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China Commentary
Tracking Military, Geopolitical & Strategic trends to determine China's impact Regionally Globally and Domestically
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Web Sites Censor Information, Discussion Relating to New York Times Expose of Dai Xianglong's Family Wealth

Web Sites Censor Information, Discussion Relating to New York Times Expose of Dai Xianglong's Family Wealth | China Commentary | Scoop.it

On December 30, 2012, the New York Times published an article entitled "Family of Chinese Regulator Profits in Insurance Firm’s Rise" (戴相龙亲属借平安获利). Some excerpts: 


Relatives of a top Chinese regulator profited enormously from the purchase of shares in a once-struggling insurance company that is now one of China’s biggest financial powerhouses, according to interviews and a review of regulatory filings.


The regulator, Dai Xianglong, was the head of China’s central bank and also had oversight of the insurance industry in 2002, when a company his relatives helped control bought a big stake in Ping An Insurance that years later came to be worth billions of dollars. The insurer was drawing new investors ahead of a public stock offering after averting insolvency a few years earlier.
. . . .
The company that bought the Ping An stake was controlled by a group of investment firms, including two set up by Mr. Dai’s son-in-law, Che Feng, as well as other firms associated with Mr. Che’s relatives and business associates, the regulatory filings show.
. . . .

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Anti-Satellite Missiles, Planes And Submarines: China As A Military Threat

Anti-Satellite Missiles, Planes And Submarines: China As A Military Threat | China Commentary | Scoop.it
A rumored anti-satellite missile test in China this month could threaten several US satellites in orbit.

 

2012 was a big year for China’s military as the country became more comfortable as a global superpower. China’s military has been growing slowly over recent years, and it doesn’t plan on stopping. Still, China remains vastly inferior to the United States in its ability to project power overseas -- but it may soon be able to threaten adversaries in space.

 

 

(Photo: Reuters) 
Military delegates from the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) arrive at Tiananmen Square for a meeting during the annual session of China's parliament, the National People's Congress, in Beijing March 4, 2012.

RELATEDXi Jinping Orders China's Military To...Xi Jinping To China's Military: No...Sponsored Link

According to various media reports, China is planning to test the nation’s missile defense interceptor, which can also be used as an anti-satellite (ASAT) missile.

According to the Economic Times, China is gearing up for another anti-satellite weapon test this month, probably in the next week or two. The missile could threaten American satellites, including those used for Global Positioning System (GPS) services.

 

DOSID's insight:

There is a question that is begging for an answer: 

 

The Chinese Space programme is beyond compare, considering the time-line involved. The Chinese ASAT capability is demonstrated in all its lethal capability.

 

Given the above demonstrated capabilities’, we ask certain “unbelievers” of Chinese Capability, when they question Chinese Scientific ability to build a Jet engine for a fighter aircraft.

 

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What Happens When China Goes "Gray"? China the Demographic Challenge.

What Happens When China Goes "Gray"? China the Demographic Challenge. | China Commentary | Scoop.it

Developed economies are beginning to struggle with aging populations and more retirees. China may soon join them.......

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As China's major trading partners try to control rising public pension and health care costs, they may not realize they also have an important stake in China's ongoing struggle to fashion a safety net for its own rapidly aging population. Many observers assume China has no pensions or healthcare insurance for the 185 million people over the age of 60 (13.7% of population), the highest official retirement age for most workers. They may well believe this explains why Chinese families save so much–more than 30% of household income–and therefore spend less on consumer goods, including imports from trading partners.

 

But this line of reasoning is faulty because China already has large and rapidly growing public pension and health insurance programs in the cities, and is in the process of extending them to rural areas. It's time that China's trading partners, especially the United States, understand what this means for China's economic future and, by extension, their own.

 

For all the criticism of outgoing President Hu Jintao for presiding over a “do-nothing” administration, he did manage to oversee a substantial increase spending on China's public support systems.As a result, pensions have now become the most expensive function of the Chinese government—which already spends a lot on infrastructure, housing and defense. In 2011, pension expenditures rose to 1.28 trillion renminbi (RMB, U.S.$205 billion), up from only 489 billion RMB in 2006. These and civil service pensions cover only about half of those over age 60, but at current rates of growth universal coverage—and vastly higher expenditures—are not far off. The number of urban workers (including migrants from rural areas who in theory are in the cities temporarily) contributing to the public pension system now exceeds 290 million, while rural pensions are also growing rapidly. With so many new people paying in, the government's future pension obligations are rising quickly. A recent report issued by the Bank of China and Deutsche Bank estimated that China’s pension system will have a U.S.$2.9 trillion gap between assets and liabilities by the end of 2013. By 2033 the gap is expected to reach U.S.$10.9 trillion, or 38.7% of GDP.

 

 

 

DOSID's insight:

Pertinent links for this Scoop:

 

a]Don’t Forget About Hu Jintao: http://thediplomat.com/china-power/dont-forget-about-hu-jintao/#

b]Could ‘Obamacare’ Emulate Japan?

http://thediplomat.com/the-editor/2012/07/03/could-obamacare-emulate-japan/

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Submarine Cable Networks - China

Submarine Cable Networks - China | China Commentary | Scoop.it

There are now 7 submarine cable landing stations in China.

China Telecom owns three cable landing stations, including

 

The Chongming Cable Landing Station

 for TPE, APCN-2,China-US CN and SWM3,

 

The Shantou Cable Landing Station 

 for APCN-2, China-US CN, SMW3 and

 

undergoing SJC, and the Xiamen Cable Landing Station 

 for the undergoing

 

Xiamen-Jinmen cable connecting Jinmen Island of Taiwan and Mainland China

 

 

China Unicom owns four cable landing stations, including:

the Qingdao Cable Landing Station  for the TPE and the EAC network

 

;two  cable landing stations in Nanhui,

, respectively for the FLAG and the C2C, and

 

the Changle Cable Landing Station   in Fujian province for the undergoing TSE-1 connecting directly Taiwan Island and Mainland China.

.
DOSID's insight:

China Telecom owns three cable landing stations:

 

Chongming Cable Landing Station

Shantou Cable Landing Station 

Xiamen Cable Landing Station 

 

China Unicom owns four cable landing stations, including:

 

Qingdao Cable Landing Station

cable landing stations in Nanhui

Changle Cable Landing Station 

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China to boost public diplomacy, exchanges - Soft power to the rescue of Diplomatic and Military means.

China to boost public diplomacy, exchanges - Soft power to the rescue of Diplomatic and Military means. | China Commentary | Scoop.it
Public diplomacy is a major direction for China to explore in the future, and tangible efforts will be made to boost public diplomacy and cultural exchanges, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi said in Beijing on Monday.

