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Water shortages in China potentially a perfect storm

Water shortages in China potentially a perfect storm | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
Water shortages could be China’s own version of the perfect storm, potentially blowing a hole in carefully laid plans of an incoming generation of leaders.ReutersTargets for moderately fast economic development, seen as crucial for the Communist...

Via Sylvain Rotillon
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JCJohnson's curator insight, May 23, 12:02 PM

Water Shortages lead to water wars

China environment (climate policy)
China climate policies: What's going on !... (Climate Change, Energy, Emissions, Carbon tax and Carbon market, Policy and Regulations)
Curated by Cyril Cassisa
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En Chine, des tours géantes pour dépolluer l'air et l'eau

En Chine, des tours géantes pour dépolluer l'air et l'eau | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
Un cabinet d'architectes britannique a révélé le plan des tours Phœnix qu'il doit construire dans la mégalopole chinoise.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Et puis quoi encore ?

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China’s pollution of Africa finally merits a penalty - The Boston Globe

China’s pollution of Africa finally merits a penalty - The Boston Globe | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
Chad’s willingness to put some teeth into its environmental protections should reverberate through Africa and beyond.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Africa continent of unexploited resources becomes the target of superpower states (US, Europe and China). African starts to complain about this heavy industries and non repect of rules (environment and right to development).

They will be more and more problems rising in the time, because African will logically take back or better control the way to deal with their resources and development.

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EU urges China to roll out carbon trading nationwide ahead of 2020 target

EU urges China to roll out carbon trading nationwide ahead of 2020 target | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
Top European climate official says a carbon cap would not expose Beijing to greater pressure to agree to a new international climate treaty
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

The europaid program on support for capacity building and design of national and pilots ETS in China is starting in good timeline with Chinese actions on carbon markets. Now 6 of the 7 ETS pilots are running and lack of capacity is huge to implement them well. 

And recently the central government reannounced the importance of the national ETS scheme that is expected to start by 2020 and even before. 

This EU support will clearly bring to China at different levels the knowledge needed to avoid EU-ETS mistakes and to better implement this policy tool to the Chinese situation to increase it efficiency.

 

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China opens first environmental court

China opens first environmental court | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
BEIJING (Reuters) - China opened its first environmental court on Friday, state media reported, as the country looks for new ways to tackle crippling air, water and soil pollution.The court established
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

After the adoption of the revision of the Chinese environmental protection law last month, it is a nice step further to open the first environmental court. Hope all provinces will do the same as Fujian to be ready to fully work next year when the environmental protection law revision will enter in force.

 

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Chinese city erects giant dome over stinky former factory | Reuters

Chinese city erects giant dome over stinky former factory | Reuters | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
BEIJING (Reuters) - A Chinese company in the eastern city of Hangzhou has constructed a massive inflatable dome over the site of a closed down pesticide factory, state media reported on Wednesday.While
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

 "the environment ministry estimated that roughly 16 percent of China's soil contained higher-than-permitted levels". If you consider the all China's soil with deserts, unrichable mountains, unpopulated areas (tibet, xinjiang). I think the number will rise to more than 50% and probably much more than that.

To put a dome over polluter is a funny and nice idea. China should also do that on the entire closed and RUNNING polluting factories.

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China's Shenzhen issues 2014 carbon permits | Energy & Oil | Reuters

WUHAN/BEIJING, April 3 (Reuters) - Authorities in China's
southern city of Shenzhen, China's oldest carbon market, said on
Thursday they had issued around 30 million carbon permits for
the 2014 compliance
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

It feels like giving many information without any transparency which leave authorities a huge space of actions: Changing nothing by keeping 10% over allocation with increasing premits issuing or changing a lot by reducing permits with increasing number of participant ?

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Enforcement seen key to success of China's new environmental markets | Reuters

Enforcement seen key to success of China's new environmental markets | Reuters | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
BEIJING (Reuters) - China's plan for a market in air pollution permits promises to help clean up its air cheaply, but the move could prove just as useless as previous environmental policies unless the
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Right, China is willing to increase market policy instruments in their governance tools. But these kind of policies need confidence and transparency. Both are missing in China and it will take time (in number of years). But it is a good thing to start it now. Better late than never.

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Shenzhen ends first year with carbon surplus

China considers cancelling 10 per cent surplus in fastest-growing city.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Most important thing in carbon market is transparency.

This transparency seems to not be well implemented in China.

The city cannot estimate if the surplus comes from carbon reduction inniative or only from over allocation.

Data (allocation, accounting, verification...) should be public.

