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Society for Neuroscience - Studies Report Early Childhood Trauma Takes Visible Toll On Brain; Changes Found In Regions Controlling Heart and Behavior

Society for Neuroscience - Studies Report Early Childhood Trauma Takes Visible Toll On Brain; Changes Found In Regions Controlling Heart and Behavior | Childhood, | Scoop.it

Trauma in infancy and childhood shapes the brain, learning, and behavior, and fuels changes that can last a lifetime, according to new human and animal research released October 16. 

 

The findings show:

• Physical abuse in early childhood may realign communication between key “body-control” brain areas, possibly predisposing adults to cardiovascular disease and mental health problems 

• Rodent studies provide insight into brain changes that allow tolerance of pain within mother-pup attachment.


• Childhood poverty is associated with changes in working memory and attention years later in adults; yet training in childhood is associated with improved cognitive functions.


• Chronic stress experienced by infant primates leads to fearful and aggressive behaviors; these are associated with changes in stress hormone production and in the development of the amygdala.

 

Another recent finding discussed shows that:


• Parent education and income is associated with children’s brain size, including structures important for memory and emotion.

 

(The Society for Neuroscience is a nonprofit membership organization of basic scientists and physicians who study the brain and nervous system.)


Via Gina Stepp
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Incidence of Childhood Obesity in the United States — NEJM

Background. Although the increased prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has been documented, little is known about its incidence. We report here on the national incidence of obesity among ...
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Premature Birth Linked to Asthma, Wheezing in Childhood – WebMD

Premature Birth Linked to Asthma, Wheezing in Childhood – WebMD | Childhood, | Scoop.it
Study suggests respiratory problems don't improve with age in these kids.
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New research shows childhood adversity causes changes in genetics

New research shows childhood adversity causes changes in genetics | Childhood, | Scoop.it
In a look at how major stressors during childhood can change a person's biological risk for psychiatric disorders, researchers at Butler Hospital have discovered a genetic alteration at the root of the association.

Via Dimitris Agorastos
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Childhood Cancer Report Brings Mixed News – WebMD

Childhood Cancer Report Brings Mixed News – WebMD | Childhood, | Scoop.it
There will be an estimated 15,780 new cases of childhood cancer diagnosed this year, and 1,960 deaths from childhood cancer among patients aged 19 and younger, according to the American Cancer Society report.
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Childhood asthma, eczema linked to adolescent psychotic experiences - News-Medical.net

Childhood asthma, eczema linked to adolescent psychotic experiences - News-Medical.net | Childhood, | Scoop.it
Childhood asthma, eczema linked to adolescent psychotic experiences News-Medical.net This equated to a respective 33%, 37%, and 44% increased odds for psychotic experiences compared with those with no childhood atopy, after adjustment for...
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