 

We Scoop the content entoto as it may be taken of the net soon

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Foreign minister highlights spirit of inclusiveness and mutual learning

Public diplomacy is a major direction for China to explore in the future, and tangible efforts willbe made to boost public diplomacy and cultural exchanges, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi said inBeijing on Monday.

 

Yang made the remarks at the unveiling ceremony of the China Public Diplomacy Associationat the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing.

"Under the new circumstances, boosting public diplomacy and cultural exchanges will fostermutual understanding between China and the world, deepen the ties in between andstrengthen efforts to achieve positive interactions and common development," Yang said.

 

The foreign minister highlighted the spirit of inclusiveness and mutual learning, and he alsoendorsed the role of enhancing dialogue and communication.

The CPDA is a non-profit organization dedicated to providing professional consultation andcoordination services to advance the development of China's public diplomacy.

 

Members of the China Public Diplomacy Association gathered earlier in the morning. LiZhaoxing, chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of China's National People's Congress,was elected president of the association.

In a speech during the conference, Li said the association will be dedicated to "promotingChina's soft power" by mobilizing and coordinating social resources and civilian efforts forChinese public diplomacy.

 

Shen Dingli, director of the Center for American Studies at Fudan University in Shanghai, saidworking toward the goal of a country's wider acceptance by the international community is oneof the aims of a public diplomacy mission.

"The report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has for the firsttime mentioned the concept of 'public diplomacy' as a crucial channel for boosting mutualunderstanding between China and other countries," Shen said.

 

Deepening cultural exchanges and telling the world the story of China's peaceful developmentare among the current priorities, Shen added.

In 2012, China's diplomacy made tangible efforts in promoting public diplomacy as well ascultural exchanges, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said on Monday.

 

Beijing will further beef up diplomatic efforts in missions relating to people, especially culturalexchanges involving talented youths, to "encourage social and public sentiment for developingties with foreign countries", Hua said.

China has favorable conditions for public diplomacy and also faces serious challenges, said MaZhengang, deputy president of the CPDA and former Chinese ambassador to the UnitedKingdom.

 

"A solid job of public diplomacy requires tangible effects and fruits, rather than insubstantialthings," Ma said at a mid-December public diplomacy seminar in Beijing.

 

Public diplomacy should serve to guard China's lawful rights and interests overseas andstabilize external circumstances, Ma added.

zhangyunbi@chinadaily.com.cn

DOSID's insight:

Sun Tzu in The "Art of War" did have some very strict strictures and suprisingly Soft Power is one of them- if you read between the lines.

 

China's first non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion of soft power—China Public Diplomacy Association (CPDA). 

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2013-01/01/content_16073723.htm

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DOSID's comment, January 8, 2013 10:36 AM
We thank We thank "Chinese Cyber Code Conflict" for providing the original lead. http://www.scoop.it/t/chinese-cyber-code-conflict
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Spratly Islands Map. Just in case anyone is wondering, "where are the Spartlys"

Spratly Islands Map. Just in case anyone is wondering, "where are the Spartlys" | China Commentary | Scoop.it
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DOSID's comment, January 8, 2013 10:08 AM
Coordinates:10°N 114°E. Area less than 5 square kilometres (1.9 sq mi).Highest point on Southwest Cay 4 metres (13 ft). Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spratly_Islands
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New U.S. Law Seeks Answers On Chinese Nuke Tunnels

New U.S. Law Seeks Answers On Chinese Nuke Tunnels | China Commentary | Scoop.it
TAIPEI — The U.S. military must consider both conventional and nuclear capabilities to “neutralize” China’s underground nuclear weapons storage facilities, according to a Pentagon authorization signed into law.

 

The U.S. military must consider both conventional and nuclear capabilities to “neutralize” China’s underground nuclear weapons storage facilities, according to a Pentagon authorization signed into law.

 

The new National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), signed by U.S. President Barack Obama on Jan. 2, orders the Commander of the U.S. Strategic Command (STRATCOM) to submit a report by Aug. 15 on the “underground tunnel network used by the People’s Republic of China with respect to the capability of the United States to use conventional and nuclear forces to neutralize such tunnels and what is stored within such tunnels.”

 

A Georgetown University team led by Phillip Karber conducted a three-year study to map out China’s complex tunnel system, which stretches 3,000 miles.

 

The 2011 report, “Strategic Implications of China’s Underground Great Wall,” concluded that the number of nuclear weapons estimated by U.S. intelligence was incorrect. His team estimated that as many as 3,000 nuclear weapons could be hidden within a vast labyrinth in several locations in China. U.S. intelligence estimates have been reporting consistently that China had, at the most, 300 nuclear warheads in its arsenal.

 

Karber’s report presents evidence of a complex system of tunnels in areas noted for nuclear testing and storage — a far greater subterranean cavity than needed for just 300 nuclear weapons.

 

NDAA sections 1045, 1271 and 3119 all highlight U.S. congressional concerns over China’s nuclear and military modernization efforts. Bonnie Glaser, a China specialist at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, doubts these sections of the NDAA will have major policy consequences for U.S.-China relations: “The intelligence community tracks China’s nuclear weapons closely — is a federally funded research and development center going to find a new threat?”

 

Overall, Glaser believes the new reporting requirements are a reaction to Karber’s work, making him one of a few lonely challengers to suggest that U.S. intelligence estimates are wrong.

 

The NDAA-directed report by STRATCOM must include identification of the knowledge gaps regarding such nuclear weapons programs and a discussion of the implications of any such gaps for the security of the U.S.

The report must also assess the nuclear deterrence strategy of China, including a historical perspective and the geopolitical drivers of such strategy, and a detailed description of the nuclear arsenal, including the number of nuclear weapons capable of being delivered at intercontinental range.

The report will also include a comparison of the nuclear forces of the U.S. and China, projections of the possible future nuclear arsenals of China, a description of command-and-control functions and gaps, assessment of the fissile material stockpile of China, and its civil and military production capabilities and capacities.

 

Karber takes little credit for the NDAA requirements, which many have begun calling the “Karber effect.” “I believe a number of events, not least of which being Chinese testing and deployment patterns, have motivated this tasking, and I will leave to others to assess what part our research played in stimulating or adding motivation to it,” Karber said.

 

Naysayers and skeptics of Karber’s conclusions abound. The language in the NDAA reflects several things, said Hans Kristensen, director, Nuclear Information Project, Federation of American Scientists.

DOSID's insight:

Nti Org Says:

http://www.nti.org/gsn/article/lawmakers-demand-info-chinese-tunnels/

Jan. 7, 2013

Recently approved U.S. defense authorization legislation for fiscal 2013 includes language demanding the Defense Department provide Congress with information on Chinese tunnels used to hold nuclear weapons, Defense News reported on Sunday.