 

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First India-China study on climate change to be out today - Hindustan Times

Its impact is likely to come later but the prelaunch report on the first collaborative India-China study on climate change to be released in Beijing on Monday will generate interest among policy makers and climate watchers.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Good bilateral cooperation addressing to climate change. Waiting for tonight event at UNDP.

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China tests drone aircraft designed to disperse smog - Hindustan Times

China tests drone aircraft designed to disperse smog - Hindustan Times | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
The drones will be equipped with infrared devices to allow them to operate during the night, Zhai said, adding that authorities were considering conducting similar drone inspections in more of its polluted areas.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This good, hope NGOs will be able to do the same to provide the government reliable mesures.

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Qingdao city next in line to set up emissions market in China

* Advisers, backed by city's mayor, drawing up rules foremissions trading* City plans binding CO2 caps on up to 300 major firms* Scheme to trade CO2 permits could start next year* Beijing intends to
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Emission trading systems are spreading all around the world. The same tendancy can be seen in China. To implement an ETS for the non pilot cities will help them to be prepared for the futur national ETS. The most important question still remains: Is ETS a cost effective policy to tackle emissions compared to a tax ?

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China’s carbon offsets market makes cautious progress

China’s carbon offsets market makes cautious progress - Offsets supply for 2013 compliance to be just 5 Mt, but credits inflow will increase through 2016 generating an estimated 100 - 200 Mt offsets.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Industries covered by the Chinese ETS pilots should already have been allocated enough credits since they directly submit to the local government their historical emissions. Chinese carbon markets may have a surplus at the end of the year and of the phase. In my point of view, Chinese ETS pilots lack capacity building and know-how on this policy. So offsets market will probably be dominated by CDM project eligible in CCERs and not any more in international carbon markets. I am afraid that this will give HFC CDM projects a second life. 

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Villagers in southwestern China arrested for attacking factory, police station over pollution (2/12/14 5:10 am)

BEIJING - Villagers in southwestern China infuriated by a factory that was polluting the environment smashed its offices and equipment, and later clashed with police, underscoring the potential for such concerns to trigger violent unrest.
Updated: 2/12/14 5:10 am
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This local event is increasing in number in China. 

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Carbon footprint from Chinese solar panels twice the size of those made in Europe

Carbon footprint from Chinese solar panels twice the size of those made in Europe | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it

InteSolar panels made in China result in twice as much greenhouse gas as those produced in Europe, with lack of environmental standards blamed

Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Interesting study. It needs probably to go into the report itself to see what was really taken into account. Doing Life Cycle Analysis can tell you the story would are looking at depending what is brought inside and kept outside the study.

But in a first thought, the high energy consumption to produce solar panel results of the main diference part between EU and Chinese solar panel footprint.

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Infographic: Waste, Poor Planning Blunt China’s Wind Energy Ambitions | New Security Beat

Infographic: Waste, Poor Planning Blunt China’s Wind Energy Ambitions | New Security Beat | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it

China leads the world in installed wind power by a wide margin, but last year, when it came to actual generation, China produced 20 percent less electricity from wind than the United States.................

Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Low grid connectivity and curtailment in China for alternative energy is an important issue. Recently, the government realized that huge amount of power is lost and strengthen the state grid companies to faster improve the alternative energy access to the grid.

Let see how fast this will be put in place. On the nice graphic, we can see the fast drop of curtailment rate to 11%.

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China increases environmental investment for people's health right: report

BEIJING, May 26 (Xinhua) -- Funds used for China's environmental protection is being increased, a measure of the country to safeguard people's right to a healthy and clean environment, a report said on Monday.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This article has been written by Xinhua News Agency. Announced numbers have to be taken carefully.

 

"338.3 billion yuan in 2013 for conserving energy and protecting the environment, seeing a 14.2 percent year-on-year growth".

This is a good thing that China invest more on these issues. Efficiency of the investment is not garanty and way public investment is used should be improved.

 

"ammonia nitrogen, sulfur dioxide and NOx-decreased by 2.93 percent, 3.14 percent, 3.48 percent and 4.72 percent, respectively, compared with 2012."

Strange that all these pollutants are decreasing, an evolution over a longer timeline might be more interesting to look at.

 

"1.83 million law-enforcement personnel were sent to inspect 710,000 enterprises in 2013".

I did not know that China could mobilize this amount of law-enforcement personnel. Knowing that Chinese law-enforcement is lacking in capacity. It would have been probably better to write 1.83 million army personnel or administrative personnel.

 

"people's courts at all levels accepted and heard 134 environmental cases".

Thousands of complains have not been accepted and heard. And it is still the case.

 

To finish, China is increasing investment on environmental issue. Every society levels are actively working on it and many plans and policy designs have been published to deal with local pollution and addressing climate change. These strong efforts are good and hope it will durate over the years.

