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Hunan's first emissions exchange shows promise |Hunan Special |chinadaily.com.cn

Hunan's first emissions exchange shows promise |Hunan Special |chinadaily.com.cn | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
Not long ago, Zhuzhou, a city in Central China's Hunan province, was among the nation's most polluted, but residents of this haven for heavy industry can see a blue sky on the horizon due to the success of the province's first emissions exchange.
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China environment (climate policy)
China climate policies: What's going on !... (Climate Change, Energy, Emissions, Carbon tax and Carbon market, Policy and Regulations)
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China's Shenzhen issues 2014 carbon permits | Energy & Oil | Reuters

WUHAN/BEIJING, April 3 (Reuters) - Authorities in China's
southern city of Shenzhen, China's oldest carbon market, said on
Thursday they had issued around 30 million carbon permits for
the 2014 compliance
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

It feels like giving many information without any transparency which leave authorities a huge space of actions: Changing nothing by keeping 10% over allocation with increasing premits issuing or changing a lot by reducing permits with increasing number of participant ?

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Enforcement seen key to success of China's new environmental markets | Reuters

Enforcement seen key to success of China's new environmental markets | Reuters | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
BEIJING (Reuters) - China's plan for a market in air pollution permits promises to help clean up its air cheaply, but the move could prove just as useless as previous environmental policies unless the
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Right, China is willing to increase market policy instruments in their governance tools. But these kind of policies need confidence and transparency. Both are missing in China and it will take time (in number of years). But it is a good thing to start it now. Better late than never.

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Shenzhen ends first year with carbon surplus

China considers cancelling 10 per cent surplus in fastest-growing city.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Most important thing in carbon market is transparency.

This transparency seems to not be well implemented in China.

The city cannot estimate if the surplus comes from carbon reduction inniative or only from over allocation.

Data (allocation, accounting, verification...) should be public.

 

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First India-China study on climate change to be out today - Hindustan Times

Its impact is likely to come later but the prelaunch report on the first collaborative India-China study on climate change to be released in Beijing on Monday will generate interest among policy makers and climate watchers.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Good bilateral cooperation addressing to climate change. Waiting for tonight event at UNDP.

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China tests drone aircraft designed to disperse smog - Hindustan Times

China tests drone aircraft designed to disperse smog - Hindustan Times | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
The drones will be equipped with infrared devices to allow them to operate during the night, Zhai said, adding that authorities were considering conducting similar drone inspections in more of its polluted areas.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This good, hope NGOs will be able to do the same to provide the government reliable mesures.

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Qingdao city next in line to set up emissions market in China

* Advisers, backed by city's mayor, drawing up rules foremissions trading* City plans binding CO2 caps on up to 300 major firms* Scheme to trade CO2 permits could start next year* Beijing intends to
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Emission trading systems are spreading all around the world. The same tendancy can be seen in China. To implement an ETS for the non pilot cities will help them to be prepared for the futur national ETS. The most important question still remains: Is ETS a cost effective policy to tackle emissions compared to a tax ?

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China’s carbon offsets market makes cautious progress

China’s carbon offsets market makes cautious progress - Offsets supply for 2013 compliance to be just 5 Mt, but credits inflow will increase through 2016 generating an estimated 100 - 200 Mt offsets.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Industries covered by the Chinese ETS pilots should already have been allocated enough credits since they directly submit to the local government their historical emissions. Chinese carbon markets may have a surplus at the end of the year and of the phase. In my point of view, Chinese ETS pilots lack capacity building and know-how on this policy. So offsets market will probably be dominated by CDM project eligible in CCERs and not any more in international carbon markets. I am afraid that this will give HFC CDM projects a second life. 

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Villagers in southwestern China arrested for attacking factory, police station over pollution (2/12/14 5:10 am)

BEIJING - Villagers in southwestern China infuriated by a factory that was polluting the environment smashed its offices and equipment, and later clashed with police, underscoring the potential for such concerns to trigger violent unrest.
Updated: 2/12/14 5:10 am
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This local event is increasing in number in China. 

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Secretive China shocks environmentalists by making public its data on smog-filled air

Secretive China shocks environmentalists by making public its data on smog-filled air | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
Unprecedented real-time disclosure of pollution data from 15,000 factories is seen as a step forward.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Impressive, better than what Carbon Market can release for the covered factories. I probably do not remember the exact numbers, but if the 15 000 most polluting factories release emissions and water discharges; it seems we can cover more than 60% of Chinese emissions ? Let see how these data will be accurate and verified. But it is definitly a good step foward.

