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Letter

crime around my surroundings

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           Dear Family, I miss home a lot and I wish I could be there for thanksgiving but to bad I’m caught up in the dangerous dust bowl. The dust bowl is the great plain was heightened by the dust bowl. Also the giant dust brought on by droughts. Plus many Americans took to jumping trains and “riding” the rails as they searched for jobs, food & hope. I have been suffering with these breadlines. I say that because with me not having no income and plus no way to feed their families many people have stood in breadlines waiting for a handout to avoid starvation. But throughout the dust bowl I have seen a lot of farmers and farms. But any who back to my income problems. My income of farmers has worsened by the slowing of food sales by farms and foreclosures have increase. But from 1930-1934 I have almost over 1 million farmers lost their farms due to failure. Thought out this way I have seen a lot of prosperity. In this country many have grew more prosperous, consumptions, and GNPC also known as (Gross National Product). The type of trouble here doesn’t make any sense. I’m just ready to go home and be with my family because the type of trouble and crime is really dangerous out here. I say that because the farmers faced hard times. My debt is out of control because I have been spending money on tractors and equipment. But the European demand for crops went down after World War 1. With This Journey I have seen more trouble for farmers with ruarl depression. Like for example farmers are unable to pay debts. Some of the Europeans demand for my crops after World War 1. So I was forced to sell whatever land I had because of my debt. But the workers wages was raising and their wealth industrialist’s income. With the industrial workers wages rising throughout the 1920s workers productivity rose faster and faster by the moment. Most Recently we had a stock market crash in October 29 and that was the day that I lost my job and people began to worry about how they were going to feed their families and provide for there families. But in the process of the stock market crash we had commercial banks , banking system collapse , business began to fail , the unemployment began to rise , public unable to buy good , more business started  to go out of business and the unemployment began to rise higher than it was before. With the stock market crash under way it didn’t stop many people from gambling. Some people that were unemployed began to gamble because they were trying to get rich a fast way instead for looking for a new job. I don’t blame them for gambling, have to make money a fast way if you have a lot of children and a lot of mouths to feed. Some people that don’t like to gamble they started to borrow money from the bank to start investing in stocks. With the great depression going on around the same time the dust bowl going on john maynard keyness started to slack on the government and the problems in with money supply distribution of wealth stock speculation consumers were spending a lot.    I miss home with all my heart I wish I could be home for thanksgiving so I can eat your resse’ cheesecake that I been loving every since I was little kid and I miss being with the whole family but I will soon get though it and sooner or later I will be home. I’m Closing this letter with this to let you know how I was doing & to let you know that I will be home soon. But when I get ready to come home I’m not going to tell you because I was surprise you and see the look on your face when I come home. Love you a lot miss you lots.

 

Love Chicoyia

 

                                    

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Organized Crime in the 1930's

Organized Crime in the 1930's | chicoyia crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it
This research paper talks about The Mafia in the 1930s and other organized crime groups. It is a very interesting read.
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Organized Crime in the 1930's

Organized crime was reaching its peak from the 1920's. Lots of money was to be made bootlegging alcohol. The mafia was the main group behind all the organized crime. The mafia had just moved into America and was ready to do their job to provide for the citizens. The prohibition era was the beginning of major organized crime in the United States. The prohibition era really allowed the mafia to take off into business and earn a fine living providing illegal, but highly demanded services.

The Mafia

The Italian-American Mafia was formed in New York's lower east side and other areas of the United States during the late 19th century. This was following the Sicilian and Italian immigration to the United States. In the earlier days of the mafia they were mostly influential in the New York City area. Before 1920, the mafia's activity was limited and they were not well heard of in the United States. When prohibition came into place the mafia saw it as a great business opportunity. Jonny Torrio and Al Capone made lots of money bootlegging alcohol. Al Capone greatly contributed to the rise of the mafia with his crime syndicate in Chicago. The mafia was able to operate freely because the head of the FBI, J. Edgar Hoover, claimed there was no mafia. ("Organized Crime - American Mafia" 15 Mar. 2010 "http://law.jrank.org/pages/11944/Organized-Crime-American-Mafia.html";) Whenever a mafia member went to court they were usually found not guilty. The mafias philosophy was "a not guilty vote was like health insurance...a guilty vote, on the other hand, could bring painful revenge"(King, 19) When the prohibition era had come to an end in 1933 the mafia focused primarily on other practices. Some of these practices were drug trafficking, prostitution, gambling, loan sharking, and racketeering. The mafia also found its way into labor unions. The most well known labor union the mafia was involved with was the teamster labor union.