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China looks to expand emissions trading - Shanghai Metals Market

China looks to expand emissions trading - Shanghai Metals Market | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it

ceAs part of the Enerdata China energy report we focus on the carbon trading pilot schemes currently implemented in China. China looks to expand emissions trading

Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Nice overview of the Chinese climate policy situation today using market-based mechnanisms like carbon market and carbon tax.

Of course the national schemes will probably be in phase with the UNFCCC process.

I am agree with the author on the first part of the conclusion : "But to empower its Paris negotiating position China first has to prove its own emissions reduction integrity, "

But disagree about the last part : "and key to this are the pilot trading schemes, both operational and planned."

I personnaly think, that the key to this are to show strong will in long term economy and energy transformation with implementation of ambitious climate and energy policies. The pilot trading schemes are only one of many tools to help to achieve emission reductions.

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China Cracks Down on Air Pollution, Slaps $48000 Fine on Company

China Cracks Down on Air Pollution, Slaps $48000 Fine on Company | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it

It qStricter regulations have been put in place after Beijing topped global pollution charts.

Cyril Cassisa's insight:

It is a good start to increase fines on company for environmental violations. But 300 000 RMB is still much too little to have a real impact on the company business that make much more money by violating the law.

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China launches carbon trading in Hubei

Central China's Hubei Province Wednesday launched a carbon trading scheme, the country's sixth.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Here it goes. Hubei became the sixth Chinese ETS pilot launched. Shenzhen ETS experienced a 10% over allocation after its first year. Did Hubei officials considered it before launching their own ?

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EXCLUSIVE-China's Hubei issues 324 mln carbon permits for market launch | Reuters

(Adds information about permit allocation throughout)By Kathy Chen and Stian ReklevBEIJING, March 27 (Reuters) - China's Hubei province hasissued 324 million carbon permits for 2014, the first year
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

"Unlike most other carbon markets such as the EU Emissions Trading System, the Hubei plan allows the government to make adjustments in allocation in hindsight, based on reported emission levels.

Companies that emit more than 120 percent of the level covered by the free permits can seek extra permits, while those that emit less than 80 percent of their allocation may have permits withdrawn."

 

I do not clearly understand the mechanism ?

If you emit less than you are allowed (80%), permits will be withdrawn. If you emit more (120%), you can seek extra permits to whom ? government because if you buy it to companies, at final they will have to emit less than 80% because they sell the other parts ???

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China vows to clean up 60 percent of cities by 2020

China vows to clean up 60 percent of cities by 2020 | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
BEIJING (Reuters) - China pledged on Sunday that it will make sure that 60 percent of its cities meet national pollution standards by 2020, with pressure growing to make cities liveable as hundreds of
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This is good to define ambitious targets. But the most important thing is to start on the field the transformation of the energy, development and economy infrastructure. Which is not this simple to do. Moving polluting sectors won't solve the air pollution problem since air pollution does not stick to a specific geographical place.

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Increasing renewable energy supply in China more economical then continued reliance on coal – WWF

Increasing renewable energy supply in China more economical then continued reliance on coal – WWF | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
China can transition to 80 percent renewable electric power system by 2050 at a cost that is less than continuing to rely on coal.
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

This study should be more investigating.

Countries are scared about green growth because nobody did take this path of growth before. It is easier to reproduce error of the past and ensure the economic growth of the country than to be a leader and explore new pathway. 

China has the opportunity today to take the lead on this because the local pollution situation and the increasing international pressure regarding climate change issue push the country to do so. 

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China to

China to | China environment (climate policy) | Scoop.it
"We will resolutely declare war against pollution as we declared war against poverty," PM Li told the almost 3,000 delegates to the country's...
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Go China Go !

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Qingdao city next in line to set up emissions market in China

* Advisers, backed by city's mayor, drawing up rules foremissions trading* City plans binding CO2 caps on up to 300 major firms* Scheme to trade CO2 permits could start next year* Beijing intends to
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

Emission trading systems are spreading all around the world. The same tendancy can be seen in China. To implement an ETS for the non pilot cities will help them to be prepared for the futur national ETS. The most important question still remains: Is ETS a cost effective policy to tackle emissions compared to a tax ?

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China's Hubei plans province's first carbon auction next month

China's Hubei province will auction up to 2 million carbon permits at a government-set minimum price next month to kick-start the nation's sixth pilot...
Cyril Cassisa's insight:

It is very interested to see that Hubei will not allow banking year to year. Which means all surplus credits will have to be sold before the end of the year. The credit price will then be probably affected and low at the end of year.

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