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China Exports Pollution to U.S. Along With Goods, Study Finds

China Exports Pollution to U.S. Along With Goods, Study Finds | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
Pollution from China’s export
manufacturers is traveling across the Pacific Ocean to reach the
U.S. West Coast, according to a paper published in the
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Who's responsible of this pollution ?

China of course has its part of responsability but developed countries as well since they strongly participated to Chinese economic boom by delocalizing their polluting manufacture industries.

This study only reveal that air pollution does not know country's border limits. This were already well known. Air pollution is not restricted to a domestic issue but it has a real global impact.

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Swapping goods for CO2 emissions in the global economy » Scienceline

Swapping goods for CO2 emissions in the global economy » Scienceline | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
What if we counted emissions based on where products are consumed, not produced?

Pictures of Chinese cities choking in smog have been appearing more and more in the media. As the largest carbon emitter today and the world’s second biggest economy, China will play a major part in any global effort to ease climate change.

 

But at the recent climate talks in Warsaw, China, along with India and other developing countries, insisted that only “historical” emitters such as the European Union and the United States – the countries responsible for most of the warming so far – should have to cut their carbon emissions.

Although per capita emissions in China are approaching the level of some EU countries, most Chinese still live a relatively low-carbon lifestyle. While 797 out of 1000 Americans own a car, in China this number is only 85. What’s wrong with this picture?..........

 
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This is a hot topic in research. Estimated the CO2 emission flow for consumption is very hard and you may get different research works leading to different flow map. But what is sure, is that China is emitting a lot due to its exportations because others are consumming made in China. Here is 2 points to notice: 1) others are also responsible for a major part of Chinese CO2 emission due to their consumption. 2) China economic growth is relying for a major part on it exportation sectors. So how to decide who is responsible ? As a researcher, I am completly agreed that this field should be more investigated.

 

 

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Regarding China's Renewable Energy Policy...

Regarding China's Renewable Energy Policy... | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
Is China doing anything to reduce its carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants?
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Since energy consumption increase, China has to produce more energy. Even if the increase rate of installed capacity installed in 2013 is higher for renewable than for coal plant, the coal consumption had increased this year.

 

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China approves massive new coal capacity despite pollution fears

China approves massive new coal capacity despite pollution fears | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
Beijing okays 15 new large coal mining projects over year
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

China energy demand did not reach the peak yet. And it is not expected to happen before the next 10 years at least. This means that China will have to produce more energy and for the moment coal energy remained the cheapest one. Important thing is that increase of Renewable, Nuclear and Gas energy capacity becomes higher than increase in Coal energy capacity installed every year. Unfortunately, China is suffering strong pollution problem. And this pollution should logically keep rising in the following years due to its energy demand situation.

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China launches carbon trading in Hubei

Central China's Hubei Province Wednesday launched a carbon trading scheme, the country's sixth.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Here it goes. Hubei became the sixth Chinese ETS pilot launched. Shenzhen ETS experienced a 10% over allocation after its first year. Did Hubei officials considered it before launching their own ?

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EXCLUSIVE-China's Hubei issues 324 mln carbon permits for market launch | Reuters

(Adds information about permit allocation throughout)By Kathy Chen and Stian ReklevBEIJING, March 27 (Reuters) - China's Hubei province hasissued 324 million carbon permits for 2014, the first year
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

"Unlike most other carbon markets such as the EU Emissions Trading System, the Hubei plan allows the government to make adjustments in allocation in hindsight, based on reported emission levels.

Companies that emit more than 120 percent of the level covered by the free permits can seek extra permits, while those that emit less than 80 percent of their allocation may have permits withdrawn."

 

I do not clearly understand the mechanism ?

If you emit less than you are allowed (80%), permits will be withdrawn. If you emit more (120%), you can seek extra permits to whom ? government because if you buy it to companies, at final they will have to emit less than 80% because they sell the other parts ???

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China vows to clean up 60 percent of cities by 2020

China vows to clean up 60 percent of cities by 2020 | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
BEIJING (Reuters) - China pledged on Sunday that it will make sure that 60 percent of its cities meet national pollution standards by 2020, with pressure growing to make cities liveable as hundreds of
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This is good to define ambitious targets. But the most important thing is to start on the field the transformation of the energy, development and economy infrastructure. Which is not this simple to do. Moving polluting sectors won't solve the air pollution problem since air pollution does not stick to a specific geographical place.