The U.S. Strategic Command document, due by Aug. 15, is to address the “underground tunnel network used by the People’s Republic of China with respect to the capability of the United States to use conventional and nuclear forces to neutralize such tunnels and what is stored within such tunnels.”

The request appears to be a response to a 2011 analysis that determined that China's nuclear arsenal might stand at up to 3,000 warheads held within an elaborate tunnel system, said Bonnie Glaser of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Issue experts disputed the finding produced at Georgetown University, which far exceeds existing projections that Beijing holds only a few hundred nuclear weapons.

The act also demands that Strategic Command provide information on several related topics, including China's nuclear deterrence approach and the potential size of the nation's atomic stockpile going forward.

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A Three-Way In The East China Sea? - Center for International Maritime Security

A Three-Way In The East China Sea? - Center for International Maritime Security | China Commentary | Scoop.it

The President of Taiwan has put forward a peace proposal for the conflict in the East China Sea, setting aside the question of sovereignty and instead focusing on how to share the economic benefits of resource exploitation in and around the islands.   Many analysts have indicated that the plan is more of an effort to kick the can than anything else.  CIMSEC friend Dr. James Holmes instead has written that “It amounts to hoping that rational calculations of economic self-interest will overrule equally elemental imperatives such as fear of future aggression or the thirst for honor and prestige.”  The proposal raises a question:  Why is the leadership of Taiwan trying to avoid the question sovereignty?  The discussion at CNP helped shed some light on the answer, and it is likely because of those cultural and ethnic seams and centuries of history.


In their comments during the panel discussion, both Dr. Jacqueline Deal and Michael Breen noted that the KMT embodies a strategic paradox that is driving a confused policy for the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands.  The KMT, the party once led by Chiang Kai-shek, believes that the Republic of China (ROC) is the rightful government of all of China, both Taiwan and the mainland.  According to their political platform reunification is a given once the People’s Republic of China (PRC) becomes democratic.  Because the KMT sees themselves and the ROC as Chinese, not Taiwanese, the foundation of their policy toward the Senkaku/Diauyo is exactly the same as the PRC: the Diaoyu belong to “China.”


This belief creates a strategy/policy disconnect for the KMT.  Strategic-level decision making becomes difficult because the party’s fundamental political belief can be at odds with the things that will help ensure the economic, political, and military security of the island of Taiwan.  Japan is likely the ROC’s strongest ally in the region, yet on the Senkaku/Diauyo the ROC rhetoric makes it appear that they are siding with the PRC.  Their fishing fleets have engaged in some unconventional tactics with the Japanese Coast Guard, similar to the work of the PRC’s maritime assets.  This likely strengthens the fact that the PRC prefers the “anti-PRC” KMT over the “liberal” Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), which believes in Taiwanese independence.  Is it any wonder that President Ma Ying-jeou wants to try and avoid the sovereignty issue?  Japan has elected a new conservative government with military expansion on their agenda.  The PRC has initiated maritime aviation patrols of the islands.  Neither side appears willing to set aside the fundamental sovereignty question in the conflict.

DOSID's insight:

About CIMSEC [Center for International Maritime Security |], the authors of this Scoop:

 

"The Firm of Maynard, Cushing, & Ellis does not represent the opinions of anyone that matters. Formed by Lieutenant Robert Maynard RN, Lieutenant William Cushing USN, and Captain Pete Ellis USMC, the firm doesn’t speak for the US Government, the Department of Defense, The Foreign Office, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, or the Department of Silly Walks."

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China’s Economy: The Coming Year

China’s Economy: The Coming Year | China Commentary | Scoop.it
What’s the outlook for China’s growth in 2013? China Real Time asked economists to flip their best forecasting coin, then charted the results.

 

The starting point for analysis is that – even when its economy is firing on all cylinders – China doesn’t have its old capacity to grow.

 

“At the moment unemployment is not serious, and inflation isn’t high, which suggests that the current 7.5% growth rate isn’t far from the potential growth rate,” wrote CICC economist Peng Wensheng. That’s a marked deterioration from an average of about 10% annual growth in the last decade.

 

Even as potential growth declines, economists are hopeful that 2013 will be slightly better than 2012. The median forecast of 19 private sector, think tank and international organization economists polled by China Real Time is that gross domestic product will expand 8% in the year ahead, an improvement on 7.7% in the first three quarters of 2012.

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What Does the New China Think?

What Does the New China Think? | China Commentary | Scoop.it

In 2008, Mark Leonard published What Does China Think?, a book that attempted to give the lay reader an overview of contemporary Chinese intellectual life and debates. In late 2012, he edited a volume of translations of articles and essays by prominent Chinese thinkers in a range of fields. Titled China 3.0 it was published as a free PDF by the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), the first pan-European think-tank. Mark Leonard is a co-founder and Director of ECFR.

 

China 3.0 book brings together a range of Chinese thinkers and excerpts are selected with an eye to introducing non-Chinese language readers to various ways in which certain members of China’s leading thinking elites see the country and in what many call the ‘post-reform and opening-up era’.

 

China 3.0 is an important compliment to the efforts of the editors of The China Story to introduce Chinese elite thinkers to an international audience. For portraits of some of these figures, see the Thinking China section of this site. Our China Story Yearbook also engages with contemporary Chinese public policy, cultural, political and intellectual debates. It provides some further context to understanding better the writers and the ideas featured inChina 3.0.

 

Mark Leonard’s introduction to the volume is reproduced here with the author’s kind permission. Individual authors retain copyright over the material in the volume, listed in the Table of Contents below. Jeremy Goldkorn of CIW-Danwei interviewed Mark Leonard for theSinica Podcast series on 14 December 2012. Minor changes have been made to the introduction in accordance with the in-house style of The China Story Project.—The Editors

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DOSID's insight:

A very important read for understanding "Contemporary China".

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Is January Chinese ASAT Testing Month?

Is January Chinese ASAT Testing Month? | China Commentary | Scoop.it

In 2007 and 2010 China conducted anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons tests, both on January 11. Rumors circulating for the past few months suggest that some within the U.S. defense and intelligence community believe China is preparing to conduct another ASAT test.

 

The first media report on these rumors appeared in October. China’s Ministry of Defensechallenged the information in that report, but in November contacts in China told us an announcement about an upcoming ASAT test was circulated within the Chinese government. We were unable to find a public statement confirming plans for a test in the Chinese media or on publicly accessible Chinese government websites. Then, just before Christmas, a high-ranking U.S. defense official told us that the Obama administration was very concerned about an imminent Chinese ASAT test.

 

Given these high-level administration concerns, and past Chinese practice, there seems to be a strong possibility China will conduct an ASAT test within the next few weeks. What kind of test and what the target might be is unclear.