Prohibition In the mid 1800s drinking was a major issue. People consumed far too much liquor per year. Many groups were formed to fight against this issue and help people moderate their drinking habits. In 1920, a law was passed banning the production and consumption of alcohol. Of course, people were still thirsty for liquor and a law wasn't going to stop them from drinking. Speakeasies were private clubs or businesses with an illegal bar. 15,000 bars had to close down because of this law. Those 15,000 bars were replaced with 32,000 speakeasies. (King, David C. Al Capone and the Roaring Twenties. Connecticut: Blackbirch Press, Inc., 1999, page 14) The people who provided the alcohol for the speakeasies to sell were called bootleggers.[1] The main bootleggers in Chicago were Jonny Torrio and his apprentice Al Capone. Police and officials were bribed over $1,000,000 to keep out of their business. ("Organized Crime Investigation" 16 Mar. 2010 "http://www.apsu.edu/oconnort/3220/3220lect07a.htm";) This lasted for three years until a new mayor was elected. This mayor wanted change and sent law enforcers on raids busting down on illegal alcohol producers. This forced Al Capone and Jonny Torrio to move their base out of town. They found a great capitol in Cicero Illinois. Al Capone and Jonny Torrio were becoming very rich. Estimates say that they made over $100,000,000 per year.[2] ("Organized Crime - American Mafia" 15 Mar. 2010 "http://law.jrank.org/pages/11944/Organized-Crime-American-Mafia.html";) In 1933, alcohol was legalized again so the mafia could not use this to make money anymore.

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Crime In The 1930’S

Crime in the 1930’s Andrew Clidas P.1 4/20/09
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Crime In The 1930’SPresentation 1. Crime in the 1930’s Andrew Clidas P.1 4/20/092. Milestones During the 1930’s, there were many milestones for crime in the US. Prohibition, which led to the rising of organized crime (the mob), and men like Al Capone. The Lindbergh kidnapping led to kidnapping becoming a federal crime. The formation of the FBI3. Reasons In the 1930’s there were two factors that made crime widespread. One was the Great Depression, which made some people desperate for money and willing to do anything. The second was Prohibition, this allowed organized crime to expand their operations to illegal bootlegging, a very bloody crime.4. Famous criminals in the 1930’s Some of the more famous criminals of the 1930’s were: John Dillinger Al Capone George “Pretty Boy” Floyd Bonnie and Clyde George “Machine Gun” Kelly5.  6. Prohibition Prohibition was from 1919-1933, a period of time where it was illegal to make, sell, and transport alcohol made for consumption. Organized Crime took advantage of this and began distributing bootlegged alcohol.7. Al Capone Ruled the streets of Chicago during Prohibition era. Ordered the deaths of dozens of people and killed some with his own hands . Was finally taken down by Eliot Ness and a group of Police know as the Untouchables.8. The Untouchables A group of Chicago police officers led by Eliot Ness. Know for being fearless and incorruptible. Nicknamed “The Untouchables” by a member of the press. Conducted raids on breweries throughout Chicago.9. Lindbergh Kidnapping 20 month old Charles Lindbergh Jr. was kidnapped on March 1, 1932 from his home in East Amwell, NJ. A little over two months later, an infant body was discovered 4.5 miles from the Lindbergh’s home. In September, 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in the Bronx. Hauptmann was found guilty and was executed in 1936.10. The FBI The Federal Bureau of Investigation was formed in 1935. It was formed when the Bureau of Prohibition and the Bureau of Investigation combined into one job. The job of the FBI is to investigate crimes that violate federal law, until then they can not get involved.11. Miscellaneous John Dillinger was the first Public Enemy Number 1, or FBI’s most wanted. The murder rate in 1933 was at 9.7, one of the three highest ever in the US. Al Capone was worth over $100,000,000 when he was finally arrested. It is believed that George Machine Gun Kelly gave the name “G-Men” to FBI agents.
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Category:1930s crimes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of crimes which originally occurred in the 1930s. Serial crime articles should be categorized by the decade of occurrence of the initial crime.

This category has the following 10 subcategories, out of 10 total.

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Vocabulary

Vocabulary word

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1.Racketeering- a person who engages in dishonest and fraudulent business dealings.

 

2.Incorruptible- 1 not susceptible to corruption, esp. by bribery.

2 not subject to death or decay; everlasting.

 

3.Speakeasies-an illicit liquor store or nightclub.

 

4.  Sumption-shrewd or spirited initiative and resourcefulness

 

5. Prohibition-(Prohibition )the prevention by law of the manufacture and sale of alcohol, esp. in the US between 1920 and 1933.