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Increasing renewable energy supply in China more economical then continued reliance on coal – WWF

Increasing renewable energy supply in China more economical then continued reliance on coal – WWF | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
China can transition to 80 percent renewable electric power system by 2050 at a cost that is less than continuing to rely on coal.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This study should be more investigating.

Countries are scared about green growth because nobody did take this path of growth before. It is easier to reproduce error of the past and ensure the economic growth of the country than to be a leader and explore new pathway. 

China has the opportunity today to take the lead on this because the local pollution situation and the increasing international pressure regarding climate change issue push the country to do so. 

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China to

China to | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
"We will resolutely declare war against pollution as we declared war against poverty," PM Li told the almost 3,000 delegates to the country's...
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Go China Go !

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Qingdao city next in line to set up emissions market in China

* Advisers, backed by city's mayor, drawing up rules foremissions trading* City plans binding CO2 caps on up to 300 major firms* Scheme to trade CO2 permits could start next year* Beijing intends to
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Emission trading systems are spreading all around the world. The same tendancy can be seen in China. To implement an ETS for the non pilot cities will help them to be prepared for the futur national ETS. The most important question still remains: Is ETS a cost effective policy to tackle emissions compared to a tax ?

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China's Hubei plans province's first carbon auction next month

China's Hubei province will auction up to 2 million carbon permits at a government-set minimum price next month to kick-start the nation's sixth pilot...
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

It is very interested to see that Hubei will not allow banking year to year. Which means all surplus credits will have to be sold before the end of the year. The credit price will then be probably affected and low at the end of year.

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Shijiazhuang cuts coal use to beat the smog|Environment|News|WantChinaTimes.com

Shijiazhuang, one of China's smoggiest cities, plans to cut coal consumption by 15 million tonnes in four years, including 4 million tonnes this year.

 

The capital of north China's Hebei province, also plans to reduce iron and steel, coal carbonization, ceramics and chemical fertilizer production to cut emissions, said a city official on Friday.......

Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Clarification should be made if it is a absolute reduction compare to 2013 or including the expected increase for the next 4 years.

The good thing is that the city air pollution order released by the government as an impact on the city governance. Now, worst air quality cities would like to improve it to not be listed as the most polluted cities anymore. This is a good move.

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China carbon markets risk missteps unless more open

* Crucial for pilot trading schemes to release timely data-experts* China's moves to develop schemes comes after EU market hitby scandals* Beijing and Tianjin yet to disclose emission permits, capsBy
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Completly agree with the article.

The basis of a functionning ETS is the transparency.

For the moment the Chinese ETS have been launched but are not really fully running. Many remained to be done and China is working on it.

Let go back on transparency and efficiency issues after the first year at the end of 2014 and see how it is.

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China smog: Cities strive to counter dense smog, fines for emission limits set

China smog: Cities strive to counter dense smog, fines for emission limits set | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
China smog continues to settle over the giant country, and now the capital city of China, Beijing, as well as its financial epicenter, Shanghai, are working to
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Carbon markets in China to face permit surplus: Report

Carbon markets in China to face permit surplus: Report | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
BEIJING: China's new carbon markets are likely to be over-allocated due to their heavy reliance on companies' own emissions data, making the permits inefficient as drivers of investment in cleaner...
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Due to the fact that emitters submit themself their historical emission without having be verified by an independ third party, there is then high probablity that the Chinese ETS pilots will face permit surplus. However, we have to keep in  mind that the Chinese government is still working on the policy design and implementation. In opposite to EU, reform of their ETS policy could be done much quicker. For the moment non of them have ceilling price but they are thinking about it. Moreover, Chinese government keeps the right to regulate the market with a reserve if the price gets to high and, as far as I know, it also keeps the right of removal permits in case of surplus on the market. Which implicitely represents a ceiling price limit without leting the participants know its value.

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China mulls national pollution permit trading system

China mulls national pollution permit trading system | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
BEIJING (Reuters) - China will look into establishing a nation-wide trading system for pollution permits as part of efforts to use market mechanisms to help clean up its environment, the country's top environment official said.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

It is good that China seems to really want to tackle the problem of pollution. Market mechanism instruments are one of possible policy instruments to support the achievement of pollution reduction targets. However there are not the only ones and to marketize all environmental issues are perhaps not the best way to go regarding to the environment itself. But it is today the most acceptable instrument for polluers who pollute the world.

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