 

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Also See:  U.S. Defense Department policy. Its Oct. 2012 Directive on Space Policy

DOSID's insight:

"The Obama administration has three choices: it can make a quiet diplomatic effort to persuade China to cancel or at least postpone the test, it can publicly call on China not to test, or it can remain silent until China conducts the test and then complain about it afterwards. ......"


"..The Obama administration should try to dissuade China from conducting the test. China may decide to test anyway, but it might see value in canceling or postponing the test to discuss these issues with the U.S. The Chinese Foreign Ministry routinely expresses support for diplomatic efforts to create an international space security framework. This approach is also in line with U.S. Defense Department policy. Its Oct. 2012 Directive on Space Policy,.."

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SASFOR's comment, January 7, 2013 3:22 AM
Thank you .Pertinent
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China's 'Soft Power' and a real 'Red Dawn'

China's 'Soft Power' and a real 'Red Dawn' | China Commentary | Scoop.it

The most under reported, but potentially explosive story of 2013, is shaping up to be the rise of the "Soft Power" tactic currently being implemented by the Peoples Republic of China in the United States


Because America's debt is exploding to unmanageable proportions, the United States finds itself financially dependent on China as one of its main creditors. We owe The Peoples Republic well over a trillion dollars and are going further into debt, but the Communist ruling elite in Beijing are not satisfied with having the U.S. as a virtual debtor client state. China's political elite are also using their financial power to manipulate how Americans think — or don't think — about China. Along with computers, electronics, and house wares, a new kind of Political Correctness is also being manufactured in China.


Since the time of Lenin, Communists have understood the value of mass propaganda through the entertainment industry. In the 1930s and early 40s, individual writers and producers in Hollywood actively towed Moscow's political line. (For instance, they were against U.S. involvement in World War II when the Soviet Union was allied with Nazi Germany, and then in favor of entering WWII when Hitler invaded the USSR).


More recently, top Hollywood figures have fawned over the tropical gulag that is Communist Cuba. China, however, is going beyond merely relying on sympathetic Hollywood stooges. Beijing is now a major financial partner in Hollywood, a place where money has always trumped art, let alone truth. Communist China will now take a direct hand in the manufacturing of what American audiences see.

The Communist elite which controls China wants Hollywood to portray the Peoples Republic in a favorable light to American audiences, while rewarding the hard Left U.S. film industry with hefty profits for their cooperation.

The main goal is to desensitize the American people to Communist China's growing military power, outright aggression against its neighbors, and the continuing brutal oppression of its own people.

China now has a "blue water" navy, which is capable of not only intimidating its neighbors, but eventually challenging the U.S. fleet in the Pacific. Beijing boldly claims the entire South China Sea, which puts America's allies Japan and Philippines in danger, and China's six hundred missiles aimed at the free, democratic island of Taiwan is a stark warning that the Peoples Republic is ready to use force to bring 23 million Taiwanese under its control.

These are dangerous events which directly threaten the United States. These are also developments which China's smiling Communist elite do not want Americans to think about. We are to think of the Peoples Republic in terms of valuable business partners and graceful practitioners of Tai Chi.

The threats offered by an increasing powerful Communist China are already all but ignored by the American mass media, both on the Right as well as on the Left. Beijing's elite, however, are taking no chances. Ignoring the China threat is not enough, the American people must be made to love the Peoples Republic and all its works.

And the new leader selected by the Communist Party elite is the man for the job.



DOSID's insight:

Immelt demonstrates that "Soft Power" does lead to soft thinking. General Electric is making billions in China, and Immelt is profiting from how Communist China "works." In an earlier era, other captains of industry, as well as politicans, echoed Immelt's sentiments about the effectiveness of the dictatorships in Nazi Germany and Stalin's Soviet Union. The praise ended, however, in the face of aggression and war.

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DOSID's comment, January 5, 2013 12:11 PM
Soft Power, is often underestimated as opposed to the traditional "gun boats".
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China’s Communist inheritance: A ticket to wealth

China’s Communist inheritance: A ticket to wealth | China Commentary | Scoop.it
A generation turned its Communist Party heritage into enormous wealth.

 

THIS HAS BEEN a riveting time for those interested in the marriage of wealth and power in China. A rising elite has fused capitalism and political might with such spectacular success that the egalitarian dreams of Communist China’s founders seem lost in the mists of time. The implications are immense for the world’s second-largest economy.

 

A series of revealing inquiries into the Chinese elite have been published in the last year by Bloomberg News, the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. With a level of detail not found in the Chinese news media, the articles have portrayed how powerful and well-connected families grew extremely wealthy. Of particular interest are the so-calledprincelings: sons, daughters and grandchildren of the revolutionary founders who fought alongside Mao Zedong and stood with Deng Xiaoping. The children seem to have inherited a golden touch.

DOSID's insight:
China’s Communist inheritance
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Just a reminder- China 2030, World bank report

Just a reminder- China 2030, World bank report | China Commentary | Scoop.it

This is how the World Bank summarises the report on their website.

 

Joint China/World Bank report lays out six strategic directions for China's future.

 

 China should complete its transition to a market economy -- through enterprise, land, labor, and financial sector reforms -- strengthen its private sector, open its markets to greater competition and innovation, and ensure equality of opportunity to help achieve its goal of a new structure for economic growth.

 

These are some of the key findings of a joint research report by a team from the World Bank and the Development Research Center of China’s State Council, which lays out the case for a new development strategy for China to rebalance the role of government and market, private sector and society, to reach the goal of a high income country by 2030. 

 

The report, “China 2030: Building a Modern, Harmonious, and Creative High-Income Society”, recommends steps to deal with the  risks facing China over the next 20 years, including the risk of a hard landing in the short term, as well as challenges posed by an ageing and shrinking workforce, rising inequality, environmental stresses, and external imbalances.

 

The report lays out six strategic directions for China’s future:

 

1]Completing the transition to a market economy;

 

2]Accelerating the pace of open innovation;

 

3]Going “green” to transform environmental stresses into green growth as a driver for development;

 

4]Expanding opportunities and services such as health, education and access to jobs for all people;

 

5]Modernizing and strengthening its domestic fiscal system;

 

6]Seeking mutually beneficial relations with the world by connecting China’s structural reforms to the changing international economy.

_________________________________________________________

 

Professor Ann Lee's excellent and brief analysis of this report can be found here:

 

http://professorannlee.com/world-banks-china-2030-report/

___________________________________________________________

 

The WSJ's scathing criticism can be found here:

http://blogs.wsj.com/chinarealtime/2012/03/27/economist-world-bank-suggestions-for-china-reform-garbage/

 

DOSID's insight:

 

We bring this to you attention almost a year after publication of this report.