 

6. Collaborated-work jointly on an activity, esp. to produce or create something

 

7. repugnance-intense disgust: our growing repugnance at the bleeding carcasses.

 (also repugnancy) inconsistency or incompatibility of ideas or statements.

 

8. Commission-an instruction, command, or duty given to a person or group of people

 

9. trafficking-vehicles moving on a road or public highway

 

10. executed-carry out or put into effect (a plan, order, or course of action

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Nathan Cushenbery-Andrews's comment, February 9, 2013 12:20 PM
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Organized Crime

Organized crime has operated in America's large cities since the nation's early years and is often structured by ethnic as well as geographical divisions.
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Labor Racketeering

Labor racketeering is a general term for the misuse of organized labor for criminal purposes. This can consist of exploitation of employers, union members, or both. It comes in various forms. Employers can be bullied into paying for "employees" who don`t work, to pay money to corrupt officials to guarantee labor peace, or to avoid publicity that could be damaging. Union members pay into pension funds that are sometimes managed more for the interests of mobsters than for their retirement incomes.

The Teamsters Union, under leaders Dave Beck and James R. "Jimmy" Hoffa, was widely believed to have allowed organized crime to exercise a great deal of control over its operations. The FBI investigation that followed Hoffa`s disappearance in 1975 concluded, without final evidence, that Hoffa`s murder had been ordered by top leaders of organized crime, who feared that his attempted return to power in the Teamsters would jeopardize their control of the Teamsters pension fund.


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Organized Crime

Organized Crime | chicoyia crime of the 1930's | Scoop.it
Organized crime has operated in America's large cities since the nation's early years and is often structured by ethnic as well as geographical divisions.
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The Mafia

Criminal organizations sometimes arise in closely knit immigrant groups that do not trust the local police and other authorities.

The Mafia, also known as La Cosa Nostra (Our Thing), or the Mob, is the umbrella name of several clandestine organizations in Sicily and the United States. "Mafia" was originally the name of a loose association of Sicilians in the middle ages who collaborated for protection and vigilante law enforcement during the Spanish occupation of the island. Local citizens believed they could not trust Spanish law enforcement officials, and so organized their own protection societies that eventually evolved into the Mafia. The confederation later engaged in organized crime. A member of the Mafia is a "mafioso," or "man of honor."

The protector role reached the United States in the early 20th century, where newly arrived Italian immigrants frequently knew no English and clustered in the same neighborhoods. Numerous established Americans were suspicious of new immigrants, particularly those with little grasp of the English language. Some Italiansfeared that they could not depend on the frequently crooked and intolerant local police for protection, and resorted to the mafiosi instead.

Midway through the 20th century, Mafia influence crested in the United States. A flurry of FBI investigations in the 1970s and 1980s somewhat blunted the Mafia`s power. Despite this, the Mafia and its ilk have become woven into the fabric of the American popular imagination, especially in movies.

The term "mafia" has been generalized to label any sizable group involved in racketeering, such as the Russian Mafia or the Japanese Yakuza. When formally applied, however, "Mafia" refers to the traditional Sicilian/American crime families.

The rise of gangsterism

The Prohibition era of the 1920s gave rise to the organized crime syndicate in the United States. Federal efforts to enforce prohibition, including raids on speakeasies, were countered by well-organized bootlegging operations with national and international connections. A particularly notorious gang of the times was Al Capone`s mob in Chicago. There were also gangs in Detroit, New York and other cities. Wars among gangs, producing grisly killings, frequently made headlines.

Eventually, the public`s repugnance, given voice by the 1930 Wickersham Commission inquiry, as well as numerous revelations of compromised municipal officials, produced a temporary suppression of political corruption.

When the 1933 repeal of prohibition made buying liquor legal once again, gangs that were still intact resorted to different sources of illegal gain, among them gambling, narcotics trafficking and labor racketeering.

Crime kingpins of the 1930s knew from experience in the previous decade that solid political connections were an advantage, and inter-gang fighting held severe drawbacks. The Syndicate, a close-knit national organization comprising numerous crime leaders from around the country, was forged by Lucky Luciano and Louis Kepke Buchalter. Its underground polity set geographical boundaries, distributed crime profits, and enforced its edicts with the help of Murder, Inc., its hoodlum cohort.

Luciano was arrested, tried, convicted, and later deported to Italy. Buchalter was executed and Murder, Inc. was broken up. With those head blows against organized crime, it was thought by some to be terminated in the United States.

 
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