of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party. 


N to K- What is the Liberal Democratic Party?


P- Prime Minister and leader of the LDP Shinzo Abe said the documents marked a historic move for the government.


P + S- The strategy referred to as " Pacifism through international cooperation" ensures better protection forJapan People. 


N to K- What is the "Pacifism through international cooperation"?


P+ E- Guidelines are set to cover the next 5 years, and include a budjet with provisions made for 5 years from Apirl 2014, it is about 240 billion U.S dollars.


P- National Defense Program Outline- document lays out policies strategies spanning the next decade and has a longer scope.


P + E- Guidelines call for purchasing of unmanned survellance drones, increasing number of perosnel manning the F- 15 fighter squadron, and etc. 


N to K- What are drones, and what is the F-15 fighter squadron?


P- Plans to install a dedicated amphibious force (force has quick deployment to remote islands near Japan, and is being supported by ASDF aircraft).


P- The ASDF aircraft is capable of vertical or short take offs and landings


P- Military has also said the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightening could play an active role


P- New generation Stealth fighter can be used for air to air engagements, air to ground, and air to sea engagements (also could possiably care next generation weaponary).


P- Some of the weaponry includes a soild state laster and a high speed strike weapon (a hypersonic missile).


N to K- What does hypersonic mean?


P- New hardware, bolistering and overhauling troops would boost mobility of SDF units and reduce their response, moblization, and deployment time.


N to K- What is the SDF?


P- LDP meeting approved new secuirty strategy and long term defense program. The medium term defense program guidelines will most likely se approved by Abe cabinet.


P+ E- Lifting the long standing weapons export band.


P- Abe beilieves Japan needs to be better prepared to "counter threats" and better defend what it beilieves to be their territories (like in disputed waters in East China Sea).


P- Guidelines also reference provisons for responding to potential missile attacts and boosting Japans capabilities to do so.


P- Besides the U.S, Japan is only other country having both low levels and upper tier defenses capable of intercepting threats beyond the atmosphere. 

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China to ease 1-child policy, end labor camps

China to ease 1-child policy, end labor camps | China and Japan- Erika Abrantes |
Two major changes in a reform package from China's Communist Party will allow some couples in China to have two children and abolish controversial labor camps.
Erika Abrantes's insight:



S- China will loosen its decades-old one-child policy by allowing two children for families with one parent who was an only child.


S - Will abolish a much-criticized labor camp system.


P- These  changes (one child policy and labor camps) were part of a key policy document.


E- The document also seeks to map out China's economic policy for coming years.


P -The labor camp was established to punish early critics of the Communist Party, now is used by local officials to deal with people challenging their authority on issues including land rights and corruption.


S- China's family-planning policy currently limits most urban couples to one child and allows two children for rural families if their first-born is a girl. It also allows two children for parents who themselves are both single.


P- The Chinese government credits the one-child policy (formed 1980)

with preventing hundreds of millions of births and helping lift countless families out of poverty.


S- Strict limits have led to forced abortions and sterilizations,  couples who flout the rules face hefty fines, seizure of their property and loss of their jobs.


N to K- Why is China changing the labor camps and 1 child policy all of a sudden. 

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