 

The pace of change in China is awe inspiring to say the least and keeping abreast of this Change requires flexible and unbiased thinking. The fact the situation is that in modern day China, “Change is fluid” and that is what makes China Robust and for now a solid and sound pillar of the international community .China or most of Asia hardly need patronising formulae to find their way forward.

 

The World Bank and other venerable institutions do not understand the Pace of Change in China or in most parts of Asia for that matter.

 

For example the World Bank is “Working for a World Free of Poverty” as such maybe due to closeted thinking they may have missed a few facts about “reality” and the fact Asians do not view poverty with in the narrow confines of their blinkered thinking. Don’t take our word for it ask Bhutan.  

 

The Free Dictionary describes "venerable" as adjective:

1. Commanding respect by virtue of age, dignity, character, or position.

2. Worthy of reverence, especially by religious or historical association"

 

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/venerable

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'Prepare For The Worst' After Military Confrontation With Japan In The East China Sea

'Prepare For The Worst' After Military Confrontation With Japan In The East China Sea | China Commentary | Scoop.it
With the U.S. right in the thick of it.

 

After repeatedly flying surveillance aircraft into disputed airspace with Japan, which made Tokyo scramble F-15s in response, China sent fighters of its own on Thursday into the East China Sea. 

 

A Friday press release out of China confirms the incident began when Beijing was flying a Shaanxi Y-8 on a "routine Thursday patrol" over the "oil and gas fields in the East China Sea."

 

The fact that the aircraft was a Shaanxi Y-8 is interesting in that the Y-8 isn't necessarily any one particular aircraft.

 

The Diplomat calls the Y-8 a transport plane, and it can be, but the aircraft has more than 30 variants. The Y-8 performs everything from Mineral Research, to Geophysical Surveying, to Electronic Warfare to Intelligence Gathering and one variant is simply an innocuous but lethal fully loaded gunship, with two heavy cannons and three heavy machine guns.

 

It's the perfect plane for a game of cat and mouse because if the Y-8 ever received fire from Japan's F-15s, China could simply maintain it was an unarmed transport model carrying troops, or the Y8-F model that carries only livestock.

 

In the meantime, the plane can perform all manner of sophisticated tests on the seabed floor, while eavesdropping on Japanese communications. China has been flying these planes consistently lately to surveil the contested island chain that's supposed to hold billions in oil and gas reserves.

DOSID's insight:

The "Business Insider - Military & Defence", is one of the most credible sources of Military information on the PRC.

 

http://www.businessinsider.com/defense

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China, America, and the Pivot to Asia

China, America, and the Pivot to Asia | China Commentary | Scoop.it

Despite the United States’ focus on the Middle East and the Islamic world for the past decade, the most important international political developments in the coming years are likely to happen in Asia. The Obama administration has promoted a “pivot to Asia,” away from the Middle East and toward the Asia-Pacific.

The main factor driving Washington’s interest in the region is the growing economic and military power of the People’s Republic of China. Accordingly, this analysis focuses heavily on the implications of China’s growing power and influence.

This paper has three sections. First, it sketches the two main schools of thought about China’s rise and examines the way in which Washington’s China policy combines elements of those two theories. The second section critiques both theories of China’s rise and argues that U.S. policy combines them in a way that puts a dangerous contradiction at the heart of America’s China policy. The final section recommends offloading responsibility for hedging against potential Chinese aggression to like-minded countries in the region and shows that those countries are capable of doing so..

DOSID's insight:

Note: pdf free to download. "China, America and the Pivot to Asia." A must read on the US asia Pivot 

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The South China Sea: “Lake Beijing”...

The South China Sea: “Lake Beijing”... | China Commentary | Scoop.it

What is a “lake” in maritime strategy? Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abepublished an op-ed in Project Syndicatelast week maintaining that Chinese power is increasingly transfiguring the South China Sea into “Lake Beijing.” That sounds ominous. To counteract China’s primacy in southern waters, argues Abe, Japan must augment its combat and police capabilities while forging a “diamond” with the United States, Australia, and India to defend the commons in East and South Asia. That sounds like a multinational lake presided over by the region’s leading liberal republics. Presumably the European equivalent would be NATO trusteeship over the Mediterranean Sea.

The idea of a lake has a long provenance. Many moons ago, while researching Alfred Thayer Mahan’s influence in Imperial Germany, I stumbled across a 1907 issue of National Geographic that exuded triumphalism. The normally staid magazine ran a map showing American flags scattered all across the Pacific basin, from Hawaii to the Philippine Islands. The flags depicted the islands wrested from Spain in 1898. The caption proudly proclaimed that the Pacific Ocean was—and would remain—“an American Ocean.” And so it was. Writing a century later, pundit Robert Kaplan maintained that the Pacific has been “a veritable American naval lake” since World War II.

 

By no means is the United States the first seagoing state to declare this or that body of water its own. In the 1950s Indian sea-power proponent K. B. Vaidya declared that the “Indian Ocean must become an Indian Lake” guarded by forward-deployed eastern, southern, and western fleets. A vibrant oceangoing navy would work some alchemy, transforming inward-looking India into the “supreme and undisputed” master of regional waters.

 

But again, what precisely do sea-power enthusiasts mean when they deem some expanse a lake belonging to some seafaring nation? A lake must have geographic, military, and political components. Geography provides the arena within which nations play out their destinies. Strength, as Clausewitz defines it, is a product of force and resolve.

 

Let’s break the concept down. First, designating a compact or enclosed sea a national lake is one thing. Declaring de facto supremacy over the world’s largest ocean, as National Geographic did on America’s behalf, borders on hubris. Boundless ambition begets strategic overextension and all of the maladies it entails. That’s what Walter Lippmann meant when he accused interwar American administrations of “monstrous imprudence” for letting Asia-Pacific commitments outstrip naval means.

 

Second, claiming a lake means commanding the waters within in the Mahanian sense. Mahan famously portrayed maritime command as amassing “overbearing power” to drive enemy fleets from vital waters in wartime. Peacetime command means fielding a force able to overawe and overshadow rival fleets—opening up vistas for deterrence, coercion, and confident naval diplomacy of all varieties. That’s a high standard to meet. And the bigger the lake, the higher the standard.

 

And third, there’s the question of political resolve or, more accurately, political intentions. For what purpose does a seafaring nation claim a lake for itself? There’s no obvious general rule implicit within the concept. Power is a neutral thing. A nautical suzerain can be benign and self-denying, as I believe the United States has been since 1945 and India will be once it consummates its naval project. Few stay up nights worrying about the U.S. or Indian naval juggernauts’ trampling their interests.

DOSID's insight:

Quote that is pertinent : " But power can be abused. That seems to be Prime Minister Abe’s message vis-à-vis China. Abe frets that Beijing will misuse its naval might within Lake Beijing, to the detriment of Japan and other seagoing nations. It cannot be trusted to use its power responsibly. Chinese leaders have done little to allay such concerns. Just the opposite."

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Destined To Fail: China's Soft Power Push

Destined To Fail: China's Soft Power Push | China Commentary | Scoop.it

"Beijing is expanding efforts to enhance its soft power. Events at home illustrate why such moves are headed for trouble."


In a little noticed event on New Year’s Day, China inaugurated its first non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion of soft power—China Public Diplomacy Association (CPDA). Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi attended and spoke at the unveiling ceremony for the group, which elected as its president Li Zhaoxing, the chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of China's National People's Congress. Addressing the group after the vote, Li told its members that the CPDA would mobilize and coordinate “social resources and civilian efforts” towards the goal of "promoting China's soft power."

 

In some ways, China’s desire to strengthen its soft power capabilities seems entirely logical. After all, ancient Chinese leaders masterfully wielded soft power. And as China’s economic power has risen in recent years, the Chinese government has adopted various measures to enhance China’s soft power, such as establishing globalnews services (most recently, China Daily’s Africa Weekly) andConfucius Institutes across the world. Outside of China some have spoken of a Beijing Consensus that is supposedly supplementing the Washington Consensus in terms of the most favored political-economic model.

 

Yet even as China inaugurated its first organization dedicated to enhancing Beijing’s soft power, a number of disparate events in China were illustrating why the CCP’s charm offensive is doomed to fail.

DOSID's insight:

China's first non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion of soft power—China Public Diplomacy Association (CPDA). 

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2013-01/01/content_16073723.htm


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DOSID's comment, January 8, 2013 10:24 AM
We thank "Chinese Cyber Code Conflict" for providing this source. http://www.scoop.it/t/chinese-cyber-code-conflict
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Chinese 3G Comes to Disputed Spratly Islands with Vietnam

Chinese 3G Comes to Disputed Spratly Islands with Vietnam | China Commentary | Scoop.it

In the ongoing dispute over the Spratly Islands claimed by China and Vietnam, the latest development is that China is opening up 3G services on the islands, not only to Chinese soldiers but also for the country’s fishermen.

The development will be yet another drop of lemon in the souring of Sino-Vietnamese relations in the past year. The Vietnamese government even voiced its complaint onnguyentandung.org, the Vietnamese Prime Minister’s website. The island disputes recently ignited with anti-China protests in May 2011after Chinese patrol boats attacked two Vietnamese oil exploration ships near the Spratly Islands.

Chinese soldiers and fishermen will now be able to text message, call, and chat online with family back home over the new 3G network. This upgrade to 3G from regular cellular coverage (started in 2011) and the recent 3G network in the disputed Paracel Islands in July 2012 signals a more permanent Chinese presence on the rocky outposts.

Amid China’s escalating 3G and infrastructure support for the islands, and other points of contention between the two neighbors, my question is this: Have Vietnamese telcos provided 3G to Vietnamese citizens living on those same islands? If not, Vietnam is falling behind in the race for an administrative claim over the islands. Vietnam has had cellular coverage on the Spratly Islands since 2006 but word on the street is there’s no 3G yet.

DOSID's insight:

The Spartly Islands are getting 3G connectivity.

 

Note: The Spratly Islands are claimed by six different countries in total, including Brunei, the People’s Republic of China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

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DOSID's comment, January 8, 2013 9:58 AM
We thank Chinese Cyber Code Conflict for providing this source. http://www.scoop.it/t/chinese-cyber-code-conflict
DOSID's comment, January 8, 2013 10:03 AM
Considering six very powerful countries are claiming the Spartly's, it would be reasonable to assume that the People of The Spartly Islands hardly have a chance at sovereignty considering "The Spratly Islands are important for a number of reasons: the Spratly area holds significant reserves of oil and natural gas, it is a productive area for world fishing and commercial shipping, and coastal countries would get an extended continental shelf. But only some states, such as China (PRC), Taiwan (ROC), and Vietnam have made claims based on historical sovereignty of the islands." Source; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spratly_Islands_dispute
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Carriers of the Indo-Pacific Maritime Great Game. - "The Great Indo -Pacific Game"...Please attribute this term to DOSID

Carriers of the Indo-Pacific Maritime Great Game. - "The Great Indo -Pacific Game"...Please attribute this term to DOSID | China Commentary | Scoop.it
In the coming Indo-Pacific Maritime Great Game, aircraft carriers will be an indispensable asset for all players. Yet in terms of their actual capabilities, China's carrier Liaoning has received too much attention, while India's deserves far more.

 

By Felix Seidler, Institute for Security Policy, University of Kiel, Germany / German blogger.

 

Nothing has been as over-hyped since August 2011 as China’s aircraft carrier program.  After the former Soviet carrier Varyag, fully refurbished by the Chinese and renamed Liaoning, took its first “test drive”, thousands of blog posts, press pieces, and scholarly articles argued about possible regional and global implications.  Is this single ship a regional or even global threat?  What about the balance in the East and South China Seas?

 

Stay calm, people.  After a few tests, China’s Navy – the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) – has shown it is in fact still years away from having an operational aircraft carrier, let alone integrated carrier strike group.

Moreover, if a navy wants to have a single operationally available aircraft carrier at any one time, it needs at least two, and better still three carriers in rotation: the one in operational status, one in the shipyard, and one in training and work-ups.  According to these numbers, it is unlikely that the PLAN will be able to sustain a “blue water” carrier presence before 2020 based on projected shipbuilding schedules.

 

Even the first flights of a J-15 Shark from Liaoning’s deck were more PR event than step towards a credible carrier force.  It’s one thing to launch a single fighter under controlled and planned conditions.  Conducting dozens of flight movements per hour in wartime requires a significant increase in capabilities and training.  To reach this, China must still walk a long road.

 

Eye on India

 

However, while most observers were busy with Liaoning, Asia’s only operational aircraft carrier,India’s INS Viraat, has largely been left out of the discussion (sorry, Thailand, but your never-operating carrier is not a serious asset).  The first reason why India’s carrier must be taken more seriously than China: operational experience.  India has been operating its current carrier since 1987 (the now-decommissioned INS Vikrant began service in 1961), and already has in place the necessary supply chains and logistics that the PLAN lacks.  China’s maritime “Long March” could take longer than Mao’s to gain all the experience India already has.  And while both China and India could turn to Russia for potential assistance, only the latter would likely receive carrier support – whether logistics or training – from the U.S., France, or the U.K.

 

Unlike their Chinese counterparts, Indian commanders already conduct serious exercises with their helicopter and fighter pilots integrated with their carrier crews.  China, due to the lack of capacity (i.e. a carrier at sea) has not yet started the most crucial parts of its carrier training.  Russian experts warn it may take the Chinese another decade to learn how to “efficiently” run carrier operations.  Meanwhile, India’s next carrier INS Vikramaditya (former Soviet Admiral Gorshkov), due the benefits of Russian support, is already training in Arctic waters and is expected despite delays to enter service in late 2013 or 2014.  The indigenously built INS Vikrant is slated to be commissioned in 2015.  In consequence, whenever the PLAN’s first carrier is operational, India will have at least two well-trained counterparts (Viraat is set to decommission in 2020).  Furthermore, India will generally be able to maintain one operational carrier off-shore while China, at least initially, will not.

 

New Delhi and The Three Carrier Big Boys

Beside Russian support – generous, but not free – India participates in joint exercises with the navies of the other two “Carrier Big Boys,” the U.S. and France.  The PLAN is far from such trials and, beyond search and rescue (SAR), these navies by policy will not conduct full-scale combat training with a Chinese carrier, their possible future foe.

 

For instance, in April 2012, the U.S. and India conducted the 15th joint naval Exercise Malabar; which also included warships from Australia, Japan, and Singapore.  Training with the U.S. means that India has the opportunity to look at and, thereby, learn from the skills of the world’s best carrier-operating navy.  However, Indians pilots have not yet been reported taking off from U.S. carriers.  Also unprecedented but not improbable, India’s carrier officers, pilots, and crews could hone their skills training side-by-side with the world’s best counterparts.  This is something Chinese sailors are probably never going to experience.  China’s fighter pilots had to travel to Brazil for portions of their carrier flight training.

 

Moreover, the U.S. is joined by France in using their carriers as political means of improving strategic ties with India.  In 2011 the French Navy sent its carrier Charles de Gaulle, accompanied by surface vessels and a nuclear sub, to India for a joint exercise.  Of course, this was also an advertisement for the French carrier-capable Rafale fighter, which India has since purchased. 

 

Operating combat-proven (Libya), NATO-interoperable fighters from carriers is surely a positive.  Meanwhile, the competition is mostly working with slight improvements on copied Soviet and Russian designs.  While China is developing a flat-top capable stealth fighter (the J-31), it will take years before it reaches full operational capabilities and production.  In response to the threat of a Chinese carrier with J-31s, India could opt for the F-35C or a carrier-capable version of the Russian T-50 PAK FA.  The U.S. and Russia would probably sell everything to New Delhi to keep a resurgent India in their camp.

 

Given all these advantages there can be no doubt that India’s already operating carriers deserve much higher esteem than China’s refurbished test-object in Dalian shipyard. However, it’s time to put the carriers into the geo-strategic context.

 

India’s Lasting Geo-strategic Advantage

 

For all its current carrier edge over China, India will not become a U.S.-like carrier superpower; but nor does it need to.  Look at the Indian Ocean on the map and you’ll see the world’s most important sea-lanes running in front of the Indian military’s ports and air bases.  Some of the most critical geostrategic hotspots and maritime chokepoints, including the Strait of Hormuz, the Malacca Strait, and the Gulf of Aden are nearby.  For example, from its Andaman and Nikobar bases, India could easily block the northern entry of the Malacca Strait in the event of conflict.

 

By comparison, the PLAN has natural access only to the Malacca Strait, and to reach it must traverse the South China Sea, which can easily be filled with the subs and vessels of neighboring nations’ and the U.S. Navy.  Thus, due to geography, the PLAN would have a far more difficult time exerting control on, or re-opening, access to the chokepoint than the Indian Navy.  The Indian Navy would have a good deal easier job of accessing the South China Sea than the PLAN the Indian Ocean.  Additionally, India has no “island chains” from which opposing forces can launch strikes, and therefore does not need to concentrate on Anti-Access/Area-Denial (A2/AD) and instead can focus on freedom of action.

 

The Indo-Pacific Maritime Great Game

 

Finally, in the Indo-Pacific Maritime Great Game – how I like to describe what is going to happen in the map at top over the next 50 years – the better cards are in India’s hand.

 

As mentioned, India has the geographic edge.  New Delhi’s maritime lifelines cannot easily be blocked.  And, if someone tried, India’s carriers, surface vessels, subs, and air bases are within striking distance of the chokepoints.  Furthermore, India has the better demography, with a younger (average) population base than China’s, which is “getting older before it gets rich.”  This is important, because the Achilles Heel of the PLAN’s carrier program is the development of the Chinese population.  Changes in society and government could reverse Beijing’s decisions in the carrier case.  In 2060, India is expected to be the third or second largest economy in the world.  Hence, it will have the money and the technology to sustain its number of carriers at an even higher rate than present.

 

With this in mind, whoever worries in the U.S. or Europe about these Chinese carriers, which could patrol the Indian Ocean’s SLOCs, should remember that India will be there too.  So will other countries, like Australia.  It’s time to recognize that of the two Indo-Pacific neighbors only one can as yet legitimately claim to be a global maritime power.

 

Besides, it won’t all come down to naval power in the Indo-Pacific Maritime Great Game.  Of course, as the U.S. military recognizes, it must incorporate Air-Sea, but Space and Cyber must play integral roles too.  Remember, all ships and fighters are worth nothing without satellite communications and a working cyber infrastructure.  Therefore, wordy though it is, an Air-Sea-Space-Cyber-Battle is the way ahead (or perhaps Air-Sea+?); perhaps not only for the U.S., but for those developing their influence in the Indo-Pacific too.

DOSID's insight:

"The Great Indo -Pacific Game"...Please attribute this term to DOSID.

 

Thank you CIMSEC [Center for International Maritime Security ]. For this excellent appreciation. We have scooped your content if full [much against the rules of content curation] because we believe that this is a very important and refreshing piece of "fresh air "  on the subject.

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Statue built to Chinese reformer whose death sparked Tiananmen Square democracy protests

Statue built to Chinese reformer whose death sparked Tiananmen Square democracy protests | China Commentary | Scoop.it

A statue of former Chinese Communist Party chief Hu Yaobang, a reformer whose death sparked the Tiananmen Square democracy protests, has been set up in the coastal city of Taizhou, state media reported on Monday.

 

The bronze image, depicting Hu looking into the distance, was unveiled Sunday on Dachen island at Taizhou in the central province of Zhejiang, according to a brief article in the China Youth Daily newspaper.

 

Hu in 1956 had issued a call for the agricultural development of the island when he was first secretary of the Communist Youth League, the paper reported.

 

But Hu remains a sensitive figure in China nearly 24 years after his death in 1989 and is a symbol for those who hope China’s new leaders will pursue more political openness.

 

He was dismissed as party head in 1987 after he allowed students in Beijing to hold protest marches calling for democratic reforms. Those rallies erupted again after he died, culminating in a massacre on the night of June 3-4.

DOSID's insight:

“He is still controversial,” Cheng told AFP. “The reformers would like to appeal to Hu Yaobang as part of their campaign to appeal for reforms.”

 

Hu is credited with playing a major role in leading the Communist Party out of the chaos of the 1966-76 Cultural Revolution by rehabilitating hundreds of purged officials and initiating a period of relative openness and reform.

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'China's anti-satellite weapon a 'trump card' against US'

'China's anti-satellite weapon a 'trump card' against US' | China Commentary | Scoop.it
Amid reports that China is gearing up to conduct one more anti-satellite weapons test (ASAT) putting US Global Positioning System (GPS) at risk, Chinese state media today asserted that Beijing had the right to carry out the test as it is a "trump card" against Washington.

China may be gearing up to perform a controversial ASAT test this month, perhaps in the next week or two, US media report said.

"In 2007 and 2010, China conducted anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons tests, both on January 11. Rumours circulating for the past few months suggest that some within the US defence and intelligence community believe China is preparing to conduct another ASAT test," Union of Concerned Scientists, a Cambridge-based body of scientists reported.

China's previous tests caused concern in India too with assertions by the Indian defence officials that New Delhi also should acquire such a capability.

"Just before Christmas, a high-ranking US defence official told us that the Obama administration was very concerned about an imminent Chinese ASAT test," Gregory Kulacki, China project manager of the group and senior analyst reported two days ago.

"Given these high-level administration concerns, and past Chinese practice, there seems to be a strong possibility China will conduct an ASAT test within the next few weeks. What kind of test and what the target might be is unclear," Kulacki wrote in his report.

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Chinese Soft Power: Sources And Implications For The US / theriskyshift.com

Chinese Soft Power: Sources And Implications For The US / theriskyshift.com | China Commentary | Scoop.it

Pavlos.Efthymiou: Where does China’s soft power stem from, and what are its implications for the US? 
{Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge}

China’s rise, fuelled by more than three decades of ‘miraculous’ levels of economic growth, has equipped Beijing with an impressive and quite unique set of ‘powers’ (Lampton, 2007). Economic power is at the heart of all other aspects of Chinese power. It has enabled investment in the rapid modernization of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) (Tkacik, 2007), as well as related ‘asymmetric capabilities’ (Shirk, 2008:194) as cyberwarfare (Fritz, 2008) and advanced military space technology (Logan, 2007). Moreover, it has allowed Beijing to maximize its security through deals advancing China’s energy security and securing key raw materials. These issues, and their implications for US security interests, are extensively studied in Washington (e.g. Waldron, 2005; Ridley, 2005; Office of the SoD 2009, 2010).

 

Apart from economic realpolitik, as in the form of securing resources and capacity for economic warfare[1] (Segal, 2004:169-170), China’s economic growth, has also energized Beijing’s ‘soft power’. Soft power, coined by Nye in 1990, can be broadly defined as non-coercive, co-optive power- the power of attraction. The attractiveness of a state is affected by its culture, history, membership and role in international institutions, as well as its economic performance and stature (Nye, 1990:167). Other crucial sources of soft power are ‘political ideology and diplomacy’ (Gill and Huang, 2006:17). China’s economic power is the key motor behind its mounting soft power.



Read more: http://theriskyshift.com/2012/12/chinese-soft-power-sources-andimplications-for-the-us/#ixzz2HBJ5r4Tj

DOSID's insight:

Chinese soft power and the concepts that underlie / frame it, have been central for improving relations with Taiwan. The Chinese guarantee of non-forceful (re-)unification with Taiwan is enhanced strongly by the ‘peaceful rise’ policy and associated rhetoric, as well as the ‘good neighbourliness’ concept, epitomized by the saying: ‘A far away relative is less helpful than one living nearby’ (Ramo, 2004:52). Improvement of Taipei’s relations with the mainland is good news for the US, the main protector of Taiwan


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Pakistan Cyber Army declares war on Chinese, Bangladeshi sites

Pakistan Cyber Army declares war on Chinese, Bangladeshi sites | China Commentary | Scoop.it

Hacktivists claiming to hail from the Pakistan Cyber Army have defaced over 400 Chinese government web sites and also hit in excess of 20 Bangladeshi government sites.

 

A hacker known as ‘Code Cracker’ is claiming responsibility for the attack on the official web site of Xuchang City People’s Procuratorate and a whopping 436 sub-domains, according to HackRead.

 

The domains were posted to hackers’ favouritePastebin and all now appear to have been taken offline, however there does not appear to have been any explicit message left for the local government aside from a generic Pakistan Cyber Army logo and the words “hello admin”.

 

This isn’t the first time the local government of the Henan province city has been hit by cyber attack.

 

Back in September 2010 an Indonesian hacker known as Hmei7 apparently defaced the Procuratorate site and as recently as last month DevilzSec successfully did the same.

 

Coincidentally, or perhaps not, Xuchang City was the headquarters of Black Hawk Safety Net, an infamous hacking group closed down by police in February 2010 after the Google Operation Aurora revelations.

 

 

The domains were posted to hackers’ favouritePastebin and all now appear to have been taken offline, however there does not appear to have been any explicit message left for the local government aside from a generic Pakistan Cyber Army logo and the words “hello admin”.

This isn’t the first time the local government of the Henan province city has been hit by cyber attack.

Back in September 2010 an Indonesian hacker known as Hmei7 apparently defaced the Procuratorate site and as recently as last month DevilzSec successfully did the same.

Coincidentally, or perhaps not, Xuchang City was the headquarters of Black Hawk Safety Net, an infamous hacking group closed down by police in February 2010 after the Google Operation Aurora revelations.

The Pakistan Cyber Army left a slightly longer message at the weekend when it hacked and defaced 26 Bangladeshi government sites including that of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which remains

DOSID's insight:

Quote: "You have been hacked! This is a PayBack From Pakistan Cyber Army. This is not a game you kidz, Don't play with fire. If you lamers wont stop fucking around with our Cyber Space, we will make your Cyber Space Hell."

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DOSID's comment, January 5, 2013 12:16 PM
The "Pakistan Cyber Army". Does the PLA have a Fix on them ?
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Chinese Y-8 GX6 Maritime Patrol and Anti-submarine warfare aircraft

Chinese Y-8 GX6 Maritime Patrol and Anti-submarine warfare aircraft | China Commentary | Scoop.it

First image of the Chinese Y-8 GX6 Maritime Patrol and Anti-submarine warfare aircraft duing its flight trails. Y-8 GX6 Maritime Patrol and Anti-submarine warfare aircraft is being developed to improve the capabilities of the Peoples Liberation Army Navy in the Anti-submarine warfare.

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